Adrenal Gland Cancer + Cats

Frequently Asked Questions

    What does spots on adrenal gland mean?
    Does anyone know what spots on a adrenal gland mean? I recently had a cat scan and they found several spots. My physician is sending the report out for a 2nd opinion to find out what to do. My blood work is steadily getting worse. My catecholine test showed a norepinephrine level of 1200 (normal is below 400). My sed rate was 44 (normal is under 20). My platelet count is 494K (normal is 150-400K), this has gone up from 430K over the last 2 yrs on my bloodwork. Plus I have some other blood work elevated. Anyway, just worried in between the time I am waiting to hear back from the dr.

    • ANSWER:
      Spots on Adrenal Gland means adrenal Gland cancer. Adrenal gland cancers are rare cancers occuring in the endocrine tissue of the adrenals. They are characterized by overproduction of adrenal gland hormones.

      Cancers of the adrenal gland are very rare. The adrenal gland is a hormone producing endocrine gland with two main parts, the cortex and the medulla. The main hormone of the adrenal cortex is cortisol and the main hormone of the adrenal medulla is epinephrine. When tumors develop in the adrenal gland, they secrete excess amounts of these hormones. A cancer that arises in the adrenal cortex is called an adrenocortical carcinoma and can produce high blood pressure, weight gain, excess body hair, weakening of the bones and diabetes. A cancer in the adrenal medulla is called a pheochromocytoma and can cause high blood pressure, headache, palpitations, and excessive perspiration. Although these cancers can happen at any age, most occur in young adults.-

    Is it easy to care for a ferret? Please answer to help me persuade my mom to get me one I have 0?

    I have been asking them for a ferret for 3 whole years. I told them I wouldnt accept anything from them and i have been very responsible and i have been doing chores. They just wont change their mind! Please help me I cannot live without ferrets.

    • ANSWER:
      I love ferrets and have had them as pets for more than 35 years. They are cute, funny, fierce, brave, very active, can be sweet or nippy, and are endlessly entertaining.

      Like all pets ferrets need a lot of attention. They should be kept caged when not under your direct supervision because they can and will find their way into every kind of trouble there is. Especially if it involves holes to crawl into or house plants to dig up and strew around the floor while they dig in the dirt. That said they need to have exercise and play time out of their cage at least three times a day for half hour to an hour each time. More time out is better if you can find the time or make them a ferret proof room to play in.

      A large cage (2x4x4 feet - like a large cat cage) is expensive. They need food designed especially for ferrets. Their box should be scooped at least every day and taken out and scrubbed at least once a month. It is better to have two boxes so you can trade out the clean one while you soak and scrub the dirty one. I use Oxyclean and let the box soak in a hot solution of it for at least a couple hours then scrub with a brush, rinse well and air dry. Ferrets have a musky odor that some people find offensive. Bathing frequently is not a good idea as it dries their skin and hair and usually makes the smell worse in the long run. Keeping their bedding and cages clean by changing and washing them helps a lot. So does letting your ferret play outside, on a leash of course, in the grass and fresh dirt. It is the natural way to remove the extra oil and musk from their coats.

      Ferrets have pretty short lives compared to cats and dogs. The average is around 7 years. They often get adrenal gland tumors and other cancers and that is expensive to treat but they can get well and live for several more years if they get it young.

      Please do not buy a ferret at a pet store. There are so many ferrets that are abandoned that you can find any color age and size through ferret rescue.

      See if you can get a copy of Ferret Magazine and read some back issues too so you and your parents can have a good picture of what they might be getting into when they choose a ferret for a pet. Ya gotta love their little fuzzy butts off but they are worth the trouble.

    I want to buy a ferret. I know all the good reasons ,tell me the bad things about Ferrets?
    Everyone tells me all the wonderful things about having a Ferret but I wont to know the down side of owning a ferret as well. What are all the reasons I may not want to get one. What are their bad habits, Do they smell. Someone told me they spray and pee all over every thing.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm glad to see you're doing your homework before getting into the ferret thing.
      There are a few things people might consider bad. First off, ferrets do NOT spray and pee all over everything if you potty train them. I have four of them and all of mine use litter boxes except for one spot by the door to their room. They still want to pee and poop on that spot, but I think it's because that's where all the strange scents from the outside world enter their little world, so they want to mark. I just put some paper down, the kind you get for free at the gas station or the grocery store, American Classifieds and such. And I placed a litter box into that corner as well, because I'll never give up training them.
      So, ferrets are litter box trainable about like cats, but they don't bury their poop AND they are different from cats in that they will need reminders off and on. It's like they forget and you have to retrain them.
      Ferrets have a distinct smell, kind of a musky odor, but that can be kept to a minimum by keeping their litter boxes scooped twice daily and washed with soapy water once a week. Change their bedding at least weekly. I use old t-shirts. They are soft, I have a lot of them, they're washable and ferrets love sleeping in piles of laundry anyway. Also wash and change their hammocks and anything they may sleep in. Bathe them only when they need it, no more than once a month, IF that often. If you bathe them too much their skin dries out and the oil glands will go into overdrive to replace the oil. Dry skin makes them itch and ferrets are already some of the itchiest critters I've ever seen. So the more you bathe them the sooner and worse they'll smell.
      Make sure you ventilate the room their kept in and the smell should be tolerable. I'd say a ferret doesn't smell any worse than a cat's litter box or a wet dog by far.
      Ferrets cannot be kept in a cage ALL the time. They need at least 4 hours of playtime out of the cage and they want to play with their favorite toy...YOU. So you have to interact with them daily.
      In order to let them run outside the cage you have to ferret proof the house or at least the room they are allowed to play in. It's a hassle, but necessary. Ferrets also love to dig and some will try to dig up your carpet unless you give them something to dig in. I have a digging box full of litter(you can use rice) and they love it.
      Some ferrets bite, but can be retrained. I just retrained a male I adopted and he's doing a lot better. Ferrets are usually not very cuddly. It's said that 1 in 100 is a cuddler. However, they do get a bit more snuggly as they get older and slow down a bit.
      Ferrets are prone to certain diseases as they age. Diseases like insulinoma, adrenal disease, cancer aso. A lot of these are treatable, but it'll cost you. So if you do not want to spend the money on the vet and the special treatments, don't get a ferret.
      Ferrets need a diet high in protein and fat and low in carbs. They are carnivores and need a diet based on meat. Special ferret foods are available in pet stores and online. I get almost all my stuff at Some people feed a good quality kitten food, kitten NOT cat. Cat and dog foods are not nutritionally complete and pretty well all of them lack Taurine, a substance needed to keep your ferrets' eyes and heart healthy. I mix 8in1 ULTIMATE(not Ultra or Premium) and Maximum Kitten(cause one of my older ferts won't eat the other most times).
      So, ferrets are expensive to get, to keep and you have to be willing to invest a lot of time in them, but they are well worth it.
      Weasel kisses and war dances more than make up for it all.
      Oh, ferrets are usually social creatures and love the company of another fert to entertain them. And to me it's always been double the ferret, quadruple the fun.
      Hope this helped. Mail me if I can help any further and good luck to you.

    how can i convince my parents to get a ferret?
    i really want a ferret and know ill be able to love it and give it the care it need , i just need to convince them , please no sacasim .

    • ANSWER:
      Since I'm not sure what exactly your parents object to about ferrets, I'll cover everything:

      First of all, you really need to commit to the care of a ferret. They are communal, extremely active, and expensive to treat if they get sick. If you're getting your ferret from a large breeder, like Marshall, there is a high chance that it will end up with some type of cancer or adrenal disease (2 of my 4 ferrets got AD, the other two had pancreatic and intestinal cancer). Ferrets from breeding farms are inbred and neutered much too early, which is why they are more prone to disease. AD can be treated if caught early; specialty vets can remove the infected gland. However, cancer in ferrets is, to my best knowledge, usually fatal.

      In terms of personality, ferrets have it in spades. They love to play, and when they're not playing, they're finding tiny holes to squirm through and getting into other mischief. You'll need to "ferret-proof" whatever room they'll be living in - no escape routes (they can squeeze through any hole as long as it's big enough for their head), no sofas with fabric upholstery (they can chew through it and play *inside* the couch - very dangerous if they eat stuffing), and generally nothing that you wouldn't want to see chewed, scattered, or soiled. Ferrets love to dig, so many owners put a pot of gardening soil in their space, which is fine as long as you don't mind cleaning up.

      I highly recommend getting at least one if not more books on raising ferrets; they can tell you lots of good basics about litter-training, food type, habitat creation and so on. My ferrets had cat litter for a while, but then we switched to a special soft paper litter that was easier on their butts (litter can get stuck there). We also fed them ferret food, made specifically for ferrets (you can feed them cat food too, it just depends on their individual dietary needs - ask a vet).

      As long as you clean up their box at least once every day, ferrets won't smell bad; they will always smell a bit musky because they're members of the Family Mustelidae, which all have scent glands. Most ferrets have their scent glands removed when they are neutered, which lessens the smell.

      Ferrets are also fairly easily litter- and nip-trained, so if your parents are worried about feces on the floor and sharp little teeth, it won't be any more of a problem than if you got a puppy.

      One thing though - if you won't be able to play with your ferret for several hours a day, you should get two ferrets. Like I said, they are extremely social creatures and if you get one and mostly aren't with it, it may get depressed. Take this into consideration when you think about getting a ferret, and remember - ferrets are very cute and fun, but many people get them and don't realize how much work they are and set them "free" on the streets where they will almost certainly die if they aren't rescued. Be responsible, get the books first, and if you realize that you can't commit to everything that goes with owning a ferret or two, do the little guys a favor and wait until you're ready:).

    what foods make a healthy diet for my dog?
    i own a pitbull. i keep hearing a raw egg once or twice a month mixed with his regular dog food is good for him.. i also hear

    olive oil
    2 cups of milk
    garlic powder

    in moderation ..

    what other foods might be healthy for him ?

    and what foods might be dangerous ?

    chocolate, certain nuts, and grapes i hear could be dangerous...

    what about raw meat ?

    any thoughts or comments will help thanks :]

    • ANSWER:
      Home Made Raw food Diet for Animals
      Your dog’s behavior, happiness, health, longevity and overall well-being are inextricably intertwined with what you feed him.
      Dogs, just like everyone else, have specific nutritional needs. And, not to complicate matters, the needs of individual dogs vary.
      Welcome to...Natural Pet Health - Cats and Dogs, Birds, Horses, Rodents - Pet SupplySample Homemade Rawfood Recipes for Pets (aka: - A free educational website on the internet since 1996
      This site is being continuously updated so check in often to see what's new ---Last update 7/12/2008
      Check the list of updates ---Contact Shirley---About Shirley--- Home--- Site map --- search this site --- Instant free translation --- Share this information - send this page ---

      Dr. William Pollak D.V.M. - "In the wild, no one cooks for the coyote or wolf; no one brushes their teeth. Their foods are raw and unprocessed. Processed foods and drugs have seriously depleted the natural vitality and immune systems of many pets. Whereas large amounts of red meat can cause cancer in humans, a lack of RAW red meat in an animal's diet can lead to serious health problems."

      A fresh look at optimum diet for animals
      Much Healthier On A Raw Diet: a testimonial
      Feline Raw Diet Recipes
      Canine Raw Diet Recipes (and other pets too)

      Raw Feeding Calculator
      Support groups
      Sick of Drugging your Pet?
      Holistic Animal Health Overview -- part 1 - part 2 - part 3

      A fresh look at optimum diet for animals

      Life's Abundance from Healthy Pet Net and Flint River Ranch offer quality pet food with only natural, wholesome ingredients and nutrient dense with vitamins, minerals, which are essential for the optimal health of your dog or cat.The food your animal eats should provide all of the nutritional components which are necessary for all organs and systems of a healthy body to perform in harmonious unison. A properly functioning body does an amazing job at preventing disease and healing itself, and to do this it requires the energies and nutrients of a well-balanced diet. more

      Raw - Ready-To-Eat Safe, Healthy RAW Pet Food

      "I've seen amazing results and health improvement in my dog Shasta, simply by switching her diet from kibble/canned food to raw food. The raw food diet strengthened her immune system dramatically. She no longer suffers from allergies to fleas and at 11 years of age her health and vitality are radiant." Shirley, author of this website. Shasta's homemade raw food recipe

      About commercial pet food: In his best selling book, "Pet Allergies: Remedies for an Epidemic", Alfred Plechner, DVM, paints a dismal picture for the future of our pets: "The most common and most visible symptoms of nutritionally caused deficiencies are allergies of one kind or another. Because many commercial foods are woefully deficient in key nutrients, the long term effect of feeding such foods makes the dog hypersensitive to its environment. . . . [I]t's a dinosaur effect. Animals are being programmed for disaster, for extinction. Many of them are biochemical cripples with defective adrenal glands unable to manufacture adequate cortisol, a hormone vital for health and resistance to disease."Allergies can be, and often are, unrecognized deficiency diseases.Recognizing nutritional deficiencies will save you a great deal of frustration and allow you to make the necessary adjustments in your dog’s diet.

      Raw Food Recipes Booklet - For those of you who would like to make your own raw food diet, this booklet will give you some answers and ideas. It provides very specific weekly raw diets for dogs based on their weight. It will provide some insight on how much variety to offer, how much to feed and even discusses supplements!

      * How much variety should I offer?
      * How do I know what my dog needs?
      * How much should I feed?

      (If the video below does not show/play, please download the flash player)

      Great Danes Raw Feeding Time Video

      Dr. Swift DVM explains why it's not a good idea to feed cooked grains to your pets:"Carnivores cannot maintain long term production of the quantity of amylase enzyme necessary to properly digest and utilize the carbohydrates. In addition, the proteins in grains are less digestive than animal proteins. As a result, the immune system becomes irritated and weakened by the invasion of foreign, non-nutritive protein and carbohydrate particles. Allergies and other chronic immune problems may develop. The pet’s pancreas will do its best to keep up with the demand for amylase. What does this pancreatic stress do over a long time? I don’t know, but it cannot be good. I suspect that dental calculus may be another problem promoted by grain consumption." Russell Swift, DVM click for more info on grains

      Author and animal nutritionist, Juliette de Bairacli Levy says that the two most important aspects of natural animal rearing are: fasting and raw diet

      Canine Raw Food Products

      Raw - Ready-To-Eat Safe, Healthy RAW Pet Food

      (If the video below does not show/play, please download the flash player)

      Video: Preparing Raw Food for Cats

      Feline Raw food Products - Ready-to-eat!

      Dr. Pottenger discovered quite by accident that cats degenerated unless they were fed raw food. In his 10-year study of 900 cats, he found the optimal diet for his cats was 2/3 raw meat and 1/3 raw milk plus a little cod liver oil. If either the meat or the milk was cooked, the cats degenerated. And if both were cooked, the degeneration was much worse, and the cats could no longer reproduce by the third generation.

      Some of the problems Pottenger found in the cats fed cooked food were: heart problems; nearsightedness and farsightedness; underactivity and inflammation of the thyroid; infections of the kidney, liver, testes, ovaries and bladder; arthritis and inflammation of the joints; inflammation of the nervous system with paralysis and meningitis. And in the third generation, some of the cats' bones became as soft as rubber. Lung problems, and bronchitis and pneumonia were also frequent. Moreover, the females became irritable and even dangerous, and the males became passive and lacked sex interest. more

      Feline Raw Diet Recipes

      Raw Cat Food Diet Recipe Made WITH Real Bones and Raw Recipes for Felines Step-by-step pictorial and guidance to making and feeding RAW cat food produced by Anne Jablonski. Read Anne's open letter to veterinarians

      SeaCrest Keeshonden Feline Diet The cat is a creature who has total dependence on raw meat. Cats are obligate carnivores, and need a lot of meat in the diet. I believe that the grain based commercial diets are killing our cats. Cats are now dying of kidney disease, get diabetes, hyperthyroidism, IBD, etc. Commercial foods have only been popular for cats for the last couple decades. Before that, Fluffy was fed a variety of people food, and got a chance to hunt for herself. While I truly believe cats belong indoors in today's world, it has limited their diet. While indoor/outdoor cats can hunt and often choose that over commercial foods, indoor kitties aren't given that option. It scares me to think that we may be slowly killing our felines. My raw-fed cats have great teeth (unheard of in many cases), great coats, great condition, their coats gleam, they're incredibly soft. And VERY active!!! Even the vet has noticed a difference (not that he's seen the younger 2 for anything besides routine care...)

    What do you know about ferrets?
    Im thinking about geting a FERRET!! but im not sure...what are the pros and cons of theese things?? Do they smell THAT bad?? Are they fun? can you potty train them?? FILL ME IN!

    • ANSWER:
      Ferrets are a member of the mustelid, or weasel family. Like other mustelids, they have scent glands that can release if they become frightened. It's a musky odor and far weaker than its wild relatives.

      They live for about 5-8 years. They eat ferret food (preferably one with a meat product as the first ingredient, and no corn for the first three). While they love sugary foods they cannot handle them, as their pancreas is very limited. Feed them too many sweets and your ferret will likely get insulinoma.

      Domestic U.S. ferrets from large-scale breeders such as Marshall Farms are prone to adrenal problems and cancer. It's not unusual by age 5 for a ferret to have some medical condition that requires care. He or she will be counting on you to keep him or her in good health should that happen. Vet bills for adrenal or cancer operations are not cheap and can run upwards of 00.

      Apologies for the shock, but it's best to get the bad stuff overwith first.

      Ferrets are frolicking little furballs of delight. They are high energy and quite playful. They do best when there is more than one but one can do well enough if you give it attention. Usually they can remain in their cage most of the day but should at minimum get 2 hours a day out. They need to burn a lot of energy; they have a fast metabolism. This is the big, big reason to own a ferret. They can be pretty docile and can get along with cats and dogs, but never rodents or rabbits (they think they're food).

      They also sleep a good 12-16 hours a day, so there is definitely some down-time when you own them.

      Ferrets don't smell that bad. Keep their diet free of fish oil and clean up after it and you'll hardly notice a smell. You can potty-train them to go on puppy pads or in litter boxes. They tend to go in the same place over and over, and usually back into a corner to go. They go quite often too... every 3 hours or so.

      Think carefully and be sure you're ready for the commitment. There's food, a cage, vet bills, and a moderate amount of cleaning and care involved. But they really are sweet and energetic fuzzballs... very fun to watch run around and play!

      You may want to check out 'Ferrets For Dummies' by Kim Schilling if you want further info.

      (Edit from poster above: they are descented. I just forgot to mention that fact. ;-) )

    What are some good medium sized pets ?
    I mean mammals not reptiles or fish or anything. like raccoon or opossum sized please help! and if u can tell me the price range for them. I don't want a dog or a cat. something unusual

    • ANSWER:
      ferrets, but they are attention nFerrets are crepuscular, which means they spend 14–18 hours a day asleep and are most active around the hours of dawn and dusk.[3] Unlike their polecat ancestors, which are solitary animals, most ferrets will live happily in social groups. A group of ferrets is commonly referred to as a "business." They are territorial, like to burrow, and prefer to sleep in an enclosed area.[4]
      Like many other carnivores, ferrets have scent glands near their anus, the secretions from which are used in scent marking. It has been reported that ferrets can recognize individuals from these anal gland secretions, as well as the sex of unfamiliar individuals.[5] Ferrets may also use urine marking for sex and individual recognition.[6]
      As with skunks, ferrets can release their anal gland secretions when startled or scared, but the smell is much less potent and dissipates rapidly. Most pet ferrets in the US are sold descented (anal glands removed).[7] In many other parts of the world, including the UK and other European countries, de-scenting is considered an unnecessary mutilation.
      When excited, they may perform a routine commonly referred to as the weasel war dance, characterized by a frenzied series of sideways hops and bumping into things. Despite its zeal, this is not aggressive but is a joyful invitation to play. It is often accompanied by a soft clucking noise, commonly referred to as dooking.[8] When agitated or upset, on the other hand, ferrets will make a distinct hissing noise.[9]
      Ferrets are obligate carnivores.[10] The natural diet of their wild ancestors consisted of whole small prey, i.e., meat, organs, bones, skin, feathers, and fur.[11]

      Ferret dentition
      Ferrets have four types of teeth (the number includes maxillary (upper) and mandibular (lower) teeth)
      Twelve small teeth (only a couple of millimeters) located between the canines in the front of the mouth. These are known as the incisors and are used for grooming.
      Four canines used for killing prey.
      Twelve premolar teeth that the ferret uses to chew food—located at the sides of the mouth, directly behind the canines. The ferret uses these teeth to cut through flesh, using them in a scissors action to cut the meat into digestible chunks.
      Six molars (two on top and four on the bottom) at the far back of the mouth are used to crush food.
      Main article: Ferret health
      Ferrets are known to suffer from several distinct health problems. Among the most common are cancers affecting the adrenal glands, pancreas, and lymphatic system. Viral diseases include canine distemper and influenza. Health problems can occur in unspayed females when not being used for breeding. Certain health problems have also been linked to ferrets being neutered before reaching sexual maturity. Certain colors of ferret may also carry a genetic defect known as Waardenburg syndrome. Similar to domestic cats, ferrets can also suffer from hairballs and dental problems.
      [edit]eedy and if you're getting just cos thy're cute, then DONT!

    Pain in abdomen and urinary retention?
    I have been having pain in my lower left abdomen and urine retention with no help from the ER. I went in last week and they drained 1 1/2 liter of urine after not urinating for 12 hours. I am in a lot of pain but they cant find anything wrong. I had a Hysterectomy (full) appendix and gallbladder removed all in the last year. The pain is sharp and comes and goes but when it comes its horrible. I am sure the ER docs think I am nutts but I know something is wrong. Ideas suggestions?
    I am trying to get a referral to a uroligist but its gonna take some time :( I just dont know what to do till then.

    Also I had a lot of blood in my urine but show no other evidence of a kidney stone.

    • ANSWER:
      I now have ovarian cancer and all my life have had probs with retention, found out from a urologist that I was born with a small ureathea, which at times have sat on on the pot got 5hrs and had to learn thru the so called top Dr that just sit, if needed pat your rear end and if it takes all nite then sit there, the main thing is to relax, or I have had to do is sit, sit and more sit all my life. I now know one prob and sorry the Med Prof has really gone down hill after training to be a Nurse, and seeing so much with Dr with no lic and now after 7yrs with a Dr taking for 4yrs my insurance $ and I kept asking him what is wrong with me, all I got was."Oh so confusing.'my god here after so many things kept getting worse and now I ordered the CT/IV with contrast and an MRI and find out I have lets see, a huge mass which grew from the adrenal gland which produces our hormones, to the ovary, then this urea prob from birth, and gall probs, diverticulitis, 5th stage edema and this Dr refused to give me water pills now I have morgellons not new disease but the parasites have had it for now over a yr have studied it and with over 10,000 calls a day to CDC, which is a epidemic, you wonder what is up with me ordering all this I finally now have scabs all over my body which I now have no one to help me, this Morgellons disease causes retention of urine, up all nite, muscle weakness, hair loss, intestines probs, bowels (My mom has that prob) and sorry got on the VM of Asso. Prof. Stricker, told him to quit telling every state its a fiber sorry why mo money, which the parasite also are alive in the eyes it loves humidty and have seen live ones, tho its a fiber lol oh really. sorry if its all about money and when I see the site and see that several from the itch, and pain from the bite when it goes into the body and it creates edema as well as loves skin or tissues. tho no one bothers to do a thing and every state, plus other countries has it except, the Bay Area in CA , Fl and Tx are boarder towns we have it the worses maybe thats why others still have never heard about it I wish now that I had never watched on Priimetime investigate report about this also on my news on my puter per reuters, so the hispanics which lol at us because why who knows they brought this into our country and not caring what race anyone is because China also brings it in by way of the export/import bus and everything from China has the so called parasite in the fibers.. I have asked so many when I had to leave my parents and my mom has this as well but no scabs, which some feel its DNA, Im about fed up and can't go to the hospital, till I clear up the scabs then I can lie and get treated, sorry just take out the Cancer is my main concern now, so I won't drop dead of cancer thank God for the Cancer So they have at least given me love and forget my mom she wants me to hit the road and I now wish I had never made the choice to come here to help her, which I had to leave for a month to head for a rest before surgery, biopsy and they aren't kidding the huge ones they lol at us and are called the jumping popcorn, which double bit me and when I left here I didn't have any bites but when I hit 3 seperate hotels in Fremont Ca and in the stores forget it , well seems like it can't be killed only controlled and sorry Im on a limited income with no help so you help yourself because thanks to a good friend now he went to another state but informed me and he is a govenment employee told me they lay eggs in our body, then they expell out he said, after much research on the puter that its also brought in by a cat or dog who likes to roll in the dirt and still you get news investigated reports one on FOX sister station in GA from a Dr and his wife and he thought she was nuts tho he feels not understanding its a parasite and not a fiber but bless his heart at least he let us know he has it now and it can be in a family where only 2 might get it and another one won't, go figure, as Im sick to death of this whole nitemere and I have now used with a bit of help not much, you have to spray daily either Raid garden and house pest spray and or borac acid is what the hispanic use but they never get bit, guess its my low immune system but if its not to late and I once beat Lupus because I have deep faith not any religion only prayer. I feel for the ones who are so young and cry because once you feel a bite well welcome to the Morgellons family. I will be glad to email a real live report from GA and this Dr on tape. I have seen them in just about the whole house and found that they love mold, dirt and they come out more at nite. Sure If I do make it out of all that the CT has said I now have and will mal-practice the Dr for taking the bucks but letting me suffer and gee pain pillls guess thats for the edema and I feel that at times, I still sit after getting it under control now for hrs because they will block your area that you have for the urine to come out, and at least Senator Diane Fien..,is awesome she ordered a full report from CDC they lied to her so its a snail mail to her per her La, CA office and I will be glad to start the first support group if I get to live. Some make fun like this male on this site who made fun and its not a joke when children get this soon just about everyone will get this for now why some well sorry Im not that educated as in a Prof here, the most important thing of all is having someone give you support at this time I got this in 2002 when it was out again, from a female who has scabs all over her face and gee if its been here since the yr 1600 ad then what in the world is anyone doing about this except if your not bit then gee its ok you can live your life but jump on over to the site and read on the morgellon research site there are real people there who I feel so bad some having this for 20yrs and who knows, it seems to me to also have some part to do with a fungus type prob, maybe as also now for the past 7yrs have had heavy abdomen pain daily and your not nuts head to another ER and keep on going to everyone, remember the one who makes the most noise get heard I have thrown fits and now finally get to head by way of a referral to the best of hospital and univeristy of med in Northern Ca. I will be glad to be here to try to help you being a Nurse Im right now tired of being the scientist when sorry Im the one who has to find the answer, but maybe yours is like what I have and its strange this parasite effects the bowels, urine, abdomen area, mild brain fog and you feel like you want to die. I can't but if I could now take my life after all this pain I would, but havin to answer to a higher power I choose to call God well I will keep you in my prayers ok? Hang in and if I come out ok and live you watch me go girl:) keep the faith remember God is in control and sorry Im not any religion only know that if I beat LUPUS when I was in my 20's I will beat this. I have no support Im on my own but in this all you develop strength you never knew you had. Im sorry get to some Internist and also a urologist ASAP, and if you don't like um keep on trying and trying by the way make sure to check out these Drs on the puter before you go its at times will tell you there track record. Heard that the Drs in Canada are heading this way boy are they in for a shock if they think there going to get more money.its what is more important and pls ask questions never let the ones in ER act rude to you report them, where its the worse get a Dr and build a relationship with him or her and who knows maybe soon you will be ok or at least find out more then you know by the way did the ER do a Cat Scan with IV contrast on you make them do it because it shows alot and that way you can go from there sad maybe some of what they have already done wasn't really needed Drs aren't perfect and need to show more bedside manner toward us we do pay or give our insurance. Sorry Im so tired and hope that maybe I will be lucky and head on to the pie in the sky on the operating table I already asked on here and some jerk male made fun out of being such a child but gave it back when he said, :Oh found a cure , I had a good lol and asked him," oh really then why not call CDC or the NHC in OK," sorry Im so tried and with no one to help can't drive and in pain 24/7 and up all nite except when I get an hr of sleep or they also like to crawl toward any kinds of foods, they sound like roaches but no its the fibers and skin. I hope somehow from this long post that maybe you got at least something from this and pls mail me if you want to keep it personal I have it seems all as in medical probs never give up. Im here if you need me ok? HUGS to you ...

    Hello who know what its like having a ferret as a pet???
    i want to know what its like to have a ferret as a pet what kind of cear do they need
    washing, food, behaviour.....

    • ANSWER:
      The third most common uncaged pet in North America today, after dogs and cats, is the ferret. The origin of ferrets as a domestic animal is unclear. Ferrets belong to the weasel family (Mustelidae) and are related to mink, skunks, weasels, otters and badgers. Ferrets are dry temperate climate creatures - they have a summer and winter coat, tolerate cold well but suffer and die when temperatures exceed 20C, The average life span of a ferret, barring accidents or serious illness, is 8-10 years. Full grown females weigh about two pounds while males are larger.

      It is especially important that ferrets should be spayed or neutered before they reach sexual maturity, and descenting is recommended. Since Ferrets are in the skunk family, they carry glands that they exercise when frightened but they also emit a musk Odor through their skin as a natural smell. Females will succumb to aplastic anemia and die a most painful death if they are not spayed or if mating does not occur because the ovulate after copulation.(Note: There is no money in breeding ferrets). Altering and descenting the ferret reduces the animal's odor, extends its life, and increases its suitability as a companion. Ferrets require semi-annual check-ups and yearly inoculations against canine distemper and rabies. Ferrets are also prone to many types of cancer, the most common are Adrenal disease, Insulinoma and islet tumors.

      Ferrets must be fed a high quality, dry ferret or kitten food and they are not recommended in homes with young children. Young Ferrets need to be socialized and taught to bite softly because mouthing and biting is part of the Ferret social behavior and since they are weasels, they love to play.

      Cleaning of litter boxes must be done on a daily basis and washing bedding and cage cleaning on a weekly basis. Ferrets are carnivores and should be fed raw meat in their diets your house must be Ferret proof so they can have daily exercise.

      The most important issue when considering a Ferret, LEGAL issues. Most states allow ferrets except California and Hawaii but some cities and counties require permits or prohibit owning them entirely in their jurisdictions.

      After saying all that, I must tell you that I own 5 and love them very much. I consider them the best pet I have ever owned when it comes to affection and just plain cuteness. They require quite a bit more time and care than a cat but are more loving and cute. I think of them as halfway between a dog and cat on the affection scale. Owning a Ferret comes with a high price tag when it comes to vet bills so be sure you have money in the pot for illnesses and accidents. Mine have free roam of my home but they are all 2 years and older.. Babies eat the buttons off your remotes and the keys off your keyboards so I could not allow them such freedom if they were not litte box trained and acclimated to my lifestyle. Remember, they sleep about 18 hours a day so after their morning activities, they pretty much sleep all day and come out briefly to see me.

      I suggest you research Ferrets anywhere you can find a reliable source and then purchase the Ferrets for dummies book, it will be like your Ferret bible. Also you can join a Ferret rescue in your area and see if you really want to bring one into your home. Plus you will meet some fun people.
      OK, done.

    Possible to have yeast infection in prostate gland?

    • ANSWER:
      Yeast does not migrate from the intestine to the urinary tract system. Putting yeast into the rectum will not cause a prostate yeast infection no more than bacteria in the stool could enter the prostate unless you were having a biopsy done. In that case infection is transfered by needle pokes through the colon into the prostate.

      Yes it is possible but not likely unless you suffer from other illnesses that put you at higher risk... such as AIDS or damage to the prostate by radiation or chemotherapy.

      While yeast infections are relatively harmless, they may invade the body by causing infection of the adrenal, kidney, ureter, bladder, PROSTATE and female genital organs.

      You may be more prone to these invasive yeast infections if you are diabetic, using steroids, a recipient of an organ transplant or have a disease like AIDS. You may also be at risk if other major diseases weaken your health such as cancer, liver disease, chronic inflammatory bowel syndrome or rheumatoid arthritis.

    Adrenal Gland Mass Question?
    Im an 18 year old male and i went in for a cat scan for kidney stone and they found a very small mass on my left adrenal gland. Everything ive read said that its common and not too worry about it. Are the chances of it being something serious really that small?

    • ANSWER:
      The adrenal glands release adrenaline. The worst that's probably happening is over-excitement, palpitations and anger.
      I don't think it's anything to worry about if there's a small mass.
      If they're planning on removing it then that's splendid.
      But it's most likely not anything huge like cancer.

    Ferret Care - is it hard and difficult?
    I was about to get a Ferret, when people told me they are hard to take care of - others, on the opposite side, said they're just about as easy to take care of as a hamster...Help? Please post only serious comments, if you are either 100% sure or have own experience.

    • ANSWER:
      If the ferret is socialized it won't bite, but they do like to nip, they don't understand that it hurts us.

      You'll need high protein ferret food, they need 36% protein levels or higher, so most cat food won't work. Dog food would starve them. You need kitten chow or ferret foods.

      You need a vet that's familiar with ferrets too, they're considered exotic animals and not all vets are trained for ferrets.

      You'll need the largest cage you can get, these animals require exercise every day. They use a litter box but are not even 80% dependable when outside the cage to go back and do their business in a box, they want to back into a corner and do it there. Be aware of this if you have wall to wall carpets.

      They need at LEAST an hour of exercise per day out of their cages. You need to ferret proof EVERYTHING!!!! If it's the size of a quarter, they can get their head in, and if their head fits in, their body will too. This means blocking off the backs fo the refrigerator, stove,dish washer, dryer, washing machine, NEVER using a recliner chair if the ferret is out, making sure the ferret is not INSIDE the couch when you sit down. Make sure they can't get into the air and furnace ducts. NO holes under the kitchen cabinet overhangs (mine found that the first 5 minutes he was out for the first time). No holes inside your mattress from the underside of the bed.

      They can climb. You'll find them up on the top shelf of your closet if clothing hangs almost to the floor in there. They'll eat any gerbils, hamsters, birds they can reach (they are predators). They WILL repot all your plants and attempt to tip over and empty ALL garbage containers.

      They are not cats or dogs. They can see only 3' away but their hearing and sense of smell is phenominal. They will stink (they're mustelids, they have scent glands and heavy body odors). They will try to tip over all food and water bowls, so get the non-spill dog types. If they find anything rubber they will try to eat it, which causes severe life threatening vet problems--NO rubber bands, rubber gloves, balloons, rubber dog toys, etc. should be allowed in their reach.

      They will take dry and wet food and try to hide it behind or under things, so watch out for that. They steal small moveable items like watches, socks, jewelry, pens, kotex, books, shoes, car keys - anything they can carry, and try to hide those in small places.

      No collar will stay on them, their cheek area blends with the neck so there's nothing to stop a collar from sliding off. Figure 8 harnesses can be pulled out of almost that fast too. A figure H harness should be used with a leash, which has two separate buckles, but be prepared for that to slip down to their groins in one tangle if they pull and twist enough. Be very cautious when you have them outside, because of this.

      Also be very cautious around dogs, most dogs think these smell like wild animals and terriers and hunting dogs will go for the ferret very fast.

      They are not afraid of anything but the vaccum cleaner (sensitive ears, they can't stand the volume). They are trainable but it takes a lot of patience. The more you handle them the easier they are to handle, but some never get out of the biting/nipping stage.

      They live about 6 years before dying of cancer, unfortunately. Our pet stock came from fur stock in the USA, they were bred for generations to produce a coat, not for longetivity,so they usually self destruct within 6-8 years. One that reaches 10 years is ancient. In Europe their stock was for hunting so 15 year lifespans are normal there.

      They are prone to two very expensive diseases--Aleutians and Adrenal. It cost about ,000 to fix either one of those.

      They HAVE to be spayed before their first heat if female, or the hormone shift usually causes cancer that will kill them. If male, they need to be neutered or they'll stink to high heaven and get more aggressive.

      Be aware these are high maintenance pets that are not cheap to keep. Get the book Ferrets for Dummies, it's good. Join some ferret bulletin boards and talk to owners.

      Be aware that ferrets bond to people and go into depression if given away or re-adopted out. They do this far more than dogs or cats, you can have one give up the will to live if it's bonded to you or to litter/cage mates and then circumstances change. You need to be the owner for life, if you're considering a ferret---these are not and have never been 'throw away' pets.

    Any Veterinarians out there?Please Help!!!!?
    I have a 3 year old male Ferret he is of course a Marshall's ferret and has been descented and neutered. He has fallen ill on me and had started off Drinking excessively and urinating often since about Friday and Last night he had completely stopped eating and Drinking. He has diarrhea and can barely walk around. My other Ferret died about 2 years ago from something the Vet called Adrenal Gland Diease. Does this sound like what is happening to my other Ferret? It came on so suddenly he has been so healthy up until Last Thursday. I have been feeding him Pedilite with an eye dropper every hour for the last day. What should I do? I want to make him as comfortable as possible. Thanks for your help!
    He is not losing hair and as I said has been completely happy and Active up until last Friday. I had not noticed anything different about him and I dont think he has gotten ahold of and eaten something he shouldnt have but since they are known for eating things they shouldnt it is entirely possible.

    • ANSWER:
      I don't know if this will help you, but I hope so. I had a ferret for years. Once it fell ill and wasnt eating or drinking for a few days. I took it to the vet and they said that they could treat it for the dehydration with inserting a water pack (which is where they injected water under the skin just between the shoulder blades. Anyway they wanted to put it on intravenious feeding and do testing for feline cancer. Anyway I told them to just treat it for the dehydration with the water pack and I took him home and treated him myself. Anyway, I gave him some liquid herbs.and I also gave him protein powder. You have to wrap him up snugly in a towel and force it with an eyedropper. Ferrets are like cats and get depleted in protein very quickly. You can buy protein powder in bulk at a nutrition center that sells bulk or you can buy it in a can also. Mix it with water to a thin smooth consistancy that you can get your ferret to swallow. Anyway, the next day after treating my ferret it pooped out a big chunk of plastic that was blocking its intestinal passage. I looked in my herbal drops and found that some of the herbs in it had a laxative effect. So what I would do is go and get some herbal drops and ask someone in the nutrition center to help you and that you want something that is for a laxative. They may even sell something in drops for children that would work. Just give them a much smaller amount. If you can get water into your ferret with an eye dropper I wouldn't worry about getting the waterpack. But if it has gone days without water it might be a good idea. Anyway,I know that ferrets are notorious for eating stuff that they shouldn't. After this happened to my ferret my friends moms small dog was having similar problems and I let her know what I did for my ferret and she did it for her dog and found that the dog had also eaten something that was stuck in its intestines. It makes me sad to know that so many animals are dieing or people are having to pay big $ to Vets to have plastic etc. removed when there is a simple solution. Although its alot of work for a day or 2 making your ferret eat and drink, hopefully the outcome will be worth it. My ferret got well very quickly after he was able to expel the plastic. Good Luck!!

    Is there anyone out there that is in a similar situation ? I would like to hear from you?
    I would like to talk to anyone out there that is fighting colon cancer. Mine has spread to the lungs,liver, stomach. I was first diagnosed about eight years ago. I had the surgery and chemo and went back to work a year later. After five years, I thought I was in the clear, but it was probably already spreading at this point. I was getting the regular tests and tumor markers, and nothing showed up. I was having some intestinal pain and the doctor ordered an ultrasound. Nothing showed in these tests but the doctor wasn't satisfied and sent me in for a cat scan. There it was, a tumor on my adrenal gland and ureter. I have been on chemo now for two years. At first I responded well and the tumors shrunk. While I was on a break they grew back and it spread. I'm on another kind of chemo now and waiting for the next cat scan. The doctor tells me that this is the last chemo that our wonder full government will pay for, and the next one will cost 00 a month. That is, if I live that long.

    • ANSWER:
      I have not experienced what you are. I just wanted to say I prayed for your health and for the money to get you through it. It is ashamed that it cost so much. My son may have lymphoma and I am really scared. I am trying to stay possitive and you should too. Miracles happen every day. You have to have faith. My son is 8. God bless and good luck!

    what is better: the bar, pill or needle?
    well im on the pill atm but im mostly on it to keep track of my periods and im also on it so i dont fall pregnant and i keep forgetting to take it most of the time and quite a few people have said all of these are all good things to be on but i dont know if i should stay on. im not scared of needles so the bar or needle doesnt really bother me if i were to be on either of those 2. well anyways, which one do you recommend me to be on??

    • ANSWER:
      We know that the ethinyl estradiol (estrogen) they use in the pill is 1,000 times more potent on it's effects on breast tissue than estriol (estrogen the body makes that protects the breast tissue). Studies of two decades ago clearly found that overexposure to estradiol (and estrone to a lesser extent) increases one's risk of breast cancer. The synthetic ethinyl estradiol used in the pill is really a bad guy that is efficiently absorbed by mouth and slow to be metabolized and excreted. The longer a synthetic estrogen stays in the body, the more opportunity it has to do damage.

      No long term studies have been done that show birth control pills are not contributing to breast cancer. With the rate being a staggering 1 in 7 women now, it would seem people would wake up to the fact something is not right here.

      The pill affects the endocrine system in your body in a very negative way. It creates estrogen dominance and since the ovaries are part of the pituitary axis, when you take the pill, you get the booby prize. The thyroid, pituitary, adrenal, and ovaries are all part of this "axis." When any of these glands becomes insufficient or sick, they all get sick together. This is why many women gain weight when on the pill because the thyroid is affected very negatively and the metabolism slows down. The fatigue comes from the adrenals being affected.

      To simply trust drug companies is foolish in today's world. Did you know that 106,000 people died in one year from taking prescription drugs that doctors prescribed for them in hospitals that were FDA approved drugs from drug companies?

      Here is a video that will give you some incite into how these guys think and how they prioritize profit over health:…

      This is not some far out drug company, but the BAYER company that makes aspirin for the world.

      Merck pharmaceutical that makes lots of vaccines got caught lying to the FDA. The drug VIOXX killed about 160,000 people before the FDA took it off the market, but the FDA would not have done so if the lawyers had not discovered company documents that showed MERCK knew how over 30% of the people taking that drug were going to have severe health problems, including death.

      These same people are telling everyone that vaccines are safe. Really? Then why did congress pass a law that said NO ONE CAN SUE DRUG COMPANIES for damage due to vaccines? If they were safe, then why do we need such a law? And why did the U.S. government spend over 1.5 billion giving that money to vaccine damaged victims? The reasons is really quite simple. Drug companies contribute HUGE SUMS of MONEY to politicians to keep their agendas in place.

      Do your homework and don't just trust that little man in the white coat that wears a smile like the Cheshire cat in Alice & Wonderland. Your health is not a fairytale.

      good luck to you

    Why am I experiencing such fatigue when I suppose to be healthy?
    in September 2011 diagnosed breast cancer, had lumpectomy also had lymph nodes removed, tumor tested and advised radiation. December 2011 diagnosed with BC in opposite breast, procedure and outcome the same. Also found to be anemic. Ferritin level 6.5 (normal range 60-10) prescribed a iron supplement. January 44.0 started radiation 5 days a week for 7 weeks. Had iron dextran fusion now ferritin is 389. WTF right?!. In the last year 3 years have had blood tests done for thyroid. results in line. Had cortisol test (24 hour urine) all in line. Not only because of cancer but other reasons in the last two years ive had. colonoscopy, endoscopy, chest xray, cat scan, bone density, bone scan. all ok. Some of the meds I'm on cause fatigue but I've been them for years with no problems. thyroid and cortisol level, adrenal glands checked by specialist and remaining tests ordered by oncologist, and ENT. did I mention I have sleep apnea. I do use the mask. Fatigue cause me to fall asleep while on Computer, brain fog, sentences come out disconnected walking can be a proble. or just sitting, riding in car. went to washington dc from ohio. sleep the entire time. anyone ever had anything like this or know someone that may have. Dr keep telling me I"m fine so why am I so tired.Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      It might be adrenal fatigue. I had some of the symptoms you describe and it turned out I had adrenals fatigue.

      Unfortunately, doctors don't always diagnose adrenal fatigue correctly. One woman I knew went to 27 doctors before she got a proper diagnosis!

      I didn't go to that many but I went to quite a few and they either didn't recognize adrenal fatigue or they couldn't help me if they did.

      Why don't doctors recognize adrenal fatigue? Because they are only trained to look for either extreme adrenal underproduction of cortisol (Addison's Disease) or exteme overproduction (Cushing's Syndrome). Adrenal fatigue is in between the two extremes so it is not often recognized.

      I started doing some research and trying some things. I stopped eating fast and processed foods. I also cut down my intake of caffeine, sugar, and alcohol.

      Slowly things got better. My friend shared with me this program offered by the site:

      I think I'm going to try it and I'll let you know how it turns out.

    If you've had a cat diagnosed with mammary gland tumor, what to expect?
    One of the vets at the clinic I take my cats go called me last week and said she found a "mass" on my cat's mammary gland during an exam. She didn't think the prognosis was good, said 90% of them turn out to be malignant. (She even said she could put my cat to sleep that day if I wanted.)

    My cat's regular vet says it's a really hard place to be in both because of this diagnosis and the fact that this cat was spayed but continued to have heat cycles. He had even operated on her more than once to make sure there wasn't any tissue left behind that could cause it. His conclusion was that there may be a microscopic piece of tissue causing this. Another vet who is a few hundred miles away, thinks the heat cycles are caused by a benign tumor on the adrenal gland (or somewhere else), but this last bit of news happened before I could get the cat looked at by her.

    Based on all this, and in talking to my cat's regular vet, it seems to be the consensus the most humane thing is to do nothing but take her home, make her comfortable, and watch for signs she is starting to suffer, and then they would put her to sleep. This is awful. Has anyone else been through anything like this before? I have two other cats, the mother and sister to this one. Grey is the name of the cat this happened to, and I got the news on her ninth birthday. She was always the mama's girl, and it's hard to see her snuggled up next to her mom at night, knowing all this.
    Sometimes I think there should be a support group for this! = (
    I think this is what the vet meant when he said I was in a really tough place to be. It's not just one thing or the other with her. Both things would have to be addressed. Whatever is causing her to have the heat cycles could very likely be contributing to her high risk for developing this type of cancer. No vet can guarantee 100% that they can find the cause. She would need a minimum of two surgeries, one for the tumor and another one that would hopefully find the reason for her going into heat. Additionally, she would probably need other treatments, like chemo, meds, etc. I don't want to put her through all that if the outcome is going to be the same, anyway, which from what they tell me, is likely. It is just extremely hard to go through this for me, wanting and feeling like I should be doing something to save her! I just wish I knew something, though, like how big is the "mass" that the other vet found, how long before it will start to affect her quality
    CTU, thank you so much for sharing that! I cried when I read your answer to that other question. I'm so sorry for your loss! I think how you felt about your cat is the same as I feel about Grey's sister. Coincidentally,, when I got the news about Grey, I had just got done going through something with Kissie. She had just gotten her stitches removed from having surgery to remove a bladder stone. That was scary,, too, because at first they didn't know what it was, she had to have an ultrasound and then the surgery to remove it. The crazy thing with that was that when the vet did the surgery, the stone was gone, so it must have dissolved. I'm just glad and thankful she is okay! The reason I mention her is because Kissie and I have a special connection, too. She is very dependent on me and loyal like a dog, likes to be with me all the time, follows me around, and sleeps on my bed every night. Sorry for making this even longer, but just wanted to let you know how

    • ANSWER:
      Yes I did have a cat diagnosed with mammary cancer and went for the surgery. I regret it to this day. Read my answer to this question:;_ylt=Am1J_dHXQvv3U1whQ6gB6kzpFQx.;_ylv=3?qid=20090721105857AApWdOJ
      This was my baby:(

      I have 3 beautiful girls now and if ever one has the same cancer, never again will I put a cat through that..

      So sorry for what you are going through:( I really can feel your pain...

      Edit:No one can really tell you what to do. In the end, it is your decision. My vet had only found one mass too until he operated. There were 2 others inside that could not be felt. The operation was the most horrible thing for her. It changed her completely. She would not eat. I had to teach her to eat by putting wet food on her nose so she had no choice but to lick it. It is a very hard decision to make, you need to think of what is best for the kitty....

      Edit 2:You are welcome and am glad that Kissie is ok:) Thank you also. I know she is in a good place and is not suffering anymore. She is up there waiting patiently for me. Your heart will guide you. Best of luck...

    How should I give water to my cat?
    My 10 year old male cat had a stroke a few months ago and he doesn't seem to be getting better. Lately he even started avoiding water! Because the therapy he's getting depends on the circulation of water in his organism (tablets that he's receiving stimulate adrenal glands, and thus are meant to reduce the swelling on his brain), is there a way for me to give him water? How about a syringe? If I can use it, how much water should I give him?
    @ Funk001 Of course I'm going to ask the veterinarian! I just need various opinions. There are experts answering questions here too not just trolls. Thank you for being such a douchebag in this hard period of my life.
    I live in a country where there are no respectable veterinarians. The veterinarian I have been dragging my cat to for the past 3 months and who prescribed the therapy turns out to be out of reach (it's 23 minutes past noon here now). His facility is open only after 4 pm.
    So PLEASE FORGIVE ME for being desperate enough for asking advice on how to give water to a cat who doesn't take it willingly.
    I do say that I am desperate, but that doesn't mean I'm going to follow every advice thrown at me. I do have 15 years experience with cats.

    • ANSWER:
      I know how difficult it can be to take care of a sick cat. I had to do when my cat Friday had cancer and for what seemed a really long time I had to provide palliative care with the knowledge he was dying. I had him for thirteen years and my heart broke when he passed. I agree that the vet is the best person to ask but I have heard that some cats don’t drink very much if they eat a lot of wet food. My cats love the water out of the tuna can, the one in springwater not oil or brine) try that he might enjoy it.

    I few questions about ferrets?
    1)First of all, do ferrets have a noticeable odor?
    2)Is it true that most ferrets are already descented?
    3)Will they break the bank?
    4)How do I convince ferrets are worth getting to my parents? because they think they stink?
    5)Are they like dogs and cats? because i heard they have pretty much a personalitly of a dog and a cat?
    6)Most importantly are they worth it? (I'm a guy who loves any animal and WILL make sure they get taken care of

    *thank you

    • ANSWER:
      1) They do have a distinct musk odor but it can be easily controlled. The mistake that a lot of new ferret owners make is bathing once a month or more. In reality, the less you bathe, the less noticeable the odor will be. Just like with humans, ferrets will produce more oils and therefore odor the more they are bathed. If you provide lots of cloth bedding like fleece blankets, old clothes, and hammocks things will be a lot easier. Just be sure to wash the bedding at least once a week with free and clear detergent (dyes and perfumes can cause an allergic reaction) and some baking soda. You should also scoop the litter box at least once a day per ferret and wash the box once a week.

      Also, diet plays a big part in odor. The ideal diet which eliminates musk odor is a raw diet. Both of my ferrets are fed raw and the only smell they have is actually a sweet, grapey smell from their tails. A raw diet will also make urine smell less since the extra moisture will keep ammonia levels at a minimum. There is also less poop smell since a raw fed ferret will only poop 3 times a day at most (except for kits since they can eat up to 1/2 their body weight a day). For more info, look up the Holistic Ferret forum.

      If you feel that you cannot feed a raw diet, a mix of 2-3 high quality kibbles should be fed. Ferrets are horribly picky so giving several kibbles gives you a backup in case a manufacturer changes their recipe or if the store you go to is out of a kibble when you need to restock. Also, some kibbles can cause stomach problems if fed alone. Some good options are EVO Ferret, Totally Ferret (Baby or Active Adult), Natural Gold, Zupreem, or 8-in-1 Ultimate Crunchy.

      2) If you get a ferret from a pet store, it's going to be descented. Since around 90% of ferrets in the US and Canada are from factory farms that provide the pet stores with ferrets... Most ferrets are descented. Descenting actually does nothing to reduce smell. The scent glands that are removed are a defense mechanism similar to a skunk. The smell can be horrible but dissipates very quickly. A ferret will only "poof" when it is scared or startled.

      3) They can be very expensive. The average starting cost including cage, food, toys, ferret proofing, bedding, and vet visit can be up to 0. This is before buying a ferret which can cost up to 0 depending on where you live and where you get it from.

      I honestly think that getting a kit will be best in the long run. While a lot of ferrets will end up getting some sort of disease in their lifetime, some of them can be prevented.

      Another reason that I feed a raw diet is because of the health benefits. One of the world's leading ferret experts (Bob Church) has come to a preliminary finding that feeding a raw diet for a ferret's entire life will completely eliminate the chances of the ferret developing insulioma (pancreatic micro tumors that cause diabetes-like symptoms). Also, a raw fed ferret that is given bones and/or whole prey will never need to get a dental cleaning. This is because the bones scrape away the plaque and tartar and keep the teeth sparkling white. Cleaning teeth and treating insulioma can cost thousands over a ferret's lifetime.

      Feeding raw may also reduce the risk of a ferret developing other cancers. This hasn't been proven one way or the other though.

      You should try to have about 00 saved up by your ferret's 3rd birthday. This is because it's very likely that your ferret will need surgery. Even if you are extremely careful about making sure your ferret doesn't ingest anything that will cause a blockage. This is because of Adrenal disease. This is a malignant tumor in the adrenal gland(s) that causes hair loss and personality changes. Even if you decide not to opt for surgery, the treatments to fight the hormonal changes and keep the tumor from spreading are very expensive.

      4) Try to find a ferret shelter in your area. Ask your parents to visit the shelter with you to meet some ferrets. A lot of shelter ferrets are only there either because the original owners couldn't afford them, didn't have time, or realized that a ferret wasn't for them. Very few shelter ferrets have any behavior problems unless they came from a serious neglect situation. Also, the volunteers and shelter operators can be very good at picking out ferrets for people to interact with. If you call beforehand, they'll most likely be able to have the friendliest shelter residents ready and waiting.

      5) Ferrets are a mix of dog and cat with a little tweak that makes them unique. Like dogs, they can be very loyal and loving to their people. Like cats, they sleep a lot and only want to be pet or cuddled with on their own terms (it's on a case by case basis though). They also are little trouble makers who live only to wreak havoc where ever they go. They will steal your socks, shoes, or anything else that looks like it should be theirs. They will get into anything and everything even if you're

    cat with possible allergies?
    I have a long haired cat who constantly sneezes and has a snotty nose. Her eyes are fine, and she acts fine. It doesnt seem to be affecting her smell because if you have food she knows you have it and bothers you til you give her a piece. Shes been kind of snotty for awhile, but she doesn't act sick or anything.. could this be allergies ? And would prednisone help her? We have a TON of prednisone tablets (its a steroid) for our old cat who passed away. By the way, don't worry I am going to check with my aunt (who is a vet tech) to confirm it, just wondering if anyone has had any experiences with this or would know what could be causing her to be so snotty.

    I know it's not "flea" allergies because she doesnt ALWAYS have fleas, her nose isn't running, but she sounds congested. We just want to see if the prednisone works, if not we'll probably just take her to the vet to get the right medicine.
    she just stays upstairs , which our upstairs is just like an attic but there are 2 bedrooms , she stays in my room (which is really just a huge hallway it seems lol) so maybe i'll just clean my room top to bottom and keep it that way, to see if it gets any better.
    shes not acting sick. shes being her normal self and even plays with her catnip mouse.. shes comin close to 7 years old. But I was just going to use the tablet maybe once or twice to see if it worked, but I'm kind of scared to cuz I don't want anything to go wrong, so i most likely won't.

    • ANSWER:
      It couldbe a cat cold where some "Little Noses" nose drops (just saline, safe for cats) and a round of Clavamox would take care of.

      If you are thinking of using Prednisone long-term, realize the following is what it's used for (also, Prednisolone is much better than Prednisone as Prednisolone absorbs quicker - I would highly recommend not using Prednisone of any type for your beloved cat. Also, if your cat has become lethargic, she needs... NEEDS to go to a vet - any change in behavior is a sign of illness (may be just a cold, may be kidney issues - you won't know until you see a Vet.

      Read below for the uses and effects of long-term use of Prednisone or Prednisolone:

      Anti-inflammatory (especially for joint pain and itchy skin).

      Immune-suppression (treatment of conditions where the immune system is destructively hyperactive. Higher doses are required to actually suppress the immune system).

      Cancer Chemotherapy (especially in the treatment of lymphoma and mast cell tumors.)

      Central Nervous System Disorders (usually after trauma or after a disc episode to relieve swelling in the brain or spinal cord or more chronically in the event of a brain tumor.)

      Shock (steroids seem to help improve circulation).

      Blood Calcium Reduction (in medical conditions where blood calcium is dangerously high treatment is needed to reduce levels to normal).
      Prednisone is activated by the patient's liver into Prednisolone.

      Prednisolone may be administered in tablet form or produced by the body from prednisone. These medications are considered to be interchangeable though it seems that some cats are not efficient at the conversion and do better on prednisolone.

      Prednisone can also be used for its ability to mobilize sugar in treatment of insulin secreting tumors or metabolic conditions associated with low blood sugar.

      Prednisone is also involved in the treatment of Addison's Disease, where there is a natural deficiency of glucocorticoid hormones (as well as mineralocorticoid hormones).


      Prednisone & prednsolone have activity in the kidney leading to the conservation of salt. This creates the classical side effects of prednisone/prednisolone use: excessive thirst and excessive urination. If this occurs, another steroid can be selected or the predisone/prednisolone dose can be dropped. The increased salt retention could be a problem for patients with congestive heart failure.

      Prednisone/prednisolone are commonly used for several weeks or even months at a time to get a chronic process under control. It is important that the dose be tapered to an every other day schedule once the condition is controlled. The reason for this is that body will perceive these hormones and not produce any of its own. In time, the adrenal glands will atrophy so that when the medication is discontinued, the patient will be unable to respond to any stressful situation. An actual circulatory crisis can result. By using the medication every other day, this allows the body's own adrenal glands to remain active.

      Any latent infections can be unmasked by prednisone use. (Feline upper respiratory infections would be a classical example. When a cat recovers clinically, the infection simply goes dormant. Glucocorticoid use could bring the infection out again.) Long term prednisone/prednisolone use is associated with increased risk for latent bladder infection, especially in dogs.

      Glucocorticoid hormone use can be irritating to the stomach at higher doses.

      At high enough doses prednisone/prednisolone creates a state of higher than normal blood sugar levels. It is possible for a patient on the verge of developing diabetes mellitus to be tipped into a diabetic state. This is usually a problem though for stronger steroid hormones and one reason to select prednisone/prednisolone for long term use is to attempt to minimize the risk of developing diabetes mellitus. Still, one would avoid using prednisone/prednisolone in a patient with existing diabetes mellitus if it is at all possbile to do so.

      Hoping very much that your cat gets a good check-up at the Vet and becomes well very soon!! :o )

      ADD: If that is your cat's normal behavior (7 is still young, I have my "top cat", Fuzz "Black-Toe" who is about to turn 15 and still playing like a kitten).

      I truly believe, because of what you wrote that your cat is mostly unsupervised), that you cat needs more attention. Again, your cat relies solely upon you for everything, including lots of love and attention.

    Why does everything cause cancer?
    Why is it that i always hear about something about "whats causing cancer", i don't even see any kids playing outside on saturday mornings, I asked my little sister, and she told me that they don't go outside until 5:00 cause going out in the sun will give them cancer. Ive read about milk,jello,shampoo,video games,dogs,cats,tree bark,gum,meat,sun,moon,stars,ghost,pillows,dust,juice,kool-aid,masturbation,running,fishing,laughing, dreaming, picture taking, drawing, swimming, jump roping, gatorade, watching sunday night football, talking, brushing teeth, going to parties, play jaxs and etc causing cancer. As a matter of fact some might argue that me talking about cancer has just increases my chance of getting it by 40%

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some good points for you to consider: POSSIBLE ROOT CAUSES OF ALL TYPES OF CANCER

      POLLUTION - Polluted air, water and land are good sources of free radicals. For instance, carbon monoxide (CO), an odorless, colorless and tasteless chemical present in vehicle exhaust, is a highly toxic chemical because it combines with hemoglobin in the blood to produce carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO), which is ineffective for delivering oxygen to the body tissues. Moreover, traces of carcinogenic chemical called trihalomethane, has also been found in tap water from faucets while in bottled water, Bisphenol A (BPA) is present and has been found to bring about destruction in vital organs.

      SMOKING - There are about 4,000 toxic chemicals that can be taken into our body with just a stick of burning cigarette.

      ALCOHOL - Intake of alcohol makes the body produce acetaldehyde which is a possible carcinogen and a major cause of hangover.

      SYNTHETIC DRUGS - One of the easy sources of free radicals, synthetic chemical-based drugs are always associated with side effects in the body. For instance, phenylpropanolamine (PPA), which is being suspected of causing hemorrhagic stroke among women and seizures in children, has been banned in several countries including the Philippines.

      RADIATION - Ultraviolet rays induce skin hydrolysis and in the process, skin hydrolysis produces hydroxyl radicals (a known free radical). Hydroxyl radicals is one of the responsible agents of skin cancer. Hydroxyl radical can damage amino acids, carbohydrates and lipids and initiate cell mutations (nucleic acid mutation).

      PRESERVATIVES - Several research studies suspect synthetic preservatives and artificial coloring agents worsening Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms in those affected individuals.

      PESTICIDES - Even fresh leafy vegetables may contain traces of pesticides which are associated with long-term health problems such as respiratory problems, memory disorders, skin problems, cancer, depression, memory problems, miscarriages and birth defects.

      LACK OF SLEEP - Sleep deprivation, which can be caused by several factors including abnormal brain function, disables the immune system from repairing itself. Normally, the immune system needs about 8 hours to repair during sleep time.

      STRESS - The adrenal glands (normally located on top of kidneys) under stressful conditions produce cortisol, a hormone that increases blood pressure and blood sugar, and reduces immune responses. Moreover, uncontrolled stress as a stimuli can possibly constrict blood vessels thereby disabling the proper flow of blood throughout the body.

      Try minimize exposing your body to these factors and you will have a very small chance of having cancer in your lifetime.

      Stay healthy!

    could it be cancer? My gran is 65 this month. She has hep C with a history of drug use (before she had kids)?
    My gran never took drugs when she knew she was expecting1 My gran has drank a lot in her life, she is irish. Ok she had a ultra sound, viral blood tests and the whole blood work tests for hep c. The blood work was not bad the ultra sound showed up two spots on the lower right lobe of her liver, they did a cat scan yesterday, she won't know the results until tomorrow.. She is going crazy.. Could she have liver cancer? I love my gran so much.

    • ANSWER:
      Ur love, affection and concern for Ur 'grand mother' is fine. This is the right time for U to enable her survive longer with Ur strategic & committed support.

      Instant Diagnosis*of any Disease and or the affected organ[s]---even Cancer, HIV/AIDS or any Incurable Disease/Syndrome with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures, with the aid of acupressure techniques, so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.

      U may study the details, discuss with Ur family members and friends and understand the concept of ‘Acupressure’ and confirm for Urself, if U or anybody else has cancer/hiv and the affected organs.

      Any Cancer, lupus, HIV/AIDS, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, etc., —Common Symptoms:
      Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, FATIGUE-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 17 [Hip], 18 [Urinary Bladder], 19 [intestines], 21 [appendix-front side], and 21 [allergy-back side]; 22[gall bladder], 23 [liver], 24[Shoulder], 25[Pancreas], 26[kidney], 27[Stomach], 28[Adrena gland], 29[Solar Plexus-Nabhi Chakra-Umbelicus], 30[Lungs], 31[Ear], 32[Energy], 33[Nerves of ear], 34[Cold], 35[Eye], 36[Heart], 37 [spleen]. 38[Thymus].

      Diagnosis--With the help of Acupressure maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender. If all these or most of these points are very painful on thumb pressure, it means one has cancer/hiv/dreaded disease[s].
      Suppose, Point No.25 [pancreas], 28 [adrenal gland], 11-16 and 37 ---Pancreatic Cancer.
      Point No.19, 20[colon], 21, 8, 16, 27—Bowel cancer.
      Point No. 1-6, 8, 11-16, 22, 23, 37---Liver cancer/Hepatitis-A,B,C.
      Point No.6 [throat], 8 [thyroid] and 16 [lymph]—throat cancer.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 11-15 and 37 –Lymphoma.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 37, 27, 29, 30 & 37---Leukemia.
      Point Nos 1-10, 11-15, 22.23 &37---HIV/AIDS/STDs.
      Point Nos.8, 11,14[testes/ovaries], 15,16, 37—Testicular/Ovarian cancer.
      Note—In every cancer, 8 [thyroid], 16 [lymph] are tender as a precondition.
      Prevention & Cure: Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment and perceivable relief , hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:
      In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has breast cancer. If U press the surrounding area on both palms regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally.
      Cure is available by Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

    Question about Ferrets?
    Well my mom said she doesn't like ferrets cause they smell, but i will be taking care of its cage. Afterall it will be my pet and i am the one who will be taking care of it, just like i do with the cats (feeding them)
    But its really my dad that i'll have to do the talking into with.
    Anything I could say, to really get him to atleast think about it?
    And I have an Aussie and 3 cats, can they all get along? I know Ferrets are pretty crazy lol, thats why i love em. I want a pet thats loveable, hyper, playful, and likes to cuddle.
    Is that a deffinition of a Ferret? loll
    And if i get to get one, will it be lonely? I will be playing with it alot of course, but i want it to have a little friend lol. So is it just best to get 2? And if so, a girl and a boy, or a girl and a girl? What sexes would best get along..and play with eachother.

    • ANSWER:
      I own several ferrets so I thought I would give you my opinion on your questions.

      Before you get any pet, especially ones of the exotic variety of animal, you should do extensive research so you will understand there nutritional, behavioral and health concerns. You must also understand the legal issues, because ferrets are illegal in California and Hawaii, but there are other cities and counties that ban ferrets within their jurisdiction, the most notorious is New York city.

      Did you know that ferrets even when they have their scent glands removed still exude a musky oder from their skin? That is because they are in the skunk and weasel family known as Mustela putorius furo. You must keep the litter box very clean with non clumping cat litter only and wash their bedding, (towels, hammocks and material items only as bedding) to keep the smell at a reasonable level. They are not a cage animal like a rodent but must be given daily exercise out ot their cage to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. I got 2 rescues that were about a year old who could not even pull their own body weight up onto the couch because they lacked the muscle development due being caged.

      Ferrets are very cuddleable but at a Ferret level, not like a cat, dog or rat. They are very active and independent and it takes a lot of work and daily handling to build up the trust and relationship for a ferret to keep still for more than 10 seconds. They are more like a pet that you provide an enjoyable atmosphere and then you sit back and watch them playing, happy that you are part of the fun. Ferrets are not really nocturnal per say but they sleep for about 18 hours a day and they are most active in the early AM and late PM. They have a very active metabolism with a short intestinal tract so they have to have a specialized diet high in protein and fats and very low in carbohydrates. It is said the lack a secum which is the organ that allows them to digest and convert plant matter, so they cannot eat plant matter and digest it into usable energy.

      I have a Queensland Heeler, similar to the Aussie, and my ferrets are free roam in my home. I never leave them alone together but all my animals accept each other as part of my family. The ferrets like to harass the dogs at times and I always keep an eye on their body language so the little 2 pound ferrets don't end up as road kill.

      I love my ferrets very much and can't imagine life without them. One of my most favorite sayings, "You can never have a down day when you have ferret friends." We have a close and trusting relationship that takes months to develop and I love them. BUT, they do have potty accidents daily, they do destroy your furniture and carpets and they get into everything. You must also be ready for the cost of owning a ferret because the original start up fees will be the cheapest part of the equation. Ferrets are prone to several types of cancer, and 80% of all ferrets 3 years and older in the US will develop Adrenal disease. I have two that are around 5 years old that have had both adrenal organs removed but they require implants to help control the symptoms. The disease does not just cause cosmetic symptoms, but causes degeneration of their muscles and their bodies waste away. Medical issues are not cheap.

      OK, I guess if you are going to convince your dad, you will have to research ferrets and then sit them down and sell your self.

      Here is an excellent link to start your research. Good Luck

    I have high testosterone, it's NOT related to PCOS. I just want info on the best way to control it...?
    I have been through a series of tests... blood work, ultra sounds, cat scans.... You name I have probably done it and still going through different things with my Dr.
    I have been doing a little side arm research, so I can go in with solid questions. Like Should there be cause for concern with High Testosterone linked to Breast Cancer? Is Estrogen Replacement Therapy an Option for myself vs. Birth Control?

    What other forms of facial hair growth control are there, besides laser hair removal, electrolysis, and SHAVING. Most woman I know that have this problem, unfortunately shave because insurance won't cover the others.
    Sad if you ask me because this is a real hairy issue... In all sense of the word!
    If someone out there has any more knowledge on this subject let me know what you think. Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      There is another condition that can cause high testosterone levels as well although it has some symptoms similar to PCOS. The condition is called non-classic adrenal hyperplasia. The high testosterone levels for this condition comes from the adrenal glands not the ovaries like it would with PCOS.

      I would recommend checking with your doctor about doing bloodwork to check your adrenal glands to see if that could be a factor.

      The other thing that can be done for excess hair growth besides the laser hair removal, electrolysis, and shaving is also waxing such as a Brazilian wax (I've met some women who do this but don't know if insurance will cover it). There's also a cream that can slow excess hair growth down. It's called Vaniqa.

      I have considered it myself for my excess hair growth due to PCOS and my insurance would cover it but the doctor would need pre-authorization for me to have it.

      Addition to answer: In relation to the ERT it is not standard treatment for PCOS because of the fact that estrogen levels being too low are not the only problem that many women with PCOS have, especially if they are having issues with trying to conceive. A number of the women who have problems with conceiving due to this condition also have issues with progesterone levels often being low.

      The reason that the combination birth control pill is used is because it helps balance out both the estrogen and progesterone levels (especially for those that are not trying to conceive at this time).

    I have HIGH calcium & a low PHT past non medical silicone injections(removed) NOONE can figure out whats wrong?
    Hi, If ANYONE knows how to help me with this PLEASE do! I have seen doctor after doctor and NO ONE can figure out whats wrong with me. I have renal failure. In the past (6 years ago) i had "silicone" injections done by a NON MEDICAL IMPOSTOR. I went to the doctor b/c my feet were killing me he ordered blood test, found out I had renal faliure,was anemic,have a non obstructing kidney stone, had a very high calcium level(12+) and a low PHT level. Phosphorous is also high... Ive had 2 major surgeries removing the silicone around 3 months ago,all professionals thought that had to be the prob(the silicone). Also had a blood transfusion for the anemia.Was put on prendisone and it started helping but then I got 3 open wounds from the surgeries where the skin was stretched so they had to take me off the prendisone b/c they say it slows the healing of the wounds and makes them more succeptable to injection. Its been over 3 months and nothing has changed,except the blood level has gone up b/c of transfusion from 6.7 hemo to 10+ hemo. But I still feel as bad if not worse. I'm tired all of the time!! My feet hurt sooo bad, I cant stand for more than 5 min. Eyes/head hurts, no appetite, run out of breath very easily,cant sleep, restless legs. I have had cat scans(found calcium deposits on liver,kidney and lungs),ultra sound on parathroid glands, all kinds of blood work. Noone can figure out how to get the calcium down. If ANY doctors out there can provide ANY KIND of help or advice...PLEASSSEEEE DO!! I suffer sooo bad daily, and don't know how much longer I can go on like this!! I have no fam here to help me and can barley even walk to the bathroom..Thank you for your time and God bless!!

    • ANSWER:
      Whilst hypercalcaemia is often associated with cancer, it is more often caused by primary hyperparathyroidism, which is an endocrine disorder in which the body has too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). This will not apply in your case as you have stated that your PTH is low. However, blood calcium can also be high despite low levels of PTH. Some malignant tumours (for example, lung cancers, breast cancer) produce PTH-related peptide (PTHrP) which increases blood calcium. Excess vitamin D (hypervitaminosis D) from diet or inflammatory diseases can also cause hypercalcemia. Kidney failure, adrenal gland failure, hyperthyroidism, prolonged immobilization, use of a class of diuretics called thiazides, and ingestion of massive amounts of calcium (milk-alkali syndrome) are other potential causes. The normal calcium level in the blood is between 2.2 and 2.6 mmol/l (millimoles per litre). As you correctly stated, your level is elevated. It may be interesting to note that you made a reference to a non-obstructing kidney stone. Increased calcium and phosphorus excretion in the urine may be the cause of your kidney stones. Phosphate is a mineral in the body, and together with calcium makes up most of our bones. Phosphate, like calcium, is also used in other parts of the body to ‘power’ muscle and is used in many other chemical reactions. Phosphate gets into the body in food. Diary products, nuts and meat are three types of food that can contain a lot of phosphate. The normal level of phosphate in the blood is 0.8 to 1.4 mmol/l. You do not indicate the level that your report stated. You are very likely aware of the following facts, but I feel inclined to reiterate that high amounts of calcium and phosphorus in your blood may lead to the formation of calcium deposits. When these deposits build up in places like your heart, arteries, joints, and lungs, it can cause the tissues to harden. These deposits are called calcification. An incorrect balance of phosphorus and calcium can also cause your bones to become weak and can lead to problems in other body systems. This appears to be what is/has happening/ed. Your doctor may prescribe phosphate binders to help control your phosphorus levels, if so, then the phosphate binders must be taken with each meal. The binder and the phosphorus it has absorbed pass out of your body with your bowel movements. You state that you have renal failure. You do not mention if you have chronic kidney disease – CKD. This often will require dialysis which will filter out some of the excess phosphorus in your blood but not all - which is why you will need to keep up with the other parts of your treatment. The symptoms that you describe reference the discomfort in your feet, headaches, tiredness etc, all point towards the high levels of calcium and phosphorus. You would be advised to speak with your doctor(s) to enquire about low phosphorus diet and the level to aim for, also to be aware of the serious effects of a continuous elevated level of both phosphorus and calcium. You must know that you are the most important member of the team that are involved in your care – the doctor(s), medical and nursing staff, dietician, pharmacist etc. No one can do their job if you are not one of the team. Offering any information or advice is extremely difficult in a forum situation, it is not possible to examine or make enquiries and no reference may be made to any reports of tests or examinations. The only details to ‘work’ with are those that you have kindly given. I hope that your condition will improve and I wish you well.


      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      I add a link with details of this subject which you may find interesting

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

    All Ferret Lovers Report Here! I need help!?
    I don't have a ferret at all. But I need to correct a few myths and ask a few questions.

    First of all, why am I so obssessed? It's all I can think about--ferret, ferret, ferret. I want one so bad! My friends are getting annoyed because I talk so much. My teachers are getting mad because I space off. Why oh why am I so obssessed? Are they really that great of a pet?

    Also Are these myths true? Explain them too please!

    1. Ferrets smell. If the ferret is neutered and decented will they smell?

    2. Ferrets bite hard and you can't train them.

    3. Ferrets need yearly rabies vaccinations even if they won't have access to outdoors or dogs/cats/rabbits.

    4. Ferrets are prone to cancer, arthritis, and distemper.

    What other YEARLY shots do they need?

    Is it a MUST to get rabies shots even if they will be strictly indoors confined to one room and a cage.

    • ANSWER:
      If you're "obsessed" how is it you know so little about them????

      1) descenting removes most of the smell but they do still retain a slight musky odor. Those with ferrets that stink bathe them too much, use small animal bedding in the cage, rarely wash the bedding and/or don't clean the litter often enough.

      2) absolutely FALSE

      3) they should but it's not required in most areas. Distemper, though, is definitely a shot all ferrets should get.

      4) they're prone to Adrenal Disease, Lymphoma, Cardiomyopathy and Insulinoma. And with vets few and far between treating them once they are sick can get VERY expensive. Make sure there's a vet that treats them near you BEFORE getting one. Your average dog/cat vet doesn't have a clue about ferrets.

      Buy the book Ferrets For Dummies and read it COVER TO COVER before considering getting a ferret. THOUSANDS are sitting in ferret shelters from people like you that got one without realizing how much work they are and how expensive they are to care for.

      edit: Falling - WTF are you talking about? "descenting is pointless and causes Adrenal disease" Adrenal Disease is in the Adrenal Glands and has NOTHING to do with descenting. Do buy a copy of Ferrets For Dummies and I shudder to think of you as a ferret owner if you're really this misinformed.

    Please can you answer these question about ferrets?
    So basically, I might be getting two ferrets. If I do get them, it will definitely be two because everyone seems to say that getting one to live alone is cruel. I have loads of questions, so here goes!

    1. Can you explain to me the different qualities of female and male ferrets?
    2. Which are more prone to illness/ disease/ just plain getting ill (cancer or something - everything a ferret can get): female or male neutered ferrets.
    3. Is it cruel to get a ferret descented and will it make a difference, and how much does it cost?
    4. I am planning on keeping the ferret outdoors, but if I did keep it indoors and with the door shut then would it make the whole house smell?
    5. Could I have a pen outside, for them to play in while I am away at my mum's (I go there half the time - two day at mums, two days at dad's etc. etc but the amount vary's) and school and then for the night bring them in, to a smaller hutch which could be kept in my bedroom? If so, see question 4.
    6. Can anyone, please, suggest all the insurances you can get for ferrets. All I know of is Exotic Direct ( but they don't insure ferrets over the age of five and I also heard that ferrets are most prone to illness when they are over five (is this true?) so... There isn't much point in that.
    7. Can you tell me ALL the different illnesses a ferret can get, and tell me which ones are most common, and how much the vet bill would be?
    8. What should you feed your ferret? So many people say so many different things!
    9. How should you clean out your ferrets' cage and how often?
    10. Does anyone have a 'rota' they follow, or a timetable, and if so what is it? Example: Monday, Wednesday, Friday clean out litter tray. Sunday do full cage clean out. Tuesdays and Thursdays do small cage clean out. Etc. Etc.
    11. Can someone tell me how much it would cost to own a ferret per year?
    12. Do ferrets bite, and how often?
    13. How can you litter train a ferret?
    14. How do you hold a ferret?
    15. How often should you feed them?
    16. Do they need fleaing and worming and what brands do you suggest?
    17. If I did have an indoor hutch and an outdoor playpen then what dimensions would you suggest for each?
    18. How often would you need to take he/she to the vet?
    19. I would also take my ferret for walks, is there anything I ought to know about this?
    20. Information on exercise?
    21. I have two cats. Would my ferrets and my cats get along? And is there anything else I need to know (or advise) about ferrets and cats being together?
    22. What do I need to put inside a ferrets cage? All I know about is bedding (old clothing) and toys (what do you suggest?). Is there anything else?
    23. How often do I need to bath my ferrets?
    24. How often do I need to brush my ferrets' teeth?
    25. Do I need to clean my ferret ears, and how do I do this?
    26. Can I have my ferret in the same bed as me?
    27. When buying a ferret, I know that I should get one from breeders but I shouldn't get a polecat (a purebred ferret?). How do I know which ferrets are the most sociable - these are the ones I want.
    28. And last but not least, are ferrets worth it? Are they worth all the hard work?

    Thank you. - Louisa

    • ANSWER:
      Gosh lots of questions.

      Yes, ferrets smell I've de-scented all of mine and it helped a little. Males are usually bigger, but otherwise I'm not sure. (I've only had females.) I would not put them outside, especially if you're not going to be there to watch them. Ferrets can get many illnesses, the most common for mine being colds and adrenaline gland problems. You can feed your ferret normal ferret food, but some do give them cat food as a cheaper alternative. I clean cages once a week or so. Try to get your ferrets on a schedule like you said, including brushing teeth and cleaning ears. Some ferrets bite, others do not. Most will nip as kits but will grow out of it. It varies by the ferret, so you'll have to learn as you go. Some pet stores already litter box train their ferrets, but I suggest getting a few and placing them in corners with newspaper underneath them. Put your ferret into a litter box about 10-15 minutes after they wake up or when they run to a corner, back up, and stick their tail up. Just be persistent, even if you have to continually put them back into the litter box until they go. I usually leave a small amount of food out for them around the clock, but some owners do it differently. If you notice that it's eating a lot, you may want to do set meal times and amounts so they don't get over weight. Blankets, toys, food, water, and a litter box should go into a cage if you plan on keeping them in it. Ferrets should not be bathed more than once a month, and I do my girls teeth every 3 days. Yes, their ears need to be cleaned. You can use a wet q-tip. Yes some ferrets will enjoy sleeping with you. Make sure they have a way to get on and off your bed though.

      YES ferrets are worth it xD

      I recommended that you do a little research, and talk to your vet. There are probably much better answers than mine posted here, too.

      Some good links:!+Important%29

    Ferret Aid!!?
    Hi. is vet care for ferrets expensive???? like its vaccinations etc.

    • ANSWER:
      Ferrets require annual distemper and rabies vaccinations that can cost anywhere from -100 each depending on your vet. Its just like having a dog or cat in regards to the vet expenses.

      One thing to know though: ferrets can get sick/ailments easily and often and vet care is required so you must keep this in mind (this includes: common colds, ear mites, ECE, heart worm, and cancers that are common such as adrenal gland disease, pancreatic cancer, etc....)
      A big expense can be internal blockages which can be caused anywhere from food to objects they decide to chew. Its recommended that you have at least around 00 saved as a "Just In Case" if your ferret has a blockage and needs surgery (many times they do and its expensive!) and for cancers that are common in almost 50% of ferrets.

      I hope this helps!

    are ferrets good pets????
    and don't just say yes. give me a reason.
    THANK YOU!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • ANSWER:
      They are always underfoot, their vet bills will be twice as high as most dogs or cats. They live 5-7 years, most die of cancer. The house must be ferret proofed. No ferret can be 100% potty trained so expect accidents. They repot any plant they can reach and tip over all the garbages. "No" just means 'do it faster'. Many dogs will attempt to kill a ferret because it smells 'wild', be careful with them on harness outside, a dog moves too fast to stop it if they lunge and grab.

      Not all vets are trained in exotics, you need to find one beforehand. Ferrets NEED a large cage, which will be in the 0 range or higher. They are usually not accepted by any shelter. The ferret rescues are full up, people get a ferret and don't know what they're in for.

      They need a high protein diet, NOT just cat or kitten food. Get the book Ferrets For Dummies for the basic info. Join at least 2 ferret lists/bulletinboards. YahooGroups has ferret groups on it. Ferrets are prone to two diseases--Aleutians and Adrenal. Both cost about ,300 to 'fix', it's an operation. Many ferrets bite. They ALL smell, you can't eliminate that--bathing them only dries their coat out causing other problems.

      An unspayed female that goes into heat and is unbred will die in their second heat cycle--the hormone shift kills them. An unneutered male stinks to high heaven. Neutered males still smell, but not that bad as an unneutered one. Taking out the scent gland isn't needed, but the ferret needs to be fixed.

      They can easily be stepped on. They can and will get into the couch and recliner, many are killed when people sit down or open the recliner. ANY hole they can get their head through they can get the rest of their body through. They will attempt to kill any pet bird or rodent you have once they see where it is.

    Ferret vs. Hamsters Help?
    Hi, ive researched syberian hamsters, and ferrets. I can only have one. Which would you choose? here are some factors im looking for:
    which is more playful?
    which likes to be held/played with?
    which lives longer?
    which is just generally nicer?
    do ferrets shed?
    do hamsters shed?
    also, if you have any experience with any of the two, how was it?
    also which is easier to clean?
    $$$ for both?


    • ANSWER:
      What I know:
      I've had a lot of experience with dwarf hamsters, and I once had a ferret.
      Ferrets are very smart and very playful.
      Hamsters can be sweet and may love to be handled, but some have to be tamed first (my experience is that males are easier to tame than females).
      Not entirely sure, but I THINK ferrets live longer (dwarf hamsters live about 2-3 years, Syrians about... I think 2-4)?
      Generally nicer... probably the ferrets.
      Not sure about ferrets, but hamsters... not sure that they "shed" necessarily, but if allergies are a concern, the only hypoallergenic breed is the Roborovski hamster.
      In terms of my experience, I was very young when I had the ferret, and I don't remember it well, but my experience with male dwarf hamsters has always been very good! My females have always been mean and I had a hard time taming them, as they were biters, but my males are very sweet and they do nibble (out of affection, I believe), but they've never hurtfully bit me (unless I surprised them when I woke them up).
      In terms of cleanliness, hamsters are very very clean and are almost constantly grooming themselves. I don't know that you are supposed to clean them. You may have to give them dust baths (though I personally bathe mine in shallow water with diluted baby shampoo and an old toothbrush). Ferrets on the other hand probably should be bathed, as they do smell if not bathed. I'm not sure the method that you would use to bathe them though.
      Between the two, hamsters will be much cheaper. You can buy a Syrian for maybe about twelve dollars. A ferret will cost about a hundred. Also, ferrets have a LOT of health concerns and can get sick very easily (which can also be expensive).

      What Wiki tells me:
      - Syrian hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) are generally solitary and may fight to the death if put together, whereas some of dwarf hamster species may get along with others of the same species.
      - The Roborovski Hamster (Phodopus roborovskii) is extremely small and fast, making it difficult to keep as a pet.
      - Golden hamsters are popular as house pets due to their docile, inquisitive nature and small size.
      - The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) states there is no such thing as a habitat that is too big for a hamster. The hamster will spend the majority of its time in the cage, so it should be as big as possible, safe, comfortable and interesting. Syrian hamsters are energetic and need space to exercise.

      - Unlike their polecat ancestors, which are solitary animals, ferrets will live happily in social groups.
      - As with skunks, ferrets can release their anal gland secretions when startled or scared, but the smell is much less potent and dissipates rapidly. Most pet ferrets in the US are sold de-scented (anal glands removed).
      - Ferrets are known to suffer from several distinct health problems. Among the most common are cancers affecting the adrenal glands, pancreas, and lymphatic system. Viral diseases include canine distemper and influenza. Health problems can occur in unspayed females when not being used for breeding. Certain health problems have also been linked to ferrets being neutered before reaching sexual maturity. Certain colors of ferret may also carry a genetic defect known as Waardenburg syndrome. Similar to domestic cats, ferrets can also suffer from hairballs and dental problems.
      - Though ferrets sleep more than most other domesticated animals, they are very active when awake and will seek to be released from their cage to get exercise and satisfy their abundant curiosity daily.
      - Ferrets are energetic, curious, interested in their surroundings, and often actively solicit play with humans, having a repertoire of behaviors both endearing and difficult for some human owners.

      This is a lot of reading, but I certainly hope it helps. = ]. Have fun with your new pet, whatever you choose!

    Hi I just adopt a ferret from a nasty environment I saved their life?
    Okay story is that me and my boyfriend where looking on criglist and I found two cute ferrets that I could not say no too and they have a three story cage and everything else that goes along with it well it was a GREAT deal it was 75$ for everything I could not pass this up so I bought them I went to the environment of the house they lived in and it was so DISGUSTING smelled horrible I was not going to just leave them there so we took them anyways we got them home cleaned EVERYTHING they had gave them a bath and found out they had fleas so we had to go back to the pet store bought flea shampoo and gave them a nice warm bath but I have not seen any fleas on them
    and they still itch I bombed my house because I did not want them to go threw this agian

    I just need to know if they have no fleas why are they still itching any reason at all?
    Please help me <3

    • ANSWER:
      Thank you for getting these babies.
      Be careful what you use on ferrets as a number of things are harmful and could kill them, though.
      The list of possibilities given is good. If you want to make sure that fleas are not a problem, you need to you something like advantage for the smallest cat. Put only half of a tube for the smallest cat on one ferret. It should last a LONG time and is much cheaper than shampoos, chemicals.......etc.
      Please make sure that these guys are fed properly. I have responded to several questions regarding this if you want to check out my other answers. No fruits, vegys, nuts, peanut butter, sweets, milk, grains... should ever be given to a ferret and their food should be a MINIMUM of 40% protein and 20% fat. NO CAT FOOD OR DOG FOOD!!!!!!!

      Feel fre to contact me

      Ferrets tend to be itchy animals, that does not mean that they are not allergic to something or developing adrenal disease that makes them even more itchy/dry skin... Remember, if this is adrenal disease, it is NOT A SKIN CONDITION. Although the fur may fall out, there are far more serious things to consider such as the fact that females vulva can swell and get infected. Males can get an enlarged protate that causes them to not be able to urinate-a life threatening issue. The adrenal symptoms could be related to cancer of the adrenal gland. This appears to be associated with the fact that in the U.S. ferrets are spayed/neutered, recovered and in pet stores often before they are six weeks old.
      Adrenal ferrets should be treated with either lupron, surgery or the new deslorilin implants. Their quality of life will be sufficiently lowered if left untreated and will lead to an early death. Here issome info about adrenal disease:

      Ferret Lupron Info
      Dr. Cathy Johnson-Delaney
      It's important to understand that at this time, the use of an annual injection of 30 day depot lupron may or may not truly prevent the onset of adrenal disease - it may delay the onset, at least theoretically and in early clinical trial results seems to show that it may delay onset, but it has not been proven - trials are on-going.
      In work done by myself and by Nico Schoemacher (different parts of the disease), we've seen that there is a correlation between the time of neuter/spay and onset of adrenal disease. We've also seen that the hormones spike annually in neutered animals, corresponding with the normal onset of breeding season (similar spiking and build up by intact ferrets).
      Our studies were done in the Seattle area with Seattle light and climate conditions. The timing for our ferrets is known based on 5 years of year-round monthly hormone panels run on intact, neutered, and adrenal disease ferrets (statistical number, not yet published data). It may differ elsewhere in the country, it may differ slightly even from year to year. The most important time to suppress the first "turn on" of the adrenal receptors is likely at puberty - the first reproductive season after birth - kits should be given at least 1 injection and possibly 1 or 2 additional months or possibly 1 of the 3 month longer acting luprons that first season - timing for that and educating owners to get young ferrets in and then annually will likely be the most effective. Until we have chairside lab ability to get estradiol, progesterone and androstenedione instantaneously in the office, we are using the hormone schedule for Seattle-area ferrets as the basis for scheduling.
      In reality, in an ideal world we should probably suppress sex steroid production in neutered ferrets for their entire life - implant available in Australia, the UK, and EU of deslorelin 4.7 mg, or start injections of Lupron at about 4-5 months of age as close to full-grown as possible. This would help, and likely push the development of adrenal disease again to the aged ferret. So far, with over 50 ferrets we are following, this seems to be the case, and some are now 6 yrs of age, with far fewer adrenal-related problems than we'd find in control (non-treated) cohort. It's promising, but still in its infancy.
      What is the best time to have this done? Best - if your ferret was born in 2008 - then the males likely should have 200 mcg lupron 30 day in Dec and in Jan, if you have an early spring, extend that to another injection in Feb; Females 100 mcg lupron 30 day formulation in Jan, feb, and probably March; then annually 1-2 injections males Dec, Jan; females Feb/March or start very late January -the girls have a longer buildup. this is in northern latitudes, with marked changes in light cycle. In southern US- ferrets can have multiple breeding cycles - ideal suppression times might actually be all year so this theoretical breeding season stop before it starts suppression might not work. The work we did needs to be repeated in different locations with different light cycles.
      Is there any harm in doing it? No. In fact, ideally, ferrets should probably be suppressed their whole lives, and I've done so with several - no problems, and no adrenal disease. Others that have been on lupron 30 day for more than 3 years - we've held the adrenal disease from progressing. Eventually it probably will continue and lupron will no longer control it, but it gets the ferret to old age symptom free.
      Is it a vaccine? No. Although some veterinarians have been mistakenly calling this an annual vaccine, that is extremely wrong! It is a synthetic hormone that essentially tells the pituitary gland to stop sending the chemical signal to the adrenals to produce sex steroid. A vaccine causes the immune system to build resistance to an infectious agent, chemical, etc. Lupron and similar GNRH agonists do not cause an immune system response. They work only on specific hormone receptors in the brain!
      Do I recommend it, particularly for young ferrets? Yes, because it does seem to prolong the onset of the disease. It has not been scientifically proven yet, the study is on-going. This sort of study takes a long time (up to 8 years - or the lifespan of a large number of ferrets). Working with the owners of baby ferrets on timing and reasons to do so should be discussed at the first vaccination visit after purchase. (remember that ferrets have not completed their series when they are sold in pet stores, and if the ferret is already a year old, the window for that initial stimulation has already closed so an annual dose of lupron may/maynot be as effective. I think it is still worth doing, but we don't know statistically how effective it will eventually be).
      Is work being done to find the reasons behind why ferrets have so many tumors? Yes, there is work being done on the ferret's genetics to see if there are tumor suppressor genes missing or malfunctioning, which may eventually be the key to preventing tumors. This work is going to take a number of years, and so far 4 genes have been identified. Work on the control of the genes, and comparisons to ferrets around the world, and the wild polecat ancestor to see if there is a genetic basis is also going on. Ferret's own breeding cycle and reproductive/endocrine system exacerbate the problem. The early neutering just sets up the problem to start earlier, and isn't the whole reason why the problem is seen. Ditto we see this in ferrets around the world, from different sources, and even in some intact ferrets, so blame on specific breeders or suppliers is not appropriate simply because they have more ferrets in the marketplace. We are seeing the disease show up earlier in life, and that likely has a lot to do with the early spay/neuter practice, but ferrets neutered/spayed after puberty or later still develop the disease.
      Can adrenal disease once diagnosed be managed so the ferret can have its full lifespan of 5-7 years with a good quality of life? Yes. The sooner the disease is diagnosed and characterized, the sooner the veterinarian can work out an optimal management plan. This may include medical management using either/or/and injectable or oral hormone production or suppressing medications, medical and surgical management including removal of some/most of the adrenal tissue (although full removal is almost impossible in most ferrets). Work has shown that surgery alone in the short term may seem the most successful, but the hormone production continues and over the life of the ferret, the disease returns, and our studies have shown that medical suppresion plus debulking in older ferrets was equally as effective as just medical intervention alone. In younger ferrets, suppression plus debulking buys more asymptomatic time. (Unpublished at this time.....). In other words, Adrenal Disease can be managed so the ferret has a full, happy life. It cannot be truly "cured".

    How to end my dog's water obsession?
    I used to leave water out for my three dogs everyday, but as soon as I put the three water bowls on the floor(While all three dogs are eating) Ellie stops eating and goes straight for the water and drinks it all. I fill it up the bowls again, she drinks it, I fill it them up 5 times, she will drink it all. No joke. I'm suprised she even has the capacity to drink as much water as she does. I tried filling the bowls half water/half ice so the ice can melt for my other dogs to drink later on. She will drink all the water and then eat all the ice and make a huge mess in the process. Now, I put water down for them every hour and I put Ellie in a room and shut the door so she can drink hers and let the other dogs drink, but its a hassle. I was wondering why does she drink water like this and how to get her to stop? She has done it ever since we got her and the vet says nothing is wrong, she's just a water-loving dog. She also LOVES baths and hogs the kiddie pool during the summer from the other dogs.
    UHaveToBeKiddingMe-She has seen a vet and she is considered healthy other than having chronic ear infections and a lipoma(Non-cancerous) and I know that i'm not supposed to restrict water supply, that's why I am asking so I can start leaving water down for them again, but I do give them water very often through the day, every hour, after walks/runs, training sessions, play sessions, etc.
    Its not just wanting to drink water. She wants to play with it where ever, whenever. She LOVES baths(in the tub and outside) she loves playing in the kiddie pool, the hose, the sprinklers, etc, literally everything that has to do with water.
    She has been to the vet for this specific reason a little after we got her and had tests done. I'm not sure what sort of tests because my mom took her and I didn't come with, but I will ask my mom! Also, she is an english springer spaniel/lab mix.

    • ANSWER:
      I am shocked your vet did not bother to diagnose this.
      However my guess is the average vet may not know about the disease.

      Chances are your dog is suffering from DIABETES INSIPIDUS, this is not sugar Diabetes, this is a disease where the dog does not receive the proper message from the brain regarding water.

      I have a dog with this issue. I realized there was a problem within 24 hours of having him.

      The condition can be treated with drops administered in the eyes called DDAVP.
      The best price for this drug is Costco by the way.

      NEVER EVER RESTRICT WATER with a dog with Diabetes Insipidus,as that can
      cause death.

      Diabetes insipidus (DI) is a metabolic disorder characterized by excessive, extreme urination, and accompanied by undue thirst. It is either caused by impaired production of a hormone called ADH (anti-diuretic hormone) from the brain (central DI), or an impaired ability of the kidney to respond properly to the ADH (nephrogenic DI).

      Central DI can occur if there is damage to the part of the brain that makes the ADH. Trauma or cancer would be potential causes of this kind of damage. Most cases are "idiopathic"; in other words, there is no known cause.

      disorder that also occurs for no known reason.

      There is no apparent age, gender, or breed predilection for DI. Most cases occur in dogs; cats are rarely affected. As long as dogs with DI have unlimited access to water and are in an environment where excessive urination is not a problem, most dogs do fine and have an excellent life expectancy.

      What to Watch For

      •Severe, excessive urination

      •Insatiable desire to drink water

      •Stupor, disorientation, lack of coordination, or seizures if a brain tumor is the primary cause

      Diagnostic tests are needed to rule out other common causes of excessive thirst and urination, including:

      •Complete medical history and physical examination

      •Complete blood count

      •Serum biochemistry panel


      •X-rays or ultrasound

      •Bile acid test

      •Urine culture

      •Tests of the adrenal gland

      •Thyroid hormone test

      •Modified water deprivation test is the most important test for confirming a diagnosis of diabetes insipidus


      If therapy is necessary, treatment for diabetes insipidus may include the following:

      •Desmopressin acetate


      •Thiazide diuretics

      •Salt restriction

      Home Care and Prevention

      Give medications as directed and make absolutely certain the dog has constant access to water.

      As most cases of central DI are of unknown cause, that is idiopathic, there is no specific preventative care. Dogs with congenital nephrogenic DI should not be bred in case there is a genetic predisposition to the disorder.

    Help with my incontinent dog?
    I have a 20 month old neutered Catahoula Leopard Dog, which is basically a mutt since the AKC doesn't recognize his breed who has been house trained for over a year now. Just a few months ago he began leaking urine 2 or so times at night. Because he sleeps in the bed with me I am forced to wash my bedding everyday and now the bedroom carpet has to be cleaned, the mattress has to be cleaned, and the whole room needs a good dose of air freshener because the urine smell is almost impossible to get out. The vet recommended that he be put on 100mg of Phenypropalamine a day. It's been a little over a week now and I see no change is his leaking. He is a very beloved pet and I couldn't bare the thought of getting rid of him but I also need to maintain a clean and sanitary home as I have a new baby on the way. Is there any advice you can offer to make this problem go away?

    • ANSWER:
      Since he is not responding to the PPA, talk to your vet about doing hormone replacement therapy to combat the problem. Specifically Testosterone.

      In male neutered dogs, testosterone replacement can be done, but this is an expensive ordeal, and not readily available. Most cases will respond to PPA, so this is then the recommended treatment protocol for the incontinent male dog.

      I bet the people who encouraged you to neuter this dog failed to inform you that this is one of the many negative consequences of neutering.
      (Besides the increase of many cancers associated with neutering)

      Dog Health:
      Urinary Incontinence

      Urinary incontinence is a condition seen in dogs but not reported in cats or other species besides humans. Usually, it occurs in females, and most often in the spayed female dog. Women are commonly affected by loss of urine control in their post-menopausal years. Male dogs are prone to this as well, but less commonly so than their female counterpart.

      This condition is characterized by the dog loosing control over the ability to hold urine. Typically, a 'wet spot' is noted where the dog was sleeping, or the dog itself will be wet in the hind quarters after sleep or laying down.

      When the dog relaxes, so does the sphincter muscle of the bladder, which controls urination itself. This is the same muscle in humans used to stop urination mid-stream. When this muscle relaxes too much, urine is then allowed to leak out of the bladder. Some affected dogs can dribble urine while awake and walking around.

      The reason behind the incontinence in the spayed or neutered dog, is due to the lack of estrogen hormone (female) or testosterone hormone (male). In the female dog, estrogen hormone is responsible for providing tone to the bladder sphincter muscle. When spayed, this hormone is no longer being produced in the amount it was prior to the removal of the ovaries (where the estrogen hormone is produced).

      Small amounts of estrogen hormone is produced by the adrenal glands (small glands that are located right next to the kidneys). Most of the time, this is enough estrogen to provide bladder sphincter tone. However, in some cases it is not. These dogs then require medications to support bladder sphincter tone.

      Male dogs can develop urinary incontinence following neutering, as the testicles are removed, thus removing the source of testosterone in the system. Small amounts of testosterone continue to be produced by the male dog's adrenal glands however, and the amount of testosterone produced is usually enough to maintain bladder sphincter tone. As with the female dog, if bladder sphincter tone is not maintained, medication is required.

      The medication available to assist in urinary incontinent dogs, includes hormonal replacement of either estrogen or testosterone, or the use of direct bladder sphincter stimulants.

      If estrogens are utilized for female dog incontinence, they are typically given once daily over a 5-7 day period, then tapered down to three times a week. Lately, this drug has been discontinued for the veterinary market in its original form known as Diethylstilbestrol or DES for short. Some formulating pharmacies however, can still make DES available for the veterinarian. Another drug, which provides direct stimulation of the bladder sphincter muscle, is known as Phenylpropanolamine or PPA for short.

      This drug has recently undergone a class reschedule change to a controlled substance, which has made the cost of medication increase. It is still quite affordable however, and recommended when DES is not available, or in cases where DES is not effective.

      In male neutered dogs, testosterone replacement can be done, but this is an expensive ordeal, and not readily available. Most cases will respond to PPA, so this is then the recommended treatment protocol for the incontinent male dog.
      ADD: If you really do want to learn.....

      On the negative side, neutering male dogs

      if done before maturity, increases the risk of osteosarcoma (bone cancer) by a factor of 3.8; this is a common cancer in medium/large and larger breeds with a poor prognosis

      increases the risk of cardiac hemangiosarcoma by a factor of 1.6; this is a common cancer and major cause of death in some breeds

      triples the risk of hypothyroidism

      increases the risk of geriatric cognitive impairment

      triples the risk of obesity, and with it many of the associated health problems

      quadruples the small risk (<0.6%) of prostate cancer

      doubles the small risk (<1%) of urinary tract cancers

      increases the risk of orthopedic disorders
      increases the risk of adverse reactions to vaccinations


      As for your "testicular cancer" talking point-

      Organizations and individuals who support early juvenile spay and neuter are not quoting the percentages of say- testicular cancer in un-neutered dogs. They don’t tell you that the rate is only about 7%, and that’s in dogs that are never neutered. They also don’t tell you that it is easy to manage and/or prevent after maturity

    Pot belly Kitten. What could it be?
    I recently rescued an abandoned kitten. I think he is around 8 weeks give or take a few days. He is eating and drinking wonderfully. The only thing that worries me is his kind of pot belly that he has. He hasn't been licking his butt or lost weight. I looked at his bottom and there doesn't seem to be any worms there. My question is could he have worms? and is there any other reason he would have a pot belly. Again he has no other symptoms. Thank you for any and all suggestions. PS In a week or so I'll be bringing the kitten up to my parent's house (my dad's a vet), but I was just looking for any other suggestions to what it may be. Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      Worm are a common reason for pot bellies in both puppies and kittens, but may not be obvious from the rear.

      Dogs and cats love to eat, and sometimes they pay for their hearty appetites by getting noticeably rotund. Unlike humans, however, overweight pets don't get a potbelly -- they get round all over. A dog or cat that is generally lean but is pooched-out in the middle almost certainly has a medical problem.

      In puppies and kittens, a big belly is usually a sign of parasites, says Kristin Varner, D.V.M., a veterinarian in private practice in Severn, Maryland. Parasites such as roundworms live in the intestines, robbing your pet of essential protein. When protein levels fall, pets may begin secreting fluids into the abdomen, causing a potbelly.

      A potbelly that comes on very suddenly in dogs -- within an hour or two -- is probably caused by bloat, a life-threatening condition in which the stomach fills with gas, says Thomas Schmidt, D.V.M., a veterinarian in private practice in Fort Washington, Maryland. Vets aren't sure what causes bloat. It usually occurs after large meals and is most common in big, deep-chested dogs like Labrador retrievers and Great Danes.

      It is normal for dogs and cats to have small amounts of fluid in their abdomens, just enough to keep the organs moist. But pets with internal problems such as cancer or liver or heart disease will often retain fluids, causing their bellies to swell to several times their normal size, says Knox Inman, D.V.M., a veterinarian in private practice in West River, Maryland.

      Pets with a hormonal problem called Cushing's disease, which can occur when the adrenal glands are overactive or as a side effect of medications such as prednisone, will often get a potbelly. Because this condition weakens the abdominal muscles, the stomach may droop toward the ground as well. Cushing's disease is fairly common in dogs, but it rarely occurs in cats.

      One of the most obvious causes of a potbelly -- one which many owners forget to consider -- is pregnancy. From the time a pet starts to show until the time she delivers, her belly may double or even triple in size. So if you have an unspayed female and you suspect that she has had some unauthorized visitors lately, you may want to ask your vet whether the pet is expecting.

      See Your Vet If...

      * The swelling appeared quickly or after eating
      * Your pet is 12 weeks or younger
      * Your pet has been hit by a car or has taken a bad fall, even if she seems fine afterward
      * She is acting confused and disoriented
      * The joints are swollen or tender
      * Her sleep patterns have suddenly changed
      * She is fainting or having seizures
      * Your pet has gotten wobbly or clumsy
      * She is stiff or sore for no apparent reason
      * Her abdomen is bloated or feels tight
      * Your pet is pregnant and overdue or has passed a dead kitten or puppy
      * Her feet are cold or swollen
      * Her skin, gums, or mucous membranes are turning yellow
      * Your pet is reluctant to move or can't stand up
      * She is shivering or shaking even when it isn't cold

    My dog has addison's disease and hes always thirsty?
    My puggle is around 3 years old. He was diagnosed with addison's disease when he was a puppy around 5 months. He's been getting those steroid shots the 25th of every month. They go by his weight. He was getting 0.87ML when he was 22LBS, now hes getting like 0.84 or so I think b/c hes 19-20LBS depending on the week. Hes always fluctuated with his weight, 22LBS is the highest. I changed doctors because the previous vet, had blood work done, and had him on this short burst pills every day, on top of the monthly shot. And I know my dog's body, that was too much for him. This new vet, said it was not necessary. He graduated from Texas AM which I understand does a lot of case studies, and documents on addison's disease. He's always very thirsty, and lethargic when the last week or less come before his shot, his energy levels go down. When he gets his shots, he pee's and poops like immediately after. The techs there say its bc of the steroids. The water business, with him drinking is seriously comparable to a crack head that sees free crack. Thats the only way to explain it. The inside of his mouth is often dry, sometimes the saliva foams from cotton mouth. I don;t know what to do, and if its all normal. If anyone else has theses issues. My dog is like my child, I would do anything for him, he's had a rough life since day 1 I don't wanna get into that story its really long. But from what I understand too, he was diagnosed at a super young age, and its not normal at that age of 5 months. Thank you for any help..


    • ANSWER:
      The exact cause of Addison’s disease is not known. However, it is believed that the adrenal glands are damaged by the animal’s own immune system.

      Other factors that may contribute to the cause of Addison’s disease includes hereditary factors, infections, pituitary gland disease, trauma, cancer, or the discontinuation of steroid medication. There is no cure for Addison’s disease, but with early diagnosis and long-term treatment your pet can still enjoy quality of life.

      For chronic Addison’s, corticosteroid and mineralocorticoid replacement therapy as well as a daily supplementation of salt may be administered.

      In a crisis situation where more severe symptoms are present, hospitalization may be required. Intravenous fluids, electrolyte and acid-base monitoring and mineralocorticoid replacement therapy will be administered.

      Natural Remedies
      Natural and holistic remedies can also be used as part of a broader treatment approach to reduce the symptoms of Addison’s disease in pets. Herbal and homeopathic remedies are safe and effective, and help to support overall health and well-being.

      Carefully selected herbs such as Chamomilla, Lycopus, and Zingiber promote systemic balance in the endocrine system responsible for maintaining body temperature, metabolism, fertility, and growth. Homeopathic ingredients such Cratageous and Nux vom supports the endocrine system and thyroid functioning.

      You may get additional details over here and

adrenal gland cancer + cats

Comments are closed.