American Cancer Center Guatemala

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Are most vegetarians one minded?
    Ive noticed here that when someone talks about how we are able to eat meat or the fact that we can eat meat and plants that you all seem to give the thumbs down or tell us all that we are going to burn in hell because we eat meat(a couple vegatarians at our school call meat eaters hellridden pigs ive seen a few here but not many)and im pretty sure that not all livestock farms tourture their animals or are cruel to them

    it just seems to me that you all like to funnel answers to your liking

    • ANSWER:
      Ammie said it very well, I totally agree with her.

      There are many meat eaters who come here to V&V only to make fun of veg'ans, pure and simple. Many ignorant meat eaters think they're being cute by posting bad jokes, only to get negative responses from veg'ans. Well, what the hell do they expect??? COME OOOON. You don't see veg'ans going into the other areas of V&V and making fun of meat eaters there. At least I've never seen it, and yes, I do peek into the other areas.

      I've never scolded anyone or made fun of them simply because they decide to consume flesh. Yes, I got upset because some decided that they'd call themselves "vegetarians" when they admitted to eating fish, and some, even chicken. (That ain't veg!) If you eat flesh of any kind, you ain't veg, pure and simple, so let's not go for the veggie clout without actually being veg. I didn't care if they consumed flesh, that's their business. But they can't call themselves veg, that's all. Let's not 1) LIE 2) go for the clout without earning it, and 3) confuse the masses. Chicken/fish aint' veg!

      Btw, someone once got grossed out because I use the word "flesh." Let's get real people, that's what it is, pure and simple. I ain't makin' this stuff up!

      As for being one-minded, I personally choose veganism not because of one reason, but because of many. Here, I'll share it, and you tell me if this is one-minded or not:

      **************************************************************

      The Facts About Eating Animal Products...
      by John Robbins, author of "Diet for a New America" and founder of EarthSave International.

      The Hunger Argument:

      Number of People worldwide who will die of starvation this year: 60 million
      Number of people who could be adequately fed with the grain saved if Americans reduced meat intake by 10%: 60 million
      Human beings in America: 243 million
      Number of people who could be fed with grain and soybeans now eaten by US livestock: 1.3 billion
      Percentage of corn grown in US eaten by people: 20%
      Percentage of corn grown in US eaten by livestock: 80%
      Percentage of protein wasted by cycling grain through livestock: 90%
      Percentage of oats grown in US eaten by livestock: 95%
      How frequently a child starves to death: every 2 seconds
      Pounds of potatoes that can be grown on an acre: 20,000 lbs
      Pounds of beef produced on an acre: 165 lbs
      Percentage of US farmland devoted to beef production: 56%
      Pounds of grain and soybeans needed to produce 1 pound of feedlot beef: 16 lbs.

      The Environmental Argument:

      Cause of global warming: greenhouse effect
      Primary cause of greenhouse effect: Carbon Dioxide from fossil fuels
      Fossil fuels needed to produce a meat-centered diet vs. a meat-free diet: 50 times more
      Percentage of US topsoil lost to date: 75%
      Percentage of US topsoil loss directly related to livestock raising: 85%
      Number of acres of US forest cleared for cropland to produce meat-centered diet: 260 million acres
      Amount of meat US imports annually from Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama: 200,000,000 pounds
      Average per capita meat consumption in Costa Rica, El Salveador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama: Less than eaten by average US house cat
      Area of tropical rainforest consumed in every quarter-pounder hamburger: 55 sq. ft.
      Current rate of species extinction due to destruction of tropical rainforests for meat grazing and other uses: 1,000 species extinct per year

      The Cancer Argument:

      Increased risk of breast cancer for women who eat meat four times a week vs. less than once a week: 4 times
      Increased risk of breast cancer for women who eat eggs daily vs less than once a week: 3 times
      Increased risk of breast cancer for women who eat cheese and butter 3 or more times a week vs less than once a week: 3 times
      Increased risk of ovarian cancer for women who eat eggs 3 or more times a week vs less than once a week: 3 times
      Increased risk of fatal prostate cancer for men who consume meat, cheese, eggs and milk daily vs sparingly or not at all: 3.6 times

      The Natural Resources Argument:

      User of more than half of all water used for all purposes in the US: Livestock production
      Amount of water to produce a pound of wheat: 25 gallons
      Amount of water to produce a pound of meat: 2,500 gallons
      Cost of common hamburger if water used by meat industry was not subsidized by US taxpayer: /pound
      Current cost of pound of protein from beefsteak, if water was no longer subsidized:
      Years the world's known oil reserves will last if every human ate a meat-centered diet: 13 years
      Years the world's known oil reserves will last if human beings no longer ate meat: 260 years
      Barrels of oil imported into US daily: 6.8 million
      Percentage of fossil fuel energy returned as food energy by most efficient factory farming of meat: 34.5 percent
      Percentage returned as food energy from least efficient plant food: 328%
      Percentage of raw materials consumed by US to produce present meat-centered diet: 33%

      The Cholesterol Argument:

      Number of US Medical Schools: 125
      Number requiring a course in nutrition: 30
      Nutrition training received by average US physician during four years in medical school: 2.5 hours
      Most common cause of death in the US: Heart attack
      How frequently a heart attack kills in the US: Every 45 seconds
      Average US man's risk of death from heart attack: 50%
      Risk for average US man who avoids the meat-centered diet: 15%
      Risk for average US vegan man: 4%
      Amount you reduce risk of heart attack if you reduce consumption of animal products by 10 percent: 9%
      Amount you reduce risk of heart attack if you reduce consumption of animal products by 50 percent: 45%
      Amount you reduce risk by changing to a vegan diet: 90 percent
      Meat, dairy, and egg industries claim you should not be concerned about your blood cholesterol if it is: "normal"
      Your risk of dying of a disease caused by clogged arteries if your blood cholesterol is "normal": >50%

      The Antibiotic Argument:

      Percentage of US antibiotics fed to livestock: 55%
      Percentage of staph infections resistant to penicillin in 1960: 13%
      Percentage of staph infections resistant to penicillin in 1988: 91%
      Response of European Economic Community to routine feeding of antibiotics to livestock: Ban
      Respons of US meat and pharmaceutical industries to routine feeding of antibiotics to livestock: Full and complete support

      The Pesticide Argument:

      Percentage of pesticide residues in the US diet supplied by grains: 1%
      Percentage of pesticide residues in the US diet supplied by fruits: 4%
      Percentage of pesticide residues in the US diet supplied by vegetables: 6%
      Percentage of pesticide residues in the US diet supplied by dairy products: 23%
      Percentage of pesticide residues in the US diet supplied by meat: 55%
      Pesticide contamination of breast milk from meat eating mothers vs non-meat eating: 35 times higher
      What USDA tells us: Meat is inspected
      Percentage of slaughtered animals inspected for residues of toxic chemicals such as dioxin and DDT: <0.00004%

      The Ethical Argument:

      Number of animals killed for meat per hour in US: 500,000
      Occupation with highest turnover rate in US: Slaughterhouse Worker
      Occupation with the highest rate of on-the-job injury in US: Slaughterhouse Worker
      Cost to render animal unconscious with "captive bolt pistol": 1 cent
      Reason given by meat industry fo not using "captive bolt pistol": Too expensive

  2. QUESTION:
    Do you want Health care by a Gov't that injects diseases into people for experimentation?
    U.S. apologizes for STD experiments in Guatemala - Health - Sexual ...
    Oct 1, 2010 ... U.S. apologizes for Guatemala STD experiments. Government researchers infected patients with syphilis, gonorrhea without their consent in ...
    www.msnbc.msn.com/id/39456324/

    • ANSWER:
      Our government has a long history of using us a guinea pigs.

      Stanford Prison Experiment. The Stanford prison experiment was a psychological study of human responses to captivity and its behavioral effects on both authorities and inmates in prison. The experiment was conducted in 1971 by a team of researchers led by psychologist Philip Zimbardo at Stanford University.

      The Monster Study.

      The Monster Study was a stuttering experiment on 22 orphan children in Davenport, Iowa, in 1939 conducted by Wendell Johnson at the University of Iowa.

      Project 4.1

      Project 4.1 was the designation for a medical study conducted by the United States of those residents of the Marshall Islands exposed to radioactive fallout from the March 1, 1954 Castle Bravo nuclear test at Bikini Atoll, which had an unexpectedly large yield.

      Project MKULTRA

      Project MKULTRA, or MK-ULTRA, was the code name for a CIA mind-control research program, run by the Office of Scientific Intelligence, that began in the early 1950s and continued at least through the late 1960s.

      The Tuskegee Syphilis Study.

      The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male was a clinical study, conducted between 1932 and 1972 in Tuskegee, Alabama, in which 399 (plus 201 control group without syphilis) poor — and mostly illiterate — African American sharecroppers were denied treatment for Syphilis.

      Oh, that's right. That was a long time ago. What about these? still too old?

      1990 More than 1500 six-month old black and hispanic babies in Los Angeles are given an "experimental" measles vaccine that had never been licensed for use in the United States. CDC later admits that parents were never informed that the vaccine being injected to their children was experimental.

      1994 With a technique called "gene tracking," Dr. Garth Nicolson at the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, TX discovers that many returning Desert Storm veterans are infected with an altered strain of Mycoplasma incognitus, a microbe commonly used in the production of biological weapons. Incorporated into its molecular structure is 40 percent of the HIV protein coat, indicating that it had been man-made.

      1994 Senator John D. Rockefeller issues a report revealing that for at least 50 years the Department of Defense has used hundreds of thousands of military personnel in human experiments and for intentional exposure to dangerous substances. Materials included mustard and nerve gas, ionizing radiation, psychochemicals, hallucinogens, and drugs used during the Gulf War .

      1995 U.S. Government admits that it had offered Japanese war criminals and scientists who had performed human medical experiments salaries and immunity from prosecution in exchange for data on biological warfare research.

      1995 Dr. Garth Nicolson, uncovers evidence that the biological agents used during the Gulf War had been manufactured in Houston, TX and Boca Raton, Fl and tested on prisoners in the Texas Department of Corrections.

      1996 Department of Defense admits that Desert Storm soldiers were exposed to chemical agents.

      1997 Eighty-eight members of Congress sign a letter demanding an investigation into bioweapons use & Gulf War Syndrome.

american cancer center guatemala

All Natural Cures For Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    why do people come up with bogus claims about cancer being cured naturally?
    I am all the time hearing about how such and such vitamin, or how such and such fruit cures cancer, and we all know pretty much that is bullcrap. There isn't even a medical cure out there available. Are people trying to make money claiming that natural substances cure cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it's a huge money-spinner - there's no shortage of charlatans eager to part desperate and vulnerable people from their cash in exchange for ineffective and dangerous 'cures'.

      Plus of course there's simple ignorance and gullibility - people who have no experience of or knowledge of cancer but insist that some restrictive diet or herbal miracle will prevent or cure it because this fits in with their existing prejudices or they read about it on the internet.

      People should bear in mind that 'alternative' in this context is just another word for 'unproven'; if something had been tested and shown to be effective it wouldn't be alternative medicine, it would just be medicine

  2. QUESTION:
    Have you heard about natural remedies against cancer?
    I want to know if you have heard about natural treatments to cure cancer. Can you explain me a little more about it?

    • ANSWER:
      You should check out Klamath Blue Green Algae, I would try to get into all of the studies and benefits but you would benefit more from just going there yourself and checking it out. Read some of the testimonials and test results, and decide for yourself if you want to try it or not. One of the testimonials on the site is from my dad who experienced amazing results using this stuff. And I still have my dad. Hope this helps you. Blessings

  3. QUESTION:
    Are there any natural cancer cures that actually work?
    I have not been diagnosed yet, but I'm an LPN and I'm pretty sure I have breast cancer. I have an appt. scheduled. But just so I'll be prepared for the worst, I would like to know if there are any natural cures that actually work and have been documented. I've searched the net but it's full of fake testimonials and such. I would like to hear it from real people.
    texas_angel

    Medical technology fails all the time. As a matter of fact, women with breast cancer who receive radiation often develop other cancers later due to the radiation. Just because a treatment costs an arm and a leg and requires a doctor, does not make it the only one that will work.

    • ANSWER:
      My friend's father was diagnosed with stage four colon cancer and was given a 5% chance of survival. This was five years ago, and he is still in remission. He used a combination of traditional and holisitc medicine. I'm not sure what traditional treatments were used, but I know that he drank a lot of green tea (brewed correctly at 180 degrees and steeped for 3 to five minutes; organic only) and used visualization techniques. He was in the Air Force so every night he imagined his T-Cells as paratroopers attacking the cancer. I really wish you all the best. Try to stay positive. There is SO MUCH out there in nature that is healing. If I were you, I'd eat only organic food and go VERY heavy on broccoli, cabbage, and brussel sprouts--everything in that family has proven anti-cancer benefits. Also, garlic (raw) is pretty potent. As Hippocrates said, "Let food be thy medicine." It also helps to stay positive and have a good support system. Don't try to face this alone. Tell your family and friends so they can be there for you.

  4. QUESTION:
    Is there any natural cure for colon cancer?
    My Mother has has colon cancer for about 3 years now & the chemotherapy was never helping her. About a month ago I found out that the cancer has spread in the lungs and breasts, she also has Internal bleeding. I hear that there are natural cures that the doctors do not speak of, but I really need help because she is dying. My question is, do anyone know of any natural medicines for cancer that could help my Mother?

    • ANSWER:
      About the best chance she might have is becoming part of a clinical trial for a new treatment. You should ask her oncologist if there are any in which she might participate. There could be a medicine that could help her ... but even if not, she could be helping future generations fight the disease by helping bring tomorrow's treatments to market.

  5. QUESTION:
    Is it illegal to cure yourself of cancer?
    I've seen a couple documentaries that state that if you try to go to a doctor and they help you use fresh organic food/natural products to cure your cancer, that is illegal. But if you have cancer and you don't go to a doctor and use natural remedies all by yourself to cure yourself is that illegal (assuming you can cure yourself naturally)?

    • ANSWER:
      The MD doctor has a responsibility to take all due care to give you the best possible treatment. Organic food/natural products don't cure anything so the doctor would be failing in their duty to you for neglect.

      BTW with cancer and organic food/natural products you won't cure yourself, you'll die.

  6. QUESTION:
    Is there really a natural cure for cancer?
    The doctors are now saying there is nothing left to do for my mother's lung cancer, I want to know is there something out there that can help her. I want to know is there something natural that can cure.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi! There are no known cures for cancer. I do have a friend that is 77 years old that was diagnosed with prostate cancer last year. His PSA was 3,360. Yes this is the highest I have ever heard of. The cancer had metastasized and was in his lungs, bones, spine and lymph nodes. Needless to say the doc said there was nothing to be done, the cancer was everywhere. 1 ½ years later, no treatment other than hormone shots and a product called Immunocal and the cancer is not to be found.

      The Product Immunocal will help. Immunocal is not a cure. It is clinically proven to raise Glutathione in the body and the body does what it was designed to do - fight off pathogens and diseases.

      In a nutshell, Glutathione is a molecule found and produced in every cell of the body. It is responsible for the proper functioning of the immune system, detoxification, recycling of antioxidants and several other things. Glutathione is the first line defense against diseases. And along with liver, lungs are the largest user of Glutathione in the body. Best resource of information is in the book "Glutathione (GSH). Your body's most powerful protector" by Jimmy Gutman, MD, researcher and emergency physician. Chapter 5 of this book addresses Cancer and the role of Glutathione in cancer prevention, treatment and recovery. It also explains how to raise Glutathione safely and effectively (there are different ways including taking Immunocal) since you can't get Glutathione in your system by eating Glutathione. Or email me from my profile page if you want more information. I lost my mom to breast cancer in 2000. I didn't know all this back then. I am trying to educate people. Olga

  7. QUESTION:
    Do doctors not tell us about natural cures because they get kickbacks for the drugs they prescribe?
    I really believe that doctors get money from drug companies when they prescribe their drugs. It is a shame that doctors don't take the time to learn about natural cures used around the the world. Why should they when the drug companies will pay them for "selling" their drugs?

    • ANSWER:
      Doctors are not allowed to prescribe or recommend anything that the AMA does not consider the standard thing..ie for cancer--radiation, chemo and surgery. Many have lost their medical licenses for things as small as selling "unauthorized vit b shots"

      ___________________

      Doctors are courted while in medical school where alternative health and nutrition is not taught except to say it is quackery and a few things like beriberi or scurvy.

      They are pursued by drug reps who give them small favors like pens and notepads etc and large incentives for recommending their drugs that range from free computer programs to frequent flyer miles. If they are going to prescribe a drug for arthritis, doctors feel why not prescribe x brands on the prescription and get a free vacation since they are prescribing a type of drug anyway. They also receive free drug samples that they can give their patients who cannot afford drugs etc.

      ___________________________________

      The thing is that the average person knows a lot more than medical doctors on alternative health.

      this is because doctors are kept so busy with paperwork, etc that they have little time. What reading they do it is usually in the medical library and the medical journals.

      Here, too, the drug companies, massive industry that they are, have the upper hand. Highly respected medical journals such as the New England Journal of Medicine and others can keep in business because they get tons of high priced full color, multi-page ads for various pharmaceuticals.

      If the magazine publishes a study or something favorable to an inexpensive, safe, non toxic treatment that threatens to cut into their massive profits, they use threats to stop it.

      It takes millions of dollars of investment to bring any drug to market..once they do and are approved by the fda, the drug company that invested their money and research into the drug, gets an exclusive patent for 7 years in return for their investment of time and money and noone else by that company sell the drug or can make generics until the 7 years pass.

      No company is going to spend millions of dollars on studies etc-- for say-- garlic that anyone can buy at the store or some herb people can pick for free. Thus few studies are done.

      -------

      Remember when I said they use threats (the drug companies) here is how..on the few studies that do get done and make it to publication in medical journals and magazines, the magazine is full of more pages of ads than content and they need this money to keep the magazine running.

      The drug makers threaten to pull their advertising money from the magazine anytime the medical journal publishes anything favorable to some cheap herbs or treatment that might harm their bottom line profit. They have folded other magazines and this example keeps them all towing the line.

      Thus doctors who read these magazines never ever see the studies and effectiveness, thus keeping what they were taught in school intact.

      Drug companies market to to the consumer directly in ads and mags saying ask your doctor if x is right for you to maximize profits. since doctors know if they don't give a demanding customer what they want, they might go to another doctor, they prescribe it in essence letting the patient self diagnose

      __________________________

      Plus they are highly trained and guarded with peer pressure as well to consider anything besides them as quackery.

      Plus face it, doctors can be ego driven to think only they, the highly educated in medicine, know the answers and if they do not know it, then it must be crap or if they do not know how to cure it that it is incurable..in reality what they are telling you when they say something is incurable is that there is nothing they know of or believe in that can cure you not that nothing on this earth will.

      They are so used to rejecting something you read about and ask they never learn..when people do cure themselves, they say maybe you were misdiagnosed or why did you do that or show no intellectual curiosity or say that is great, keep it up but never recommend it for any of their other patients with the same illness. They don't learn and they don't change unless it is in tune with their belief system like many humans.

      ________________

      Also we have set up a massive system of profit making industry that is hard to reverse for the economic impact.

      I just read that if, for instance, a cure was found for cancer that it would collapse the US economy and the world economy thus TPTB (not individual doctors which may be kind and generous) have a vested interest in maintaining things as they are.

      What they might like is to ban all supplements and herbs giving them even more monopoly as more and more people currently turn to alternative health which can only be spread by word of mouth one to another from people knowing how to cure or curing disease in themselves or someone else.

      _____________________

      Eventually this will happen. Years and years ago, I could scarcely find organic food and it was puny and wilted and overpriced. Now it is everywhere and known by all. Now doctors are using "complimentary" treatment as patients are demanding it. but they do not use powerful treatments that cure the killer diseases but small puny treatments.

  8. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know any natural remedies for Esophagus Cancer?
    My grandmother was recently diagnosed with esophagus cancer. It's in the later stages. She hasn't started any treatment yet. But I know there's natural remedies out there for curing cancer, anyone know any? Thanks. :)

    • ANSWER:
      If there was an 'easy' way to cure cancer . . don't you think those of us who have lost children to cancer would know about it . . don't you think we left no stone unturned trying to save their lives. There is no 'natural remedy' . . if there was no one would be dying from cancer. And yet the misinformation and myths persist.

  9. QUESTION:
    why do people continue to deny natural cures and preventatives for cancer?
    Quite frankly denying that apricot kernels apple seeds and the like are not cancer curative and or preventative is foolish .I suppose that garlic , ginger ,mangoes ,papaya, citrus fruits,watermelon ,etc.etc.etc. are all ineffectual as well ? The problem is and will always continue to be is "The Love of Money is the Root of all Evil " imagine a cure for cancer what billions upon billions would be lost what a joke ! Instead lets bombard people with radiation that really helps" unbelievable"

    • ANSWER:
      Don't know a whole lot about cancer, do you Kev?

      Apricot kernels and apple seeds are, an have been proven to been completely ineffective against cancer. Not only are they ineffective but they contain cyanide which, in the quantities the quacks recommend they are taken for cancer, could be fatal.

      And yes, you suppose right - garlic, ginger, mangoes, papaya, citrus fruits and watermelon have never been proven to have any effect on cancer. If you have any evidence that they are effective, please post it - otherwise people will think you're making it up

      Conspiracy theories about cures being hidden or not being sought in the interests of profit are a game played by people who have never had, studied or been close to cancer.

      Just who do you imagine is benefitting from this cover up?

      Governments? In many countries - such as mine and your own - people don't pay for health care, including cancer treatment. Cancer treatments cost the governments billions - why aren't they opting to save themselves money with papaya?

      Drug companies? No secret they're in it for the money. And any drug company discovering a cure for even one type of cancer would make more money than they could have dreamed of making so far.

      But, I hear you say, they can't patent a naturally occurring substance! Nonsense, they can and do. it's common for synthetic derivatives to be made that are an improvement on the original, and it's also common to get patents on the methods of isolating or administering the substance.

      So even if a pharmaceutical couldn't make money directly from apricot kernels, or ginger, or whatever, if it were effective they could make plenty of money and get plenty kudos from developing a safer, more effective derivative. The chemotherapy drug Taxol is derived from yew.

      But so far none of them have not been proven effective against cancer, so pharmaceutical companies don't bother with them. They're after profits, after all.

      So, who else.. Doctors, scientists, researchers? They would be watching their relatives die and dying themselves (they and their families develop cancer at the same rate as the rest of the population) rather than revealing the secret cure or cooperating to find one.

      You ask us to imagine a 'cure for cancer' that's where you really show your lack of knowledge about cancer.

      Cancer is hundreds of diseases, not just one. The difficulty is that different cancers are caused by different things, so no one strategy can prevent them all, and different cancers respond to different treatments so no one treatment can cure them all. There'll never be a Eureka! moment when someone discovers a single substance or procedure that will cure all cancers.

      That doesn't mean cancer is never cured - it is, all the time, on an individual basis. Did you know, for example,that 70% of children with cancer are cured of it? We'd all rather it was 100%, of course; but 70% is a far cry from 'no cure'.

      Should you develop cancer - and as a male you have a one in two lifetime chance (no matter how many seeds you munch) you will of course be free to treat it any way you choose. Let us know how that works out...

  10. QUESTION:
    Can you name a few vegatables N fruits which aid in cure for cancer?
    My grandmother is suffering from cancer. Chemotherapy has no effect on her. So we are actively looking for some natural cure for cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      maitke mashroom, blueberries ,redwine, brocolli, turmeric ,soya products, wheat grass ,wheat germ, carrots tomatoes,and juice fresh help. go on a diet of wheat grass juice only there is cure according to some findings

  11. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have a Natural cures account?
    If anyone would like to do a random of act of kindness. Please share your natural cures account with me I don't have money and just wanna look at some herbal remedies. Thanx. By the way I'm just a college student, some people say I'm smart and weird and some of my friends think I will one day be famous (oh please). I have normal family issues with parents and such and working toward a degree in mass communication. Just so you don't think you're helping out some moronic person.

    • ANSWER:
      Good diet and exercise cures all. Even cancer.

  12. QUESTION:
    Do you believe that there is a natural cure somewhere in the world for every illness?
    Drugs are made from allsorts of natural materials , soil samples being one but do you think its possible that there is a natural cure somewhere in the world for every illness known to man?

    • ANSWER:
      yes, depending on how far along the disease has gone. most diseases are man made. our diets, smoking, alcohol, drugs. mutations occur when your body has been introduced to something that is bad for it, or not getting enough of something like nutrients, cancer is mutated cells that produced in the body due to lack of Communication between cells to operate normally, i have seen diseases completely turn around when introduced to the nutrients completely lacking from their diet. is it possible yes, drugs wont cure anything they only mask the symptoms of the problem, that's why your problem never goes away you come back every month for the same drugs to manage the symptoms, if the cure to cancer was given out the pharmaceutical drug companies would be out of Business, so they do what ever it takes to keep people quiet that's just the way they work, how do i no, i was associated with them. there is cures, natural cures. pharmaceutical drugs are made in a lab were men wear masks to keep them from breathing in toxic powder and chemicals. side effects from drugs kill people. Does that sound healthy to you? drugs have killed Famous actors by simply over dosing by one pill, if you can over dose on them then they are poison. whens the last time some one over dosed on an apple an orange. doesn't happen. drugs kill, produce disease and take your money, its all about the money.

  13. QUESTION:
    Should a mother have rights to not allow proper chemotherapy for her son?
    I heard a story about a mother who insisted on practicing natural health remedies to try and help cure her son with cancer instead of using chemotherapy. The mother ran away with her son in order to use the natural cures that she really thought would cure her son. She was eventually caught and punished. What do you think about the situation? Do you side with the mother or with the law?

    • ANSWER:
      I don't consider children property of parents. I side with the society who protects the rights of the child from the parents.

      If the child dies, manslaughter, negligence and murder would all be charges that I would vote for on her jury.

  14. QUESTION:
    Should a mother have rights to not allow proper chemotherapy for her son?
    I heard a story about a mother who insisted on practicing natural health remedies to try and help cure her son with cancer instead of using chemotherapy. The mother ran away with her son in order to use the natural cures that she really thought would cure her son. She was eventually caught and punished. If you had to side with the mother, how would your back up your debate?

    • ANSWER:
      I wouldn't side with the mother under any circumstances. An adult can believe any batty idea she wants. She cannot kill her kid because of her batty beliefs.

  15. QUESTION:
    When are the drug companies going to learn that they can not duplicate mother nature for a profit?
    There's no research being done on natural cures.
    all the charity foundations have not even found a cure for cancer.
    the last disease they cured was polio and that was over 50 years ago.
    In 50 years you have to wonder how many billions of dollars have charities collected to cure all the diseases and yet no body knows
    how to cure deseases and there's no funding for natural cures.

    • ANSWER:
      As soon as you new agers can actually prove the effectiveness of a natural cure, the drug companies will no longer be able to sell expensive drugs for that ailment.

      Hasn't happened yet...

  16. QUESTION:
    Is it possible for humans to have 20 pounds of feces stuck in their colons?
    Kevin Trudeau claims this in his "Natural Cures" books, points to it as a leading cause of cancer, and recommends a 'colon cleanse' to cure it. Of course, he has a financial interest in the company selling this colon cleanse.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe... I know a president who has three pounds of it between his ears...

      Kevein Trudeau is a scammer. He has no scientific or medical background. He has been charged with fraud for claiming cures for certain things, which is why he has been prohibited from selling anything besides books. (He'll tell you this is evidence of a conspiracy...) Not to say there is not some good info in his books, but he just compiles it from other people's research, without knowing what is right or wrong- he recommends MANY things that have been proven as ineffective.

  17. QUESTION:
    Does the government have a cure for cancer but is keeping it from us?
    There is this boy that I go to school with and he swears the government has a cure for cancer. His quote is, "The government has a cure for cancer, but they don't give it out for population control."
    I believe he is wrong, but then again it is possible. Does anyone know the truth or where to find it? I would like to get this settled before graduation in a few months. Please give me your opinion or an honest answer. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells. So it is not all that surprising that we don't have, and most likely won’t find a single cure for all cancers.

      On the internet there are many claims of miraculous "natural" cancer cures that are being suppressed. Here some of them are listed, with links to sites explaining what is wrong with them: http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/suppressed-by-scientists-and-big-pharma-the-hidden-cancer-cure-but-which-one/

      It would be a very inefficient method of population control because cancer develops slowly, and mostly manifest itself relatively late in life ie. after reproductive age.

      It would also be very hard (impossible) to hide. This is because it would have to be tested in a large number of cancer patients to know if it actually is useful as a cancer cure. I am a taxpayer funded pathologist/cancer researcher, and I would not keep my mouth shut if I had observed that some new treatment was able to accomplish miracles.

      So there are lots of reasons why the establishment really want to find a cure. Here are some of them:
      1) Owners/employees (And their love ones) of pharmaceutical companies suffer from cancer too.
      2) Researchers wouldn't be able to keep their mouth shut if they found a miraculous cure or even a major breakthrough.
      3) Progress in cancer treatment is happening even though not as fast as we all would like to. Some cancers are even easily cured.
      4) Pharmaceutical companies wouldn't lose money for finding a cure - They would increase their income considerably.
      5) Also members of governments (and their love ones) sometimes get cancer

  18. QUESTION:
    What are some effective natural remedies to cure cancer? please help.. 10 points?
    My grandmother was diagnosed by cancer and cannot be put on chemo because of her old age. :( The doctors couldn't do anything for her.. What are some effective natural remedies that can cure cancer? Please help!
    Everyone threw in the towel but not me.. I have hope. That's why i'm looking into this! I might be young and might lack knowledge in this but I KNOW i can cure her somehow.
    Garlic..?

    • ANSWER:
      It can't be cured unfortunately :( I'm sorry!
      Diet can sometimes help though, but she would probably have to make some drastic changes to how she eats, and I'm not sure how willing she would be to do that
      You can check out the link below though, its pretty long but I found it fascinating. It's about why people who ate traditional foods never got some of the diseases we get now. You might find some helpful tips there.

  19. QUESTION:
    Do you believe that microwaving food is dangerous to your health?
    I read the book Natural Cures advertised on tv and Trudeau says that microwaves change the molecular structure of food in such a way that it is very harmful to your body. This is not his original idea, it has been going around for years.

    • ANSWER:
      Microwave cooking: Is it bad for your health?

      Since they first appeared on the market in the late 1960s, microwave ovens have become standard kitchen equipment. They can cook and reheat food faster than conventional ovens, making them popular with busy householders and restaurateurs.

      A microwave oven uses radio waves to cook food. The commonly used frequency is roughly 2,500 megahertz (2.5 gigahertz). Radio waves in this frequency range are absorbed by water, fats and sugars, then converted into heat.

      Normal heating of food occurs when heat goes from the outside to the inside. Microwaves go to the inside and then move outward. If you cook a potato in the microwave for over an hour, the outside may appear uncooked but when you open it up, there will be charcoal inside.

      When food molecules are hit by electromagnetic radiation, they spin and create friction, which cooks the food. This is why a microwave oven remains cool inside although the cooked or reheated food is hot.

      Because of the reduced cooking time and the fact that microwaves use less water than conventional boiling, vegetables cooked in the microwave are said to retain more water-soluble vitamins such as Vitamin C and thiamine.

      The quality of protein is higher in microwave than in conventionally cooked food as far less oxidation occurs in meat cooked in a microwave. Lack of browning is visible evidence that heating is gentler, and makes it likely that vitamins A and E are better retained than in conventional cooking.

      However, a lawsuit in the United States in 1991 suggested that microwave ovens can actually change the chemical structure of substances heated in them and make them toxic to human beings.

      The lawsuit was lodged by the family of Norma Levitt, an Oklahoma woman who died during hip surgery. Levitt had received a blood transfusion and the blood had been warmed in a microwave oven.

      Around about the same time, the University of Minnesota warned against heating baby bottles in the microwave because it "can cause slight changes in the milk".

      "In infant formulas, there may be a loss of some vitamins. In expressed breast milk, some protective properties may be destroyed," said the university's radio announcement. "Warming a bottle by holding it under tap water or by setting it in a bowl of warm water, then testing it on your wrist before feeding, may take a few minutes longer, but it is much safer."

      Swiss food scientist Hans Hertel conducted an experiment on the effects that eating microwave food had on eight individuals. Blood samples were taken after the subjects had eaten and it was found that levels of haemoglobin, a protein responsible for the red colour of blood that carries oxygen to the tissues, had decreased.

      In addition, Hertel found that the number of leucocytes (white blood cells) increases after eating microwave food, something that haematologists take very seriously, because this is often a sign of highly harmful effects, such as poisoning. Also, after eating microwave food, cholesterol levels increased.

      In her article "The Dangers of Microwave Cooking", Sydney kinesiologist Stephanie Relfe wrote: "Microwaves have been with us for only a few decades and that, in that short time the incidence of many diseases has continued to increase".

      "Today we hear of incredible instances of poor health, like teenagers getting heart attacks, and people in their 20s and 30s dying of cancer," she wrote. "This was virtually unheard of at the beginning of the century."

      Relfe said she began to warn her clients not to eat microwave food.

      "I gave this a higher priority than any of things that are normally considered as health risks, such as cigarettes or alcohol," she said. "Immediately I began to get a marked improvement in the results I was getting. Long term problems such as headaches, backaches, and emotional instability went away within a few weeks."

      Another kinesiologist, David Bridgman, reported similar results.

      "Of all the people I test for allergies, 99.9% so far show severe sensitivity to any microwave food," he said.

      However, very few studies have been conducted on the effect that microwave cooking has on food. And because of the small sample size used in Hertel's experiment, the results could be seen as inconclusive.

  20. QUESTION:
    If scientists one day discover a natural drug that cures EVERYTHING, would big pharma allow it?
    This is all hypothetical, mind you.

    Let's assume scientists discovered a plant that amazingly cures all illnesses. It cures cancer, asthma, diseases, everything you can imagine. Would big pharma allow it so they can save peoples lives, or would they invent lies to the public so they can continue making money?

    • ANSWER:
      They would turn it into a money spinner for themselves (which is what they usually do). For natural products they need only patent a method of preparation or isolate an active ingredient to compete with any competitors.

      There are more than 100 patented (and important) drugs that are derived from plants: http://chemistry.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http://www.rain-tree.com/plantdrugs.htm

  21. QUESTION:
    What company or natural process has cured cancer?
    I ram doing a argument in writing class, and I need to know what this company was called. I remember a year ago, I watched this documentary on a company of going the all natural way and eating vegetables and doing sorts of other stuff, that was not medically assigned by the doctors such as chemo. I just dont remmeber, what the video was called or the company. I know it costs alot though to be involved in the program if you want it.
    I forgot to say, not only cancer but any diseases that have been cured.

    • ANSWER:
      Truthfully, none.

  22. QUESTION:
    Why do medical personnel not address acid body pH? Why are medical doctors not more educated on nutrition?
    Proper nutrition and other more natural treatments can be used to treat a lot of problems rather than just using drugs so often. There is a lot of research showing that cancer thrives in an acidic body, and cannot survive in a normal, more alkaline state. I've heard of too many doctors that refuse to admit that natural cures really work. I can't understand why they would refuse something that works, something that really helps. Is there a way to improve our health system?

    • ANSWER:
      Doctors are not interested because that is not part of their profession.

      The easiest way to improve the health system would be for people to educate themselves much better as to who they should go and see, and for what problem. At the moment almost everyone just waits until they get sick, then go to a medical doctor. If people were smarter, they would manage themselves better between visits and keep better all round health.

  23. QUESTION:
    How does the same thing that gives you cancer also cure it?
    I know that you can get cancer from being exposed to radiation, but I also know that radiation is used to help cure cancer. How is it that the same thing that can give you cancer can also cure it?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer cells are mutations in the DNA, Actually, the body has mechanisms to fix mutations depending on various factors like how the DNA was damaged, how severe is this damage is, and when it occurs during the process of mitosis.

      The last part is pretty important. It has been awhile since I took radiation biology, but certain stages of mitosis (I would have to look it up) mutations easily get by the cells repair mechanisms. Think when about a natural disaster or a riot occurs, some people go out and loot stores because the police are busy dealing with the disaster and they don't get caught. This also applies to other carcinogens as well and not just radiation.

      Generally, cancers cells do nothing except grow and steal nutrients from normal functioning cells. Also, end up damaging certain tissues or organs by getting too big. Due to their ability to grow fast, cancer cells are more metabolically active and under go mitosis more often. This makes cancer cells more sensitive to radiation and chemicals, ie radiation and chemo therapy.

      However, these treatments damage normal cells as well, which is why it is unpleasant to undergo these treatments. People are always researching way to make chemicals, drugs, and radiation to damage the cancer cells without hurting normal cells too much (targeting).

      FYI, radiation damages DNA through ionization and not heating. There have been some studies about cancer treatment and the lowering and raising of body temperature. They do not fully understand it, but again part of it has metabolism because temperature affects the metabolic rate. That is why some recommend eat more spicy foods to help you lose weight. It works, but balanced and healthy diet and exercise are required for maintaining a healthy body weight.

  24. QUESTION:
    Title of the film about the cure for cancer found many years ago and kept hidden from public?
    There was a movie that came out a year ago or so and told the story about scientists discovering a cure for cancer which was never used or made public for monetary reasons ( the actual cancer business brings money). Does anyone klnow the title of the film? Thanks a lot!

    • ANSWER:
      The Beautiful Truth (2008)

      After the unexpected and tragic death of his mother, 15-year old Garrett, who is an animal-loving teenager, was spiraling downward and fast... Growing up on an Alaskan animal reserve, Garrett's father recognized his son's interest in the dietary habits of their animals. That prompted him to assign a book written by Dr. Max Gerson, which maintains that there is a direct link between diet and a cure for cancer. Fascinated and curious, Garrett embarks on a cross-country road trip to investigate the merits of The Gerson Therapy. He meets with scientists, doctors and cancer survivors who reveal how the multi-billion dollar medical industry has made it their mission to dismiss the notion of alternative and natural cures.

  25. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know of a good alternative natural cure for cancer?
    I was amazed at The Rick Simpson story on you tube. Its called "Run from The Cure". The oil will stop most serious diseases in a 3 month period. But you cant buy it over here. He does offer suggestions on how to make it yourself. Free of charge.

    • ANSWER:
      Read this:

      "A Special Message for Cancer Patients Seeking "Alternative" Treatments", link below, and give it some thought.

  26. QUESTION:
    Is the whole conspiracy on the "cure for cancer supressed" real or built around fallacy?
    I read somewhere about that people believe that a cure for cancer has been discovered but has been suppressed due to over population. What are your views on this?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells. So it is not all that surprising that we don't have, and most likely won’t find a single cure for all cancers.

      That being said, many cancers are cured on a daily basis. Most of them through surgery, but some of them are treated with additional radio-/chemotherapy. And some cancers are cured by chemotherapy alone.

      And there are lots of reasons why the establishment really want to find a cure. Here are some of them:
      1) Owners/employees (And their love ones) of pharmaceutical companies suffer from cancer too.
      2) Researchers wouldn't be able to keep their mouth shut if they found a miraculous cure or even a major breakthrough.
      3) Progress in cancer treatment is happening even though not as fast as we all would like to. Some cancers are even easily cured.
      4) Pharmaceutical companies wouldn't lose money for finding a cure - They would increase their income considerably.
      5) Also members of governments (and their love ones) sometimes get cancer

      On the internet there are many claims of miraculous "natural" cancer cures that are being suppressed. Here some of them are listed, with links to sites explaining what is wrong with them: http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/suppressed-by-scientists-and-big-pharma-the-hidden-cancer-cure-but-which-one/

  27. QUESTION:
    What is the cancer-curing tea Kevin Trudeau talks about that cures cancer in 1 week?
    In Kevein Trudeau's book on C.D., Natural Cures They Don't Want You To Know About, he talks about a tea made of a plant, that cures cancer in 1 week. Please help me find out what this tea is. Thank you! P.S. I believe in Kevin Trudeau, and my question wasn't, "Is Kevin Trudeau a scam or a con artist?" So please don't comment negatively about him. Thanks so much! :)

    • ANSWER:
      I believe it is Slippery Elm, Turkish Rhubarb, Burdock Root, and Sheep Sorrel (link below to excerpts). He calls it his ESSIAC herbal tea.

      However, it is going to be hard to find this information since having a tight hold on that information is the only way he makes money (you have to buy the book). I find that ironic since the books premise is that everyone else in the world is keeping this secret from you.

      But, I think that's the answer you were looking for. Go to the link below and search for Essiac and you will see the recipe.

  28. QUESTION:
    Does the FDA need to stop ignoring natural cures for cancer?
    Cancer is a major killer in the US and reserch shows that the Graviola and Paw Paw trees have what it takes to fight cancer. Why does the FDA hide this information from us? What do you think about this?

    • ANSWER:
      Because there are no drug companies with lots of money backing it. I often wonder what the Cancer Society really does? In Manitoba Canada people in that province became incensed when they found out that 40% of the money coming in went to administration. Deosn't make any sense, I have cancer and I was offered yoga, tai chi, meditation, but you cant' even relax enough when you don 't know where your next rent payment or food will come from let alone pay for medication. In canada the Chemo and Radiationis paid for but nothing else and if you have no insurance or savings your in big trouble, I think there should be a fund to help all new diagnosed people fiquire out how not to lose their homes or apts or pets so many worries and your life on top of it. So much so wrong in this society.

  29. QUESTION:
    how long does it take for natural medicine to clean my stomach?
    i have been taking medicine from this gnostic natural doctor. He has cured many diseases, cancer, hiv, aids,etc. i just want to know how long would it take to clean my stomach.
    im taking magnesium and colon clean in every night. for 2 months now. im alot better. im 16. how long would it take for it to clean my stomach?

    • ANSWER:
      This doctor has NOT cured HIV, AIDS or cancer, he is lying to you.

      Your stomach does not need cleaning, it cleans itself naturally. I'm afraid this doctor is not really a doctor.

  30. QUESTION:
    Kevin Trudeau states in one of his books that there is a cure for cancer?
    He states that someone knows the cure for cancer, but he is being harassed by the big wigs in the pharmaceutical industry. If cancer is cured then the big wigs loose millions or billions of dollars in their cancer treatment drugs. Any thoughts on this?

    • ANSWER:
      He's a sales representative and skilled snakeoil salesmen with no medical skills whatsoever who’s managed to become a multi-millionaire by scamming desperate people and repeating numerous bizarre theories (wear white to prevent disease and other such bunkum). He’s a con-artist and a charlatan of the worst kind.

      He'll scam anyone, he doesn't restrict himself to cancer patients; in one of his books he says he has a guaranteed cure for smoking, but doesn’t tell you what it is – he refers you to his website where for approx 0 you could in 2005 get a lifetime’s membership and find out what that cure is. The cover of the book says it 'includes the natural cures for more than 50 specific diseases', but in fact the book instructs readers to go to the website to get the many of the answers they thought they would find in the book.

      A little light reading about Trudeau for you:

      http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/23/AR2005092300559.html
      http://www.infomercialwatch.org/tran/trudeau.shtml
      http://www.quackwatch.org/11Ind/trudeaucpb.html

      Wherever there's cancer there's someone waiting to exploit people's desperation by selling them quack cures. Trudeau is one such cynical, unscrupulous individual, exploiting the fear and desperation felt by cancer patients to line his own pocket, exploiting the fear some have that there's a secret cure and a conspiracy to hide it. He's someone who has made millions from cancer, and he doesn't care who suffers or dies as a result.

  31. QUESTION:
    Number of cancer survivors in the US?
    Frequently, a "critical thinker" posts about how people survive their cancers "in spite of" their conventional treatments rather than because of them. He then spouts off a 30,000 figure "curative" rate (with no support for this number) for natural cures for all cancers.

    Does anyone have the statistics on the number of cancer survivors in the US?

    • ANSWER:
      According to the American Cancer Society...
      "A first-ever report by the American Cancer Society – in collaboration with the National Cancer Institute – estimates there are 13.7 million cancer survivors alive in the US today"

      http://www.cancer.org/cancer/news/new-report-tracks-growing-population-of-cancer-survivors-in-the-us

      [Exerted from "Cancer Treatment and Survivorship Statistics", 2012. Published June 14 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. First author: Rebecca Siegel, MPH, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Ga]

      Edit: If you would like this data by cancer type and percentages the SEER data is a very reliable source: hopefully if I post the link to the table it will work
      http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/browse_csr.php?section=2&page=sect_02_table.08.html

      Edit: the SEER numbers are recorded by hospital cancer registrars - Isn't it a shame you didn't even look, and all you have is paranoid psychosis as a comeback.

  32. QUESTION:
    How many years until a cure for cancer will be created?
    In an estimate of how many years until this cure for cancer is discovered or created?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer treatment is big business. Lots of money for drug companies. Cancer is a disease that attacks the immune system and instead of treating it with things to boost the immune system, doctors cut, burn, and poison (surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy) all of which weaken it. Remember, most medical schools are funded by drug companies (conflict of interest, if you ask me.) I know so many people whose lives quickly came to a halt after being treated by these methods. Check out Dr. Lorraine Day online. She is an American physician with big credentials who was once diagnosed with breast cancer and was told she was going to die. After researching (on her own) she cured her cancer with natural remedies (things that actually help build the immune system, wow imagine that, how simple). She has written books and has done videos. Check out her video, "Cancer Doesn't Scare Me Anymore."

  33. QUESTION:
    How do i make my skin color white?
    My skin color is brown and want it white,how?Please give me natural cures because i do not have enough money to buy products and give the once which has worked.Please.

    • ANSWER:
      You don't want to.

      Anything you use can be seriously damaging to your skin, cancer and all sorts, it's not worth it

      if you feel strongly about it, see a councellor, someone who can make you appreciate yourself as you are

      if not, just get over it, seriously it's not worth it

  34. QUESTION:
    Has anybody been cured of cancer by using herbal and natural remedies?
    Serious answers only. Personal testimonies please. I am searching for natural products that have a proven track record in curing cancer. What has worked for you? What kind of cancer did you have? How long have you been using the natural remedies? How long have you been cancer free? Thank you so much!

    • ANSWER:
      Dr. Hulda Clark has an herbal cure that she proves has a 95% CURE rate for even advanced cancers. She has written several books on the subject, and the FDA hasn't been able to get her books off the market, because she PROVED it legally. I think it is criminally negligent that our press isn't all over this development.

      You can get a used copy of, "The Cure for All Advanced Cancers" by looking around on the Internet. I have been trying her approach on myself with modest success--because I am having a problem getting some of the items she specifies--and have bought several of her books, and am now reading them.

      Also, check this out--http://www.altcancer.com/video/hoxsey_ds...

      Treating oneself for an AMA-defined disease is against the law, so you won't get many people to go public on this for fear of reprisal. I just try to spread the word of valid options. Watch the video. Best of luck.

      There are more and more reports by establishment oncologists doubting the value of chemotherapy, even to the point of rejecting it outright. One of these, cancer biostatistician Dr. Ulrich Abel, of Heidelberg, Germany, issued a monograph titled Chemotherapy of Advanced Epithelial Cancer in 1990. Epithelial cancers comprise the most common forms of adenocarcinoma: lung, breast, prostate, colon, etc. After ten years as a statistician in clinical oncology, Abel became increasingly uneasy. "A sober and unprejudiced analysis of the literature," he wrote, "has rarely revealed any therapeutic success by the regimens in question in treating advanced epithelial cancer." While chemotherapy is being used more and more extensively, more than a million people die worldwide of these cancers annually - and a majority have received some form of chemotherapy before dying. Abel further concluded, after polling hundreds of cancer doctors, "The personal view of many oncologists seems to be in striking contrast to communications intended for the public." Abel cited studies that have shown "that many oncologists would not take chemotherapy themselves if they had cancer." (The Cancer Chronicles, December, 1990.)
      "Even though toxic drugs often do effect a response, such as a partial or complete shrinkage of the tumor, this reduction does not prolong expected survival," Abel finds. "Sometimes, in fact, the cancer returns more aggressively than before, since the chemo fosters the growth of resistant cell lines." Besides, the chemo has severely damaged the body's own defenses, the immune system and often the kidneys as well as the liver.
      In an especially dramatic table, Dr. Abel displays the results of chemotherapy in patients with various types of cancers, as the improvement of survival rates, compared to untreated patients.

      This table shows:

      -In colorectal cancer: No evidence survival is improved.
      -Gastric cancer: No clear evidence.
      -Pancreatic cancer: Study completely negative. Longer survival in control (untreated) group.
      -Bladder: No clinical trial done.
      -Breast cancer: No direct evidence that chemotherapy prolongs survival; its use is "ethically questionable."
      -Ovarian cancer: No direct evidence.
      -Cervix and uterus: No improved survival.
      -Head and neck: No survival benefit but occasional shrinkage of tumors.

  35. QUESTION:
    What are your views on marijuana and why?
    I just want to know. I don't think it's bad at all. There's tons of health benefits (like helping cure cancer) and no long term side effects. Turns out it's only psychologically addictive and stuff, and it's never killed anyone. And before you say "It's illegal for a reason" the reason is that, way back in like the 1800's it made a white woman like black men. So yeah, that's my opinion and reasons. What are yours?

    • ANSWER:
      Marijuana is a natural herb and a plant. You don't have raging alcoholics, just chill pot heads. Everyone is peaceful. You cannot overdose on marijuana. For people who use the saying that it is a "gateway" drug, in my opinion that's a bunch of bs. You have the right to say no if marijuana is not for you. Just like if you don't like a television show, you change the channel and watch something else. There will always be an illegal drug trade with all those stupid Cartels. At least you your state might make some revenue or profit off the drug. Marijuana has been smoked since the ancient times. There are so many benefits of the drug. Yes, people might think you don't need to get high to enjoy life, just like you don't need alcohol to get drunk and enjoy life. For some, it helps people relax and be at ease with themselves. Just like rehab and counseling for alcohol, there will be help for habitual marijuana users. There are also laws on the age to smoke weed just like alcohol. The goodie good people (Nothing wrong with the goodie good people, just some of you need to be educated a little more, and not be so hypocritical) all think of a reason to bash marijuana users and try to brain wash you into thinking how harmful it is. It's all about control. You have the right to choose how much you want to smoke weed, just like you have the right to choose how much drinking alcohol affects your life. Marijuana users are taking up useless jail space and the law is using the term criminals for people who only use marijuana for recreational purposes, and a lot of those people are actually good, decent citizens who just like to kick back and relax with Mary Jane, who are good hearted people. Nothing wrong with the Mary Jane!

  36. QUESTION:
    How can we make society understand that we have to stand up against out government?!!?
    It is so ovious that theyre manipulating and cheating us. For example, the drug and food companies are killing us on purpuse. Natural medicine has worked for us hundreads of years, i dont know why society hasnt gone back to it. Theres a natural cure for almost everything but ofcorse drug companies dont want that to happen because then they lose money. They sell peoole drugs that get them sicker in the long run as their come back. There is a cure for cancer but they dont want to put it out there because then theyll lose millions if not billions of dollers. Cancer is a buisness disease. So how can we make people open their eyes and make then see how the government if lying to us!!!

    Theres proof that natural medicines help the body heel! For example, for high blood pressure and choresterol theres the hibbicus leaf tea and oils and much more that help bring it down and its safe and cheap with no harmful side effects.
    Flaxseed is also very benificial to cancer but you haldly hear about it.

    • ANSWER:
      Have a nice day.

  37. QUESTION:
    what is the best natural treatment for lungs cancer?
    Is lungs cancer curable with natural treatment, if so what is the best natural treatment which cures fast. Also what is the duration of cure and control.

    • ANSWER:
      There certainly is a natural cure for cancer! And, I know how to help someone to do it. If I post it here, others would ridicule me (you'll see it in the "thumbs down" section). It's almost like how they laughed at Christopher Columbus when he said that the world wasn't flat.... and like when Galileo stated that our planet wasn't the center of the universe. Discoveries have been made but have been suppressed by the bigger forces that be. You don't hear it on the news, coz you know why? Just watch your commercials nowadays and you will know who is at the control base of what is aired and not aired!

      Lung cancer progressively heals within 2-3 months depending on the stage of it, the age of the sufferer, their overall health state, how much this person has been hacked up by the medical profession, and much more.

  38. QUESTION:
    I believe there is Natural ways of curing diseases an the FDA only cares about making money who agrees?
    For you who disagree
    Why isn't there a cure for cancer? How many jobs would be lost? How much money wouldn't be made?
    Why did they try to or did make it law that only a drug can cure a disease same reason they have problems with us getting drugs from other countries. China has a cure for diabetes!

    • ANSWER:
      100% Agreed. In fact, the vitamins that we buy are ALL synthetic chemicals. They are doing more harm then good. The only ones I have found come from Grown By Nature. In fact these vitamins won a court case against the FDA allow them to say their vitamins are "better' than vitamins on the market.

      May God save their soles.

      God Bless everyone!

  39. QUESTION:
    Do you think natural medicine can cure cancer?
    A couple people I know just left for Mexico to do some kind of natural healing thing and both of them tried natural healing the first time they got cancer, and it helped a little, but now, at least for one (i don't know about the other one) It's even worse for her and she's terminal as far as medicine is concerned. Do you think there is a possibility that she and the other lad could survive it? Please pray for them both. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, I believe it can, but it depends on the person and the cancer. Cancer treatments Centers of America use both natural and allopathic means to cure cancers. I know a naturopath who works with MDs and has GREAT success treating nealy 100% terminal cancers. We used to smuggle some of the Mexican cancer treatment to my cousin in Canada and it healed him. Each case is different, and the best option is to treat with respect to the individual cancer and patient and not limit choices for treatment.

  40. QUESTION:
    What makes you think that anyone could have fixed the economy in 4 years?
    It took one president 8 years to screw up the economy. And the new guy can't fix it in 4 so you bring someone else in who will do a worse job. What sense does that make? It's like saying this guy can't cure cancer so I'm gonna vote for cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      The new guy has made progress. Our exports are up, our natural gas and oil drilling is up, our unemployment is down, interest rates at 0. We have had no cuts in government benefits, no riots in the street like Greece. Our economy is better than anyone's in the world except China and India. We started from a baseline in 2009 and have improved from there. The job losses and home foreclosures did not happen because of Obama policies. They were a consequence of unregulated stock speculation. As Bill Clinton said at the convention, NO president including himself could make everything 100% better in 4 years.

  41. QUESTION:
    Has there been any proof of yeast causing heart disease?
    This is a Kevin Trudeau claim in his "Natural Cures" books, specifically that Candida yeast is responsible for most incidents of heart disease. The remedy is something called "Candida Cleanse", which he has a financial interest in.

    My mother is an M.S.N. and she told me that the only patients she's seen with yeast infections of the heart were severely immuno-depressive, ie terminal AIDS patients or stage 4 cancer patients.

    • ANSWER:
      yeast can cause inflammation of the inner coating cells of the heart in very sick immuno supressed people like you have mentioned. that would cause heart failure. it is also possible in intra venous drug abusers, albeit very rare.
      yeast dose not cause heart attacks. not even a small percentage.

  42. QUESTION:
    who is Kevin Trudeau and does his medicine actually work?
    he claims to have natural cures to cancer and disease that cant be cured but by natural stuff.

    has anybody tried it or know anythign about it?

    • ANSWER:
      Kevin Trudeau wrote "Natural Cures They Don't Want
      You to Know About" a book I have read, he is rather
      extreme in some of his views, while I don't agree with
      all he says, he has some very valid points, and speaks
      of the greed of big pharmaceutical companies, in co-
      horts with drs. to sell as many drugs as possible to the
      patients/public. I do believe in natural remedies, but I
      think you should read the book and decide for yourself.
      You might be able to get a copy at your local library.

  43. QUESTION:
    Whats an all natural way to cure horse cancer?
    My 13 yr old Paint possibly has cancer. He has all the signs for it...and my vet said more than likely he does. And I dont have the money for treatments etc. Is there a good all natural way to cure a horse from cancer?? Any ideas would be greatly appreciated... like i said hes only 13 and he means the world to me. Im in college and i dont know what to do. So, id like to hear any ideas!! Thank you!!

    • ANSWER:
      I am going to guess (I could be totally wrong) that your horse, being a paint, has squamous cell carcinoma. What are the 'signs' you and your vet are seeing? depending on what is going on, there may be some medical or surgical treatments. It is also possible that if the horse does have SCC, some of those may improve with treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatories. Talk to your vet, ask them if there is someone they would refer you to as far as how to diagnose and/or treat the horse, and ask if you can talk to them. If a horse has a small lump on a third eyelid, that can be pretty easy and cheap to remove. If it has something invading bone or extensive around the eyes, those can be a lot tougher.

  44. QUESTION:
    Is there a natural cure for cancer?
    I have heard it suggested that seeds have chemicals in them that are harmless in normal quantities that will fight cancer if they come in contact with it. For example, apple seeds have two chemicals (one is arsenic) that are joined together chemially, but if they come in contact with cancer cells they will allegedly split and attack the cancer cells. The theory goes that if everytime you eat a fruit or vegetable, if you also eat its seeds then your body will have what it needs to fight cancer. Of course, once you have cancer diagnosed, what you need is a lot more than you would normally eat.

    • ANSWER:
      I beleive it is B17 that has the answer to cancer. Google it and you will probably find some interesting info.
      check out www.1cure4cancer.com, it talks all about it. (what the government doesn't want you to know....)

  45. QUESTION:
    Have we already discovered the cure for cancer?
    Do you think that we have the cure for cancer but it is not realeased because pharmaceutical companies and doctors make so much money off of chemotherapy and other ways to treat cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      No - this conspiracy theory falls apart when you think a bit closer about it.

      Cancer is a collective term for approximately 200 different diseases. Every cell type in your body can (in principle) develop into its own type of cancer. On top of that individual cancer cells in every cancer are also different from one another. On top of that, the cancer cells interact in very complex ways with the surrounding cells. So it is not all that surprising that we don't have, and most likely won’t find a single cure for all cancers.

      In most of the civilised world, conventional cancer treatment is free (Taxpayer funded). Treating cancer costs oncology departments money. A safe cheap and effective drug is more than welcome among conventional doctors. So the financial argument is not valid. You have an upcoming election. Why not go and campaign for candidates who are in favour of socialised medicine?

      It would also be a problem to keep it secret if you had found a cure. To know if a treatment works, you would have to test it on cancer patients. That means you would have to design a study protocol, and present it to the doctors who treat cancer patients. To an oncologist every cured patient is a success. There is no way, that they would not start to use a new treatment if it was more effective (and cheaper). And all the patients who took part in the study with the miraculous outcome would most likely not keep it a secret either.

      On the internet there are many claims of miraculous "natural" cancer cures that are being suppressed. Here some of them are listed, with links to sites explaining what is wrong with them: http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/2011/02/25/suppressed-by-scientists-and-big-pharma-the-hidden-cancer-cure-but-which-one/

  46. QUESTION:
    who is Kevin Trudeau and does his medicine actually work?
    he claims to have natural cures to cancer and disease that cant be cured but by natural stuff.

    has anybody tried it or know anythign about it?

    • ANSWER:
      I ordered his book a while ago, and when you read it, it does have SOME suggestions, but most of the time it says that you have to go to his website to get the info because the government won't let him put the "cures" in his book. So, you go to his website (after paying for the book AND paying to get into the website) and it says it's under construction or gives you links to other sites on the web.
      He's a total and complete fraud. He also spent time in prison in the 90s for theft and fraud.
      Stay away!

  47. QUESTION:
    Can someone be permanently cured of a serious cancer like lymphoma or melanoma?
    I know people are temporarily cured of serious cancers like lymphoma and melanoma; do they always come back, or can individuals be permanently cured?

    Any statistics?

    • ANSWER:
      A person is never "cured" of cancer. You just go into remission until it eventually comes back and kills you. Or you could remain in remission for the rest of your natural life.

  48. QUESTION:
    What do you think about the legalization of Cannabis for medical use such as treatment for Cancer?
    Pharmaceutical companies are blocking the Cannabis Oil production because they would lose a lot of money. Why? cannabis can be planted in our own backyards if this happens and we can be our own doctors as cannabis is a very potent cure for almost every kind of diseases. Imagine that it can cure skin cancer in just a few weeks! Please leave your comments and spread the word!

    • ANSWER:
      Me, I'm all for legalisation.

      However, I'm also a stickler for facts. And cannabis hasn't been proven to cure any type of cancer. Sorry.

      There has been and continues to be research into the possible effects of cannabis on cancer.

      There's been a study that indicates that cannabinoids might help prevent prostate cancer.

      And Complutense University in Madrid and the University hospital of Tenerife carried out research a few years ago into the use of chemical cannabinoids to help treat ONE TYPE of brain tumour, glioblastoma multiforme.

      There were promising results, but the number of patients involved was very small (9), and much more research is needed.

      There's no suggestion in any of this research that smoking or ingesting marijuana can either treat or prevent cancer; the research has been done using man-made chemicals that mimic the compounds found in cannabis, rather than unpurified marijuana.

      If there was any hard evidence that cannabis could cure - or even slow down or help prevent - even one type of cancer, the drug companies would be all over it like a rash - they're after cash, after all. But so far there isn't, so they're not interested.

      The'blocking' you suggest doesn't exist; the basis of your argument is that pharmeceutical companies would want to cover up a 'natural' treatment is that naturally occuring substances can't be patented, so there would be no profit in them.

      In fact it's common for synthetic derivatives to be made that are an improvement on the original, and it's also common to get patents on the methods of isolating or administering the substance.

      So even if a pharmaceutical couldn't make money directly marijuana, if it were effective they could make plenty of money and get plenty kudos from developing a safer, more effective derivative. The chemotherapy drug Taxol is derived from yew - and you can't make Taxol from yew trees you plant in your own back yard.

      Oh and there's some evidence (just from studies, mind) that cannabis is a risk factor for testicular cancer.

  49. QUESTION:
    Is it true Canada has found the cure for cancer and it's just not allowed in America?
    I heard Canada has found the cure for cancer, and American pharmaceutical companies just don't allow it here due to the fact that it would slam medical profits into a hole. Is this true?

    • ANSWER:
      There is NOT EVER GOING TO BE A DRUG CURE FOR CANCER. There is way too much money in not finding the cure. Each cancer patient is worth somewhere between 0,000 and 500,000 to the medical community. The research is geared toward prolonging life with cancer, not a cure. So far it is failing miserably.

      DRUGS are not the answer, but part of the cause. In fact, cancer is the only disease in America that uses a 5 year survival rate to claim it is cured. No other disease uses this criteria. It is used because it allows great manipulation of the statistics. The 5 year survival rate is calculated from when cancer was diagnosed. So "EARLY DIAGNOSIS" is being promoted heavily. That way when you die after the 5 year mark, they can say "You were cured" even though you died of cancer. Clever eh?

      Chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery are the only methods accepted as a way to treat cancer in America. With a 2 - 3% survival using these methods that is far less than the 30% placebo effect used in most diseases. The truth is that if a person does not get cancer treatment, they have a far better chance of surviving a lot longer. There are many alternative treatments that are being used that do cure cancer, but these are NOT legal in America because there is no money in it.

      Clinics set up in Mexico, like the Gerson Clinic have had thousands of success stories, unlike the U.S. medical system. All you have to do is find an honest doctor in the U.S. that deals with cancer and ask them if they would get chemotherapy or give it to their own families if they were diagnosed with cancer and they will tell you they wouldn't. Money is a big incentive and since it is the only way they know how to deal with cancer, it is what you get.

      EDIT: "April," thank you so much for your concern, but I believe you need to free yourself from the lies you believe. I am very healthy, thank you and have seen what modern cancer treatments are doing to people, first hand. Like most oncologists, I would never subject myself to those abusive treatments. I have seen what natural remedies are doing for people and how they are getting well. You need to talk to these people and learn what really works. Let me know when you get sick before you subject yourself to abuse that is simply not working. I can help you greatly.

      good luck to you

  50. QUESTION:
    What is the closest medicine to being a cure for cancer?
    Like, what are the scientists and doctors that are trying to find the cure experimenting with and which is the most effective? Are they even close at all to even finding a possible cure?

    • ANSWER:
      first of all, cancer is a man-made disease, research concludes. (http://www.naturalnews.com/030363_cancer_origins.html) hospitals & medicines are the biggest scam ever. big pharma is making so much money off of sick people that they purposely prescribed medicines that give you 29378693865143 other symptoms while masking the real problem, & they do it because they make a quick buck out of whatever sells they manage to make. hospitals & doctor visits aren't so bad if they are severely needed, but i disapprove of doctors & man-made medicines. specially flu shots/vaccines. chock full of mercury, formaldehyde, chick embryos, spermicides, salts, gelatins .. it's death in a syringe.
      9 month old twin girls recently died after 15 minutes of being administered with the measles vaccine .. sad stuff.

      but, the closet cure to cancer is RAW FOODS, straight up. healthy eating, exercise (start slow, then work yourself up), SUNSHINE as it contains vitamin D, a much needed vitamin. don't even use sunblock to protect yourself from UVA/UVB rays, instead use aloe vera or green-tea lotions. sunblock is the worst skin lotion you could ever put on your skin & it also inhibits your skin from creating vitamin D as much as 95% even in the lowest form of sunscreen. your skin has the ability to manufacture as much as 10,000 IU of Vitamin D after 20-30 minutes of summer sun exposure. it is recommended for light skins = 15-20 minutes daily; medium skins = 25-30 minutes daily; dark skins = 40-45 minutes daily.
      stay away from (man-made) medications as much as possible. boost your immunity with rooibus tea, green tea, oolong tea and/or white tea ... don't mix milk with it (some people do) because milk kills the anti-oxidants. also, acidophillus pills & selenium pills. selenium attaches itself to toxins & metals, most importantly mercury, & flushes it out of the body. & avoid eating junk food such & processed foods. the body treats it as toxins (because they technically are) & the toxins invade the blood cells, kill them, & attach itself to other cells & slowly kills them, too .. then they clutter, settle, & a tumor will begin to root itself inside your body.

      i hope i helped in whatever way, or at least gave you some new knowledge. pretty much, just stay natural, be smart, eat wisely & take care of your body properly. raw foods may not sound appealing so if you're not down for that right away, start making your own foods that don't come from a can or a box.

all natural cures for cancer

Advanced Pancreatic Cancer Treatment Options

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    what are the treatments for pancreas cancer?
    a friend just got diag with it and they are going to remove it with surgey , she did not say it was life threating surgey but i want to know what surgey prod do they have for this .i know all cancer is serious . now some facts i know she said it has not spread anywhere , and the will just remove that spot .

    • ANSWER:
      Yes all cancers are serious, but some are more serious than others. Pancreatic cancer is one the deadliest cancers there are. There are a few procedures for surgically removing it none of which are particularly life threading, especially compared to the disease. The most common is called the Whipple procedure. After surgery is completed the doctor’s will know the extent of her disease and will discuss treatment options.

      I don’t want to scare or upset you, but perhaps it is best you that you start to understand the seriousness of your friend’s condition now, rather than her to explaining it to you herself. The biggest problem she is facing is not the surgery. Her prognosis is not good. A stage 1 (localized) pancreatic cancer has a 5 year survival rate of about 16% and only about 8% are diagnosed at this stage. People with advanced disease survive 6-9 months. I hope she is one of the lucky ones.

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the worst types of cancer?
    someone i knew past away recently from cancer very quickly. in the space of diagnosis to dying it was merely 4wks. i dont knw what type of cancer they had, but have heard they lost the feeling in some of their limbs beforehand, then regained that feeling a bit. i dont understand how a presumably healthy person can fall ill so quick and then die. do you know what cancer this may have been?

    • ANSWER:
      Impossible to answer this question although you will receive lots of opinions. Here is the reason . . cancer is not one disease but literally over 200 different types . .to further complicate matters cancer is a progressive disease. Which means it begins microscopically and begins to grow. Some types of cancer grow very, very slowly and can grow for thirty years or more . . essentially it is possible for the patient to outlive the cancer. And, than there are other types of cancer that are extremely fast, aggressive and can double in a matter of days, weeks, or months . . . these types do not often have 'common and recognizable names' . . one of the more common is pancreatic cancer. And yet, when they talk about panreatic cancer what is 'worst' about it is that it is almost always found in an advanced or stage IV condition. It isn't necessarily the type of cancer you get that is 'worst' . .it is the stage or the progression of the cancer that is the worst type. Any type of cancer that has reached stage IV has become deadly . . because now it is Metastatic which means that the original tumor is now replicating and sending new malignant (microscopic) cells into the blood stream or lymphatic system. Those metastatic cells travel througout the body (hundreds of them) and can lodge at a distant location and set up a whole new colony of cancer . .that will repeat itself indefinitely . . the new colony will seed, reseed, until the body is filled with cancer. That is the worst type of cancer to get . .Metastatic cancer . . and all cancers can become metastatic.

      That being said . . some of the worst types of cancer to get would be ones that are aggressive with a high grade of tumor . .these types of cancer are invasive and spread faster than treatment can react. Among the most deadly are sarcoma . .which has few treatment options and has had little research. It is also a disease that afflicts young adults more often than older adults. At the moment if you are a teen or young adult and you get cancer . .you are far more likely to die from your disease than an older adult or a child.

      So . . it isn't always just the kind of cancer you get . . you need to consider the stage . .and your age group.

      Most people who die from cancer have metastasis at the time of death.

      ACS: What is Metastatic Cancer?
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/conten…

  3. QUESTION:
    My best friend has recently found out he has Pancreatic cancer?
    I am going to be there for him through it all, but I am just curious on what is to come with his condition and what should I expect? Thank you all in advance for your time on this question.

    • ANSWER:
      Firstly, I'd like to commend you on sticking with your friend because I've seen a lot of patients lose touch with a lot of their friends simply because this is a long and ardous journey that few people want to accompany the patient with. Secondly, I'll tell you the straight facts (no sugar coating) about it even though its not a rosy picture. Cancer of the pancreas strikes approximately 5 out of every 100,000 people every year and is one of the deadliest forms of cancer. It is estimated that this year 32,000 Americans will be diagnosed with cancer of the pancreas. Cancer of the pancreas is not one disease. In fact, as many as twenty different tumors have been lumped under the umbrella term "cancer of the pancreas." Each of these tumors has a different appearance when examined with a microscope, some require different treatments, and each carries its own unique prognosis. An understanding of the different types of pancreatic tumors is required for rational treatment. Unfortunatelty, cancer of the pancreas is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The disease is not only common, it is also extremely difficult to treat. Surgical removal ("resection") of the cancer is currently the only chance for a cure for patients with cancer of the pancreas. Fortunately, great strides have been made in the surgical treatment of this disease. The surgical resection of most pancreas cancers is called a "pancreaticoduodenectomy" or "Whipple procedure." Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the main treatments offered to patients whose entire tumor cannot be removed surgically ("unresectable cancers"). For patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who cannot have their tumors removed surgically, the focus of treatment involves symptom prevention and control. This may involve the use of:

      1. Surgery to relieve intestinal blockage or to perform nerve blocks for pain;
      2. Radiation therapy to relieve painful disease sites; or
      3. Chemotherapy to reduce the rate of tumor growth and to prolong survival

      For some patients whose tumors cannot be removed surgically, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are sometimes given together to reduce the size of the tumor. Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays directed at a tumor. This therapy damages the cancer cells and stops them from growing and dividing. It may be used before or after surgery to shrink the tumor alone or with chemotherapy for patients with inoperable tumors. Side effects: fatigue, skin becomes red, tender, itchy, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, digestion problems. Usually subside when treatment ceases. There's also chemotherapy which is a therapy that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. May be used - alone - with radiation therapy -after surgery. The side effects: fatigue, mouth sores, nausea, vomiting. Usually go away during recovery periods between treatments. Another treatment option is Immunotherapy
      Side effects: flu-like symptoms (chills, fever, muscle aches, weakness, loss of appetite) Usually goes away after the treatment stops. It is very difficult for pancreatic cancer patients to maintain weight for several reasons. Many patients lose their appetite and the normal taste of food as a result of byproducts released from the cancer. Even the food that is eaten may not always be digested well because the pancreas is not working properly. If the pancreatic duct is obstructed or after surgery, the pancreas may not release sufficient amounts of pancreatic enzymes.Therefore some patients will benefit from taking pancreatic enzymes. Unfortunately, the problems with weight do not end there. The majority of patients with pancreatic cancer will still lose weight even if they are eating and digesting their food sufficiently. Many pancreas cancers (and other cancers) release compounds into the blood that breakdown muscle and fat (causing cachexia). So that over time patients will find they are not only slimmer but their muscles are smaller and they become progressively more fatigued.

  4. QUESTION:
    What is the worst type of cancer to get?
    There are so many different types of cancers. Cancer could happen anywhere in the body. I heard that some cancers is worse than others. I heard that blood cancer is one of the worst. Which cancer is most deadly?

    and how long is the predicted life span when diagnosed?

    • ANSWER:
      Impossible to answer this question although you will receive lots of opinions. Here is the reason . . cancer is not one disease but literally over 200 different types . .to further complicate matters cancer is a progressive disease. Which means it begins microscopically and begins to grow. Some types of cancer grow very, very slowly and can grow for thirty years or more . . essentially it is possible for the patient to outlive the cancer. And, than there are other types of cancer that are extremely fast, aggressive and can double in a matter of days, weeks, or months . . . these types do not often have 'common and recognizable names' . . one of the more common is pancreatic cancer. And yet, when they talk about panreatic cancer what is 'worst' about it is that it is almost always found in an advanced or stage IV condition. It isn't necessarily the type of cancer you get that is 'worst' . .it is the stage or the progression of the cancer that is the worst type. Any type of cancer that has reached stage IV has become deadly . . because now it is Metastatic which means that the original tumor is now replicating and sending new malignant (microscopic) cells into the blood stream or lymphatic system. Those metastatic cells travel througout the body (hundreds of them) and can lodge at a distant location and set up a whole new colony of cancer . .that will repeat itself indefinitely . . the new colony will seed, reseed, until the body is filled with cancer. That is the worst type of cancer to get . .Metastatic cancer . . and all cancers can become metastatic.

      That being said . . some of the worst types of cancer to get would be ones that are aggressive with a high grade of tumor . .these types of cancer are invasive and spread faster than treatment can react. Among the most deadly are sarcoma . .which has few treatment options and has had little research. It is also a disease that afflicts young adults more often than older adults. At the moment if you are a teen or young adult and you get cancer . .you are far more likely to die from your disease than an older adult or a child.

      So . . it isn't always just the kind of cancer you get . . you need to consider the stage . .and your age group.

      Most people who die from cancer have metastasis at the time of death.

      ACS: What is Metastatic Cancer?
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_1X_What_is_metastatic_cancer_67.asp

      The worst type of cancer to get . .is the kind you get.

  5. QUESTION:
    my grandmother has pancreatic cancer do you think she'l be ok?
    she is 75 years old and one year ago she survived breast cancer. now she has ben dignosed with pancreatic cancer. and come to find out she also has jaundus and the cancer has spread to her liver and.... some other major organ that i cant remember. she is also sick with the flu right now.
    do you think she'll make it?

    • ANSWER:
      As such prognosis in pancreatic cancer is poor.
      She has advanced stage of the disease with only palliative treatment options.
      Sorry,but her survival is in months only.

  6. QUESTION:
    is there anytime doctors wont recomend chemo therapy?
    is there anytime where a patient comes in with cancer and a doctor wont remomend chemo therapy. if so , why not?? is there a point where the cancer is too bad and had alreeady spread too much where chemo wont work,so they just wont recomend it?
    like if you have a brain tumor? is there a need for chemo?

    like if you have a brain tumor? is there a need for chemo?

    • ANSWER:
      Very good question and several excellent answers above.
      "lo-mcg" is giving us the British perspective.
      Perhaps in the U.K. the doctors make decisons about chemotherapy based on cost effective considerations - a sensible system.
      Chemotherapy was my medical specialty for 20 years.
      I spent much of my time trying to talk people out of taking chemotherapy.
      This was mostly because 1/6th of my patients had advanced non-small cell lung cancers. In NC, almost all of my lung cancer patients were long term smokers.
      We have over 100 drugs and hundreds of combinations.
      But there are always side effects and usually tremendous expense.

      As others have said, it depends on the type of cancer.
      Non-small cell lung carcinomas do not respond well.
      Pancreatic cancers and advanced stage gastric carcinomas do not respond well.
      Brain tumors do not usually respond well to chemotherapy.
      Metastatic renal cell cancers and melanomas are notoriously poor responders to cytotoxic chemotherpay
      People who have failed front line chemotherapy regimens often will not respond to second line regimens.

      We frequently wind up treating people even with low chances for partial, temporary responses because people in the U.S. often will not accept a supportive care only / no treatment option.

      The decision is often left to the patient in this country (USA) which is why so much explanation time is necessary. If someone understands that there is a 16% partial response rate with a much higher risk of toxic side effects - and they still want treatment - they get it in America. Some busy oncologists I have known just go ahead and treat without all of the time consuming explanations. The idea of no treatment is so unacceptable in America that some find it easier to just treat. There is always a chemotherapy regimen to try no matter how limited the response may be.

      People will not like this answer, and I expect the thumbs down - but that is reality in the U.S. This is one of the reasons health care costs have spiralled out of control here. And the greatest expense is the cost of the drugs - not the oncologist's fee.

      The drug companies charge an absolute fortune for each new drug. There is good and bad in that. The incentive to make big money drives the research. The brilliant scientists who come up with the new, innovative treatments are not the ones who make the big money - it is the business executives who market the new drugs.

      One of my best friends - an infectious diseases specialist - once quipped that for many types of advanced cancers "chemotherapy didn't make people live longer, but the time they had seemed like forever." I have seen many people made miserable by treating with chemotherapy with no extension of life. Yet people do have the right to try if they wish. I wish we had better treatments to offer people with advanced pancreatic cancers, non-small cell lung cancers, renal cancers, metastatic melanomas and some other cancer types.

      If you think about it, all doctors try to "buy time" for their patients. All of us die eventually. The touble with aggressive chemotherapy when there is no possibility of cure is that we may be doing more harm than good. The first rule of medicine is "primum non nocere" - "first do no harm."

      If chemotherapy is far more likely to cause harm than benefit, it should not be used - in my opinion. BUT - people will choose treatment with only a 1% chance of temporary benefit because it seems like giving up to do nothing to fight an advanced malignancy. There is a great deal of human psychology invoved in all of this. You can't know what
      you would do until you are in this situation yourself - facing death from an advanced widespread cancer.

      OK - If you are asking about brain tumors - which type?
      Ted Kennedy did not do so well with chemotherapy for his brain malignancy, and he had all the money and political clout in the world. Most chemotherapy will not cross the blood/brain barrier, and the drugs which do get into the CNS are not often effective against most types of brain malignancies. I did not recommend chemotherapy for brain tumors, but my partner would try with experimental regimens from Duke University in NC (USA). Duke is where Ted Kennedy was treated for his brain tumor.

  7. QUESTION:
    What happens when the liver swells?
    Is the situation above serious and are there any ways it could be treated? Also what causes the liver to swell? Please write back as soon as possible, it is urgent!!

    Thank you!!

    • ANSWER:
      Primarily, liver enlargement or swelling is due: 1) Centrilobular necrosis of the liver- Liver damage 2) Fatty liver secondary to alcohol 3) acute viral hepatitis 4) Alcoholic hepatitis 5) Cirrhosis- advanced deterioration of the liver due to excessive consumption of alcohol
      6) liver cancer-Metastatic cancer in the liver Cancer that started elsewhere and spread to the liver

      Other causes are Ongoing liver damage from hepatitis B virus infection; Schistosomiasis; Hepatic amyloidosis ;Polycystic liver disease; Congenital scarring of the liver; Estrogen induced jaundice ;Lymphoma in the liver Liver damage from syphilis ;Bile duct cancer;Tuberculosis of the liver; Drug-induced jaundice; Cryoimmunoglobulinemic syndrome Antibodies in the blood coagulate in the cold; Pancreatic cancer; Pancreatic cancer; Leptospirosis in the liver; Sarcoidosis of the liver; Chronic leukemia - Cancer of the blood- Pericholangitis Inflammation surrounding the bile ductsSclerosing cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts with scarring(sclerosing cholangitis; immune cellsCarcinoma of gallbladder Cancer of the gall bladderSystemic atypical mycobacterial infection Infection with atypical mycobacteriaAcromegaly Giantism caused by excess growth hormone;SchistosomiasisJuvenile rheumatoid arthritis cells; Acute fatty liver of pregnancyAcute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) Acute cancer of the blood lymph cellsLymphomatoid granulomatosis Chronic inflammation; sickle cell anemia; Polyarteritis nodosa; Inflammation of the arteries;Iron deficiency anemia; infectious mono; Hyperthyroidism;
      Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura Low platelets, blood clots, and bruising; Diabetes;etc; etc.

      Home Care:

      Follow prescribed therapy to treat the underlying cause of the swelling. Discuss with your health care provider the options to prevent skin breakdown (for chronic edema) such as a pressure-reducing mattress, a lamb's wool pad, or a flotation ring.

      Maintain everyday activities. When lying down, keep limbs above the heart level, if possible, to facilitate drainage. Do not do this if shortness of breath results -- see your doctor instead

      Treatment may include fluid and sodium restriction, diuretics, or water pills. Your fluid intake and output should be monitored, and you should be weighed daily.

      Avoid alcohol if liver disease (such as cirrhosis or hepatitis) is causing the problem. Vascular support hose may be advised

  8. QUESTION:
    Pancreatic Cancer and Tarceva?
    My Grampa has Advanced Pancreatic ( I think stage 4) cancer. They just did surgery but said it had spread. They are going to be talking about treatment options and I was wondering if anyone has any personal knowlage with Tarceva?
    How long do you have to wait after having surgery ( he's 81 years old) to start chemo?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is caused by infections. It spreads basically due to "biofilm" production. Pancreatic cancer is one of the worst ones because we need our pancreas desperately. Chemo will basically destroy his pancreas. The only tools that the medical profession has against cancer is drugs and surgery.

      There are alternatives. The problems is that in this late stage of cancer, where it has spread, it means that it has probably metastasized. It is not uncommon to find between 40 and 200 biofilms in cancer patients. These are sticky, polysaccharide sacs that form a protective barrier around viruses and bacteria, allowing them to inject their DNA into the substrate they are resting on. Over time as these insidious sacs grow to about 14mm, they form new ones that travel throughout the body looking for a place to reside. Usually in areas of weakened organs, etc.

      To fight cancer, one has to muster up all the defenses the body can do. To let medical science go after it, is to try to destroy it, in hopes the body can survive. This is one option. The other option is to make the body healthy so it can fight the disease. Both options at this late stage is not good. To make the body healthy requires, typically, big changes in diet and the highest quality supplements that are just not available in health food stores or pharmacies.

      good luck to your grandpa and you.

  9. QUESTION:
    My wife is refusing cancer treatment?
    My wife was diagnosed with end-stage liver disease two months ago. She was a practicing alcoholic for over twenty years and was recently released from rehab for prescription medication abuse.

    While doing routine imaging of her liver, the doctor noticed a mass in the tail of the pancreas. He referred us to specialist who diagnosed my wife with advanced pancreatic cancer.

    Unfortunately, despite repeated urging from myself and other family members, she outright refuses to consider any treatment options. When she was in her mid-twenties she developed two malignant tumors in her throat. Both were removed by resection after they failed to respond to chemotherapy.

    Evidently, she was so traumatized by this experience that she vowed to never undergo chemotherapy again. Her negative experience, combined with her liver problems and the generally poor prognosis in people with pancreatic cancer, is fueling her choice to forgo treatment.

    Honestly, she seems resigned to death. My wife is all I have after our only daughter committed suicide early last year. I love her more than anything in the world and couldn't bear the thought of watching her die unnecessarily. I lost both my parents to cancer recently and I don't think I have in in me to witness the death of another loved one.

    How can I force her to undergo treatment? Can I legally have her declared mentally unfit to make her own decisions, or something?

    Thanks and God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      No, and if you respect her, you won't try. Also, pancreatic cancer does not respond well to chemotherapy. In fact, it is basically a death sentence no mater what. Survival rate for pancreatic cancer is less than 5%. That includes the best case scenarios, and she is not a best case scenario. Chemotherapy will just make her last few months miserable and she will still most likely die. So let her enjoy her last days of life with her family and appreciate the time you have left with her.

      I am very sorry for your loss. Sadly I understand it too well. My dad just died from pancreatic cancer.

  10. QUESTION:
    Pancreatic Cancer I am so scared?
    My Grandma was diagnosed with Pancreatic Cancer on yesterday. I am not sure at what stage she is in we are waiting on her doctor to get back with us. She has moved in with me and my 16 month old son (we love having her there) She is very depressed and I am trying to get more info on this cancer and the life expectancy rate. I am also looking for some advice on how to make her more comfortable as far as pain control and some good vacation (relaxation) ideals. Thanks in advance.

    • ANSWER:
      This is the same cancer that affected Patrick Swayzee.

      ****Life expectancy****
      Quote from a website from a specialist "It depends. If it's just in the pancreas and the neighboring glands and we take it out, and give chemotherapy [to kill errant cancer cells throughout the body], there is still good survival at five years. If it has already spread beyond the pancreas and starts going into the glands and the liver, the survival rate goes down. Once it has spread to other organs, the outcome is fairly dismal. It's less than 1% at five years." unquote

      ****What should a newly diagnosed person do*****
      "The first thing to do is assess the stage of the cancer. The next step is to go for a second opinion even if the first doctor said the tumor was inoperable. Seek out a specialist in pancreatic cancer and get a second opinion."

      ****General Info on Pancreatic Cancer*****
      Health News Flash gives a good overview I think without going into minute detail and finishes by saying

      "Cancer of the pancreas is very hard to control with current treatments. For that reason, many doctors encourage patients with this disease to consider taking part in a clinical trial. Clinical trials are an important option for people with all stages of pancreatic cancer. The section on "The Promise of Cancer Research" has more information about clinical trials.

      At this time, pancreatic cancer can be cured only when it is found at an early stage, before it has spread. However, other treatments may be able to control the disease and help patients live longer and feel better. When a cure or control of the disease is not possible, some patients and their doctors choose palliative therapy. Palliative therapy aims to improve quality of life by controlling pain and other problems caused by this disease."

      I tried to click on the link about current clinical trials but their site was down for maintenance so you need to check it out yourself

      *****Vacation****
      I wouldn't be booking anything away just yet as this may interfere with treatment and she may not be up for it physically. However having said that I've travelled much of the world and if your grandma is well enough/strong enough to travel then the 1 place I'd go to if I was really really stressed is the Maldives. It has lovely beaches and many different islands. The islands are varied from the very small to large. I went to one where there were about 40 rooms, several pools, couple of restaurants, sun, light blue sea, glorious sunsets and lazy lazy days where you spend hours doing nothing. It was so relaxing I couldn't stand it and headed off to Sri Lanka to do stuff - but I did say to myself then that if ever I was heading for a nervous breakdown and needed complete rest and absolute quiet then I'd go back.

      ****Future appointments****
      LIke Angel says below go with her on the appointments. The doctors will give her so much info that its hard to take it all in. Go in with a notebook and write it all down and write down any questions you or she has - and take them in with you (because you'll forget them once you're in there). My brother going through a different cancer and my mum was with him and was able to tell him more about what the doctor said as he was in a daze trying to take it all in.

      *****Some Latest Trial Information*****
      I also found a website discussing the latest studies/ information relating to new trials covering the drug called EP-100 and combo treatment which may be of interest which was posted Oct 09.

  11. QUESTION:
    My wife is refusing cancer treatment?
    My wife of 26 years was diagnosed with end-stage liver disease two months ago. She was an alcoholic for over 20 years and was recently released from rehab for prescription medication abuse.

    While doing routine imaging of her liver, the doctor noticed an abnormality on her pancreas as well. He referred us to another doctor who diagnosed my wife with advanced pancreatic cancer.

    Unfortunately, despite repeated urging from myself and other family members, she outright refuses to consider any treatment options. When she was in her mid-twenties she developed two tumors in her throat; both removed by resection after they failed to respond to chemotherapy. Evidently, she was so traumatized by this experience that she vowed to never undergo chemotherapy again. This, combined with her liver problems and the generally poor prognosis in people with pancreatic cancer, is fueling her choice to forgo treatment.

    Honestly, she seems resigned to death. My wife is all I have after our only daughter committed suicide early last year. I love her more than anything in the world and couldn't bear the thought of watching her die unnecessarily. How can I force her to undergo treatment? Can I legally have her declared mentally unfit to make her own decisions, or something?

    Thanks and God bless.

    • ANSWER:
      The decision is hers to make.

      The treatment is difficult to cope with even when you have a good prognosis.

      It is tantamount to torture when the prognosis is bad.

      In the same position, I would make the same decision as your wife and if you tried to force me into treatment I would consider it spousal abuse.

      I understand it is difficult for you to accept that you will loose her, but treatment likely to mearly prolong her pain and suffering.

  12. QUESTION:
    My wife is refusing cancer treatment?
    My wife of 26 years was diagnosed with end-stage liver disease two months ago. She was an alcoholic for over 20 years and was recently released from rehab for prescription medication abuse.

    While doing routine imaging of her liver, the doctor noticed an abnormality on her pancreas as well. He referred us to another doctor who diagnosed my wife with advanced pancreatic cancer.

    Unfortunately, despite repeated urging from myself and other family members, she outright refuses to consider any treatment options. When she was in her mid-twenties she developed two tumors in her throat; both removed by resection after they failed to respond to chemotherapy. Evidently, she was so traumatized by this experience that she vowed to never undergo chemotherapy again. This, combined with her liver problems and generally poor prognosis in people with pancreatic cancer, is fueling her choice to forgo treatment.

    Honestly, she seems resigned to death. My wife is all I have after our only daughter committed suicide early last year. I love her more than anything in the world and couldn't bear the thought of watching her die unnecessarily. How can I force her to undergo treatment? Can I legally have her declared mentally unfit to make her own decisions, or something?

    Thanks and God bless.

    • ANSWER:

  13. QUESTION:
    which is the best herbal medicament for pancreatic cancer?
    name of manufactor, best product variation, behalf of which research, recomendation

    • ANSWER:
      Markov, I don't know about herbal stuff...please take the patient to a hospital. Convetional medicine is advanced, maybe there are treatment options. God be with you and your family.

  14. QUESTION:
    my dad has just been diagnosed with pancreatic cancer?
    my dad was supposed to have a whipple operation but they said they couldnt do it because the cancer has spread he is 55 and we lost my mum to cancer 7 months ago after a long battle of 25 years she was also 55 has this happened to any1 else ie bypass instead of whipple procedure
    hi we found out today that he has a high white blood count what could this mean he hasnt eaten for 2 weeks since the op when he does eat he is sick all the time

    • ANSWER:
      Even for those people diagnosed early, the outlook is not very good. Overall, pancreatic cancer has a poor prognosis. By the time someone has symptoms, goes to their doctor and is diagnosed, the disease is very often quite advanced. Only about 15 to 20 out of every 100 diagnosed (15 - 20%) are suitable for surgery.

      According to the American Cancer Society, for all stages of pancreatic cancer combined, the one-year relative survival rate is 20%, and the five-year rate is 4%. These low survival rates are attributable to the fact that fewer than 20% of patients' tumors are confined to the pancreas at the time of diagnosis; in most cases, the malignancy has already progressed to the point where surgical removal is impossible.

      In those cases where resection can be performed, the average survival rate is 18 to 20 months. The overall five-year survival rate is about 10%, although this can rise as high as 20% to 25% if the tumor is removed completely and when cancer has not spread to lymph nodes.

      While pancreatic cancer survival rates have been improving from decade to decade, the disease is still considered largely incurable.

      Most people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer are told that they may have less than 1 year to live, but in saying that it depends on the stage at dx's.

      Sounds like your Dad's cancer has not been caught in the early stages if the option is a stent to bypass, he is at least stage III.

      I'm sorry to hear you & your Dad have to deal with this particulary after the loss of your Mum, I wish you both best at this time.

      Check out this link for treatment info at certain stages.

  15. QUESTION:
    A dear 36 yr. old female friend is dying of pancreatic cancer; is cryogenics an option?

    • ANSWER:
      She may not need to die.

      In 1990, I had Hodgkin's Lymphoma, stage 3-B, but I've survived. My doctors were great people, but they were limited to surgery, chemo and radiation by profitable AMA treatment policy. During the year in treatment, I started learning about alternative medicine. I'm a retired engineer, and this is what I've pieced together--our IMMUNE SYSTEMS become weakened by poor nutrition, lack of exercise and reduced oxygen. Once that happens, our body becomes vulnerable to common STRESSORS. Stressors can be environmental, like viruses, heavy metals, pesticides, food additives, electromagnetic waves or pollution. They can be internal things like emotional or job stress, or poisonous people in our lives. Aging is also a contributing factor. So this means:

      WEAK IMMUNE SYSTEM + STRESSORS = DISEASE (cancer, diabetes, heart disease, etc.)

      Our bodies have 60 trillion--yes, trillion--cells, and there are always some mutating into cancer cells, but a healthy immune system kills them before they have a chance to get a foothold in the body.

      It takes a LONG time, usually, or a high level of stressors, to weaken the immune system to the point where it won't do its job, but once cancer has formed, it will generally spread rapidly.

      THIS IS IMPORTANT! There are ways to BEAT cancer that are currently being used in Europe and around the world, and there are some great books on the subject. I know because I've read about 50 of them from cover to cover. Here's a list of the best ones. Some are out of print and getting hard to find--

      "The Cure for All Cancers", ISBN 0963632825
      "The Cure for All Advanced Cancers", ISBN 1890035165
      "A Cancer Therapy", ISBN 0882681052
      "Oxygen Therapies", ISBN 0962052701
      "Hydrogen Peroxide--Medical Miracle", ISBN 1885236077
      "The Natural Cure for Cancer--Germanium", ISBN 0533071410
      "Killing Cancer", ISBN 0705000966
      "Natural Cures 'They' Don't Want You to Know About", ISBN 0975599518

      I know of people whose cancer has 'spontaneously remitted' (WENT AWAY for no known reason) AFTER they went on programs of herbs and nutrition to restart their immune systems.

      You and your family must look out for yourselves to stand a chance of being healthy. This is not a joke, and I'm not selling anything--just trying to help.
      I am using the things I learned in those books right now to fight off a second infestation of cancer. I've been at it for over a year now, and think I'm going to make it. Use what works for you, and pass on your success. Best of luck.

      AMA AND FDA--
      The American Medical Association (AMA) and the pharmaceutical companies control medical law and the FDA in this country with heavy lobbying and a revolving door policy. WHY would they want to do this? It's about the money. In 2006, medicine (doctors, hospitals, researchers and pharmaceutical firms) received 2.1 TRILLION dollars--15% of the total earnings (GNP 13.7 trillion) in the U.S. This is astounding! It means MILLIONS of people worked the whole year just to pay the nation's medical expenses!! That's totally astounding, and just too big to care about individuals.
      http://www.altcancer.com/vidgal.htm#hoxsey

  16. QUESTION:
    PLEASE HELP what can cure my mom?
    My mom had pretty bad liver and pancreatic cancer and they are down to the last kimo therapy. It is also experimental and the chances that it will help is quite slim. And even if it does they usually only work for about 20 weeks. And the docotrs say that they don't have anything else after that. But is that REALLY true? There isn't ANY hope after this? I did some research a long time ago and i heard somethign about this machine that uses radiowaves to zap cancer cells? What is that all about? Is there ANYTHING else that can help? She also just got anmonia a few days ago and feels really bad and is now in the hospital. Doctors say surgery is not a option. PLEASE if you know ANYTHING please help me!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry that you are in such a bad situation. It's hard to watch a parent suffer and not know what you can do to help. The sad fact is, there is no cure for pancreatic cancer, and if she's already utilizing experimental treatments then there really is nothing left. The radiowaves thing is highly experimental, and with cancer as advanced as your describe your mothers, it's unlikely that she would qualify for a trial of this nature. Not to mention it's probably hard to find a hospital that's running the trial and has openings.

      Surgery is not an option. That's correct. Once the disease has spread, as your mothers has, there is not benefit. And the pneumonia only worsens the situation.

      I know you're trying to find someone to offer you a miracle, but there isn't one, and I'm sorry. I hope that you find some peace with this situation, though I know there is little to be found. God's blessings on you and your family.

  17. QUESTION:
    does chemo work? I dont think it will prolong my life. and most likely kill me.?

    • ANSWER:
      lo_mcg has a terrific answer - and she has been through it.
      But there are over 100 chemotherapy drugs with hundreds of combination for hundreds of different types of cancer. No one can answer the vague question you have posed without more information.

      I was a cancer chemotherapy specialist doctor for twenty years.
      I treated thousands of people with various combination chemotherapy regimens.
      I don't think I killed any of them with the treatment - though over two thousand died from their cancers.
      [It was more than that, but I lost track after two thousand.]
      I often thought it would be better to not use chemotherapy in situations where no cure had ever been achieved with drugs - pancreatic cancers, advanced non-small cell lung cancers, many brain malignancies, etc. I spent a great deal of time trying to talk some patients out of taking chemotherapy. In the USA, many people will not accept the 'supportive care only' option no matter how carefully it is explained that chemotherapy has never cured some types of advanced malignancies.

      As others have said, it is up to your medical oncologist to carefully explain the risks and benefits of any chemotherapy regimen for whatever type of malignancy you are asking about. You are the one with the final word. All patients in the U.S. should be signing permission forms before they are given any of the many types of chemotherapy. These permission forms say that the treatment risks, side effects, and posible benefits have been thoroughly explained.

      If you have widespread testicular cancer like Lance Armstrong, you could be cured with chemotherapy and go on to win the Tour de France bike race 7 times. It all depends what type of malignancy and what stage?

  18. QUESTION:
    Why do people fight cancer?
    I was discussing this with a few friends the other day and they were stunned when I said I would refuse treatment if I ever found out I had cancer.

    I mean why fight the inevitable?? Just to live a few more months with terrible quality of life? To live in uncertainty?

    I'd much rather face the facts, get my things all sorted out and say goodbye to people. I don't even think it's right of doctors to always propose new treatments to cancer patients when they know there's nothing to be done, they are just giving fake hope.

    I've been thinking of becoming a member of Dignitas, the assisted suicide clinic in Switzerland.

    • ANSWER:
      If I hadn't undergone proper medical treatment for Hodgkin's Lymphoma a couple of years ago my parents would probably either be shackled to grief over my death or watching me whittle away to a whimpering existence from cancer. Instead of me being buried underground or in hospice care I'm in finals at Stanford and emotionally oscillating from being stressed out by them and being wildly excited about my trip to Italy and Croatia in 12 days. In August I'm going to Switzerland, not to attend the suicide clinic, but to seek out adventure in Interlaken! They're more concerned about me burning out during finals or breaking my neck cliff diving into the Mediterranean or skydiving over the Alps than dying from cancer. I'm having a passionate love affair with life right now. If I'd shared your attitude I would have thrown it all away, and that would have been a tragic waste.

      "I'd much rather face the facts..." If you would much rather face the facts, then why haven't you actually gathered them properly and examined them? Your question has been formed by your emotions, not by carefully researched and contemplated logic. As others have explained here, "cancer" is a term used to describe over 200 distinctive diseases. The one commonality is that all the diseases are caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. The way it effects each person varies dramatically. Cancer has infected almost every branch of my family tree, and it's been a unique experience for each of us who have had it. Last November my grandfather and I completed the Ironman Triathlon in Florida, and he's a 25-year survivor of testicular cancer, and I'm in remission for HL. Dignitas isn't for people like us who have cancers that can be fought. It's for those who are in agony and who have no options that will produce any type of meaningful recovery.

      "I don't even think it's right of doctors to always propose new treatments to cancer patients when they know there's nothing to be done, they are just giving fake hope."
      Most doctors are not in the habit of encouraging their patients to undergo treatment that has very little chance of actually meaningfully treating their cancer or prolonging their life. When my step-grandfather was diagnosed with advanced-stage pancreatic cancer in his late 70s his oncologist gave him the facts about the treatment options available to him at that time, and never gave any false promises or fake hope. He choose palliative care and to pass away at home with his loving family there. This was a decision supported by those who loved him and his physicians because it was based in compassion and rooted in reality. For my grandfather, mother, and me undergoing treatment for our cancers was the sensible option. We're all thriving now.

      To say that everyone with cancer should just surrender to it is to say that every car with a mechanical problem should just be hauled off to the scrap yard. You have to look at particulars. If you owned a year-old Mercedes that was in perfect condition for the most part but needed a new battery, would you just accept that it's going to die, or would you do something about it? If your car was from the 1970s, had 300,000 miles on it and needed a new engine or something else that was expensive and labor-intensive and still couldn't guarantee that it would ever run properly again, it might be more prudent to just try to enjoy your final ride in it.

      ~ skylark

  19. QUESTION:
    Help with a novel I'm writing...?
    What are some terminal illnesses?

    • ANSWER:
      Ideopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
      Pulmonary Fibrosis is a disease inflicting the lung. What happens is that the air sacs progressively begin to fill up with fibrotic tissue. With the progression of time the tissue becomes denser, and prevents the transfer of oxygen into the bloodstream. Among the American community, 40,000 of the people fall victims to this fatal disease. Symptoms of the disease are shortness of breath, feeling of discomfort in the chest, loss of appetite, exhaustion, weariness and a dry irritating cough. Presently there is no specific cure for this disease. Individuals suffering from the disease are usually in their forties and fifties. Victims of the disease also suffer a loss in weight. There is no specific treatment for the disease as the drugs are still in the experimental phase.

      Lung Cancer
      Lung cancer is termed as another terminal illness, claiming the lives of millions of people across the United States. The reason is because Lung Cancer, in contrast to other forms of Cancer, cannot be treated with chemotherapy. It has a tendency of being diagnosed in its later stages, rather than in its earlier stages. People suffering from the disease, have a small chance of high life expectancy. Causes of the disease can be varied, some of which include exposure to the radioactive element Radon, or the silicate referred to as asbestos. Workers in chemical factories are at higher risks in this respect. Probably the most important cause of this deadly disease is the habit of smoking. This can cause irreversible damage to the human lung. Common symptoms relating to Lung Cancer patients are frequent coughs, constant and unbearable chest pain, shortness of breath, weakness in physical strength, significant weight loss and a loss of appetite.

      Patients in the advanced stages of lung cancer mean that the cancer cells were not able to confine themselves to the lung, and were able to spread to other parts of the body. Surgery in this respect would not solve the problem, especially if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes of the body. Suitable treatment options could be presented to the patients, in order to relieve their discomforts. The treatments will not cure them of the disease but simply relieve them of the discomforts associated with the disease. For patients with lung cancer, that has spread, and is not treatable with surgery, there are also treatments available, such as external beam radiation, cryotherapy, laser therapy and brachytherapy, to help improve symptoms caused by the lung cancer. They, however, do not cure the cancer Patients diagnosed with Lung cancer has a few weeks to live from the time of their diagnosis.

      Acute Leukemia
      Acute Leukemia sometimes referred to as acute lymphocytic leukemia, is a different form of cancer originating in the blood and bone marrow. This is a disease that usually targets the immature blood cells rather than the immature ones. Additionally it also affects the white blood cells known as lymphocytes which are required to fight infection. As a result these infected blood cells tend to increase with time, and eventually they destroy the healthy blood cells in the person, resulting in him being more vulnerable to infectious sicknesses. Individuals suffering from the fatal disease suffer from symptoms which include loss of weight, fever, decreased appetites and fatigue. Acute Leukemia can result in a shortage of both red and white cells. In its early stages ALL can form lumps in the lymph nodes of the neck, underarm, and stomach. It can also cause headache, fatigue, dizziness, seizures, vomiting, and distorted vision. This type of sickness is mostly prevalent in children and adolescents.

      Pancreatic Cancer
      Pancreatic cancer can be considered as one of the most fatal forms of cancer. It is one of the most serious of all cancers, which accounts for a vast amount of cancer deaths. This is a disease which forms when malignant cells form inside the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ which secretes enzymes which aid in the digestion of foods. The formation of a tumor within the pancreas prevents the release of the enzymes from the pancreas. This prevents the individual from digesting his or her food. With the result there would be a loss of weight in the individual and inevitably death, due to malnutrition. People suffering from pancreatic cancer suffer from symptoms, which include a very sharp pain in the upper part of the abdomen, which tends to possibly spread to the upper part of the neck and back. In addition they suffer a significant weight loss, a deep yellowish color of the skin and the whites of the eyes, and severe nausea and vomiting. Although there is some preventive treatment for this type of disease, victims of this disease have little hope of living, if the cancer is spread from the liver to other parts of the body.

      Hepatitis B
      Known as a disease which disrupts the function of the Liver, Hepatitis B is 100 more times more infectiou

  20. QUESTION:
    High Levels of Bilirubin in Cats?
    We took Greenlee, our 3 year old cat, into the vet to find out if there was an underlying medical issue for her urinating on the couch and rugs.

    There is definitely a medical issue of some sort. They did a full exam, and found everything to be normal. They also did a urinalysis, and a CBC/Chemistry Panel. They both came back with extremely HIGH levels of Bilirubin. They are not sure what's causing it. She has lost about 5 pounds within the last year or so, but has been eating and drinking normal. They think it could be a Bile Duct Block, Hepto-Cellular Damage, just something having to do with her Gallbladder or Liver.

    They have referred us to AVC (Advanced Veterinary Care) in Salt Lake City. We have an appointment at 8:45 tomorrow morning. They will be doing an ultrasound to hopefully find something.

    Just wondering, before I take her in, if anyone can give me an explanation of some possible causes for high bilirubin levels and weight loss? I can't seem to find any information online.

    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      The liver makes bilirubin as a by product of breaking down old red blood cells. This waste product is stored in bile in the gallbladder, then is passed down the bile duct from the gallbladder to the upper small intestine and eliminated from the body in the stool. Elevated levels of bilirubin mean that somewhere along the process has been interrupted. If the liver is damaged by infection with bacteria or fungi or viruses or there is a tumor in it or it is cirrhotic, it cannot put the bilirubin into the bile to be excreted. If there is something wrong with the gallbladder, it cannot store the bile. If the bile duct is blocked by liver swelling or pancreatic swelling from cancer or inflammation or small intestinal inflammation or cancer, the bilirubin goes into the blood instead of into the intestines. The kidneys can clear some of the blood bilirubin by putting it into the urine, which causes higher than normal levels of bilirubin there. The ultrasound can look at the internal structure of the liver and see if the bile ducts are swollen in the liver, if the gallbladder looks normal, and if you are very lucky, can get a glimpse of the pancreas and maybe even the bile duct (but these structures are very hard to see). The liver can often be biopsied by inserting a needle in it while guiding it with the ultrasound to check for liver problems and diagnose them. If nothing is found on the ultrasound, they may recommend additional blood tests to check for liver cell damage or pancreatic cell damage, dye tests to check the blood circulation through the liver, a CAT scan or MRI, or even an exploratory surgery to check out the bile duct, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and upper small intestine. Bacteria, viruses, abcesses,scar tissue, gallstones, metabolic diseases, tumors,sterile inflammatory processes, toxins, and some other conditions can cause the lab issues you are seeing here. If the cat had weight loss that was sudden, even that can cause high bilirubin levels from fat in the liver causing liver cell damage and death with resulting elevations in bilirubin. Since there are so many possibilities, a lot of testing has to be done to find out the cause in many cases. Once the cause is found then treatment options can be discussed. I hope that your cat has an easily found problem and one that is curable. Good luck to you!

  21. QUESTION:
    Why is it that the first thing someone does when diagnosed with cancer. . .?
    Is say yes to chemotherapy, drugs or radiotherapy?
    Why don't they step back, think rationally about what they need to do, and follow the natural way, so avoiding the debilitating side effects, the obscene expense, and disrupted relationships.
    The medical merry go round only addresses the symptoms and tries, by trail and error, to shrink a patients tumour, this deals with a symptom, and does not heal. What do you think?
    Hey, don't shoot the messenger. I survived cancer ( 10 years) without opting for chemo etc, by focusing on health and making lifestyle changes and getting back to basics, after lots of research into healing. I do not advocate being "green", I didn't say that, it's all about faith, mindset, optimum diet, exercise, healing sleep and not about apricot seeds, goji juice from the mountains, sourced by a tribe of Hunzas. And forget the phrase "in remission" How dare they. You are either healed or not as yet.
    And I agree, it's your choice, however many of us crave the attention and care that comes with an illness, there's more to it than meets the eye.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on which of the hundreds of malignancies you are asking about
      and what stage ? "Cancer" is not one disease.
      People should be presented options / treatment choices.
      For many of my patients, I offered the no chemotherapy option.
      Advanced stage non-small cell lung cancers are not likely to be cured with any of our chemotherapy regimens.
      Advanced pancreatic carcinomas are not cured with chemotherapy either.
      Yet some people insist on treatment with something - refusing to accept the fact that for some of these diseases we do not have good combination chemotherapy regimens.
      They feel like we are "giving up" on them if they receive no chemotherapy.
      It is very difficult to talk many people out of trying chemotherapy.
      I tried many times.
      - - - -
      I agree the costs of many chemotherapy agents are obscene.
      We have over 100 different drugs. Some are ridiculously expensive.
      You should know that the vast majority of the expense goes to the drug companies - not to the cancer chemotherapy specialist - the medical oncologist.
      I treated many patients at my own expense - people with curable diseases like Hodgkin's lymphoma - who could not pay.
      I still had to pay the drug companies for their medicines,
      so I donated my services and the services of my nurses and office staff AND paid for their drugs.
      - - - -
      Also, the argument that chemotherapy is not "natural" therapy does not hold water.
      One of our best new drugs - Taxol - comes the bark of the Pacific yew tree.
      Many of our chemotherapy agents come from plant sources.
      The difference is that they have been scientifically tested and found effective
      - unlike herbal / "natural" agents like apricot pits or coffee enemas.

  22. QUESTION:
    symptoms of tumors.......?
    what are the major symptoms of tumors on any part of the body except for the brain, but especially for the lungs
    Excuse me...signs of a tumor

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms
      Symptoms depend on the type and location of the tumor. For example, lung tumors may cause coughing, shortness of breath, or chest pain. Tumors of the colon can cause weight loss, diarrhea, constipation, iron deficiency anemia, and blood in the stool.
      Some tumors may not cause any symptoms. In certain tumors, such as pancreatic cancer, symptoms often do not start until the disease has reached an advanced stage.
      The following symptoms occur with most tumors:
      Chills
      Fatigue
      Fever
      Loss of appetite
      Malaise
      Night sweats
      Weight loss
      Back to TopExams and Tests
      Like the symptoms, the signs of tumors vary based on their site and type. Some tumors are obvious, such as skin cancer. However, most cancers cannot be seen during an exam because they are deep inside the body.
      When a tumor is found, a biopsy is performed to determine if the tumor is noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). Depending on the location of the tumor, the biopsy may be a simple procedure or a serious operation.
      Most patients with tumors have CT or MRI scans to determine the exact location of the tumor and how far it has spread. More recently, positron emission tomography (PET) scans have been used to find certain tumor types.
      Other tests include:
      Biopsy of the tumor
      Blood tests (to look for chemicals such as tumor markers)
      Bone marrow biopsy (most often for lymphoma or leukemia)
      Chest x-ray
      Complete blood count (CBC)
      Back to TopTreatment
      Treatment varies based on:
      The type of tumor
      Whether it is noncancerous or cancerous
      Its location
      If the tumor is benign (meaning it has no potential to spread) and is located in a "safe" area where it will not cause symptoms or affect the function of the organ, sometimes no treatment is needed.
      Sometimes benign tumors may be removed for cosmetic reasons, however. Benign tumors of the brain may be removed because of their location or harmful effect on the surrounding normal brain tissue.
      If a tumor is cancerous, possible treatments include:
      Chemotherapy
      Radiation
      Surgery
      A combination of these methods
      If the cancer is in one location, the goal of treatment is usually to remove the tumor with surgery. If the tumor has spread to local lymph nodes only, sometimes these can also be removed. If all of the cancer cannot be removed with surgery, the options for treatment include radiation and chemotherapy, or both. Some patients need a combination of surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
      Lymphoma (cancer of the lymph glands) is rarely treated with surgery. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are most often used for treating lymphoma.

advanced pancreatic cancer treatment options

Adam Yauch Parotid Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How do I get a hold of Adam Yauch from Beastie Boys?
    He has parotid cancer and I had that six years ago. I want to tell him which doctor to go to.

    • ANSWER:
      wow pretty seriouse question all that over guy can say is be imature nob sorry i dont no how to contact him i just wanted to say about that twat

  2. QUESTION:
    What kind of cancer does Adam Yaunch of the BEastie boys have?
    how old is he?? 46???

    • ANSWER:
      Adam Nathaniel Yauch - Born 5 August 1964 - 44 Years of age. Diagnosed with Cancerous Tumor - Left Parotid(Salivary) Gland. Was found early! Tour has been cancelled and the Postponement of their forthcoming album, Hot Sauce Committee Part1.

      :-)

  3. QUESTION:
    Did Adam Yauch die of lung cancer?
    I'm pretty sure he was a smoker.

    • ANSWER:
      The hip-hop and pop music
      world was saddened to hear that
      Adam Yauch of the Beastie Boys
      died at at the age of 47. He had
      been battling parotid gland
      cancer. As you may know, one of
      my hobbies is to analyze facial
      features, particularly jaw
      configurations in relation to
      one’s ability to breathe and sleep
      properly at night. I came across
      this picture on MSNBC, showing
      Mr. Yauch’s narrow and recessed
      mandible, along with a very
      narrow and pinched in nose.
      Having small jaws leads to airway
      crowding, predisposing to
      breathing problems while in
      deep sleep during muscle
      relaxation.
      There’s nothing more public
      about his health status besides
      his cancer, but one of his
      hallmark features was his raspy
      voice. If he had upper airway
      resistance syndrome, it’s likely he
      also had laryngopharyngeal
      reflux disease. Besides
      aggravating hoarseness, reflux
      can also cause chronic oral cavity,
      nasal and lung inflammation,
      potentially leading to a multitude
      of health problems. It’s also very
      likely that he didn’t like to sleep
      on his back, and had
      unrefreshing sleep. Studies are
      beginning to show that lack of
      good sleep may also be a risk
      factor for cancer.
      All this is speculation, but
      celebrities are also modern
      humans, being susceptible to
      craniofacial features that can
      lead to sleep-related breathing
      disorders.

  4. QUESTION:
    which beastie boy is sick?

    • ANSWER:
      adam yauch he has an infected lymph node and cancer of a parotid gland

adam yauch parotid cancer

About Lung Cancer Treatment

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is the best cancer treatment facility you know of?
    Actual evidence to your claims will be nice.
    My Grandma has localized lung cancer and needs surgery and treatment immediately. Where should I take her? I live in Southern California if that matters. Please help and thank you for your time!

    • ANSWER:
      Unless you need a specialized treatment center, like if you had a sarcoma or something, it really doesn’t matter. We practice evidence based medicine in this country, so one hospital is not going to know something special that all the other hospitals don’t know and people get excellent care at community hospitals as they do in the famous hospitals.
      However, surgery is very dependent on the surgeon and one of the best, if not the best; in the country for lung cancer is Robert McKenna at Cedars.
      If she needs immediate treatment she should probably stay where she is.

  2. QUESTION:
    How can a person with cancer get treatment if they do not have insurance?
    My dear friend has lung cancer, and cannot get treatment due to the fact her insurance has dropped her. Are there any programs or facilities that will help an individual?

    • ANSWER:
      In my state, Mass. it takes up to 1 yr to get on SSI. No hospital in this country is supposed to refuse anyone treatments. You can try other hospitals. Call the American Cancer Society, or Cancer treatment Centers. The hospitals are everywhere. Go on line and look up the nearest one to you. After treatments are finished. Sue that hospital that denied you treatments or your friend. There is help out there. YOu have to try and find it. My best friend is going through that right now. Her husband had a massive heart attack and stoke all at the same time. He is being treated by the best Docs in Boston. 4 days ago, he underwent open heart surgery for a triple by-pass. They have no insurance either. Now, if this can be done for them. I'm sure something can be done for your friend. Keep looking you will find it. Blessings and I wish your friend the best.

  3. QUESTION:
    what is the best natural treatment for lungs cancer?
    Is lungs cancer curable with natural treatment, if so what is the best natural treatment which cures fast. Also what is the duration of cure and control.

    • ANSWER:
      There certainly is a natural cure for cancer! And, I know how to help someone to do it. If I post it here, others would ridicule me (you'll see it in the "thumbs down" section). It's almost like how they laughed at Christopher Columbus when he said that the world wasn't flat.... and like when Galileo stated that our planet wasn't the center of the universe. Discoveries have been made but have been suppressed by the bigger forces that be. You don't hear it on the news, coz you know why? Just watch your commercials nowadays and you will know who is at the control base of what is aired and not aired!

      Lung cancer progressively heals within 2-3 months depending on the stage of it, the age of the sufferer, their overall health state, how much this person has been hacked up by the medical profession, and much more.

  4. QUESTION:
    What are my chances of surviving lung cancer with treatment?
    My doctor found a spot called a pulmonary nodule on my lung that may or may not be cancerous. Im worried that it is. What are my chances of surviving lung cancer? I am 19 years old and have been smoking for 5 years. I know emphazema runs in my family but im not too sure about lung cancer. Can someone please help me?

    • ANSWER:
      Most pulmonary nodules are benign, meaning it isn't cancerous. However there is a chance it could be malignant. I suppose the good news (other than it moree liekly being benign) is that it has been found early. Lung cancer is hard to treat radically (intent to cure), however it can be done. Being young, you are a good candidate for surgery to remove it if it is in a good position. You would also be fit enough to have chemotherapy, so if it is malignant it can be treated. But don't worry yourself about it, don't keep thinking on how it could be cancerous. And I suggest quitting smoking, but it is a personal choice.

  5. QUESTION:
    What are the treatments for lung cancer?
    I know theres many types of lung cancer, but of the more serious types, what are the treatments?

    How affective are they?

    What are the survival rates for anyone with any type of lung cancer?

    Please tell me everything you know about treatment, survival rates, diagnosis, etc.

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      lung cancer is being diagnosed by the x-ray, biopsy mainly the treatment part is it we have the surgical removal either partly or totally and radio therapy--chemo therapy-only in non invasive and stage one the longevity could be predicted in other cases es the complication over rid the disease result in fatalty ---please read ---www.webmd.com/lung cancer/lung cancer-prognosis

  6. QUESTION:
    How long is the life expectancy of someone with stage 4 lung cancer without treatment? ?
    A dear friend recently learned he has stage 4 lung cancer (which has likely spread to other organs/tissue.) He is refusing conventional treatment. I would like to know roughly how much time he has.

    • ANSWER:
      3-4 months.

  7. QUESTION:
    What is the right food for lung Cancer patient?
    My mother is at the 4th stage of Non-Small Lung Cancer. She is under Chemotherapy treatment. Now sometimes whatever she eats or drinks make her to cough and it takes long time to stop coughing. She now gets scare of eating and drinking everything.

    Could anyone tell me that what are the right food or drink to give her so she would never cough?

    • ANSWER:
      I'm really sorry for you mom, I've done some research and found this article that should give you enough info
      http://interesting-science-facts.blogspot.com/2009/02/lung-cancer-compact-decsription-and.html

      Best of luck

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the major vaccines treatments, or therapies for lung cancer?
    I need to know the major treatments for lung cancer, thanks a lot,
    Please no wikipedia.com, just need to know the treatments thank you
    And also worldwide accessibility, as in who can get the treatment, and how much does it generally cost? NO wikipedia.org please.

    • ANSWER:
      I take chemo every three weeks. The two main drugs dripped into my arm are Pemetrexed and Carboplatin. I am at the Orlando branch of M D Anderson. It is my understanding that this is the general standard treatment for lung cancer. Mine is stage iv. I have had only one tretment so don't know how much the chemo cost. But the cost of all the test are out of this world!!

  9. QUESTION:
    My aunt was diagnosed with lung cancer and is declining treatment ?
    Just got off the phone with my dad who said his sister- my aunt who is 59 was just diagnosed with lung cancer and is declining treatment because it has spread/ he didn't go into too much detail but what is she doing!? How will this kill her with no treatment! I'm scared for her and sad

    • ANSWER:
      she is doing exactly as she should do... the only thing you can do is get your rest, eat healthy...take vitamins and try to take homeopathic remedies such as Essiac Tea.

      chemo and Radiation is not only a death sentence, it'll make whatever time she has left MISERABLE..... trust me, I know what I'm talking about.... I've seen it over and over..
      Be with her as much as you can and unfortunately you can't cure lung cancer unless you can remove the tumor... if it's spread, it's too late...
      My Step father is a lung cancer survivor of 8 years with half a lung removed... they got his just in time... and he didn't go through any chemo or radiation...

  10. QUESTION:
    How much cancer treatment costs in United States?
    I want to know how much can it costs in USD to get treatment of a lung cancer surgery and after treatment?!

    OR... any kind of treatment of Cancer in United States can cost!

    I want to know an average of how can it costs!

    • ANSWER:
      Usually hundreds of thousands of dollars Amy.
      I've seen it go to a million $$$$.
      People who have no insurance can never pay the bill.
      I treated many cancer/leukemia patients at my own expense.
      Plastic surgeons can turn away non-paying people who want liposuction
      or breast implants. Cancer doctors cannot morally or ethically turn away
      people with life threatening illnesses because of inability to pay.
      Hospitals have to plan for the non-pay people in the USA.
      How - They overcharge the people who have insurance.
      A person with insurance in a hospital may pay for two other people
      who have no insurance and cannot pay. That is the only way hospitals
      can stay solvent in our very screwed up American system.
      The result is that health insurance costs more and more,
      and those of us who pay for our health insurance wind up paying
      for the people who do not buy health insurance.
      As an individual doctor, I just lost money since I would not turn away
      people who could not pay. I never made the "big money" that people think
      all doctors make. I could have made a lot of money - if I only took the
      paying patients like the plastic surgeons do, but I did not go into medicine
      to make a lot of money.

  11. QUESTION:
    What is the best treatment for radiation burns from cancer treatment?
    My cousin has stage 4 lung cancer and has been on radiation treatments for 3 weeks to reduce tumors. Wondering if anyone can give me information on really good products to help treat the resulting radiation burns.

    • ANSWER:
      His oncologist should give him a prescription for a soothing burn cream. I was very lucky, as my radiation didn't burn my head or face. It just turned a really tan color.

      Aww, mommy to super Conrad it's a shame you don't allow people to add you. I've met so many wonderful people on here in the worst of situations. Prayers and Blessings to your little man.

  12. QUESTION:
    What would be the rational to treating a lung cancer patient with both radiation and chemotherap for treatmen?
    What would be the rational to treating a lung cancer patient with both radiation and chemotherap for treatment?

    Patient would be a 59 year old female with lung cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      It's a shotgun approach to blow the cancer away rather than risk missing it.

  13. QUESTION:
    Is there any hospital in the Philippines offering cryosurgery to treat lung cancer?
    My dad was diagnosed with NSC lung cancer and heard of this treatment, instead of going to China, it would be so much better if it's offered too here in the Philippines

    • ANSWER:
      i am not really sure
      search it on line
      call your local hospitals

  14. QUESTION:
    How do you deal with the fact, your mother is dying of lung cancer and her days have been numbered?
    My mother was diagnosed with stage 3b large cell lung cancer. She has been undergoing chemo and radiation treatments for several weeks now. She is weak and just a shell of who she used to be. How am I supposed to keep smiling when I am watching her fade into death?

    • ANSWER:
      You aren't supposed to. Don't be afraid to show ur true feelings.. No one in the world expects you to act happy. Now is the time to be honest so you have no regrets on what you should have done differently. My uncle died of lung cancer and it was very very hard and sad at first, but after watching him suffer for so long, you just want them to pass so they are out of pain and not suffering. You will miss her terribly, but you will also know that she's not suffering. I'm not saying you will be happy to see her go and want this, but if there is no chance for recovery then comfort in knowing she's no longer in pain is a very powerful thing.

  15. QUESTION:
    How much would monthly payments be for lung cancer?
    We are in Health careers & the scenario we have states that our patient has lung cancer. We are trying to calculate the approximate monthly payment for the treatment of Lung cancer. (She does not qualify for medicaid.) & how much would it be a year?

    • ANSWER:
      If surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy are all employed,
      you are looking at hundreds of thousands of dollars over a year.
      Let's say it comes to 0,000. That would be ,000 per month.
      I have never seen a patient who could pay this out of pocket.
      If they have no health insurance - as with 40 million Americans -
      I had to treat these people at my own expense
      even paying the cost of their chemotherapy drugs.
      This is of course just a ball park figure.
      Every person is different, and fees vary from state to state or city to city.
      The total cost could be more than or less than 0,000.

  16. QUESTION:
    How long does a lung cancer patient have to live without treatment?
    My grandmother was diagnosed with lung cancer, it has grown from the size of a grape to the size of a golf ball in a month. She won't do any chemo/radiation or surgery, because she wants the time she has left to be good, and the docs said she has a year left. BUT ... first, if it's grown that fast, how can she have a year? And every instance of lung cancer I've ever heard of has had the patients die much sooner ... like Peter Jennings was given six months and lived like two weeks, and another I read about was given a year and died less than three months later. How long does she have, realistically?

    • ANSWER:
      Your grandmother is wise to avoid chemo for lung cancer. It is truly ineffective.

      It's impossible to predict how long a particular person will live with their cancer. The stats only apply to averages, which consists of those who lived longer and those who lived less time.

      I cured my own Stage 4 cancer nine years ago with hot peppers, garlic and fish oil. If I had been losing weight, I would have used evening primrose oil in place of the fish oil.

      Maybe your grandmother would be interested in doing something like that...something that doesn't make a person sick while being treated.

      Good luck and be well.

      Kelley

  17. QUESTION:
    Is Tarceva a safe cancer treatment? What are your experiences, or what have you heard?
    My mother has lung cancer, and the doctor suggested this new drug that has been out for about 5 years called Tarceva. Is it safe? Have you heard any storys on it?

    • ANSWER:
      My dad took Iressa which is very similar to Tarceva and it gave him a huge chunk of quality time. when, dealing with drugs to treat cancer none of them are "safe". However, the side effects from chemo are much worse. The only obvious side effect he had was skin rashes. Almost like adult acne. Of all the lung cancer treatments out there this is the most promising. Good luck to your mom, I wish you and your family the best.

  18. QUESTION:
    What are cancer treatment options when the patient also has Parkinson's Disease?
    A dear friend of mine has Stage 3A lung cancer, but also has Parkinson's Disease, and there appear to be limited treatment options. Can anyone provide some guidance on this issue?

    • ANSWER:
      My sympathy and thoughts go out to you and your friend. I have been with a Research company for the past 10 years and they have had some remarkable results with a product called Transfer Factor. I have literally been witness to hundreds of cases where the success has been incredible with Cancer. It has also had good results with Parkinson's disease. You might want to look into it for your friend. The product is completely natural. It is geared towards raising your immune intelligence and training your body's best defense to deal with foreign invaders of all kinds. It's an advancement in biotechnology that has over 3,000 clinical studies. You can find more about it by visiting:

      www.4lifetransferfactorstore.com

      That site has testimonials from many people who have experienced the benefits of Transfer Factor, plus their are some clinical study results, and more information on how Transfer Factor works.

      I wish the best for you and your friend during this difficult time.

  19. QUESTION:
    What prognosis doea a patient have with copd and lung cancer?
    My husband has had copd for 4 years and now has lung cancer and also has traveled to the lymph node, what prognosis will he have with no treatment?

    • ANSWER:
      Ma'am I hate to say this but Lung cancer is quite bad esp in the stage you are describing. With COPD its worse primarily because an already compromised lung cant compensate for cancer and treatment related further lung damage.

  20. QUESTION:
    If a person has lung cancer and lymph nodes are discovered there, can they be cured with radiation or chemo?
    My sister was operated on for lung cancer, the mass removed. Now doctors have discoverd lymph nodes at the top of her lungs and are suggesting radiation or chemo. What will be the results? Could she be cured?

    • ANSWER:
      Both.

      Can she be cured is the question. It depends on which TYPE of radiation is used. I wouldn't go for TRADITIONAL radiation. I would use DR. Gil Lederman in New York. http://RSNY.org is his webpage to see what he does, he specialises in this. I went to him for two months. He's fantastic. He will return your call immediately. 1-212-995-6700 ask for RSNY- Dr. Lederman. It is Cabrini Medical Center in Manhattan.2270East 19th Street. Don't be decieved that it looks like an old run down hospital because it's New York. Once you get inside and see the updated equipment, you will be very extremely impressed with this hospital.

      Also there is a special LUNG HOSPITAL if you google "lung cancer", you will find this. or 'lung cancer hospital'. They even do lung transplants now there. I spoke to a personal representative immediately on line, she recommended a lot of stuff to me, but her alternative thing was MD. ANDERSON cancer clinic in texas. THEN if that didn't work, return to them.

      So MD worked so far I suppose. My local doctors are working inconnection with MD Anderson, I go back and forth every three months since last July for comparison check ups. So far, at least all we've done this time is it has stopped growing, not illiminating it, but stopped growing, at least. Wow, almost a year, bummer. But this natural stuff, I FEEL it, I feel differently, I can't wait for the next scans!

      http://www.aworldwithoutcancer also is NATURAL way to go
      http://healingcanceral naturally.com but slower. Get her the treatments FIRST, then get started on these natural stuff ok?
      LYMPH NODES is serious, that means that it has spread to the blood stream and is in the REST OF THE BODY. She MUST have Chemotherapy to get those out IMMEDIATELY. Then the radiation probably is how they will do it.

      Best wishes. Get her started on this natural stuff soon as posssible too. My doctor doesn't care that I am on it. He says philophsy is -- " If you THINK it is working, it MAY help you get better", because it is POSITIVE thinking and he much much believes a cancer patient NEEDS positive thinking. But if a cancer patient doesn't think that a certain treatment he is on will work, there is a very good chance that it won't work. Because of the negative thinking too. What a weird reaction we can have on our own bodies huh? But it's true. My brother in law just died of bladder cancer, he didn't beleive his chemotheraphy or ANY treatments would work on him, he was TOTALLY negative during the year and a half of all his treatments, etc. I could see the difference. Sometimes things would excell to be really good, then he would say, "It's just a fluke", then it would go bad again. So keep her positive. DON'T LET PEOPLE SAY, 'I'm Sorry" to her. Because she already IS. Those words HURT to us. Instead say -- I have heard of your situation and HOPE THINGS WILL IMPROVE or something like that. In other words -- tell them to be positive to her when people visit, do not say negative things like -- I am sorry, that is negative and makes one cry or hurt in heart -- ok? They teach us that in therapy!

      again, best wishes. It's going to be a LONG hard time ahead. Especially for the care-giver. That person will need help too. so when people ASK -:what can I do? LET THEM HELP. Let them do a "chemo" day with her. LET THEM babysit half a day with her when the time comes, etc OK? It will help her spirits too, EVEN IF SHE SLEEPS through it. She will wake now and then! I spent my time in a huge easy chair in the den or on our couch and my friends and family just surrounded me during the day and literally baby sat me through it and still do. It is amazing how that lifts your spirit.

  21. QUESTION:
    What all different treatments are there for lung cancer?
    What is every treatment or medication out there for lung cancer?

    (also if you know any reliable ".gov" or ".edu" websites that I can learn about lung cancer on please share)

    • ANSWER:
      There are many many treatments for lung cancer, it depends what stage the cancer is at, and what Type of treatment you are looking for. I have pasted a few links for you to look at. The first one is about serrapeptase, it's a non pharmaceutical drug that has been around for years and has brought remarkable healing to many people from all sorts of health conditions. It's also for animals.

      My dog had an oral cancerous tumor and after 3 weeks of being given serrapeptase, his tumor is gone.

      The last link will teach you all about lung cancer.

  22. QUESTION:
    Can adenocarcinoma lung cancer be completely cured?
    My friend has been diagnosed with adenocarcinoma lung cancer and is under chemo treatment. Is it possible she can be cured?

    • ANSWER:
      I asked my wife doctor about this I guess it depends on what stage of cancer. The odds are not good after stage 1.

  23. QUESTION:
    Can cancer spread to the brain when someone is haveing chemo for lung cancer?
    I have stage 4 lung cancer. The doctor said it was not in my brain in june 07 I have had 11 chemo treatments so far and it seams to be working.
    i'm 46 now. I have been having headaches....

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, unfortunately it can. But the hope is that the chemotherapy treatments you are having was able to kill the microscopic cancer before it reached the brain. There is something called the blood-brain barrier where it is difficult for most chemo drugs to cross. There are now specific chemo drugs that will cross that barrier and can kill metastatic cancer (Temodar is one). Your doctor should continue to monitor you and should you have any symptoms (unusual headaches) tell your doctor right away. There is also treatment for metastatic brain lesions if they are found early (gamma knife or even surgery is possible). It is something that you should be aware of, but there is no sense in dwelling on it . . as stated, hopefully the chemo you've had has taken care of the microscopic disease already.

      Stay strong. There is always hope.

  24. QUESTION:
    How can you tell if someone has lung cancer?
    How can you tell if someone has lung cancer?
    My boss lost a lot of weight I think he has lung cancer. He keep coughing and he looks very week . When he does cough it is in a very week way . I think he Hiding it from everyone. He keeps drinking whight gain shake. Just last year he was saying how he wants to lose weight Now he cant keep it on. I see him only every few week but he seems week over the phone . He does not look like he,s on chemo. I feel so bad for him.

    • ANSWER:
      Sometimes there is no way to tell. I have stage iv lung cancer and you would not know it by just looking at me. He may just have a respiratory illness. He may be hiding it if he is losing weight, but that isn't a tell tale sign, I put on 14 pounds while on chemo. There are also some chemo treatments that do not create hair loss so can't go by that either. The only way to know for sure is if he says anything, or you ask him... or wait.. time will tell.

  25. QUESTION:
    How long do stage 4 lung cancer patients usually survive?
    How long would a stage 4 lung cancer patient survive? Especially considering the fact he still smokes cigarettes.

    • ANSWER:
      It depends on a lot of factors including his pre-existing health, age, what other organs the cancer has gone to, etc.

      In general, the vast majority of people with metastatic lung cancers will die within a year of diagnosis, with most dying within half a year. These are just averages, of course: some will die during the month they're diagnosed, and a very small percent might live two years with aggressive treatment.

      If this person matters to you, you should definitely prepare for the fact that they will not be around for a very long time.

  26. QUESTION:
    How does Lung Cancer affect other parts of your body?
    I was doing a little bit of a research, and I wanted to know what effects can Lung Cancer have on other parts of your body.
    Can it go into your lymph nodes and spread to other parts of your body?
    Does it have an effect on systems other than the Respiratory System?
    What are some unique symptoms of it, and what is it commonly mistaken for?
    And most importantly, how does it start?

    Please try to answer as much as you can, thank you!

    • ANSWER:
      No one can definitively tell how cancer starts.
      Lung cancer starts in several different ways.
      Everyone reacts differently to treatment.
      Lung cancer can spread to every cell in the body.
      Lung cancer can affect every system in the body.
      The only thing unique about lung cancer is that it is the most lethal of the cancers.

      So it really doesn't matter what you write in your little story.
      The biggest mistake kids are making in their stories is to say the patient had only x amount of time to live. No one knows how long a cancer patient will live unless their organs have started shutting down. Then they can make a good guess.

  27. QUESTION:
    What should I do about having lung cancer and being Pregnant?
    I have stage three non-small lung cancer and Im about 6weeks pregnant. This will be my third child. I dont know what to do. What should I do?

    • ANSWER:
      Talk to your cancer specialist and a specialist in high risk pregnancies (NOT a regular OB) to learn about what treatments CAN be done while pregnant and see what you can do while still buying time to get the baby through the pregnancy. There ARE some cancer treatments that can be done during pregnancy to attempt to slow progression while buying baby time to grow, and then when baby is out they can start the heavier stuff. Cancer treatment rarely begins instantly anyway, usually test test tests and consultations that can take up to a month at least, and then the treatment.

  28. QUESTION:
    Is it rare to get lung cancer at an early age?
    Is it rare to get lung cancer at an early age? How long does it take before you die? Also can it be stopped via lung transplants?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it would be extremely rare to have lung cancer at an early age . . there are biological reasons . . the biology of a child is different than that of an older adult . . thus age groups have different types of cancers . . there are specific cancers for four identified age groups. What this means is that cancer is often age specific .. there are cancers of childhood, cancers of adolescents, cancers of young adults, and cancers of older adults (over 50). Lung cancer is almost predominately a disease of older adults and sometimes adults younger than 50 will get it also. It is very rare to occur in children, adolescents, or young adults under 30. However, cancer is deceptive and for every rule there is an exception . . so, while rare . . yes, children and the young can develop a subtype of lung cancer.

      Even with advanced stages, no one knows how long an individual will survive. Treatment for lung cancer would generally not involve a lung transplant.

      You can locate young lung cancer survivors online at groups such as Planet Cancer and I'm too young for this

      http://www.planetcancer.org/
      http://i2y.com/

  29. QUESTION:
    What is a typical day like with lung cancer?
    I am doing a presentation on lung cancer and I wanted to add something extra besides facts. I want to know what a normal day would be like for a person that is living with lung cancer or perhaps what a day is like when you get treatment. Anyone care to share your stories?

    • ANSWER:
      You want “to add something extra besides facts”?!
      Are you serious? Maybe you are planning a degree in journalism.
      One person’s treatment is not the same as the next. I would think you would know that gathering all of your facts.
      If you want to add some sort of shock factor look up how a lobectomy is done and look up what rib spreaders are. If this is not horrifying I don’t know what is. While you are at it you can look up pictures on normal healthy lungs and ones with cancer and include them in your presentation the difference is striking.

  30. QUESTION:
    How Long Did It Take You or Your Family Member to Begin Cancer Treatment?
    I need help for a project I am doing for personal reasons - my mother died of lung cancer. If you or your loved one has/had cancer, how long did it take from when it was suspected to when they started treatment? Any doctors who can tell me about the steps from initial suspicion to diagnosis and then treatment and how long it takes from the suspicion to treatment (on average) would be great. If you can cite a source, that'd be just great too. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I had a red spot on a breast and ignored it for about a month, thinking maybe it was a rash. I finally saw my doc, he sent me for a mammogram asap (which was a week or so). I think they did an ultrasound right after that, and a biopsy the next day, like a Thursday. Saw a surgeon Fri. and had surgery Monday. That got infected so I didn't start chemo until a couple months later, as I had to be hospitalized for i.v. antibiotics and heal.

  31. QUESTION:
    How long does someone with lung cancer typically live?
    Someone in my family was just diagnosed with it, and I tried looking it up, but all I found were scary statistics. Most said that people with lung cancer don't typically live longer than a year. That can't be right, can it?
    Is that statistic just for people who don't have it treated? I really want to know because those statistics scared me a little.
    Any help is appreciated!

    • ANSWER:
      Hello:
      Im Carol I am so far a survivor of small cell carcinoma:
      Usually you live only a few years at most. But if you have
      part of the lung where the cancer is removed and go through
      chemo and than radiation you have a better chance of living.
      They took my left lung July 2004 I spent 3 weeks in the hospital
      and than chemo and radiation.
      Most of the time the doctors don't want to remove part of the
      lung because your chances of surviving the surgery is high but
      I made it and now I have to do treatment 2 X a day with a breathing Machine with a steroid treatment. But I am alive and I try not to
      let the cancer slow me down. A lot of it is I don't give up and I
      refuse to be depressed and I look around and say I can help that
      person do what ever than I just do it. for the 4th of july I made
      cotton candy at a fund raiser. But I have never learned to accept
      what the doctor says as fact. When they say your going to die
      in a year I just say your not God and I don't have a expiration date on me any where so Im here till God calls me home.
      A friend of mine was dx with lung cancer too and he was starting to
      give up but he is doing prity good now. that has been around a year.
      So if pep talks will help do it. If prayer will help do it and if laughter
      will help do it and if surgery will help do it. same with any treatments.
      But don't give up

  32. QUESTION:
    Can a cat which was never exposed to cigarette smoke or smokers contract lung cancer?
    Our 12 year old female cat which lives with us in a top floor apartment has been diagnosed (via x-rays) as having lung cancer. She has never been exposed to cigarette smoke or smokers. Is this possible and is there a cure?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, it is possible and I'm afraid there is no cure. I lost my cat Sierra to lung cancer a couple of years ago.

      It started as what is known as "feline lung-digit syndrome": I took him to the vet because he had pain in his front right paw and was limping. It turned out he had lung cancer which had spread throughout his body. One tumor was in his right front paw.

      The tumors cause a lot of pain. There is no treatment available, although I kept him loaded up with pain meds. After only about a month I was forced to euthanize him on his 12th birthday. I had it done at home by a mobile vet. He died in my arms.

      I'm sorry to tell you that you'll need to think about final arrangements for your kitty. I'm very, very sorry.

  33. QUESTION:
    can lung cancer in the beginning stage be cured?
    i mean the 1st stage of lung cancer...
    what all treatment should a person having lung cancer go through?
    after the treatment he/she will become perfectly alright?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes! I don't even know what stage of Cancer I had, but it was found on a post op x-ray. I had no symptoms at all. Since it was in an upper and a lower lobe, my lung was removed. That was in 1997. There was no need fr me to have any chemo or anything since the Cancer was removed.
      Mind you, if after intense testing, you have it somewhere else in your body, that will not operate, they put you on chemo.
      Considering my medical history since that time...I am doing fine with one lung, though two is always better!

  34. QUESTION:
    Is there anything out there to treat the symptoms of lung cancer?
    There is a family friend that has stage 4 liver cancer and after a recent scan they have found spots on her lung. She is curently undergoing chemo therapy weekly but the symptoms of the lung cancer is what is alling her. She is short of breathe, fever, cough. Right now we are more interested in cureing the symptoms than the cancer. Is there any treatment out there that would help with the symtoms?

    If are in the medical industry or have been through this please make sure to tell me in your answer.
    Also she has never been a drinker or smoker.

    • ANSWER:
      You didnt hear this from me, but marijuana will help with the symptoms, especially the nausa. She obviously cant smoke it, but she can bake them into brownies. Otherwise have her MAKE her doctor get her on some painkiller of some kind like vicodin. Good luck and I hope she makes it.

  35. QUESTION:
    How long do people live with lung cancer when chemo is not an option?
    I just heard of a man who has lung cancer, in his mid-60's, and his liver is to bad for any chemo to be done. I didn't want to ask his sister, who is the one I know, how long he has but I was curious. Without chemo is lung cancer probably only a matter of a month or two or can one live along time. It is stage 2 lung cancer on a man with severe liver damage as the man has battled alcoholism and also the man has some kidney disease.

    • ANSWER:
      Next best option isto go in for 'target therapy' to prolong life and to have a cure too. Details follow--------------

      *CANCER/HIV PREVENTION & Cure:-- Details Made available ‘free of cost’ right @ Ur door-steps with the aid of Target Therapy.
      Beware of Cancer Symptoms: Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, fatigue-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic bloating, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, hemoptysis. etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, lymphatic system, Spleen, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.

      ‘Target Therapy’ [Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies] proved to be effective for all types of cancer [including brain tumors, leukemia, melanoma, Crohn’s Disease, bone marrow cancer, breast cancer, etc., ] & all the most dreaded and incurable diseases.

      TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      Dr.Vora designed it in such a way that the costs are the least for the survival/rescue of common man and the poor in villages, towns and metropolis on the globe; with NO insurance cover & NO money to bear the costs of chemo. It is most suitable to all the youngsters on this entire globe.
      U may study it, discuss with Ur family members/friends/acquaintances and slowly and steadily implement it for the best results.

      •No side effects and no risk. If it clicks, mostly possible, U shall have a cure. Lest, the therapy keeps mum. No extra risk. It is the most suitable line of treatment even for the terminally ill patients. Cancer cure/prevention is quite possible. U may try it for any incurable disease including cancer of any organ[s], post-surgical recurrence of tumors, Leukemia, HIV/AIDS, Crohn’s Syndrome, Gilbert’s Syndrome, colon cancer, Thalassemia, Alzheimer’s Syndrome, Muscular Dystrophy, Autism, bone TB., Tinnitus, all brain & spinal cord disorders, CLL, Crohn’s Syndrome, endometriosis, etc., ---it should aim @ [3] steps.
      1. Removal of toxins from all internal organs & purging through Normal Drainage systems, feces, urine, skin, lungs, menses [females].
      2. Activating all the internal organs to make each & every organ to function up to optimum levels, by purging out toxins.
      3. Supplying vitamins, nutrients, micro-nutrients, minerals, trace elements for invigorating the entire Immune system to produce antibodies.
      All items for a cure—available in Ur vicinity all over the globe.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  36. QUESTION:
    How long does lung cancer take to kill you?
    approximately how long does it take for lung cancer to kill you, and what are some of the signs that it's advanced (e.g. tiredness, strong fever)? or advanced enough for nothing to help.

    • ANSWER:
      Cancers spread at different rates in each patient, so only a doctor after many tests can attempt to make a diagnosis of this. It can also depend on how different people respond to the treatment given.

      With lung cancer patients sadly by the time an initial diagnosis has been made the cancer is to often too advanced for a cure.

      My brother did not even have a cough until the end, though he was very weak and tired when he was diagnosed. By this time the cancer had spread and he only lived for a few months.

      The sooner the diagnosis is made the better, then treatment can be started, so checking out any symptoms with the doctor is essential as soon as possible as these symptoms could be a number of things.

  37. QUESTION:
    How long do people wit lung cancer usually live?
    Do they live like years or just months?
    And how long can a person live with lung cancer?

    Also can it cause fainting?

    *I don't have lung cancer, nor do I know anyone who does.

    • ANSWER:
      I have stage iv non operable lung cancer. I was diagnosed in May of 2006, nearly three years ago now. Fewer than 5 out of every 100 people (less than 5%) diagnosed with stage 4 non small cell lung cancer will live for at least 5 years. My prognosis was perhaps only one year with palliative chemo treatments.
      Chemo treatments haven't ridden me of any tumors and they have grown some, but with lifestyle, and diet change along with a huge positive attitude, I am still surviving.
      I just don't know when it will all blow up in my face, but for now I'm living with it.

      I suppose fainting could be caused by lung cancer. Fainting could be brought on by a very harsh cough, or perhaps low blood counts due to chemo.

  38. QUESTION:
    How come some smokers get lung cancer and some never do?
    and non smokers get lung cancer?
    .
    and if smoking merely increases the chances.....why is there so much hysterical anti-smoking feeling around?

    • ANSWER:
      Hmmm. Men are 23 times more likely to develop lung cancers if they are chronic cigarette smokers.
      That is not a mere association. That is an overwhelming cause and effect.

      Malignancies are far more complicated than the average person thinks.
      A confluence of factors leads to a malignant clone of genetically altered cells which have the capacity to grow without normal human body restraints. The person must first be susceptible to genetic alterations caused by carcinogenic chemicals - of which there are dozens in tobacco / cigarette smoke. Then the immune system must drop its guard and allow that clone to grow. Over many years a lung carcinoma will grow until it is large enough to be seen on any x-rays or scans. Lung cancers must be even larger to cause any symptoms. Symptoms occur only in the very last, most advanced stages of the disease. By then it is too late. The barn door has long been open - all the horses have gone - and they have had baby horses already - before you find out.

      I like the answer by "serengeti_lion"
      and "katiefrehner" who said it was a matter of luck.
      It is indeed a matter of luck.

      In the Canadian study I often quote - 1 in 6 men who were chronic smokers developed lung cancers - so it is a slow form of Russian roulette.
      Male smokers - lifetime risk of lung cancer 1 in 6
      Female smokers – risk of lung cancer is 1 in 9
      Risk of lung cancer in non-smokers is 1 in 77
      Can J Public Health. 1994 Nov-Dec;85(6):385-8.
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7895211

      But that means 5 of 6 smokers did not develop lung cancers. They "got away with it" - though many died prematurely with emphysema or cardiovascular disease. I would guess about half of people who are chronic smokers "get away with it."

      The trouble is this - if you do develop a smoking related disease - the treatment is very expensive and a burden on everyone. And that disease could have been prevented if you had not smoked.

      Should people who choose to smoke not be treated when they fall into the "unlucky" group? They made there own mistake, and they lost.
      Same thing for people who choose to eat their way into obesity with all of those inherent medical risks. These are societal, moral, ethical concerns with the skyrocketing cost of medical care. There are so many more medications we can use to try to eek out a few extra weeks or extra months for people who develop lung cancers, but it would be much better to avoid ~90% of these in the first place by not becoming addicted to smoking cigarettes.

      We can easily spend a million dollars on each person who develops a smoking related disease in the U.S. today. Yes, I know that medical care is overpriced - but why are we spending so much money to attempt to save or prolong the lives of people who asked for their own disease by smoking cigarettes year after year? I estimate that the average person I saw with lung cancer over my 20 years as a cancer specialist doctor had smoked half a million cigarettes. I saw hundreds of people with lung cancers in North Carolina - USA. Almost every one was a chronic cigarette smoker. Medical oncologists - despite all of the expensive new treatments we have - almost always fail in fighting advanced lung cancers. Most oncologists would rather they were prevented in the first place.

      Cigarette smoking is the number one cause of lung cancer deaths in the U.S. At least 31% of all cancer deaths in the USA are caused by smoking. Each one of those people is very, very expensive to treat - almost always in a losing battle. Is cigarette smoking really necessary? Can humans live without smoking cigarettes?

  39. QUESTION:
    What is the survival rate of lung cancer?
    I know that it is based mostly on the 5-year survival rate of 14 percent, but I believe that must mostly be because most people don't find out until it's in its later stages.

    My friend is 18 and just found out he has lung cancer. He's going in for more tests to confirm what stage it is in but it can't be that far along I'm guessing with how young he is. Do you have any information as to the survival rate of those in the preliminary stages of lung cancer? What are the chances of eradicating it?

    • ANSWER:
      49 % of people diagnosed with early-stage lung cancer live for at least five years after diagnosis.

      It's difficult to determine the chances of eradicating it because overall survival rates don't specify whether cancer survivors are still undergoing treatment at five years or if they've become cancer-free (achieved remission). Other types of survival rates that give more specific information include:

      1) Disease-free survival rate.
      2) Progression-free survival rate.

      I wasn't able to find much information with these two survival rates, but hopefully someone else can add to this answer. You might be able to find this data by searching for specific treatment regimens and their effectiveness. At the National Cancer Institute (NIH), they calculate these values for clinical trials.

  40. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me the life expectancy for someone with small cell lung cancer limited stage 3rd level?
    My mother was just diagnosed with small cell lung cancer. She has been undergoing testing and just started treatments this week with it. I do know shes at stage 3 and its limited stage. Please any information you could give would be great I have seen some information but hoping what you may find looks better than what i have. We still haven't gotten all the results back yet we will this Friday. But thanks for any and all help.

    • ANSWER:
      Small cell is best treated with chemotherapy which aggressively deals with it. If your mother can finish the chemotherapy, then radiation is usually administered.

      Although each person is different, the five year survival rate is very low. I know that cancer is stressful to the patient and loved ones but try to do your best to help her relax. Plus, it is a good idea that her surroundings are as clean as possible to prevent infection. Her immune system will be compromised.

      My mother had small cell but was already in a bad shape before she was diagnosed at age 77. Her oncologist was surprised that she didn't respond better to treatment.

      I can understand what you are going through. I will be thinking of her and sending good thoughts her way. Good luck to you. Please let us know how she is doing.

  41. QUESTION:
    What is the chance of dying from lung cancer?
    it's for a school project and i need to know what the chances are for dying of lung cancer. how likely is it that the patient wont survive?
    well, for you information, Nado Lax, i DID try google which is why i am asking on yahoo.

    • ANSWER:
      If you look at statistics for Lung cancer, you will find that it is one of three specific diseases that chemotherapy does not work on. Out of 20,741 cases of Lung cancer (people older than 20 years old) that got chemotherapy for it, only 410 people survived more than 5 years. That is about 2% success. That is using ABSOLUTE numbers, not the typical RELATIVE numbers that are used to manipulate data to show better results.

      In most cases, getting chemotherapy for Lung cancer speeds up the death process rather than the opposite effect. Chemo tears down the body's immune system and basically destroys the ability to heal. Cancer is the only disease that has redefined "CURE" for a disease. It is now an accepted phrase to say, "He is in remission." Then they put a 5 year survival rate as part of the definition and tell people to get an early diagnosis. This sounds very caring and is a good idea to get the early diagnosis, but cleverly they now put as part of the definition of this "Remission" of 5 years to start the clock on the day you are diagnosed. So the earlier you are diagnosed, the more chance you have of surviving more than 5 years. Since we know it takes about 10 years to get to the point where cancer has been growing in a person to be diagnosed, the sooner you are diagnosed, the better 5 year survival you will have.

      All this is marketing fluff that wants to deceive the real numbers. Another clever technique that is being used in many so called "scientific studies" is the Absolute vs. Relative numbers. If take 100 people and assume 2 will get cancer in a study that shows statistically this is what happens and then you subject them to cancer treatments and only 1 dies, you can now claim the relative number of 49% success of that drug. That is a relative number. All this manipulation of data is to prove the success of BAD SCIENCE and to raise large sums of money for this bad science. Over 100 years of research on cancer has now given us a success of 2.1% in the U.S. using chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Since a clinical trial uses 30% as the determining factor as to whether or not a drug is successful, it seems that current cancer treatments are far less than a sugar pill (placebo). That my friend is NOT success.

      So your chances of survival if you opt to get treated is less than 2% for a 5 year survival rate. If you don't get treated, your chances are better, but that is not an easy number to come up with.

      good luck to you

  42. QUESTION:
    How should I construct a short love story about a girl or guy with lung cancer?
    I don't know what to do.

    Like I want one of them have lung cancer and they only have 1 year to live. Theyll fall in love and near the end itll be tragic. The other person doesnt know until half a year later. Idk what else to include in it, like what would the main conflict be? Anything I could do to help this? List your ideas please [;

    • ANSWER:
      What if the two meet durring chemo treatments because they both have cancer and then one of them goes into remission and the other one dies.

  43. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know about any alternative cancer treatment in the UK?
    I've recently been diagnosed with lung cancer and am about to go for a pep scan. Knowing that orthodox medicine kills a lot of good cells in the body, I'm somewhat concerned and would like to take an alternative approach to healing. Advice would truly be appreciated. Many thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      I understand, and sympathize with the fear of having conventional cancer treatment involving chemotherapy. But it really is the most effective there is, and it is common to recover completely. See for instance http://anaximperator.wordpress.com/about-you/
      Alternative treatment of cancer as a replacement of conventional treatment is not a good idea. And if any practitioner tells you to skip conventional treatment, you should run away and not look back. If he tells you that his treatment alleviates the symptoms caused by conventional treatment then you might want to have a go at it.

  44. QUESTION:
    What should I get my parents for their 41st wedding anniversary?
    My parents 41st wedding anniversary is coming up and I have no idea what to get them. This one is extremely important. My dad was recently diagnosed with stage 4 lung cancer and is undergoing treatment. With that, I can't send them on a trip and they aren't up for parties right now. Please help me find some way to help them celebrate and show them I love them. He's very tired right now, so can't handle a lot activity.

    • ANSWER:
      My parent we're married January 1, 1977. They celebrated 35 years of marriage this year. For their anniversary, my siblings and I sent them to get a massage. I suggest that you send them both for a relaxing massage. Chemotherapy does horrible things to the body.

      The reason why I'm suggesting this is because this is what me and my siblings did for our parents. My dad was in the Army for 20 years, and he suffered a lot of injuries, that affect him still today. He didn't want to go, but my mama, me, and my siblings insisted. Afterward he said it was one of the best days he had, had in a long time. Dad says that the massage helped to ease a lot of the stiffness and pain from his old injuries. Now he and mama have been going every week, and he's noticed a definite improvement in how he feels.

      I think just something simple for your parents anniversary is going to be the ticket right now. You don't want to overwhelm them. Take it from me. It's the simple things that make them the happiest

  45. QUESTION:
    Can lung cancer spread to other parts of the body during treatment ?
    My grandmother is suffering from lung cancer (non small cell lung cancer to be specific). Her kemotherpy treatment is going on and is there any chance that the cancer starts spreat to other parts DURING TREATMENT !!!!!! She also feels chest pain.
    If yes....Please suggest method to stop it from spreading....

    • ANSWER:
      Radio-therapy, Chemo-therapy, Interventional and Surgical procedures are instrumental in prolonging the human life by postponing the death also by a decade or two. I have seen many patients living for decades after Surgery, Mastectomy, Heart/Kidney Transplants, Dialysis, etc.

      But all the patients, undergoing chemotherapy, are worried about iatrogenic diseases/side effects. Here is a way out to minimize scope for severe side effects.

      “U have to take permission from the oncologist and take the following diet[s] with certain restrictions.”

      IMMUNITY* BOOSTERS: How to prevent cancer? How to recover ‘fast’ from the impact of chemotherapy/illness/excessive Radiation? Here is a way out. Preparation for Surgery and Post Surgical recovery, Post-Blood Transfusions & Prevention of illnesses by keeping Ur immunity levels intact while getting treatment for HIV/AIDS, Cancer, any dreaded and incurable disease condition.Longevity of cancer/hiv survivors can be increased by leaps and bounds. To get back hair growth after chemo.
      1. Good liquid Diet, green leaf juices + honey, like aloe vera juice, noni juice, wheat grass powder, fresh fruit [seasonal fruit only] juices sprouted seeds like green gram, horse gram, ground nuts, boiled- after soaking in water for 15 hours-Soya beans, etc., raw coconut, raw dates, watermelon, cabbage, yogurt, spinach, helped many a no. of Health conscious people all over the globe.
      2. Acupressure techniques – A MUST to ensure faster recovery. Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      3. No salt, no baking soda, no cooked food, No chocolates, No Pizzas, No burgers ----to boost-up immunity power to produce antibodies. Say no to Deep freeze and deep fried products from KFC and McDonald, Diet sodas with aspertime and colas made in India, etc.
      4. Yoga Therapy—Kapalbhati, Bhastruka and Loma and anuloma to activate abdomen. Pelvic region and lungs.
      5. Aloe Vera juice – 30 ml. + 1 tsp of honey—t.d.s.
      6. Wheat grass powder – 1 tsp of powder + 2 drops of honey + 1 cup of hot water b.d.s.
      7. Noni Juice-A French fruit. 5 ml., t.d.s., in the I week; 10 ml tds., in the II week and 15 ml. t.d.s, from III week onwards. Add double quantity of water every time.

      8. For the first 10/15 days, drink pineapple juice.
      9. After 15 days, if the patient gets very hungry (it is a good sign of recovery), give the patient 3 to 4 ounces of curd, prepared in the following manner. To the boiled warm milk (preferably of cow's or goat's milk) add 12/15 leaves of tulsi and prepare the curd. If the patient is of Pitt Prakruti, give him this curd, adding thereto little powder of crystal sugar. For all other types of patients, this curd can be taken with little rock salt or black salt in it. Such curd can be taken 3 to 4 times a day. from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. only.
      9. Eat roasted bitter gourd (Karela-bitter gourd) - has been found effective even in blood cancer. Just, burn it on direct fire as U burn –mokkajonna kande-Telugu, Hindi--Butta---- eat it just like that by chewing every mouthful 25 times.
      10. Panch Tulasi Drops –available @ any local Ayurveda Shop all over India. Dosage 1 drop + 1 cup of hot milk/tea/water daily.

      11.Triphala Churan [1 tsp churan + 1 cup of butter milk @ night before sleep] to keep her bowels free from accumulated feces/toxins for life.
      12.Vaginal Douche to keep her gonads cleansed for 15 days daily.
      God bless her. I pray the Almighty for Godspeed recovery.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source:

  46. QUESTION:
    How do you treat small cell lung cancer?
    My uncle was diagnosed a few weeks ago and the doctors told him it was supposedly the easiest to treat and that he had at least 5 years left to live. They also told him the cancer was inoperable and started him quickly on chemo. He's not taking any oral medicine. The information I have found on the internet says small cell is the hardest to treat and has the worst prognosis. Can anyone give me some information about small cell lung cancer and how to treat it?

    • ANSWER:
      Choosing a treatment plan

      If you have small cell lung cancer, the main treatment will most likely be chemotherapy, either alone or with radiation. Very rarely, surgery might be done if it is limited stage cancer.

      After the cancer is found and staged, your doctor will talk to you about treatment choices. Give yourself time to take in the information you have learned. The most important things to think about include the stage and type of cancer, your overall health, the likely side effects of the treatment, and the chance of curing the cancer or helping you live longer. Age alone should not keep you from having treatment.
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_2_4x_How_Is_Small_Cell_Lung_Cancer_Treated.asp?sitearea=

  47. QUESTION:
    Obama the Smoker: Another irresponsible Liberal that wants us to pay for his poor health choices?
    As usual, he is a horrible real life example. And he expects us to pay for his lung cancer treatment because of his irresponsible choices. And First Beast is worrying about overeating while she packs them on
    WRONG!! Again libbies, Smoking and obesity take up 2/3rd's of the total healthcae dollars. Crawl back under that rock now

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, better that he be an alcoholic like Bush.

  48. QUESTION:
    how high is the likelihood to die of lung cancer as a pasive smoker compared to a surgery?
    I have back problems and think I will take drogs tilI I die. Will surgery kill me or I will have lung cancer as a passive smoker ? What is the likelihood to die from what I told above?

    • ANSWER:
      There are many things you can do if you consider yourself to be a high risk for cancer. The following is a simple list followed by detains for each item on the list.

      Mammograms - Is all that radiation necessary? Safe? No. No.
      Antioxidants - Nothing beats Cantron and Protocel.
      Ellagic acid is a good preventative for some cancers.
      IP-6 a good preventative and treatment for most cancers.
      Cooked Foods and Safe Cooking reduce breast cancer Irradiated foods there is some cancer risk, better to wash your food.
      Wearing Brassieres all day prevents lymph circulation.
      Parabens found in many lotions may be dangerous.
      Sunlight is one of the best cancer preventatives.
      Vitamin D up to 70% reduction in cancer,
      Love as a Preventative is not as hard as you might think.

      Mammography and Mammograms
      The section presents evidence concerning the dangers and short comings of mammograms and presents a couple of alternatives for breast cancer detection.
      Dangers of Radiation
      Dr. John Gofman, M.D., Ph. D. who was the biomedical director and associate director of the Atomic Energy Commission's Livermore National Laboratory and is now Professor Emeritus, Molecular and Cell Biology, at the University of California, Berkeley and is also on the faculty at the University of California Medical School at San Francisco (UCSF), has written an extensive study** to support his hypothesis that medical radiation is probably the principal cause of cancer mortality in the United States.
      The Moss report Mammograpy - the Hidden Downside** presents and often overlooked aspect of mammograms:
      "Mammography is undoubtedly good at picking up slow-growing cancers. It is also good at detecting so-called 'in situ' lesions, that is, the latent, precancerous lesions that have not yet developed – and might never develop - into truly invasive cancers. But these are not the kinds of breast cancer that are most likely to kill. That distinction belongs to the faster-growing tumors, and it is precisely these faster growing malignancies that mammography typically fails to catch."
      Also quoted in this Moss Report, Prof. Samuel Epstein, MD, of the University of Illinois pointed out:
      "Even assuming that high quality screening of a population of women between the ages of 50 and 69 would reduce breast cancer mortality by up to 25 percent, yielding a reduced relative risk of 0.75, the chances of any individual woman benefiting are remote. For women in this age group, about 4 percent are likely to develop breast cancer annually, about one in four of whom, or 1 percent overall, will die from this disease. Thus, the 0.75 relative risk applies to this 1 percent, so 99.75 percent of the women screened are unlikely to benefit" (Epstein 2001).
      Better/Safer Testing - Thermograms
      DITI, or digital infrared thermal imaging, also called a thermogram, is a safe diagnostic test that measures changes in skin surface temperature. An infrared scanning camera detects skin surface temperatures and shows them on a color monitor. In healthy people, there is a symmetrical skin pattern. Breast cancer appears as an irregular pattern.
      DITI has been used in human medicine for the past 20 years. Recent break-troughs in PC-based designed has allowed more practitioners to be able to afford the equipment. Most Naturopaths in your area will be aware of this type of testing. Some have thermogram practitioners come to their offices on a periodic basis.
      See also AMAS For Early Detection under the Safer Tests subsection of the Home page.

      Antioxidants
      Even the FDA has agreed that antioxidants act as cancer preventatives. Cantron and Protocel are among the most powerful antioxidants ever tested so they can be used as a preventative. When taking them as a preventative, a reduced schedule can be used and a person does not have to avoid all the things that interfere with Cantron or Protocel.

      Ellagic Acid
      Ellagic acid is a good preventative for these cancers:
      Breast
      Cervical
      Colon
      Esophageal
      Leukemia
      Liver
      Lung
      Pancreatic
      Prostate
      Skin
      Tongue

      Cesium Chloride
      Cesium chloride with potassium is a good general preventative as is laetrile. All together, that makes five alternative cancer treatments that act to prevent cancer. Which one will work best with your unique body chemistry? Once again, the only way to tell is to test each on your body. A quick way to do this is to use the Alternative Cancer Test Kit. With the Test Kit you can energetically test 0 worth of treatments for only . For more information, click the Test Kit.

      IP-6
      IP-6, also known as inositol hexaphosphate, has shown effectiveness in preventing and treating a wide range of cancers including colon cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, chronic myeloid leukemia, rhabdomyosarcomas, pancreatic cancer, melanomas, and Barrett's adenocarcinoma and can be given to cats and dogs.
      IP6 has been studied for cancer prevention and treatment since the 1950s. For prevention most people are taking 500 to 1000 mg a day in two doses on an empty stomach. Those at high risk for cancer, fatty liver, or kidney stones are taking from 1000 to 2000 mg a day in two doses on an empty stomach. People with cancer are taking 4000 to 7000 mg a day in two doses on an empty stomach along with 1,200 - 1800 mg inositol.
      Toxicity studies have shown that a daily dose of 9000 mg of IP-6 for 3 years did not produce harmful side effects.

      Cooked Foods Increase Cancer in Women - Acrylamide
      A 2007 Dutch study, the Cohort Study involving 120,000 people found that acrylamide, a chemical caused by frying, baking, roasting, or grilling can double the chances of women getting ovarian and womb cancer. Foods that are cooked less contain less acrylamide. Cutting the crust of of bread reduces the number of carbos and acrylamide. Home-cooked meals contain much lower amounts of the acrylamide than processed products, fast food, or restaurant food.

      Safe Cooker - Solar Oven
      The Solar Oven Society** is a not-for-profit organization. Every solar oven purchased in the USA helps offset the cost of sending solar ovens to Third World countries where the need for solar cooking is so great. Solar cooking is:
      Safe because the temperature used kills bacteria but does not form acrylamide
      Inexpensive because after the 0 oven purchase the fuel is free.
      Healthy because it retains the enzymes in food which are essential for good health
      To purchase the solar oven for 0 including shipping** (free shipping is significant, only companies that rarely get a return include shipping in the cost because they must refund shipping as well as the product cost) go to: http://solarovens.org/

      Irradiated Foods
      This is an excellent article** that explains the cancer risk, slight although present and a better alternative: washing your food.

      Wearing Brassieres for Extended Periods
      An extensive study of over 4700 women (2056 previously diagnosed with breast cancer, 2674 never diagnosed with breast cancer) was run by authors Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer that indicated a positive correlation between breast cancer and the length of time that women wore bras per day.
      Those who wore a bra all day long (defined in the study as any period more than 12 hours) had statistically 21 times greater risk of breast cancer than those who only wore a bra for only part of the day (defined in the study as any period up to 12 hours). Women who wore their bras all day and night (essentially 24 hours per day) had a 5 times greater chance of developing breast cancer than those who wore it all day-long.
      The study conjectured that wearing a bra may constrict the flow of lymph fluid in the breast, which then causes the higher risk of breast cancer. Lymph fluid is the natural watery fluid which surrounds and bathes cells in body tissues. Lymph fluid carries disease-fighting cells and helps remove accumulated toxins, some of which may be carcinogenic (cancer-causing). The impaired flow of lymph fluid is thought to allow toxins to build up, thus causing breast tissue cells to be exposed to higher concentrations of cancer-causing toxins for longer periods of time. The study suggested that women wear their bras for fewer hours, thus giving their breasts time to "recover" and also not wearing bras that feel constrictive or tight.
      For more details on the study, conducted by Sydney Ross Singer and Soma Grismaijer, see their book Dressed to Kill, (Avery Publishing Group, New York, 1995). ISBN 0-89529-664-0. Available from The Naturist Society, P.O. Box 132, Oshkosh, WI 54902, Tel. 414-426-5009.

      Lotions Potions and Parabens
      Parabens are preservatives that are found in most body lotions, deodorants, and shampoos. In 2004 the University of Reading tested 20 human breast tumors for the presence of parabens. They found parabens in every tumor. Apparently parabens had seeped into breast tissue after being applied to the skin in the form of lotions or deodorants. The reason this is significant is that parabens are able to mimic the action of the female hormone estrogen. Although more research is needed it seems prudent to reduce your exposure to parabens. Also 1,4-Dioxane, a by-product of short cut manufactureing, is considered a chemical known to cause cancer. The following are parabens and 1,4-Dioxane free brands of lotion: Aubrey Organics, Dr. Hauschka, Nourish Food for Your Healthy Skin, EO, Avalon Organics, Burt's Bees, Desert Essence, and Zia.

      Sunlight
      Contrary to popular belief, sunlight has the highest success rate for:
      Safely stopping tumor growth, not destroying tumors (the only effect that conventional medicine recognizes), but stopping growth.
      Preventing cancer by stimulating the body's vitamin D production.
      Preventing influenza like the bird flu also by vitamin D production.
      Fair skin and the number of moles are the major risk factor for melanoma (ski

  49. QUESTION:
    How Long Lung cancer patient can survive?
    My close relative has luing cancer. He is taking chemotherapy treatment.
    WBC is 23,000 . its Non-small cell lung cancer.
    there is no other medical condition.

    • ANSWER:
      For most lung cancers- there is no effective cure. And if it's metastasized, Stage 4, because of where it can go from the lungs; brain, spine, liver...the realistic expectation is 4-6 weeks. If it's less than stage 4:
      http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/content/CRI_2_4_3x_How_Is_Non-Small_Cell_Lung_Cancer_Staged.asp
      this site has it broken down by stages, and type of tumor, if you can educate yourself, you can help your relative immensely. Otherwise, the link below will give you the basics.
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/non-small-cell-lung/Patient#Keypoint7

  50. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms and stages of progress of Lung Cancer?
    What exactly are the symptoms of Lung Cancer?

    & What are the stages of progress?
    Thanks!
    <3

    • ANSWER:
      I can only speak from experience. I thought I had bronchitis, went in for antibiotics, had an xray, suspicious shadow found.. follow up CT scan showed a strong possibility of lung cancer so went for biopsy. Stage iv non small lung cancer was found. Other than that, I had no other symptoms. I had extensive chemo, which had no wide effects on my tumors but have helped keep me stable for the past 3 years. Progression I was told would be distant metastasis eventually to other organs. Prognosis for me was less than a year of life with treatment, its now nearly three years with no progression. Its a daily fight winning one battle at a time, weather I win the war tho is a whole different story and one I am never too sure about. Time frames are different for everyone. I live for the future, and not worry about today. Right now, each day is a gift.

about lung cancer treatment

10 Year Prognosis Breast Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    How often does a person have two cancers concurrently? What is the prognosis?
    My mother has metastatic breast cancer which has spread to her bones. Recently she was diagnosed as having esophageal cancer. It was discovered when she couldn't swallow and underwent a biopsy which came back positive for esophageal cancer, so it is not a metastasis of the breast. How does this happen, and how does it get treated, when there is already cancer being treated? Is her prognosis the same or worse? I just want answers, not condolences, Thanks anyway...

    • ANSWER:
      Having two cancers at the same time does not happen often, but it does happen from time to time. I have even seen a few patents with three cancers at once, but only maybe 2 or 3 a year.
      When someone has two cancers at the same time you still have to look at them individually first. Stage 4 breast cancer is not curable, but depending on several factors can be managed for several years. Esophageal cancer in general has a poor prognosis - more than 90% die from the disease usually within 10 months of diagnosis.
      I wish I could give you answers on how this can happen, but we don’t know what causes cancer or why it could strike twice in the same person. These two cancers are not associated with each other at all.
      You should go with your mother to her appointments with her surgeon, oncologist and radiation oncologist all of their opinions will be needed to determine the best route to go, along with your mother’s wishes and expectations.
      If she had esophageal cancer alone the best possible treatment involves preoperative and postoperative chemo and radiation, but I do not know if her disease is early enough for this and with her breast cancer I do not know if she can have the amount of radiation that is needed for this.
      I am so sorry no one should be faced with these decisions. At this point it is really more about her quality of life than it is the quantity.

  2. QUESTION:
    What is the chances of my wifes grade 3 invasive breast cancer returning.She finished a year on herception ?
    She balso has a Her 2 reading of 10.5 magified.

    • ANSWER:
      This is something the oncologist should have gone over before treatment began. Grade 3 cancers are aggressive and Her2 positive cancers tend to metastasize earlier and have a worse prognosis, but recurrence is heavily dependent on tumor size and the number of lymph nodes involved.

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of survival for Breast Cancer?
    My grandmother was diagnosed with stage 1 Triple negative breast cancer. She is having a double mastectomy this Friday. The doctors have not said anything about long term survival. The nodes are apparently clear but they are checking them when they do the surgery just in case. What are the chances of her surviving for another ten years? She has no Preexisting medical conditions and is in overall great health.

    • ANSWER:
      The prognosis is still uncertain, especially because the lymph node status hasn't been firmly established yet.

      But in general, 10 year survival rate for a 60 years old in perfect health with a stage 1 receptor negative tumour smaller than 2 cm (this is part of the definition of stage 1) is approximately 80 %. If it is smaller than 1 cm, survival rates are even higher (close to 90%).

      There are many factors influencing this, so you shouldn't take these percentages to literally. But there certainly are good reasons to be optimistic.

  4. QUESTION:
    how long does it take from breast cancer stage 2 to stage 3?
    My sister, 38 years old seem like to have stage 2, about 2 or 3 centimeter lump.

    • ANSWER:
      Breast cancer is staged. Not only will this allow for better understanding of the disease process, but it will also facilitate interpretation of data, and determine treatment. Prognosis is closely linked to results of staging. The AJCC-TNM system is commonly used to stage breast cancer:

      Summary of stages:

      Stage 0 - Carcinoma in situ
      Stage I - Tumor (T) does not exceed 2 cm, no axillary lymph nodes (N) involved.
      Stage IIA – T 2-5 cm, N negative, or T 5 cm, N negative, or T 2-5 cm and N positive ( 5 cm, N positive, or T 2-5 cm with 4 or more axillary nodes
      Stage IIIB – T has penetrated chest wall or skin, and may have spread to 10 axillary N, 1 or more supraclavicular or infraclavicular N, or internal mammary N.
      Stage IV – Distant metastasis (M)

      It is not necessary she has to go to Stage 3. If all the treatments Surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiation are given successfully the disease may get cured slowly.
      BUT
      CANCER IS STILL AN ENIGMA.
      Let us pray for her complete recovery. Best of luck

  5. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me what the prognosis is for someone who has stage II colon cancer?
    I'm sorry that I can't phrase that a little bit less harsh, but I have recently found out someone that I know has stage II colon cancer. He has had surgery and is in round 2 of a six month chemo treatment. Will my friend survive? For how long?

    • ANSWER:
      Most cancers are measured in survival 5-year survival rates. This is the percentage of people alive 5 years after being diagnosed with the same kind and stage of cancer. Stage 2A colon cancers have a 5-year survival rate of 80% and 2B has a 75% survival rate. Long term survival depends on how well they respond to treatment. If is not uncommon for some cancers such as breast cancer or melanoma to recur 10-15 years later. This is not the case with colon cancers when they recur it is usually within 2-4 years.

  6. QUESTION:
    What are the 5-year survival rates for imflammatory breast cancer?
    An answer like 10-60% is too vague and unacceptible? Please include the year, if possible.

    • ANSWER:
      "Historically, inflammatory breast cancer was treated by surgery and was associated with a 100 percent mortality rate. However, significant progress has been made in recent years using a combination of treatments, including chemotherapy, surgery and radiation therapy. The combined-treatment approach has vastly improved the prognosis for a woman with inflammatory breast cancer. What was once universally fatal is now a disease that results in half of women diagnosed being alive in five years and one-third of women diagnosed surviving 10 or more years." (Feb 2006)

      http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/inflammatory-breast-cancer/DS00632/DSECTION=6

      "Past statistics have shown the average survival rate of inflammatory breast cancer to be approximately 18 months. However, recent studies have shown that advancements in treatment may help to extend the survival time for women with inflammatory breast cancer. Using chemotherapy, surgery (mastectomy), and radiation, the average five-year survival rate is currently 40%." (July 2006)

      http://imaginis.com/breasthealth/inflammatory2.asp

  7. QUESTION:
    I had cancerous calcifactions on my right breasts I had lumpectomy and radation, then five rys later I have it?
    on my left breasts I don't know yet if it is cancerous, I have to go for another mammogram where they use magnifer. Anyone else have the same thing happen to them?

    • ANSWER:
      We are treating one such case.
      Details follow------------------

      Lymphatic System is ‘nothing’ but scavenging system collecting blocked energy with toxins, dead cells, pus, etc., from each and every organ and putting the debris into 5 excretory channels, feces, urine, skin, lungs and menses[ladies].In cancer and tumors, be it benign or malignant----the malignant cells travel throughout streams of blood and lymph. Hence, there may be metastases in any part of the body, be it nearby or far off producing secondaries just like a bunch of potatoes appearing slowly and steadily.

      To prove this fact, we have seen many no. of surgically extracted tumors [benign to start with] reappearing @ the previous or producing metastases/secondaries after 5-10 years. It is also a fact that surgery, chemo and radiation do extend life considerably for a decade; if the patient follows strict diet restrictions. Longevity shall increase further.
      Mastectomy & Metastases developed @ a latter date possible. Live example.
      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  8. QUESTION:
    Non surgical treatment for breast cancer?
    I was diagnosed with breast cancer 1 year ago and have chosen non surgical treatment. Apparently 5% of women choose this path. I would like to hear from anyone in a similar situation.

    • ANSWER:
      a breast cancer survivor, I empathethize. Although I did not have mastecomy, I did have three lumpectomies and one recurrance and radiation before I learned the following info..

      ,,yes if you follow the typical American lifestyle, their prognosis is generally right, but if you change the variables like doing the things below will do, you will have an excellent chance of restoring your health and preventing future cancer or spread of cancer

      I commend you for your decision to stay away from toxic treatments. I might recommend lumpectomy to you along with this or just the following if you wish no surgery at all..People with even 4th stage cancer havr escovered..listening to testamonies in Dr. Schulze's videos/audios and his tapes are very motivating and give great hope and reduce fear which is damaging in itself.

      Also doctors receive no trainig in herbs and nutrition--- aso they disregard it but history is full of people who proved their doctors worrng on terminal illnesses and less serious things. You can be one of them..there is hope!!

      For the cancer, try Dr. Richard Schulze's incurable program...he had an underground clinic 20 years and healed many of the worse kinds of incurable illnesses. I know people with cancer cured with his save your life videos and
      treatment.

      Here is his website and formulas. Call 1-800-herbdoc and ask to receive hos informative free catalog and free bimonthly newsletter. Research him on line. (look at his index for cancer treatment which I am sure is the incurables but it might list other side (it's in his catalog page) go below

      http://herbdoc.com/home_1024x768.asp...

      Here is the summary of his program

      (you can make his formulas if you can't avoid..look up how to make tinctures and use bulk herbs, preferably organic/wildcrafted. Most of his formulas use one part of each herbs...a few use 2 parts of some but if you don't have the exact formula, don't worry. The only notable exception is intestinal cleanses formula one uses 7 parts psyllium to one or two parts of the other herbs.)

      Extremely worthwhile videos (12 hours) are his save your life videos available amazon/eBay/ or from Sam Biser's (Bizer??) website.
      also go to

      http://curezone.com/ and also

      http://healingtools.tripod.com/backgroun...

      Read this book for what foods help and prevent cancers and specific diseases (food your miracle medicine)

      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/det...

      Get Anne Frahm's book and her husband

      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/det...
      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/det...

      Also see
      Doctor Lorraine Day, a medical doctor who cured herself of breast cancer...hear her tapes

      http://www.drday.com/

      Get the video "Hoxsey when healing becomes a crime" (or the quack who cured cancer" (eBay/amazon) and use his Hoxsey formula (available/online or health food store.

      Also try Essiac tea (research Renee Caisse)--online/health food store to get it

      Also look at Solomon Wickey's cancer diet (http://amywelborn.typepad.com/openbook/2...

      Also see Linda Rector page's book "healthy healing" and the book "prescription for nutritional healing " James and Phyllis ) or something like that is author)

      Although my mother and I went to him and I personally feel he is a Carleton, I do feel his diet is good (people say they got results..I strongly felt he was a fake though)..you may use real maple syrup and raw honey as a sweetener on his diet and Bragg's amino acids or dulse/seaweed flakes as a salt.

      But if only doing one thing do Schulze's incurable...it is the foundation and these others are excellent supplements. It is best to use only organic/wildcrafted herbs as these are 7-10 times higher in the pytochemicals that cure and prevent disease. Do. Schulze I believe has the best products on the market. See why his products are the best at herbdoc.com. His tapes/etc are also very good.

      Even if you do not have cancer, copy and print this information. It is the condensing of 20 years of reading and study and research and that which probably only 1 in 10,000 people knows. I believe God led me to this information to help others. I have read over 1000 books on the topic as well. This information could save the lives of you or someone you know someday..Good luck!

  9. QUESTION:
    My mam has been diagnosed with liver cancer. She also has breast cancer. What is the prognosis?
    Mam is 58 and had a melanoma in her eye 13 years ago the cancer in her breast is the same kind of cancer. She has 10 nodules or what ever they are called in her liver. Please help me out.

    • ANSWER:
      So sorry for you and your mother about this. Only the doctors know what is going on and inform you as to what is expected to happen. But as you already know this is a serious condition. You may want to seen counseling. You do not reveal your age but I must assume you are an adult. OK? Do get some help on this issue but in person. Best of luck to you.

  10. QUESTION:
    What percent of breast cancer patients survive?

    • ANSWER:
      This is not an easy question to answer as these patients have to be followed for many years and during this time our knowledge, technology and treatments are getting better. To give you some idea in 2003 over 40,000 people died from breast cancer and that same year over 268,000 were diagnosed with it. Individually prognosis depends on the type of cancer, stage, grade, tumor markers and response to treatment. Overall, you have a better chance of survival diagnosed today than you would have 10 years ago.

  11. QUESTION:
    Found lump on stomach of my dog?
    I was rubbing my dogs belly and I found a small lump/bump on his belly near his (private area). I will be taking him to the vet in the morning, but I just wanted to see if anyone else has had this same problem with their male dogs. He's almost 10 years old.

    • ANSWER:
      Do not worry about your dog, but have him checked out by a competent vet ASAP. I am a registered nurse and I can tell you that any lump in the groin area could represent an inflamed lymph node, either from infection, cancer or a simple lypoma (fatty growth under the skin).

      Having made the discovery of a cancerous tumor on the breast of Cleopatra, our Labrador, several years ago, I learned the wisdom of taking my dogs (or cats) to the vet whenever I find anything that does not seem right. Dr. Glenn McClure performed a mastectomy, thus buying her another year of healthy happy life. A year later, she began to have trouble urinating, so we took her back to Dr. McClure. When he opened her bladder, he found a huge cancerous tumor. He called me while she was still anesthetized, told me her prognosis, and took a verbal directive from me to put her down. Whether or not it was not a sequel to her earlier cancer could not be determined.

      As soon as Lab-Rot Abby developed lumps along her trunk we took her to Dr. Karen Fosse (also at Strong Vet Hospital). who told us that they were subcutaneous lipomae, and were very unlikely to be cancerous. We eventually had the big one on her side removed, since she could no longer sleep on it. Nearly a year later we noticed that she was drinking and voiding constantly so we made another appointment. The morning of her visit, I diagnosed diabetic ketoacidosis with a urine dip stick.

      Dr. Fosse admitted her to intensive care, stabilized her blood sugar and then told us that she likely had pancreatic cancer, could possibly survive another year on insulin, but would likely need expensive surgeries or hospitalizations. That was when we had her put down.

      J.D. Schultz, RN, Las Cruces, New Mexico

  12. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have experience with Plasmacytoma?
    My grandpa had a tumor in his neck and he had that removed last tuesday. They did a biopsy on the tumor and found it was cancerous, and they diagnosed him with Plasmacytoma. I just want to know if he will die from this...
    Can anyone help?

    • ANSWER:
      I hope that the removal of the tumor was complete (with clean margins) and hopefully he will have a great prognosis!

      This is some info regarding Plasmacytoma:

      There are about 12,000 new cases of "plasma cell neoplasms", which includes plasmacytoma and multiple myeloma, each year in the U.S.A. About 1,000 of these cases are"solitary plasmacytoma" each year, the remainder are multiple myeloma at diagnosis. The number of cases increases with age. 98% of patients are over 40 years old, and 60% of patients are males. The disease is more common in Black individuals than Whites. Multiple Myeloma causes about 7000 deaths per year. Concerning plasmacytomas, there are two basic types--"solitary plasmacytoma of bone" and"extramedullary plasmacytoma." Obviously, the plasmacytoma of bone starts in bone. In contrast, the "extramedullary" type starts in soft tissue like fat or muscle. These types have different characters. Generally, the "plasmacytoma of bone" is more likely to progress to multiple myeloma (>70% at 10 years) than "extramedullary plasmacytoma (20% at 10 years). Multiple plasmacytomas are multiple myeloma by definition.
      Extramedullary plasmacytoma tends to occur in the sixth and seventh decades of life, and it is three to four times more common in men than in women. (6) Although it has a predilection for the head and neck region, extramedullary plasmacytoma accounts for less than 1% of all head and neck cancers. (7) Almost 80% of extramedullary plasmacytomas occur in the submucosal tissues in the head and neck (8); 10 to 20% of these may present as multiple lesions. (9) The most common locations are the nasopharynx and the paranasal sinuses; others have been reported in the oropharynx, larynx, tongue, minor salivary glands, thyroid, orbit, skull base, and mastoid. (6,10-13) Locations outside the head and neck include the pleura, mediastinum, spermatic cord, ovary, intestines, kidney, pancreas, breasts, and skin. In this article, we report a new case of extramedullary plasmacytoma in which a solitary lesion arose in the nasal cavity.
      Overall, the prognosis is "good" provided that multiple myeloma has been ruled out. (18) Kaplan-Maier survival estimates for plasmacytoma of the head and "neck" show 95% survival at 1 year, 82% at 5 years, and 72% at 10 years. (19)

      http://www.bcm.edu/oto/grand/32896.html

  13. QUESTION:
    Tomoxifen is some kind of medicine. Someone please tell me how much of tomoxifen would cause uterine cancer?
    I need an answer a.s.a.p please anyone thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Tamoxifen has been shown to increase the risk of endometrial cancer in post-menopausal women who still have a uterus (who have not had a hysterectomy). The lining of the uterus is called the "endometrium." Tamoxifen stimulates the growth of endometrial cells. Over time, the risk of cancer cells developing in this lining is higher for women on tamoxifen.

      If you have had breast cancer, you have an increased risk of endometrial cancer. Tamoxifen makes the risk of endometrial cancer a bit higher. The longer you take tamoxifen, the higher your risk of developing a tamoxifen-related endometrial cancer. (But the risk is still low, less than 1%, even if you take tamoxifen for 10 years.) If you are diagnosed with endometrial cancer within the first two years of taking tamoxifen, the cancer was most likely there before you started taking the drug.

      Post-menopausal women who take tamoxifen and who have not had a hysterectomy (uterus removal) are at a higher risk of developing endometrial cancer than women who are not on tamoxifen. In the NSABP’s Breast Cancer Prevention Trial, endometrial cancer occurred 2.5 times more frequently in women who took tamoxifen compared to women who took a placebo (inactive pill).

      However, the risk of endometrial cancer is still low among women on tamoxifen: approximately 2 out of 1000 women on tamoxifen will develop endometrial cancer.

      Research suggests that long-term use of tamoxifen among post-menopausal women increases the chances of endometrial problems. According to a review of 106 studies that was published in the journal, Gynecologic Oncology, women who use tamoxifen on a long-term basis are more likely to develop endometrial cancer and endometrial sarcomas than women who have not used tamoxifen. However, the NSABP studies reviewing the incidence of endometrial cancer and tamoxifen use found that earlier, highly treatable endometrial cancers were detected in women on tamoxifen. While women who are diagnosed with early-stage endometrial cancer generally have good prognoses (expected outcomes), the prognosis for advanced endometrial cancer can be far worse.

      Because of these findings, women on tamoxifen are encouraged to have yearly gynecological exams. Any abnormal bleeding or uterine pain should be reported to a physician immediately. Women considering tamoxifen are encouraged to have an endometrial sampling (removal of cells in the lining of the uterus for microscopic examination) to make sure there are no pre-existing uterine problems. Researchers are investigating whether women on tamoxifen should receive annual vaginal ultrasound exams to screen for endometrial thickening. However, early studies do not indicate a need for routine ultrasounds and/or endometrial biopsies unless there are specific symptoms such as vaginal bleeding or spotting.

  14. QUESTION:
    With more than 50 years of research, why hasn't a cure for cancer been found?
    It took less than a decade to split the atom and build an atom bomb. It took less than a decade to build a rocket to send man to the moon. Could somebody please explain to me that why for over 50 years there still isn't a cure for cancer. Or for that matter a treatment that would allow you to manage it without losing your life.

    • ANSWER:
      The first thing to understand is that there will never be a Eureka! moment when a single substance or procedure is discovered that will cure all types of cancer.

      The trouble with finding 'a cure for cancer' is that cancer is hundreds of diseases, not just one. The difficulty is that different cancers are caused by different things, so no one strategy can prevent them, and different cancers respond to different treatments so no one treatment can cure them all. There will never be a magic bullet that cures all cancer.

      But, thanks to the dedicated (and underfunded) research that has taken place over the last 50 years and more, some cancers CAN already be cured. 7 out of 10 children are cured of cancer. Testicular cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and many cases of leukaemia can all be cured in adults with chemotherapy, most skin cancers are cured with surgery, and many cases of thyroid cancer and cancer of the larynx are cured with radiotherapy.

      Many other types of cancer are also cured if they are found early enough. There is still a long way to go of course, especially with some of the commonest types of cancer such as lung, breast, bowel and prostate cancer. But research will mean that there will continue to be steady progress - a new treatment for one type of cancer discovered, perhaps a way to reverse or slow down another type.

      I assume you haven't had close contact with cancer, or you would know that it doesn't always result in loss of life, and current treatments save many lives and prolong many, many more.

      As just a very few examples - my father had surgery and radiotherapy for cancer 56 years ago. He never had a recurrence, lived a healthy active life and died almost 50 years after diagnosis of something unconnected to cancer. I had surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy to treat an aggressive, advanced cancer diagnosed almost six years ago. My prognosis was poor, but I'm fit and well with no sign of cancer.I know many, many people through cancer support networks who have survived as long as and many years longer than I have.

      As always, someone has wheeled out the tired old conspiracy theory - cancer is a money spinner, there is a secret cure but 'the government' (they never say which one) is hiding it for reasons of profit.

      Every government in the world would have to be in cahoots for this to work.

      I live in the UK; we don't pay for our medical treatment, including cancer treatment. Cancer treatment costs our government many, many billions. If there were a cure for cancer that would save them this money, believe me that's what we'd be getting.

      These conspiracy theories are a sort of game played by people who've never had, studied or been close to cancer. They forget in order to prove that any secret, hidden cure worked, thousands of people would have to have been cured by it. They’d all be keeping quiet too – why no word to the media from any of them?

      Drug companies would be keeping quiet about the cure even though it would bring them fame and fortune. Any drug company discovering a cure would make far more money than they can have dreamed of making up till now.

      And doctors, scientists, researchers etc would be watching their relatives die and dying themselves (they and their families develop cancer at the same rate as the rest of the population) rather than revealing the existing secret cure

      Every single medical professional in the whole world would have agreed to keep existence of a cure secret. One blabbermouth, one disgruntled researcher or sacked nurse and the whole conspiracy’s blown. Newspapers and other media wouldn't have got a sniff of it.

      Likely?

      ===========

      Edit @ Mark - you might like to read the facts on Max Gerson's 'fifty cases'

      http://www.users.on.net/~pmoran/cancer/Gerson.htm

      Gerson's therapy has been disproven time and again - and if we're talking money spinners, have you any idea how much treatment at a Gerson clinic costs??

  15. QUESTION:
    i have a very close relative recently could be god forbidden may have breast cancer?
    thatis what i came to know i felt very sad and disturbed about this news because my mother also died last year of this same dreaded disease what should be first treatment be given at initial stages please who know about this subject write

    • ANSWER:
      Sorry to hear that, I hope it turns out that she doesn't have it.

      Sorry to hear about your mother too.

      The treatment following a diagnosis of breast cancer depends on the individual's cancer - a number of factors including its grade, whether it has spread to any lymph nodes.
      Apart from surgery, treatment options include chemotherapy and radiotherpy, and hormone treatment if the cancer is oestrogen positive. You will know much of this from your mother's experience, I'm sure.

      If breast cancer is caught very early, the prognosis can be very good. There are no guarantees, but even when it isn't caught early there are effective treatments.

      I was diagnosed with breast cancer just over four and a half years ago; my cancer was grade 3, stage 3 and had spread to 13 lymph nodes. Following surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and hormone treatment I am currently fit and well with no sign of cancer at my most recent routine check up. No guarantees for the future, I know - breast cancer cant recur at any time - but I'm happy to be alive and well right now.

      Just to clear things up about hereditary breast cancer, as you have been given some misinformation in the first answer:

      Hereditary breast cancer is rare - only 5 - 10% of breast cancer cases are due to hereditary factors. The rest are random, as mine was and as your mother's may well have been

      Only if your mother carried one of the rare faulty genes responsible for hereditary breast cancer, BRCA1 or BRCA2, would her children be at increased risk. If a parent carries the gene, a child has a 50% chance of inheriting the gene, but inheriting it would not mean the child would definitely develop breast cancer.

      With one in nine women developing breast cancer at some point in their lives, two women in the same family with non-hereditary breast cancer is not unusual.

      I assume your relative is waiting for test results; I know waiting is hell. I hope their results are clear

  16. QUESTION:
    **Please Help**~~I don't know how to live with my shattered heart?~~?
    Due to financial hardship (I was sick earlier in the year. I have Krohns disease and ended up getting evicted) me and my two young daughters, ages 6 and 12, moved into my boyfriends house. We rent the downstairs and share kitchen and laundry upstairs. We had trouble blending our families (his kids are 9,13, & 16) and it had caused tempers to shorten. Three nights ago we had an argument and he said if I went downstairs we were finished. I really needed to cool off...Now he says he doesn't love me and he will never change his mind.

    Ever since my accident a few weeks ago ( my car got totaled) I have been in horrible pain in my neck, migraines, confusion, getting angry at things that normally wouldn't make me angry, dizziness, just to state a few. I flipped my car end over end 3 times but only suffered a concision. To make matters worse, I also ran out of my anti depressant, and that make things a million times worse. Not only did I screw up with him I also deleted 95% of my friends on facebook the day he told me he didn't love me (this is something I never would have done before my accident). To compound the situation more so ...the day before he broke up with me, I had told him that I found a lump in my breast. Breast cancer and fibroid tumors run in my family. I am devastated and feel as though I don't deserve to be loved by anyone. Like I said, we had problems even before my accident, but we were working on them.

    Last night I searched out what a concision might do to my physically, this is what I found from Wikipedia

    Post-concussion syndrome, also known as postconcussive syndrome or PCS, and historically called shell shock,[1] is a set of symptoms that may continue for weeks, months, or occasionally a year or more after a concussion – a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI).[2][3][4] Symptoms of PCS, which is the most common entity to be diagnosed in people who have suffered TBI,[3] may occur in 38–80% of mild head injuries.[5] A diagnosis may be made when symptoms resulting from concussion last for more than three months after the injury,[6] or it may be made starting within a week[7] or ten days of trauma.[8] In late, persistent, or prolonged PCS (PPCS), symptoms last for over six months,[7][9] or by other standards, three.[10]
    The condition can cause a variety of symptoms: physical, such as headache; cognitive, such as difficulty concentrating; and emotional and behavioral, such as irritability. As many of the symptoms in PCS are common to, or exacerbated by, other disorders, there is a risk of misdiagnosis. Though there is no treatment for PCS itself, symptoms can be treated; medications and physical and behavioral therapy may be used, and patients can be educated about symptoms and their usual prognosis. The majority of PCS cases disappear after a period of time.

    I can't move, I have no transportation to work to afford to move, all of my family is eight hours away and cannot help or take us in. I cannot even pay him rent without transportation and work. I cannot get assistance for housing of any sort in the state of Wisconsin due to my eviction. When his lease is up the first of March, we will have nowhere to live. I got this email from him yesterday...
    "I’ve been too selfish and not met my children’s needs. I need to wait a lot longer time (if ever…or when they are grown up and out of the house) before I start having another serious relationship. My kids need time to heal….I know that now, and should have respected that. I know now that I can wait (without being lonely). My focus needs to be on my children, not on my fleshly desires. We can be friends, yes, but outside of that it just won’t work. As far as moving…..I need to make some sort of significant financial change where I don’t have to worry anymore about money. Getting a cheaper place would take off that stress. I can’t rely on you to pay rent especially when you have no job, no car, and have serious health issues."
    I do not know what to do, where to go, and how to live under the same roof with someone I wanted to live the rest of my life but doesn't love me back, how to care for my daughters??? Should I take him off as a friend on facebook or wait to see if possibly changes his mind??? I am a complete wreck.

    • ANSWER:

  17. QUESTION:
    my mothers breast is itching and she said it kinda sore. does she have breast cancer? :( ?
    my mothers breast is itching and she said it kinda sore. does she have breast cancer? :(
    she had her ovaries removed she doesnt have menstruation anymore, she said a while ago that her breast itch and little sore bute she said the sore was gone but still itch. im so scared it will be breast cancer. i dont want to lose her :( what do you think it is? :(

    • ANSWER:
      Ur suspicion may be cross checked with the following information. She can as well be saved by 'target therapy'.

      •Free & Instant Diagnosis/Prevention/cure of Breast Cancer and Breast related issues right @ Ur door-steps----with the aid of acupressure maps. Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures, with the aid of acupressure techniques, so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] ‘with no income to spend for mammogram’ with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger, as if U r pumping out air from these affected tender points..
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. *Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      In Ur beloved Mom's case, target therapy is helpful to have total cure.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well. Her son made a phone on 12052012 and told that her appetite improved, constipation issues solved, sleeping well. Excepting that she has severe sciatica pain, for which we suggested them to contact an Acupuncturist @ Hyderabad.

  18. QUESTION:
    Does anyone have Non-Hodgkins Follicular Lymphoma?
    I was recently diagnosed with this which was discovered through a mammogram!!! I have primary cancer in the breasts -- Follicular Lymphoma. I am trying to get layman's terms as to what it is and how long (approximately) will I live. I had planned to live until 100 and thus have 36 years to go. lol

    Any help will be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      No, not me. Sorry to hear about your dilemma. Hopefully you seek treatment as soon as possible and start (if not already) eating better and doing more exercise and living life to the full (as much as possible).

      Below is an excerpt - refer source link:

      What is the prognosis for patients with follicular NHL?
      "If follicular NHL is diagnosed early (while it is still limited to just one part of the body) it can sometimes be cured. However, most patients cannot be cured. Life expectancy for patients with newly diagnosed follicular NHL can range from a few months to more than 20 years; the average life expectancy is 10 years. Researchers are continuing to study this disease, and the outlook for new and more effective treatments is promising."

  19. QUESTION:
    a keep getting pains in my breasts a dont know why and am scared of the docs?
    a keep gettings pains in my breast and a dont know why can any 1help

    • ANSWER:
      My mother in law is dying of breast cancer.

      My wife found her lump when it was small, and (unlike her mother) went immediately to the doc. My wife's prognosis is excellent because she did something early.

      Chances are that your pains are either harmless, or at least nothing life-threatening. However, if you keep deciding to stick your head in the sand, you have a huge risk of dying an awful, horrible, early death when someday you do have something serious. My mother in law has fought cancer for 10 years now, and there is a great chance that she's have missed most of that if she'd gone to the doc when she first found the tumor.

  20. QUESTION:
    i found out my dog has breast cancer. now she is howling,crying alot..is it a sign of her dieing now?
    i found out my dog has breast cancer. now she is howling and whinning alot. vet says she is not in pain. but why is she howling ? she is 19 years old in human life. but still worried she is in pain from the breast cancer. she has never whin or howl like this before.

    • ANSWER:
      Your vet is likely right that the howling and crying is not because of pain from breast cancer. Breast tumors in dogs are more common in unspayed, middle-aged female dogs (those between 5 and 10 years of age), although they can, on rare occasions, be found in dogs as young as 2 years. These tumors are rare in dogs that were spayed under 2 years of age. Occasionally, mammary tumors will develop in male dogs and these are usually very aggressive and have a poor prognosis.

      The risk of breast cancer is almost eliminated in dogs that are spayed before their first heat. Spaying greatly reduces the chances of a female dog developing this condition. In those females spayed prior to their first heat cycle, breast cancer is very, very rare. The risk of malignant mammary tumors in dogs spayed prior to their first heat is 0.05%. It is 8% for dog spayed after one heat, and 26% in dogs spayed after their second heat.It is believed that the elimination or reduction of certain hormonal factors causes the lowering of incidence of the disease in dogs that have been spayed. These factors would probably be estrogen, progesterone, a similar hormone or possibly a combination of two or more of these.

      There are multiple types of breast tumors in dogs. Approximately one-half of all breast tumors in dogs are benign, and half are malignant. All breast tumors should be identified through a biopsy and histopathology (microscopic examination of the tissue) to help in the treatment of that particular type of tumor.

      The most common benign form of canine breast tumors is actually a mixture of several different types of cells. For a single tumor to possess more than one kind of cancerous cell is actually rare in many species. This combination cancer in the dog is called a 'benign mixed mammary tumor' and contains glandular and connective tissue. Other benign tumors include complex adenomas, fibroadenomas, duct papillomas, and simple adenomas.

      Dop breast tumors present as a solid mass or as multiple swellings. When tumors do arise in the breast issue, they are usually easy to detect by gently palpating the mammary glands. When tumors first appear they will feel like small pieces of pea gravel just under the skin. They are very hard and are difficult to move around under the skin. They can grow rapidly in a short period of time, doubling their size every month or so.

      The dog normally has five mammary glands, each with its own nipple, on both the right and left side of its lower abdomen. Although breast cancer can and does occur in all of the glands, it usually occurs most frequently in the 4th and 5th. In half of the cases, more than one growth is observed. Benign growths are often smooth, small and slow growing. Signs of malignant tumors include rapid growth, irregular shape, firm attachment to the skin or underlying tissue, bleeding, and ulceration. Occasionally tumors that have been small for a long period of time may suddenly grow quickly and aggressively, but this is the exception not the rule.

      It is very difficult to determine the type of tumor based on physical inspection. A biopsy or tumor removal and analysis are almost always needed to determine if the tumor is benign or malignant, and to identify what type it is. Tumors, which are more aggressive may metastasize and spread to the surrounding lymph nodes or to the lungs. A chest x-ray and physical inspection of the lymph nodes will often help in confirming this.

      Mammary cancer spreads to the rest of the body through the release of individual cancer cells from the various tumors into the lymphatics. The lymphatic system includes special vessels and lymph nodes. There are regional lymph nodes on both the right and left sides of the body under the front and rear legs. They are called the 'axillary' and 'inguinal' lymph nodes, respectively. Mammary glands 1, 2, and 3 drain and spread their tumor cells forward to axillary lymph nodes, while cells from 3, 4, and 5 spread to the inguinal ones. New tumors form at these sites and then release more cells that go to other organs such as the lungs, liver, or kidneys.

      What is the treatment?

      Surgical Removal: Upon finding any mass within the breast of a dog, surgical removal is recommended unless the patient is very old. If a surgery is done early in the course of this disease, the cancer can be totally eliminated in over 50% of the cases having a malignant form of cancer. The area excised depends on the judgment and preference of the practitioner. Some will only remove the mass itself. Others, taking into consideration how the cancer spreads, will remove the mass and the rest of the mammary tissue and lymph nodes that drain with the gland. For example, if a growth were detected in the number 2 gland on the left side, we would therefore remove glands, 1, 2, and 3 and the axillary lymph node on that side. If it were found in the number 4 gland on the right side, then glands 3, 4, 5, and the inguinal lymph node on that side would be completely removed. With some tumor types, especially sarcomas, complete removal is very difficult and many of these cases will have tumor regrowth at the site of the previously removed tumor.

      Owners may confuse a surgical removal of a mammary gland in the dog with a radical mastectomy in humans, with all of the associated problems. In humans, this type of surgery would affect the underlying muscle tissue which complicates the recovery. In the dog, however, all of the breast tissue and the related lymphatics are outside of the muscle layer, so we only need to cut through the skin and the mammary tissue. This makes the surgery much easier and recovery much faster. A radical mastectomy in a dog means all the breasts, the skin covering them, and the four lymph nodes are all removed at the same time. Although this is truly major surgery, suture removal usually occurs in 10 to 14 days with normal activity resuming at that point.

      Many veterinarians will spay a dog having a mastectomy (unless she is very old). The value of this in decreasing the recurrence of tumors is still controversial.

  21. QUESTION:
    my brother in law got lung cancer, got tumor in right lung, spread to left lung, which is best treatment ,ta?
    he is 40yrs old, he is in stage 4 as per doctor said, if any one can share , which treatment is best in this situation, and which doctor or hospital is best in this situation ( in india, or anywhere else), thanks

    • ANSWER:
      With Ur strategic support & co-operation, Ur beloved brother-in-law can have the best humanly possible cure/relief right @ home, wherever U people are. Trust in 'target therapy' is 90% effective and medicine and religious compliance renders 10% cure. He can as well, hopefully, come outof even IV stage metastasized lung cancer.

      Target Therapy---Chemotherapy with the aid of Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.

      It is a terminal case, and target therapy helped to live longer by 9 months with the “least discomfort” till her last breath on 26072012.. Hence, ‘target therapy is worth trying. When terminal case gave good relief, an early stage breast cancer renders total cure.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, Stage-IV etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well. Her son made a phone on 12052012 and told that her appetite improved, constipation issues solved, sleeping well. Excepting that she has severe sciatica pain, for which we suggested them to contact an Acupuncturist @ Hyderabad.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •Impression of CT Scanning- Dated: 22092011 [before commencement of target therapy—Known case of carcinoma of left breast, post modified radical mastectomy, multiple lung secondaries, chest wall metastases.
      •CT Scanning Dated 21062012 [after 2 sets/bouts of target therapy] Bilateral pulmonary sternal metastases, Bilateral plural effusion. Target therapy for another 45 days continues. She is still fine with the least discomfort as on 25072012.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 2.00 lac cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  22. QUESTION:
    is the cervial cancer jab more harmful than the cancer?
    i keep seeing people saying that people have died from it and had affects and that!
    im very under weight and anemic.. that wont matter will it?
    is that people in other countries?

    how much does it hurt? compared to a blood test?

    ive got pericings, my lip ears x2 and belly..
    too many people telling me i can die from it :|
    wth?! someone explain before i book it!
    im 16, 5ft 5 and 6 stone 4
    im on penicillin now so i know im not allergic to it?

    • ANSWER:
      Basically: Not really.

      Every drug has different effects on different people. Penicillin can kill some people right after it's administered, it's about very rare reactions. In that case, the benefits are weighed against the risks, if the benefits win, then it's always in the patient's interest to give that particular drug/vaccine.

      The prognosis of cervical cancer - from Wikipedia:
      "With treatment, 80 to 90% of women with stage I cancer and 50 to 65% of those with stage II cancer are alive 5 years after diagnosis. Only 25 to 35% of women with stage III cancer and 15% or fewer of those with stage IV cancer are alive after 5 years.[69]"

      That means that if 100 women are diagnosed with breast cancer:

      - 15 will be alive after 5 years (85 will be dead) if it's in a late stage (stage 4, the cancer has spread away from the vagina)

      - 35 will be alive (65 dead) after 5 years for stage 3 (the tumor made it to the lower third of the vagina)

      - 65 will be alive after 5 years (45 dead) for stage 2 (the cancer has left the cervix)

      - 90 will be alive (10 dead) after 5 years for stage 1 (the cancer is still in the cervix).

      Those five years won't be normal years, the treatment can interfere with your life, level of activity, concentration, etc.

      Cancer treatment is difficult, and it can severely affect your quality of life. It's a decision that you'd have to make on your own.

      You can decide to go without it, but then you'd need to visit a gynecologist every once in a while for a pap smear (a simple procedure which somewhat checks whether you have early tumor cells/a cervical tumor at that time). Some females find pap smears uncomfortable.

      HPV is a sexually transmitted virus, so all the recommendations about safe sex apply here.

      It only hurts like any other shot. For someone with so many piercings it should be nothing for you. Piercings don't add to your lifespan, but the jab actually may.

      If you can afford to reduce your chances of getting one cancer, then why shouldn't you?

      People always say bad things about every vaccine - and little children die thanks to them. See what your options are and make your decision.

      As for the anemia, I have never heard anything about adverse effects for simple iron-deficiency anemia - if it's real anemia, not a figure of speech. However, if it's hemolytic anemia then that would be different. Discuss the anemia with the doctor/nurse before taking the shot.

      After looking at charts, the average weight for 16-17 old females is from 115-120 pounds, and the average height is at 64 inches. Your weight is 88 pounds and your height is 65 inches if my calculations are right, so you're slightly below the average weight for your age group. Your BMI (body mass index) is 14.6, so you're indeed underweight (18.5 to 24.9 is normal).

  23. QUESTION:
    how bad is liver cancer?
    ok so my mother in law has had bone cancer for the past 4 years, and for the past year we thought it was in remission. but my husband just called and said that the cancer has spread to her liver. what does this mean? how bad is it?

    also to add, about 6 years ago she had breast cancer and had one breast removed to get rid of it, im not sure if this matters or not...

    is there a website where i can learn more about this?

    • ANSWER:
      It is not good. This is not a primary liver cancer. The malignancy in the liver is still made up of breast cells. Hormonal therapy does not work as well for liver metastases. Combination chemotherapy is still an option. We have a number of salvage chemotherapy drugs and regimens for people in this situation. The prognosis depends on her response to further chemotherapy. The oncologist who knows the details of her case can explain the prognosis much better than any of us on the internet. We would need to see the liver CT scans and blood tests along with the specific histology of her breast malignancy. Her doctor has all of this. In any case, metastatic breast carcinoma to bone and or liver is not considered curable.
      http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/types/recur_metast/ask_expert/conf_2007_10/question_02.jsp
      http://www.imaginis.com/breast-health/advanced-metastatic-breast-cancer-1

  24. QUESTION:
    Please help...I don't know how to live with my shattered heart?
    Due to financial hardship (I was sick earlier in the year. I have Krohns disease and ended up getting evicted) me and my two young daughters, ages 6 and 12, moved into my boyfriends house. We rent the downstairs and share kitchen and laundry upstairs. We had trouble blending our families (his kids are 9,13, & 16) and it had caused tempers to shorten. Three nights ago we had an argument and he said if I went downstairs we were finished. I really needed to cool off...Now he says he doesn't love me and he will never change his mind.

    Ever since my accident a few weeks ago ( my car got totaled) I have been in horrible pain in my neck, migraines, confusion, getting angry at things that normally wouldn't make me angry, dizziness, just to state a few. I flipped my car end over end 3 times but only suffered a concision. To make matters worse, I also ran out of my anti depressant, and that make things a million times worse. Not only did I screw up with him I also deleted 95% of my friends on facebook the day he told me he didn't love me (this is something I never would have done before my accident). To compound the situation more so ...the day before he broke up with me, I had told him that I found a lump in my breast. Breast cancer and fibroid tumors run in my family. I am devastated and feel as though I don't deserve to be loved by anyone. Like I said, we had problems even before my accident, but we were working on them.

    Last night I searched out what a concision might do to my physically, this is what I found from Wikipedia

    Post-concussion syndrome, also known as postconcussive syndrome or PCS, and historically called shell shock,[1] is a set of symptoms that may continue for weeks, months, or occasionally a year or more after a concussion – a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI).[2][3][4] Symptoms of PCS, which is the most common entity to be diagnosed in people who have suffered TBI,[3] may occur in 38–80% of mild head injuries.[5] A diagnosis may be made when symptoms resulting from concussion last for more than three months after the injury,[6] or it may be made starting within a week[7] or ten days of trauma.[8] In late, persistent, or prolonged PCS (PPCS), symptoms last for over six months,[7][9] or by other standards, three.[10]
    The condition can cause a variety of symptoms: physical, such as headache; cognitive, such as difficulty concentrating; and emotional and behavioral, such as irritability. As many of the symptoms in PCS are common to, or exacerbated by, other disorders, there is a risk of misdiagnosis. Though there is no treatment for PCS itself, symptoms can be treated; medications and physical and behavioral therapy may be used, and patients can be educated about symptoms and their usual prognosis. The majority of PCS cases disappear after a period of time.

    I can't move, I have no transportation to work to afford to move, all of my family is eight hours away and cannot help or take us in. I cannot even pay him rent without transportation and work. I cannot get assistance for housing of any sort in the state of Wisconsin due to my eviction. When his lease is up the first of March, we will have nowhere to live. I got this email from him yesterday...
    "I’ve been too selfish and not met my children’s needs. I need to wait a lot longer time (if ever…or when they are grown up and out of the house) before I start having another serious relationship. My kids need time to heal….I know that now, and should have respected that. I know now that I can wait (without being lonely). My focus needs to be on my children, not on my fleshly desires. We can be friends, yes, but outside of that it just won’t work. As far as moving…..I need to make some sort of significant financial change where I don’t have to worry anymore about money. Getting a cheaper place would take off that stress. I can’t rely on you to pay rent especially when you have no job, no car, and have serious health issues."
    I do not know what to do, where to go, and how to live under the same roof with someone I wanted to live the rest of my life but doesn't love me back, how to care for my daughters???

    • ANSWER:
      first off i would like to say im very sorry for what your going through and believe me prayer works, God will never give you anything you can't handle, b strong for your girls and especially for yourself....if you don't mind i don't know your religion or if you believe in God at all, but from personal expreiance i can say that Ive seen God do many miracles in my family, and i would like to invite you to watch some of Joel Osteens teachings at www.lakewoodchurch.cc also i will pray for your health and your family.... God bless

  25. QUESTION:
    My first breast cancer was in 87 and then again in 92 and now in May of 2006 ,so i had both breast removed and
    My doctor tells me i will have hot flashes for the rest of my life after having breast cancer three times,i would like to know if that is true what the doctor said.

    • ANSWER:
      As a breast cancer survivor, I empathethize. Although I did not have mastecomy, I did have three lumpectomies and one recurrance and radiation before I learned the following info..

      As far as hot flashes, try a progesteron cream --my sister with terrible hot flashes tried one, but now can't remember what it is but had immediate results..''

      ...or better yet try this formula http://www.herbdoc.com/p42.asp

      ..doctors are often wrong

      ,,yes if you follow the typical American lifestyle, there prognosis is generally right, but if you change the variables like doing the things below will do, you wil have an excellent chance of restoring your health and preventing future cancer or spread of cancer

      Also doctors receive no trainig in herbs and nutrition aso they disregard it but history is full of people who proved their doctors worrng on terminal illnesses and less serious things. You can be one of them..there is hope!!

      For the cancer, try Dr. Richard Schulze's incurable program...he had an underground clinic 20 years and healed many of the worse kinds of incurable illnesses. I know people with cancer cured with his save your life videos and
      treatment.

      Here is his website and formulas. Call 1-800-herbdoc and ask to receive hos informative free catalog and free bimonthly newsletter. Research him on line. (look at his index for cancer treatment which I am sure is the incurables but it might list other side (it's in his catalog page) go below

      http://herbdoc.com/home_1024x768.asp

      Here is the summary of his program

      (you can make his formulas if you can't avoid..look up how to make tinctures and use bulk herbs, preferably organic/wildcrafted. Most of his formulas use one part of each herbs...a few use 2 parts of some but if you don't have the exact formula, don't worry. The only notable exception is intestinal cleanses formula one uses 7 parts psyllium to one or two parts of the other herbs.)

      Extremely worthwhile videos (12 hours) are his save your life videos available amazon/eBay/ or from Sam Biser's (Bizer??) website.
      also go to

      http://curezone.com/ and also

      http://healingtools.tripod.com/background.html

      Read this book for what foods help and prevent cancers and specific diseases (food your miracle medicine)

      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0061013307?v=glance

      Get Anne Frahm's book and her husband

      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/1585420026?v=glance
      http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/087477893X?v=glance

      Also see
      Doctor Lorraine Day, a medical doctor who cured herself of breast cancer...hear her tapes

      http://www.drday.com/

      Get the video "Hoxsey when healing becomes a crime" (or the quack who cured cancer" (eBay/amazon) and use his Hoxsey formula (available/online or health food store.

      Also try Essiac tea (research Renee Caisse)--online/health food store to get it

      Also look at Solomon Wickey's cancer diet (http://amywelborn.typepad.com/openbook/2004/12/solomon_wickey.html

      Also see Linda Rector page's book "healthy healing" and the book "prescription for nutritional healing " James and Phyllis ) or something like that is author)

      Although my mother and I went to him and I personally feel he is a charleton, I do feel his diet is good (people say they got results..I strongly felt he was a fake though)..you may use real maple syrup and raw honey as a sweetener on his diet and Bragg's amino acids or dulse/seaweed flakes as a salt.

      Natural cures they don't want you to know and more natural cures books to may have other suggestions

      But if only doing one thing do Schulze's incurable...it is the foundation and these others are excellent supplements. It is best to use only organic/wildcrafted herbs as these are 7-10 times higher in the pytochemicals that cure and prevent disease. Do. Schulze I believe has the best products on the market. See why his products are the best at herbdoc.com. His tapes/etc are also very good.

      Even if you do not have cancer, copy and print this information. It is the condensing of 20 years of reading and study and research and that which probably only 1 in 10,000 people knows. I believe God led me to this information to help others. I have read over 1000 books on the topic as well. This information could save the lives of you or someone you know someday..Good luck!

  26. QUESTION:
    i found a 4 or 5cm single lump in my breast, it is on the inside part of my breast?
    not near my arm, I am 42 and have a mamogram every year, and last one was 10 months ago, this just poped up 2 weeks ago, i had a biopsy friday, what are the chances it is not cancer, the doc said it looked suspious, but not 100 percent untill it comes back this waiting is killing me

    • ANSWER:
      No one can tell you what the chances are. I am sorry. However if you had a clean mammogram only 10 months ago then the odds are good that if it is cancerous ( and I pray it is not ) that you detected it very very early and the prognosis and treatment of stage 1 breast cancer is very good nowadays

  27. QUESTION:
    Triple negative breast cancer?
    My mum had stage IV metastatic ER+PR- breast cancer. The doctors are now saying that it has changed to triple negative breast cancer. They said that because of the hormone medication for the ER+PR- which stops the cancer from 'feeding' on the oestrogen, the cancer changed itself into triple negative. I have looked at quite a few websites on triple negative and I know that it is far more aggressive than ER+PR- but less aggressive than HER2. We found out earlier this year that the cancer had spread to Mum's lungs, spine and brain. She finished chemo a month or so ago and now only has 1 lump, which has shrunk, on her lung, but the cancer in her spine has spread to 3 vertebrae rather than just 1. The doc said chemo takes longer to get to the bones and that it will catch up and she is also on chemo pills specifically for the bones. She had radiation to her brain which the doc said 'will get it' but doesn't have her MRI till Nov so we are yet to know if that worked or not. The brain tumours are extremely small and cause her no problems at all. While there are 10+ they were found by sheer luck and the doc said it is rare to find brain tumours so early.

    Now I know the prognosis is not that great for triple negative cancer. I know it doesnt respond to hormone therapy and only to chemo. I read that it responds better to chemo than the other cancers. The doc has mentioned something about third generation platinum chemo that they can try if the chemo pills don't work but Mum says this is extremely bad as it messes with your DNA. She said she will do it if she has to of course. Does anyone know anything about it?

    Do you think there is any chance that Mum's cancer could be halted and she could live for years to come? Or is triple negative a death sentence? Will I be saying goodbye to my beautiful wonderful mum within the next year? Or is triple negative not so bad? Things I read on the net said the prognosis for triple negative was 13 months on average and only 3 once diagnosed with brain tumours. Mum has had her tumours for longer than that and the cancer doesn't affect her.

    Sorry this question is all over the place, I just kept thinking of things so put them in. Thanks so much for helping

    • ANSWER:
      I understand how you are "all over the place". In situations where someone you love is threatened, your mind is full of questions that breed questions.

      There is a Triple Negative Breast Cancer Foundation, whose website I've sourced, that might be able to help you find some sources for the answers you seek, especially as far as clinical trials.

      Unfortunately, no one can say whether your mum will live for years to come, but that's true even if cancer isn't present. It sounds as though your mum is a determined fighter and she certainly seems to have a loving daughter in her corner.

      Best luck and God Bless you both.

  28. QUESTION:
    Big C what do my children and i do?
    Hi look i know it is not manly to come to a site and open your heart but i have no one else to turn to right now,My wife and i are married 10 years and it has been the best 10 years of my life and i couldn't imagine my life with anyone else,so far we have four beautiful children from 9 years old all the way down to 9 months.I love my wife and kids and we all have had an amazing life together.Four days ago it was just the strangest night!! we put the kids to bed and had an hour to ourselves she then just came in to me and said she wanted to be honest with me i thought she did something bad but then she said she had breast cancer and its like my our whole life tumbled,i can't understand how shes staying so calm she said she wants us to carry on as normal im the only one who knows and she wont tell anyone because she dosen't want to worry anyone and warned me not to tell anyone ,im scared, frightened and can't stop thinking something will happen to her ,I find it hard because she dosent want to talk about it she says she will be fine and to concentrate more on the kids i cant!! if i lose her im nothing im afraid she will leave our family and our beautiful 9 month old girl will not remember her, i know i can't stop cancer but i have never been more scared in my life !!my sister died of cancer but it was in the stomach and the day she left tore me apart ,i can't sleep i spend my night lying there just looking at her thinking she has something that could part us ,what do i do i can't cope i can't eat i've no interest in anything anymore she tells me not to worry my late sister told me that and she isn't with me anymore i have spoken to doctors and they said it is treatable just to keep hope i've tryed to educated more about if everything i do with her every little thing i keep thinking it could be our last i hate thinking like this im only thinking like this because she wants to do out a will just in case anything happens,we have a young family would they understand ?i dont think our 4 year old and 9 months old will but im sure my 7 and 9 year old could when the time comes how do we tell them how do i cope as a father? its not easy to carry on normal!! what do i do!!!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm so sorry your wife has breast cancer. It can be very hard when somebody you love has cancer. Just know that cancer doesn't always mean death. I am so extremely sorry that cancer took your sister. That is horrible. But please know that cancer can be treated and that breast cancer is a lot easier to treat than stomach cancer.

      My mom got breast cancer and I was terrified, of course. But she survived and she's been cancer-free for 8 years. So know that there is hope. No matter what happens, don't lose hope. Even though your wife seems calm, she has to be in shock. I don't think the reality of it all has set in yet, and if it has she is unthinkably strong. As a father and a husband, the most important thing you can do is love and support your family. Be there for your wife if she needs to talk, cry, or if she just needs to hang out with you and relieve stress.

      And it is understandable that you aren't able to concentrate on the kids right now. You just found out your wife has cancer. As time goes on, it will be easier to cope with life. When you find out about the cancer is the hardest time to live life "normally." I would suggest that you go with your wife to her appointments if you can so you can talk to her doctor and learn as much about the particular kind of cancer she has.

      Try not to think "this could be the last thing I do with her." Typically, cancer is slow. Breast cancer itself isn't going to kill her. The concern is that the cancer can spread into organs. The cancer in organs is what could kill her, but if that happened, she wouldn't die suddenly. Usually, a prognosis of cancer won't mean that she will die suddenly at any time. You have more time with her, and that thinking will only stress you out to the point of insanity.

      I don't know if your young family will understand. I was 11 when my mom got cancer and I didn't really understand. At the same time, it wasn't explained to me. All I knew was that my mom had cancer. I didn't really know if she was going to be okay, or why she was tired, or anything. I wish that my family would have explained it to me a little more. If/when you tell your children, try to tell them in a way where they understand what is going on, but also in a way in that they don't know so many details that they're overwhelmed.

      Try to be strong. Her cancer can be treated. It's normal that she doesn't want to talk at this point, but I hope that she will want to talk to you about it after the initial shock she is probably feeling. My heart goes out to you and your family. I hope that she gets better. Even though I'm not terribly religious, I'm praying for her, you, and your family. You can get through this. She can get through this too. It can be hard to carry on with life as normal, but all you can do is your best. Don't obsess over acting normal at work, but don't give up on your normal life. Do what you can. Do the best you can. Nobody can live perfectly when a loved one has cancer, so don't expect yourself to.

      All you can do is your best. And I'm sure you will do your best. So really, I wish you and your family all the luck, hope, and love in the world. If things seem unmanageable to you, seeing a therapist can help. Yes it can be viewed as "unmanly," but as a woman, I have TONS of respect for men that better their lives through therapy. So if that's what will help, do it. Do anything that will help (besides drinking/drugs of course!). And it's not unmanly that you came and asked for help. It's human and it's healthy to ask for help. Your family can get through this. Never lose hope. Like I said, my mom has been cancer-free for 8 years even though she had an extremely aggressive type of breast cancer. Lots of luck, hope, love, and good thoughts <3

  29. QUESTION:
    90 yr old aunt refuses medical treatments so what happens with kidney problems and return of breast cancer.?
    I have a 90 yr old aunt under our care in assisted living. She is doing well, but doctors tell her that she will eventually have an option to go on dialysis if needed as her kidney function is failing. Breast cancer of 10 yrs ago returned, and she took 3 hormone shots that are once a month. All of a sudden, she just wants to be on meds that she has been on for the last 15 years meaning the blood pressure med and diabetes meds. The new doctors are changing things and she claims she does not feel well and she knows her body. Her body is telling her to stop these new treatments. What will happen if she keeps refusing the new meds and how long does kidney failure take. She is on Phosbo to rid the kidneys of phospherous and is no longer taking the b p med and lasix. She only takes the phosbo and I believe the medication for blood sugar, which is a pill. She is not on insulin. She also does not put in the drops for glaucoma. She self medicates.What is her prognosis and time?

    • ANSWER:
      My mom was in her 70's when she had kidney failure. She did dialysis for like 3 days. She decided she didn't want to live like that and refused treatment. She was gone with in 3 days.
      My mom had been a fighter for many years, she was a lupus patient and slowly but surely it infected all her organs. She had heart problems had a 5 bi-pass surgery then 15 years later a stroke. Problems with her liver but the kidney failure is the actual cause of death.
      I am not a doctor and dint know your aunt but I do know once they call in Hospice you don't have much longer. My sister had breast cancer and lived 1 year after Hospice was called. My mom 2 weeks after Hospice was called. and My dad just 3 days once they called in Hospice.
      Stand by your aunts bedside. Feed her ice chips when needed. Help flip her over when she wants to turn and give her permission to die. Tell her you will be ok. I will miss you but we will be ok.

  30. QUESTION:
    FOR PEOPLE WITH EXPERIENCE IN BRAIN TUMORS: I'm worrying about brain stem gliomas and I'm a 13 year old male?
    Please read this, this is important!!

    Okay well I am worrying about a brain stem glioma, apparently dizziness is a symptom of it and I have been experiencing that, about 10 minutes ago I started getting this vertigo where when I closed my eyes, I felt like I was really spinning around and I felt like I was gonna lose my balance when I put my feet together to test my balance. As I write this, I am laying down on my bed and I don't feel like I have much vertigo right now, it seems like the vertigo gets a bit worse when I move.

    I have been worrying about dizziness and vertigo seriously 24/7, I never stop worrying and it seemed like the vertigo started a few days or a day after I started worrying about the vertigo symptom, I will use Google and type in mild dizziness with "s before the mild and after dizziness then I'll type in brain stem glioma with it and see if there are any parents saying stuff like "my child has a brain stem glioma. His symptoms were only mild dizziness bla bla", then I'll worry more.

    I just typed in what I explained before and I found some articles and read them, but I don't think they were what I expected which was good but there was this one article that you has to pay for to view and I think it was about this womans child who has a brain stem glioma and his symptoms were only "mild occasional dizziness" from the bit I read before clicking on the result.

    By the looks of it, I'm the only kid my age who has been worrying about this specific type of brain tumor, I use my computer basically all day, but that's not my concern right now, BRAIN STEM GLIOMAS ARE.

    Considering the prognosis of brain stem gliomas are bad, like less than a year in most cases, I worry more and there are no treatments and no one is FUNDING for research, so no research is being done to find a cure and all these children are DYING with deterioration of their motor skills and there is NOTHING they can do about it, people are donating for breast cancer while this brain tumor is the big concern, I've read stories about children with brain stem gliomas (all of them are dead), the longest living child in the WORLD with that type of tumor has been 5 years, I am so scared of having this brain tumor, people say "you would have more symptoms if you had a brain tumor like that", but from the articles I have read, there are some children who have had only mild vertigo and all they can do is pray for a miracle, but with this type of tumor there are no miracles, it kills all of its victims.

    People donate money to AIDS research when a lot of people can live normal lives with treatment but with brain stem gliomas, no one lives 0.1% of a normal life.

    Please tell me what you think about my dizziness/vertigo symptom, it seems to be worse when I think about it, I am just a 13 year old boy and don't know sh*t about the brain stem and what parts of it are affected by this tumor.

    THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR READING THIS, I REALLY APPRECIATE IT!!!!!!!!
    Note: I do not experience ear pain at all.

    • ANSWER:
      Take a deep breath. Relax. You're a 13 y/o boy self-diagnosing. Be honest, what are the odds that you're accurate? Doctors train for years and sometimes still make mistakes.

      Ask a parent to take you to the pediatrician. Talk to him/her about the dizzyness and the anxiety.

  31. QUESTION:
    FOR PEOPLE WITH EXPERIENCE IN BRAIN TUMORS: I'm worrying about brain stem gliomas and I'm a 13 year old male?
    Please read this, this is important!!

    Okay well I am worrying about a brain stem glioma, apparently dizziness is a symptom of it and I have been experiencing that, about 10 minutes ago I started getting this vertigo where when I closed my eyes, I felt like I was really spinning around and I felt like I was gonna lose my balance when I put my feet together to test my balance. As I write this, I am laying down on my bed and I don't feel like I have much vertigo right now, it seems like the vertigo gets a bit worse when I move.

    I have been worrying about dizziness and vertigo seriously 24/7, I never stop worrying and it seemed like the vertigo started a few days or a day after I started worrying about the vertigo symptom, I will use Google and type in mild dizziness with "s before the mild and after dizziness then I'll type in brain stem glioma with it and see if there are any parents saying stuff like "my child has a brain stem glioma. His symptoms were only mild dizziness bla bla", then I'll worry more.

    I just typed in what I explained before and I found some articles and read them, but I don't think they were what I expected which was good but there was this one article that you has to pay for to view and I think it was about this womans child who has a brain stem glioma and his symptoms were only "mild occasional dizziness" from the bit I read before clicking on the result.

    By the looks of it, I'm the only kid my age who has been worrying about this specific type of brain tumor, I use my computer basically all day, but that's not my concern right now, BRAIN STEM GLIOMAS ARE.

    Considering the prognosis of brain stem gliomas are bad, like less than a year in most cases, I worry more and there are no treatments and no one is FUNDING for research, so no research is being done to find a cure and all these children are DYING with deterioration of their motor skills and there is NOTHING they can do about it, people are donating for breast cancer while this brain tumor is the big concern, I've read stories about children with brain stem gliomas (all of them are dead), the longest living child in the WORLD with that type of tumor has been 5 years, I am so scared of having this brain tumor, people say "you would have more symptoms if you had a brain tumor like that", but from the articles I have read, there are some children who have had only mild vertigo and all they can do is pray for a miracle, but with this type of tumor there are no miracles, it kills all of its victims.

    People donate money to AIDS research when a lot of people can live normal lives with treatment but with brain stem gliomas, no one lives 0.1% of a normal life.

    Please tell me what you think about my dizziness/vertigo symptom, it seems to be worse when I think about it, I am just a 13 year old boy and don't know sh*t about the brain stem and what parts of it are affected by this tumor.

    THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR READING THIS, I REALLY APPRECIATE IT!!!!!!!!
    Note: I do not experience ear pain at all.

    • ANSWER:

  32. QUESTION:
    Stage 4 breast cancer...?
    Well I have been on this a few times and i have received Alot of feed back and i appreciate it alot...my question is that my mum has stage 4 breast cancer that progressed in the liver and collar bone after 6 months of chemo the liver looks clear. The oncologist has ordered a bone scan to see if it has progressed if not they will be sending my mum to canberra for radiation where she had her mastectomy but if the cancer has spread to other parts of the bone she wont be sending her instead she might leave her on chemo for longer...what is the prognosis? Her oncologist is positive and all but when i hear stage 4 i get so upset...please help.

    • ANSWER:
      I am sorry Alex, but stage 4 breast cancer is not curable, if that is what you mean.
      The 5 year survival rate is 20%, but it is not unusual to see patients survive 10 years or more it all depends on how they respond to treatment. There is a possibility we find better treatments during the time her life is extended that it could be extended longer, but there is no way to know.

  33. QUESTION:
    my mother has breast cancer ,iwant to know about surviver ?

    • ANSWER:
      Hello. I am sorry to hear about your mother. I was diagnosed two years ago and have been cancer free since finishing my treatments and surgeries.

      Now, first I am going to say that yes, there have been many many advances in breast cancer treatment, screening, etc. And yes, most people recover fine from it. But one of my pet peeves is people saying not to worry, that breast cancer is easily treated (I personally did not find my treatments to be easy) and cured. For example, when a superstar gets diagnosed, it always ends with "and there is a good prognosis".

      But, I have to say that it does not always end that way. I have known of too many woman who have had it spread, or after 2, 3, 10 years, it came back. A lot depends on the staging of the cancer and if it has spread to other organs. Breast cancer is a tricky thing in my opinion. It seems like it can lay dormant for years and then rear it's ugly head again.

      Personally, I think I will be worrying about it for the rest of my life (I was 29 when I was diagnosed, 31 now). One book that I have found helpful was called "After Breast Cancer:A Common-Sense Guide to Life After Treatment" by Hester Hill Schnipper. Believe it or not, one of the hardest parts of treatment is when it ends.

      Anyway, I don't mean to scare anyone, but I don't think it is fair to mislead people any more than they already are about breast cancer. There's a lot more to it then pumping poison into your veins and losing body parts. Good luck to your mom and your family as you walk this walk together. It's the only way to get through it.

  34. QUESTION:
    Do oncologists typically just "give up" on stage 4 metastatic breast cancer?
    I'm researching bone cancer that has metastasized from breast cancer. Recent tests showed an abnormality in my shoulder, and I am awaiting more tests.

    - Originally, my doc told me the initial follow up tests showed nothing.
    - At next meeting, I found this was not the truth, but for some reason, they were reluctant to tell me until they knew anything else (unlike my bc diagnosis progression).
    - When I asked about surgery, if it was positive, my onc said that would be unwise as it would likely weaken the bone.
    ???????? *boggle* Who cares? We're talking about cancer here.

    After researching online, it appears that a very different attitude is taken towards metastatic bone cancer vs. original bone cancer. If I hadn't already had breast cancer, my oncologist would have recommended surgery, I suspect. However, online sites suggest the goal at even the most remote and localized bone cancers is basically just to Make Her Comfortable.

    I know I should not be surprised, as most stage 4 cancers are treated as death sentences, however, it seems logical that prognosis is lower than it should be because of this very attitude.

    I'm becoming angry. I think I need to research metastatic cancers more and get more involved - regardless of my diagnosis.

    Do you find the same things I'm finding? Are doctors still ignoring a Stage 4 cancer patient's realistic changes for long term survival and avoiding expensive treatments as a result? Has no change occurred in this area of cancer advancement?

    • ANSWER:
      I know nothing on this subject except, it's common knowledge that people beat it all the time. Here is the heart wrenching article from the source below
      Topic: stage 4 peritineal metastisis help.Log in to post a reply
      Posted on: Dec 5, 2009 07:31 pm Hamilton Joined: Nov 2007 Posts: 59 Amy1971 wrote:
      Was just diagnosed with stage 4 peritineal metastsis really dont know what to think they have given me an average of 2 years to live. They wanted to start oral chemo but opted to try some more iv chemo of diffrent drugs than I have had before.
      I go three days on chemo them 3 weeks off. Not really sure what to think---will this save me or just prolong the agony? also waiting for a bone scan. Had emerg bowel resection about 3 weeks ago started chemo again last wed.
      I am so scared for my daughter who is 10 me and her dad (of 20 years) split up about7 weeks ago and then this happends. What am I suppose to think? Do I give up? I dont want to give up and am not ready to leave my beautiful daughter my mom and sister.
      But what do you do pretend that its gonna be fine when they tell me its just time how do you put a happy face on for the holidays when everytime you look at your family it hurts so much. I feel like a failure that I let her down and the fact of her being brought up without her mom terrifies me.
      what do I do now?please help me i am so sad and dont want to die at 38 or even 40?
      Diagnosis: 10/10/2007, IDC, 3cm, Stage IIIa, Grade 3, 3/14 nodes, mets, ER-/PR-, HER2-. .Posts 1 - 17 (17 total)
      Dec 5, 2009 07:47 pm
      Reneepals wrote:

      Amy...... Breath.... Please...... First off I can not believe that your doctor gave you a time frame... what a horrible thing, especially in this day and age. We have to be realistic, but we have to have hope too. More and more I am seeing people 5 and 10 years out. My infusion nurse was telling my husband that she has a lot of patients for ten years and counting. That, it truly is somewhat of a chronic disease......... It isn't an easy road, in anyway. But it does teach you how to really cherish life and to not waste your time on small annoyances. Don't give up! there are new treatments coming out all the time. Parp Inhibitors are a up and coming new treatment for Trip neg breast cancers. We are here to listen and help. You are not alone. Renee Nanalinda NY Joined: Jan 2009
      Posts: 454 Log in to post a reply Dec 5, 2009 07:57 pm Nanalinda wrote:
      Amy: Don't give up!! That two year crap is just an average life expectancy that some Dr's like to wave around in people's face. Those stats are already old. There are so many stage IV ladies hanging in for many more years than that. You are TN just like me, which means chemo usually works better for us, and there are a lot of chemo's to try. When one stops working, you go to the next. You have a child who needs you, so start the fight and keep on fighting. If you want to talk more about TN, just send me a PM, and I will answer any question I can for you. Hang in there!! Linda
      Diagnosis: 7/26/2006, IDC, 3cm, Stage IV, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, mets, ER-/PR-, HER2- GracePang
      Winnipeg, MB Joined: Sep 2009 Posts: 66 Log in to post a reply Dec 5, 2009 07:59 pm
      GracePang wrote: Hi Amy, •I understand how you feel. When my onc told me I had about 1 year to live this October, I felt the same. You are doing the right thing coming here to this site seeking support. I did the same and felt much better. After I read so many successfu stories on this board, now I put behind what my onc told me. I beleive now I stll have a long life to live. My son is 16 years old now. I will fight all I can to keep alive, since I want to see him graduate from high school, from university, find a job and get married. I even envision being a grandma. All these thoughts keep me strong and optimistic. So many different drugs are available now and at least one of them will work effectively to kill those cancer cell. Let's fight together. lots of hugs, Grace
      Her2+++/ER -, Stage III breast cancer 5 years ago. Had Hamilton
      Joined: Nov 2007
      Posts: 59
      Log in to post a reply Dec 5, 2009 07:59 pm
      Amy1971 wrote:
      thanks renee. Yes he gave me a time frame which has made it even harder on me. The first three days of chemo have gone ok so far. Not sure what to think or even anymore questions to ask never thought in a million years this would be my next step. i had a prophylactic mast on the left side in may with tissue expanders placed and fully expanded. Then the original bc site ripped open and would not heal we emptied a portion of the expander and stiched it back up to end up in the hospital a few days later with a bowel obstruction or two I should say they were both surgically removed and was the worst surgery ever in my life. now this what will be next. I havent been able to come up with alot of promising information on the whole peritineal cancer spread from the breast except that it is not a good thing at all---esp survival rates can any

  35. QUESTION:
    Could it be breast cancer? I´m a teen?
    Hi,
    I am 15 and really freaked out right now. I´ve been noticing that my right breast is kinda bigger than the left one and that it has somewhat of a harsh lump inside of it, on a place that my left breast doesn´t have anything at. When I touch it it hurts. I know that the percentage of teens having breast cancer is very low, but I´ve had cancer when I was three and I´ve had my adrenal removed. I am really scared, what if...? I´m still hoping it´s some kind of asymmetric growth of my breasts and it will be OK since it´s just the size and the lump what bothers me. Is there a chance that it would be something natural or less scary than cancer? I don´t know if my body would have the strenght to fight the illness this time. Please, what are some other signs that would help me clarify the situation? Is there a possibility of cancer? Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      To remove Ur fear psychosis on b.c., & to reassure that any cancer is curable by target therapy.

      •Free & Instant Diagnosis/Prevention/cure of Breast Cancer and Breast related issues right @ Ur door-steps----with the aid of acupressure maps. Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures, with the aid of acupressure techniques, so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] ‘with no income to spend for mammogram’ with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger, as if U r pumping out air from these affected tender points..
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. *Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      In Ur case, target therapy is helpful to have total cure.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Still she is alive for the past 8 months.

  36. QUESTION:
    Found out my mom has cancer... headed back to college... need advice?
    I just found out yesterday my mom has cancer. She is 53, and a single mom. I'm a single daughter. She has been sick for 6 months in and out of hospitals and ER's. I was in college from august-december about 2 hours away, and was home on weekends and now winter break with her. She goes to the oncologist tomorrow to find out her prognosis, but since she has been so sick lately, it doesn't seem good. She is home now, and doing alright, just really warn down. I think it's lukemia... but not positive. They are giong to discuss her options and what she should do. I'm not going because I'm really bad in those situations. My mom and I have never really gotten along. Her motto when I was growing up was that she paid the bills and I cleaned the house. She never cleaned (hasn't touched a vacuum in years), and never cooked for me, I made my own meals or we ate out. She has been out of work on disbility for depression for 10+ years, and is capable of doing things on her own, but too lazy to actually do it. I also learned of many reasons why I can't trust her over this winter break. We barely talk, we live in the same house though when I'm home. I love her dearly, don't get me wrong, and I'm very thankful for all she did for me growing up, and the great person she made me become.

    My main question is... I'm going into my 6th semester in college... Do I go back and just come home on weekends? Or should I forget college and work at McDonalds to start paying off my loans that will have gotten me no where? I know if I leave college, I will never go back, that's just me and a fact. I really need help on what to do.... Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      You and your mom are living parallel lives with me and my daughter. Well, with one exception - my daughter doesn't clean!

      Okay, I was diagnosed last March with breast cancer - had my surgery before she got home from being away at college 16 hours away after I had healed from surgery and was home for the Summer break at that point. I had 4 of my 6 chemos while she was home and then she went back to school in the Fall and I finished my treatments.

      She came home for Winter break and at the end of the break, she had transferred to a new college 30 hours away.

      I am still unemployed at this point - got laid off when I had to have surgery. But have a lot of irons in the fire and hope to become employed (full time) shortly.

      I didn't want my daughter to change any of her plans for attending college where she wanted to go. She asked me if I wanted her to stay home and go to school locally and I said absolutely no. I want her to finish college and she's in such a good place at school right now. She has an unusual major and she's also an athlete, so that limited her to where she could be a student-athlete, thus sending her 30 hours away.

      You on the other hand, if you needed to get home due to an emergency with your mom's health, you'd be home in 2 hours. That's not far. Don't give up college. I know you are right that once you left college, you might never return. And you are almost in your senior year and it will be in no time, you are a college graduate! (My daughter's a Jr. in college too.)

      Just come home on weekends. And, if I were you, I'd contact your local American Cancer Society and talk to them about your situation and find out if they can give you and your mom some resources such as rides to medical appointments if she needs it while you are at school. They have resources - many of them. Use them as your support system.

      Good luck. Keep moving forward to graduating - don't stop. I would be mad if my daughter gave up now.

  37. QUESTION:
    My cat diagnosed with breast cancer...?
    She had her stitches out today from having some lumps removed, and the vet said that the biopsies showed carcinoma in both sites and that the prognosis is not good. It hasn't reached her lungs and she is showing no symptoms of feeling unwell, and she is going back in a month for another x-ray. She is 10 years old.

    Is there anything I can do for her besides care for her and love her? Has anyone else gone through this? Would there be anything I could do to help prolong and increase her quality of life? I was too upset to think to ask, but how long could she possibly live?

    Thank you for your help, I appreciate the support.

    • ANSWER:
      If there is a vet oncologist or a vet teaching hospital in your area, both are sources of the most up to date information.

      While your vet is likely very good, when I had a cat with cancer (fibrosarcoma), the vet oncologist certainly had the finest treatment. Unfortunately for my cat, she could not tolerate the treatment, which was the first time the vet oncologist had ever seen that problem. It was heartbreaking to see the tumor shrink like melting butter, but then almost lose her on the second treatment due to a reaction.

  38. QUESTION:
    Am I being disloyal to my husband and in-laws?
    Michelle has been my best friend for over a decade and we’re both in out late 20’s now. I married a really great, one in a million guy named Kevin 5 years ago and she married his younger brother Derek two years after that. Both our husbands are incredibly devoted to us and are extremely family oriented. The 4 of us pretty much had the life perfect life up until Derek was diagnosed with Leukaemia 6 months ago. Michelle’s mum battled and beat breast cancer when she was 17 and she couldn’t deal with going through all that again with Derek so she left him. Everyone was completely disgusted by her actions because he absolutely adored her and was devastated when she walked out . Her whole family lives in another state so she doesn’t really have anyone here. Even though I did the best I could to convince her to stay with him, after realizing she wasn’t going to change her mind I decided to remain her friend. This has caused a lot of problems in my marriage. The man who used to adore me now looks at me like a traitor. He feels incredibly hurt and betrayed by my actions and my mother-in-law who used to think the world of me hasn’t spoken to me in months .Why can’t my husband and in-laws understand that just because I haven’t cut her out of my life doesn’t mean I agree with her. I know I would never walk away from my husband at a time life this but I don’t feel like I have any right to judge her. My brother-in-law is responding well to treatment and the prognosis is good. How do I make peace with my mother-in-law and stop the constant fighting between my husband and I without cutting my best friend out of my life?

    • ANSWER:
      Obviously your best friend Michell was not as devoted to Derek as you thought. If she had a child who got leukemia would she have left her child just because her mother had battled with breast cancer over 10 years ago?? I doubt it very much!! You would also feel disgust too if she did, and would not remain her friend.

      I understand your husband, and your mother-in-law. This is their brother, and son. Try to look at it from their point of view. If this was a sister of yours that had leukemia, and her husband had left her? Would you still keep up a relationship with him? Or If you got Leukemia, and she walked away from you, and your husband, still kept in touch with her? I doubt it very much.

      I realize that you feel like you are being victimized. But your loyalty is to your brother in law, your husband, and your mother in law.

      I am glad that the prognosis looks good. But he is far from out of the woods yet, and Doctors claim that when a person has a supportive family this gives them the "will to live" when they have a terminal illness. A positive attitude is half the battle and is imperative for them to recover. How can your brother in law have a positive attitude when his wife left him??

      I am sorry but you are 100% wrong. You have to explain to your friend that as much as you care for her, your loyalty has to be with your family, as it should.

      I wish your brother in law a speedy recovery, and all the best.

      Sincerely a y/a contributor.

  39. QUESTION:
    want answers on ovarian and breat cancer with ascites?
    my MIL who is 72yrs old and has a large ovarian cyst for the past 21/2 years. Sixmonths ago she was diagnoised with breast cancer and massive ascites. Her present CT Scan report impression is large complex cystic leasion almost filling up pelvic and abdominal cavity consistent with mucinous ovarian neoplasm.
    HDVN left
    Suboptimal visualisation of liver/rt kidney.
    Fnac report is:
    Trucut boipsy: Section shows numerous duct lines by atypical cells and are seen in sheets, cords and wide ribbons. Cells show moderate degree of pleophorism, high NC ratio. The backgound showe fibrous tissue with collegenisation. Trucut biopsy shows features of DCIS and infiltrating ductal carcinoma.
    she had TB meningitis about 10 yrs back.
    Can anyone let me know the real state of her condition and what is her life expectancy.

    • ANSWER:
      Maybe, 6 months as per prognosis and investigation reports. To make her life less miserable and to prevent bed-ridden condition unto last moments, U can try acupressure techniques with no medication. The details are furnished hereunder:

      U may study the appended literature on acupressure, discuss with family members and friends and understand the concept, which is very easy. Then U may check for Urself Ur ailment and the affected organs.
      Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies:

      Prevention * & Cure* of any Disease/Syndrome/Disorder:---
      In any ailment [acute as well as chronic] and emergencies, Acupressure techniques come to Ur rescue, not only for instant diagnosis, but also for giving some prevention of any disease[s] and perceivable relief/cure.
      Acupressure techniques--- Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomiting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels.
      Utility—Blocked energy + toxins shall be moved from all Ur internal organs to purge in the normal drainage system, i.e., urine, feces, sweat, cough, menses[ladies], vomitting and all the organs shall function up to optimal levels
      Acupressure Techniques—NO MEDICATION. NO SIDE EFFECTS. NO HOSPITALIZATION. NO COSTS. IT IS SAFE ALSO.
      With Ur thumb, press ur/his/her palms and soles, wrists and ankles on both sides. Suppose pain is felt while pressing a particular point in the palm/sole, u have to press the surrounding area—just like u r pumping out air from that painful point. The blocked energy in any internal organ, be it lungs, heart, stomach, kidneys, pancreas, liver, etc., shall be released along with toxins if any. As a last point u must press middle part of each palm/sole; so that toxins, if any, shall be excreted/purged through urine without affecting the kidneys.
      It should be done in an empty stomach or 2 hours after meals. With this, all the endocrine glands and their hormonal secretions shall be regulated. All internal organs shall function up to optimal levels. Ur entire immune system gets invigorated to produce antibodies.
      Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      If the particular point is tender on pressure by Ur thumb, U can note that that particular organ[s] is/are affected. U can indulge in instant diagnosis of any disease and or the affected organ[s].
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles to diagnose & treat ailments of eyes, spine, breast cancer, etc., :

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol. & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases---Dr.Devendra Vora has analyzed that pressure applied on certain points located on the palms and soles helps to stimulate all organs of the body, prevents disease and assists in maintaining good health. Acupressure also helps to diagnose, prevent and cure diseases like common cold, Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, Migraine, Paralysis, and even cancer, HIV/AIDS. Autism, Thalassemia, Muscular Dystrophy, all brain and spinal cord affected diseases.
      •Latest updates* on “Miracles of Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies.”--We r treating from 01082011 a case of Thalassemia-Major-a genetic disorder acquired from Thalassemia-Minor parents[both] for a 4-months old boy born with congenital [liver] Jaundice, anemia [Hb-5.8] and fatigue] and his Hb levels have shot up steadily from 5.8 to 11.00 as on 04012012 and the doctors @ Apollo Hospitals @ Ludhiana have postponed steadily the transfusion dates from 3-4-6 weeks as on date.
      •==================================

  40. QUESTION:
    Pathophysiology questions:?
    Any help that you can provide would be really appreciated!

    1 - Mrs. A.T. had a mastectomy and removal of lymph nodes. 3 of the 5 lymph nodes were positive -- meaning there were cancer cells in the lymph nodes. What does this mean and how does it influence her prognosis?

    2 - Name 3 risk factors that increase a woman’s chances for breast cancer, and 3 preventative measures she can take.

    3 - There has been controversey about the value of using the PSA screening test for prostate cancer. What does the PSA test for and why is there concern among some men about getting this test done?

    4 - Which of these patients would be at a higher risk for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
    A) A 60 year old male with a family history of cancer
    B) A 61 year old African American monozygotic twin
    C) A 35 year old Japanese male
    D) A 24 year old female with a history of high blood pressure and urinary tract infections

    5 - Describe the changes that occur in the prostate with BPH and the reason for these changes.

    6 - There a high risk of developing a prostatic malignancy if treatment is delayed in men with benign prostatic hypertrophy.
    A) True
    B) False

    7 - Describe the greatest risk factors for ovarian cancer.

    8 - Explain, using specific examples, two reasons why STD's may go undetected.

    9 - Explain why the number of deaths from cervical cancer has declined. Do you think the incidence of cervical cancer will decrease in the future?

    10 - Name the 2 most common causes of pelvic inflammatory disease and 2 risk factors that predispose someone to this disease.
    There's an overlap between pathophysiology and oncology, moron.
    There aren't "med school" questions. These are second-year pathophysiology questions. Is this what passes for medical school in England?

    • ANSWER:
      What's the use of taking a class if you aren't willing to do your own homework?

      Edit: This dude also doesn't like being told to do his own homework. John, any public comment about the email you sent me?

      EDIT 2: So not only are you ignorant and can't do your homework, you are also rude and cowardly. One should never be afraid to publicly say what is said in private.

      Sad . . . so very sad . . . !

  41. QUESTION:
    What is the prognosis for stage 3 invasive ductile carcinoma?
    I couldn't find much info online. A family member just finished up her last chemo a week before thanksgiving. She has a scan in early december and starts radiation a couple weeks afterwards. She had a double mastectomy in may. But there are some unique factors. For one, she's only 46 and has already beaten stage 4 colon cancer. The colon cancer was diagnosed 3 years ago and they gave her 2 years to live, but she beat the odds and was declared disease free untill they found spots on her liver and bladder, which they subsequently removed and she was again disease free until the breast cancer. To date, she has had a partial bowel removal, partial bladder removal, complete hysterectomy, and double mastectomy. She's a relatively new family member, so we don't want to ask too many questions, but we already care a lot about her and wanted to know what might happen.

    • ANSWER:
      It isn’t the breast cancer that is the big concern it is the colon cancer.
      The 5 year survival rate is 10%. Disease free does not mean anyone has beat cancer it means we are not able to detect any residual disease, but that doesn’t mean it is not there.

  42. QUESTION:
    15 years old, lump under right breast?!?!?
    Its above my ribs but under my right breast?! Im kind of freaking out?!?! Please help.

    • ANSWER:
      •Free & Instant Diagnosis/Prevention/cure of Breast Cancer and Breast related issues right @ Ur door-steps----with the aid of acupressure maps. Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures, with the aid of acupressure techniques, so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] ‘with no income to spend for mammogram’ with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.
      Please, study the instructions carefully, discuss with Ur family members and friends and then find out to Ur satisfaction, if U/anybody for that matter is affected by ‘breast cancer’.

      With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender.

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Breast Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease-Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      For Treatment and perceivable relief, hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger, as if U r pumping out air from these affected tender points..
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0
      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:

      1. Diagnosis--In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given in the acupressure maps published hereunder.. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has blocked energy in the breast.
      If point no. 16 [lymph] and no.8 [thyroid] are also painful on hard pressure by Ur thumb---then it is confirmed that she has breast cancer.
      If the pain is severe on all these points, it means that the tumor is well grown, ripe for surgical interference..

      2. *Prevention & Cure--If U press the surrounding area on both sides of palms, soles, wrists and ankles regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Side benefit is that Ur menses cycles are regulated.Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally in 45-90 days. T & C apply.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df

      In Ur case, target therapy is helpful to have total cure.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.
      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ Vol. I & II--- by Dr.Devendra Vora, D.Sc.,M.D.,F.R.C.P.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Available all over the globe in all Indian languages. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011.

  43. QUESTION:
    My wife has been diagnosed with breast cancer it is level 2 B...why?
    would she still need a breast removed if she is doing well with chemotherapy? After 5 treatments of chemo, the tumor has been reduced by half and now there was no signs of cancer in her lymph nodes where before there had been.

    She is scheduled for a total of 12 of one chemo and then 12 of taxol. She is a "triple-negative" her cancer does not respond to hormones.

    After all the chemo treatments are done and there is no sign of cancer anywhere...then why must they still remove her breast? Can't she just wait to see if a tumor develops again? Or if it comes back would it not respond to chemo again like it did the first time.

    I don't care if she needs to lose a breast if she survives cancer. But I would like to spare her the pain of it. They are still going to remove the lymph nodes too. and then follow up with radiation.

    If there is no sign of cancer can't she be spared the operation?

    • ANSWER:
      She doesn’t have to have the surgery. The final decision is up to her, but just because there are no signs of cancer left doesn’t mean that it is gone, it probably isn’t, at least I haven’t seen one yet where it was.

      Triple negative breast cancers have a much poorer prognosis and the chance of recurrence is high. If you decide to wait until there are signs of cancer again she will have to be vigilant about testing and even then it will likely be metastatic. At that point it will be difficult to save her life. As it is it’s no walk in the park now.

      I don’t know how much time you have spent talking to her oncologist or if you fully understand the seriousness of her condition, but her treatment is to increase her chance of survival. You are not giving enough information for me to know what her chances are, but ask her oncologist what the 10 year survival rate is with and without the surgery. I think you may be surprised. Good luck to you both. I hope she continues to do well.

  44. QUESTION:
    Details concerning Pancreatic Survival Rates?
    i would really appreciate if anyone could answer/provide links for additional info on the following topics:

    -why is 5 years used to measure survival rate for pancreatic cancer? i feel like other cancers used 10 years

    -what is the likelihood that someone who had pancreatic cancer and is now cancer free will develop it again?

    -is it common for someone who has survived pancreatic cancer to miss its return? (more specifically miss it on the tests given by doctors during check-ups)

    -can pancreatic cancer lead to other types of cancer?

    -what effect does the spreading of pancreatic cancer to the lymph nodes have on survival rate, and survivors ability to stay cancer free?

    -basically any information about the likelihood of cancer returning to those who are considered cancer free for between 1 and 2 years.

    thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      It would sure help if we knew the size of the initial primary, the location, the grade of the malignancy, the regional lymph node status, and the confidence of the surgeon that he or she was able to adequately resect the tumor he could see. (Surgeons cannot see microscopic disease. A tumor mass with one million cells cannot be seen with the naked eye. A tumor mass with a billion cells is about the size of a marble.) Involvement of regional lymph nodes makes the prognosis worse.
      That would make this Stage IIB. The doctor should know the actual stage of the disease in the person you are asking about. It would help us to know the stage here.

      I looked at several sites and picked this one as the best to answer these questions for a non- medical person. http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/type/pancreatic-cancer/treatment/statistics-and-outlook-for-pancreatic-cancer

      5 year survivals are used for all types of cancers. That is standard.
      There is no need to worry about other cancers.
      The primary concern is the return of the pancreatic cancer in the first five years.
      I'm afraid there is not much value for finding recurrent pancreatic cancer early.
      It is like finding out about very bad news sooner.
      We do not have good chemotherapy treatments for recurrent pancreatic carcinomas.

      All of this should have been explained by the surgeon and or medical oncologist who know all the details of this person's case.

      Here is the ACS data (American Cancer Society)
      Five year survival data from the ACS 2008
      [Note that five year survival does not necessarily mean a “cure”.]
      All cancer sites 66%
      Breast 89%
      Colon 65%
      Leukemia 50%
      Lung cancers 16%
      Melanoma 92%
      Non-Hodgkin lymphoma 64%
      Ovary 45%
      PANCREAS 5%
      Prostate 99%
      Rectum 66%
      Urinary bladder 81%

      Note that most are still cured with surgery
      - not by chemotherapy.

  45. QUESTION:
    Can men get breast cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes they can.. here is some info that may help you understand how rare it is though...

      The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2009 about 1,910 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed among men in the United States. Breast cancer is about 100 times less common among men than among women. For men, the lifetime risk of getting breast cancer is about 1/10th of 1% (1 in 1,000). The number of breast cancer cases in men relative to the population has been fairly stable over the last 30 years.

      In 2009, about 440 men will die from breast cancer in the United States.

      The prognosis (outlook) for men with breast cancer was once thought to be worse than that for women, but recent studies have not found this to be true. Based on looking at each stage, the survival rates are about equal. In other words, men and women with the same stage of breast cancer have a fairly similar outlook for survival.

      Last Medical Review: 09/24/2008
      Last Revised: 05/13/2009

  46. QUESTION:
    Any one experianced or specialist here, can provide me info about "fibroadenoma".?

    I am having it remove, any pain any marks, anything to expect before or after surgeory? i m extremly nervous

    • ANSWER:
      Fibroadenoma of the breast is a benign (noncancerous) tumor.

      Causes, incidence, and risk factors

      Fibroadenoma is the most common benign tumor of the breast and the most common breast tumor in women less than 30 years of age. Fibroadenomas are usually found as solitary lumps, but about 10-15% of women have multiple lumps that may affect both breasts.

      Black women tend to develop fibroadenomas more frequently and at an earlier age than white women. The cause of fibroadenoma is not known.

      Symptoms

      Lumps may be moveable, painless, firm, or rubbery, with well-defined borders
      May grow in size, especially during pregnancy
      Often get smaller after menopause (if not taking hormones)
      Signs and tests

      The following may be performed to gain information about a breast lump:

      Physical examination
      Mammogram
      Breast Ultrasound
      Fine needle aspiration
      Biopsy (needle or open)
      Treatment

      A biopsy is needed to get a definitive diagnosis. Women in their teens or early 20s may not need a biopsy if the lump goes away on its own.
      If a biopsy indicates that the lump is a fibroadenoma, the lump may be left in place or removed, depending on the patient and the lump. If left in place, it may be watched over time with physical examinations, mammograms, and ultrasounds.
      The lump may be surgically removed at the time of an open biopsy (this is called an excisional biopsy). The decision depends on the features of the lump and the patient's preferences.
      Alternative treatments include removing the lump with a needle, and destroying the lump without removing it (such as by freezing, in a process called cryoablation).
      Expectations (prognosis)

      The outlook is excellent, although patients with fibroadenoma have a slightly higher risk of breast cancer later. Lumps that are not removed should be periodically monitored by physical examinations and imaging, following the recommendations of the doctor.

      Complications

      If the lump is left in place for observation, removal may be needed at a later time if the lump changes, grows, or persists.
      Cancer may be found in the lump (very rare) and require further treatment.
      Biopsy or removal may result in bleeding or scarring.
      Calling your health care provider

      Patients should contact their health care provider if they feel a new breast lump, if a known lump changes, or if they note changes in the breast that aren’t affected by the menstrual cycle. Women should perform regular breast self exam and undergo breast screening as recommended by their health care provider.

  47. QUESTION:
    If my cat's calcium is very high, is there any other explaination besides cancer?
    He has went from about 10 lbs. to 7 lbs. in the past year. He's a very small cat now, not sickly looking but he's definitely small. He's a 5 year old orange and white tabby :) Anyways, he went through a spell of throwing up every day, just clear mucus. After this went on for a few weeks, I took him to the vet and they ran a full panel blood test on him to try and figure out what was going on. At that time, he had dropped 2 pounds in 6 months. The vet called and said his calcium was very high, which is a sign of cancer. He told me that we could do x-rays on him to try and pin point cancer if it's there but I declined. The throwing up stopped within 2 weeks of the vet visit also. Now it's been about 8 months since that vet visit and he's lost another pound. He eats well, he is very active and playful, and seems very happy.

    I know I might get some hate messages for not taking my cat to get x-rays but I just survived cancer myself and I personally know that once it's to a stage that you have symptoms and weight loss, it's likely advanced stage and would require chemo and radiation. I love my cat but I am sorry, I cannot give him chemo and radiation. I just went through it myself and it's not fun...and cats can't talk so I think it would be hard to successfully treat a cat for cancer in this way. His prognosis would not be good if it was/is cancer.

    Is there any good explaination besides cancer that you can think of?

    -High calcium
    -Weight loss
    -Began with vomiting of clear mucus

    ???
    Thanks everyone! I am hoping maybe it's a thyroid issue and maybe not cancer. It's so disturbing...the day my doctor called to tell me that my biopsies came back as cancer, that was the same day that my vet called to tell me that my cat might have cancer :( That's another reason I haven't followed up until now. I just found out that I didn't have cancer anymore just 3 days ago. Since July, I have been undergoing surgery, chemo, radiation...a lot of things that sadly are more important than my cat. I was fighting for my own life.
    He doesn't drink milk...I wish it was that simple. Thanks for taking a stab at it though :)

    • ANSWER:
      You're probably really hypersensitive about cancer right now, since you've recently gone through it yourself. And the fact that your kitty's vet used that word just makes you even more nervous, right? But there ARE other causes for hypercalcemia (elevated calcium levels in the blood). Here's some information:

      "The most common cause of high calcium levels (hypercalcemia) is an overproduction of parathyroid hormone, or hyperparathyroidism. Hyperparathyroidism can be the result of all four parathyroid glands producing an excessive amount of parathyroid hyperplasia (PTH), or the result of just one gland specifically producing an excessive amount of PTH (usually the result of a parathyroid adenoma or benign tumor).

      Other medical conditions can be associated with high calcium levels (non-parathyroid hypercalcemia). Some of these conditions are not serious; however, they may vary in severity and chronicity.

      Other conditions associated with hypercalcemia include:
      cancers, particularly multiple myeloma, breast cancer and lung cancer;
      excessive levels of vitamin D from excessive dietary calcium, or from diseases that may result in excess vitamin D production;
      immobilization over a long period of time;
      inherited metabolic or kidney conditions;
      kidney failure;
      and overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)."

      I don't know if your vet has ruled out some of these other conditions that could be causing the elevated calcium in your cat's blood, but if it hasn't been done, I think you should consider it, since some of these conditions are easily treatable. If you find out that your cat does have cancer, then you and your vet can decide on the best course.

  48. QUESTION:
    Gynecomastia?
    well i don't know if i have Gynecomastia or not my chest is not big but it's kinda look wierd under my clothes, it does not look like a breast but it is kinda fat and tender.
    i was fat when i was a child but i severly lost weight at my teen years (iam now 22) then i think i developed kinda wierd chest when i was like 18 or 19, in fact i don't drink, i don't take medication, idon't know if i have male hormones decrease or not because iam very sexually developed if you know what i mean, but when i was like 16 i got some kind of skin disease that caused the skin on my testicles to peel now i don't have any problems with my testicles, i think i don't have any problems with my liver too finally i just want an advice about the whole situation and if there is any cure rather than surgery

    • ANSWER:
      Gynecomastia
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
      Jump to: navigation, search
      Gynecomastia
      Classification & external resources
      Teenage male with Gynecomastia.
      ICD-10 N62.
      ICD-9 611.1
      DiseasesDB 19601
      MedlinePlus 003165
      eMedicine med/934
      Gynecomastia pronounced [ˈgaɪ.nə.kəʊˌmæs.ti.ə] is the development of abnormally large mammary glands in males resulting in breast enlargement, which can sometimes cause secretion of milk.[1] The term comes from the Greek gyne meaning "woman" and mastos meaning "breast". The condition can occur physiologically in neonates, in adolescents, and in the elderly. In adolescent boys the condition is often a source of distress, but for the large majority of boys whose pubertal gynecomastia is not due to obesity, the breast development shrinks or disappears within a couple of years. The causes of common gynecomastia remain uncertain, although it has generally been attributed to an imbalance of sex hormones or the tissue responsiveness to them; a root cause is rarely determined for individual cases. Breast prominence can result from hypertrophy of breast tissue, chest adipose tissue and skin, and is typically a combination. Breast prominence due solely to excessive adipose is often termed pseudogynecomastia.[2] Common non-medical terms for gynecomastia include "bitch tits",[3] "man-boobs" or "moobs" "puffy nipples" and "puffed nips."

      Contents [hide]
      1 Causes
      2 Diagnosis
      3 Prognosis
      4 Treatment
      5 References
      5.1 External links to images

      [edit] Causes
      Physiologic gynecomastia occurs in neonates, at or before puberty and with aging. Many cases of gynecomastia are idiopathic, meaning they have no clear cause. Potential pathologic causes of gynecomastia are: medications including hormones, increased serum estrogen, decreased testosterone production, androgen receptor defects, chronic kidney disease, chronic liver disease, HIV,[4] and other chronic illness. Gynecomastia as a result of spinal cord injury and refeeding after starvation has been reported.[5] In 25% of cases, the cause of the gynecomastia is not known.

      Medications cause 10-20% of cases of gynecomastia in post-adolescent adults. These include cimetidine, omeprazole, spironolactone, Imatinib Mesylate, finasteride and certain antipsychotics. Some act directly on the breast tissue, while others lead to increased secretion of prolactin from the pituitary by blocking the actions of dopamine (prolactin-inhibiting factor/PIF) on the lactotrope cell groups in the anterior pituitary. Androstenedione, used as a performance enhancing food supplement, can lead to breast enlargement by excess estrogen activity. Medications used in the treatment of prostate cancer, such as antiandrogens and GnRH analogs can also cause gynecomastia. Marijuana use is also thought by some to be a possible cause; however, published data are contradictory.[6]

      Increased estrogen levels can also occur in certain testicular tumors, and in hyperthyroidism. Certain adrenal tumors cause elevated levels of androstenedione which is converted by the enzyme aromatase into estrone, a form of estrogen. Other tumors that secrete hCG can increase estrogen. A decrease in estrogen clearance can occur in liver disease, and this may be the mechanism of gynecomastia in liver cirrhosis. Obesity tends to increase estrogen levels.[7][8]

      Decreased testosterone production can occur in congenital or acquired testicular failure, for example in genetic disorders such as Klinefelter Syndrome. Diseases of the hypothalamus or pituitary can also lead to low testosterone. Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) has a similar effect.Mutations to androgen receptors, such as those found in Kennedy disease can also cause gynecomastia.

      Although stopping these medications can lead to regression of the gynecomastia, surgery is sometimes necessary to eliminate the condition.

      Repeated topical application of products containing lavender and tea tree oils among other unidentified ingredients to three prepubescent males coincided with gynecomastia; it has been theorised that this could be due to their estrogenic and antiandrogenic activity. However, other circumstances around the study are not clear, and the sample size was insignificant so serious scientific conclusions cannot be drawn.[9]

      [edit] Diagnosis
      The condition usually can be diagnosed by examination by a physician. Occasionally, imaging by X-rays or ultrasound is needed to confirm the diagnosis. Blood tests are required to see if there is any underlying disease causing the gynecomastia. Alternatively, many preliminary diagnoses can be made through visual/tactile self observation.

      [edit] Prognosis
      Gynecomastia is not physically harmful, but in some cases can be an indicator of other more dangerous underlying conditions. Growing glandular tissue, typically from some form of hormonal stimulation, is often tender or painful. Furthermore, it can frequently present social and psychological difficulties for the sufferer.[10] Weight loss can alter the condition in cases where it is triggered by obesity, but losing weight will not reduce the glandular component and you cannot target where weight loss comes from. Massive weight loss can result in sagging tissues about the chest, chest ptosis, or drooping chest.

      [edit] Treatment
      Treating the underlying cause of the gynecomastia may lead to improvement in the condition. Patients should talk with their doctor about revising any medications that are found to be causing gynecomastia; often, an alternative medication can be found that avoids gynecomastia side-effects, while still treating the primary condition for which the original medication was found not to be suitable due to causing gynecomastia side-effects (e.g., in place of taking spironolactone the alternative eplerenone can be used.) Selective estrogen receptor modulator medications, such as tamoxifen and clomiphene, or androgens can also often be used. Aromatase inhibitors such as Letrozole are another treatment option, although they are not universally approved for the treatment of gynecomastia. Endocrinological attention may help during the first 2-3 years. After that window, however, the breast tissue tends to remain and harden, leaving surgery (either liposuction, gland excision, skin sculpture, reduction mammoplasty, or a combination of these surgical techniques) the only treatment option. Most American insurance companies deny coverage for surgery for gynecomastia treatment on the grounds that it is a cosmetic procedure. Radiation therapy is sometimes used to prevent gynecomastia in patients with prostate cancer prior to estrogen therapy. Compression garments can camouflage chest deformity and stabilize bouncing tissue bringing emotional relief to some. There are also those who choose to live with the condition.

  49. QUESTION:
    Is stage 4 lymphoma terminal?
    My coworker was diagnosed with anaplastic t-cell lymphoma at the beginning of June. He is 50 years old. He told me today that it is stage 4 and that he's been having problems with his organs. I'm not sure how much it has spread, but I do know he had a large tumor that was removed from his spine. He has another tumor under his armpit that the doctors hope will be destroyed by chemo and radiation. The cancer has been eating away at his bone tissue and causing nerve pain and feelings of paralysis. His chemo was delayed because he's had such a rough recovery from his surgery. He's been in so much pain he can barely sleep. He starts chemo in two days. I am so worried for him. I've worked with him for 14 years, and it devestates me that he's going through this. Is stage 4 anaplastic t-cell lymphoma terminal? What is the survival rate of this cancer? He is not sure if he is ALK positive or not.
    Does anyone know about LYMPHOMA? It is very different than other types of cancer because it moves all over the body.

    • ANSWER:
      His life expectancy can be increased by a few months to start with. T & C apply. Details follow-----------

      I quote here under a live case, wherein the patient is surviving since past 10 months and by religious compliance of all stipulated instructions, she may survive still further.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well. Her son made a phone on 12052012 and told that her appetite improved, constipation issues solved, sleeping well. Excepting that she has severe sciatica pain, for which we suggested them to contact an Acupuncturist @ Hyderabad.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •Impression of CT Scanning- Dated: 22092011 [before commencement of target therapy—Known case of carcinoma of left breast, post modified radical mastectomy, multiple lung secondaries, chest wall metastases.
      CT Scanning Dated 21062012 [after 2 sets/bouts of target therapy] Bilateral pulmonary sternal metastases, Bilateral plural effusion. Target therapy for another 45 days continues.

      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

10 year prognosis breast cancer

Alternative Cancer Treatments North Carolina

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Has anyone received treatment for Hepato Cellular Carcinoma (Liver Cancer) that has spread to the lungs?
    Has anyone been on Thalomid or Nexavar? Any suggestion for an "alternatives therapy" physician in the NY/NJ/CT area?

    • ANSWER:
      There are no alternative therapies that are effective for this stage IV malignancy.
      The treatment you have listed may buy time - but not a cure.
      My parents live in NJ. I am from Pennsylvania - now live in North Carolina.
      Cancer specialist doctor for twenty years.
      There is no proven effective alternative therapy anywhere for this situation.
      Many people waste money and hope on unproven ineffective treatments.
      The key is to maximize the quality of the time that may be left.

  2. QUESTION:
    My 75 year old grandfather is fighting cancer.?
    He is on his 2nd treatment of chemotherapy and it seems to have made him weaker. Since January 2011, he has lost about 40 pounds. He says he feels worse. On his 3rd treatment, he became very dehydrated and weak, he ended up in ICU but left the next morning. Just 2 weeks ago, he had his 4th treatment and had been in bed for the past 2 weeks. He has no apetite. He is currently in ICU and was diagnosed with bacterial pneumonia and the flu. He also has an infection which the Docs cant seem to locate at the moment. He can barely talk, he eats then immediately throws it all up and he is very very weak. My question is, do you think its possible that he may not make it or could he come out of it? I would prefer personal experiences in answering this topic. Im far away in North Carolina and he is in Arizona. I dont know if I should go home just yet. Considering the cost of plane tickets and my 5 children, Im at a standstill.
    He has Stage IV prostate cancer.
    Hmmm...my grandfather maintained himself well. This is his second round with chemo and he succeeded with the first and it went into remission but within a 1 month time span, it came back and attacked him fiercely, which made the docs diagnose him with Stage IV cancer. At the moment, he is getting weaker and weaker and I don't know what to do. Im a US Army Veteran, been through thick and thin and this is kicking my Airborne self. Thanks for all the advice with the exception of a couple. I think I should call the hospital right now and see if I can speak with him...:-(

    • ANSWER:
      In over 200 years drug companies have been in existence, they have NOT CURED a single disease! In the last 100 years of researching cancer, the best they have come up with is a 2.1% ABSOLUTE survival rate beyond 5 years. Don't be fooled by the RELATIVE number cancer doctors always use to bolster their support of this terrible technology. Yes, non-hodgkins lymphoma has about 40.3% survival, but throwing that cancer into the total mix, the 2.1% is the number. Chemotherapy is abusive and does NOT work in most cases. Cancer doctors will not put their own family members through that, so why should you?

      Here is a recent article talking about pancreatic cancer and how the medical industry skewed the results of the study and suppressed what was working. MONEY DOESN'T TALK, IT SCREAMS! ! !

      http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2011/04/23/dr-nicholas-gonzalez-on-alternative-cancer-treatments.aspx

      Drug companies are controlling the medical industry today and doctors have become technicians, not healers dolling out medications like they were passing out candy to children on Halloween. That is not health building, but just treating symptoms and managing diseases. It is "MAKE BELIEVE HEALTH."

      Do your homework if you care about your loved ones. This is all about BIG MONEY, not health.

      @April: Nice to see you here April spewing your diatribes that you know very little about. You still have brain cancer and are caught up in the system and we all here know you have to support that because you decided it was what you wanted. Fortunately, there are people like Mercola and others that have looked at the ridiculous state of our medical system and cancer treatments with clear thinking and not biased by deceit and lies being told the American public. It's easy to say derogatory remarks about people like Mercola, but the millions of subscribers he has are not laughing and getting healthy as a result of the EXPERTS he interviews and articles he promotes. He is but one of many that are dedicated to presenting the truth.

      The Australian study that was conducted by 5 or 6 oncologist that collected the statistics from all the cancer clinics in America and elsewhere are now famous. Of course you don't want to acknowledge that because it's contrary to your indoctrination. It is based on ABSOLUTE numbers, not those relative numbers typically vomited by the medical poison injectors. I'm really not sure where you got that I think fruit and water will cure something. And do you think humans don't need oxygen & vitamins? And where do I say I'm a liberal?

      You madam, are a victim suffering from delusions that our cancer treatments are wonderful. Where is your proof? Please tell us one joke Mercola has told? Did you know that your AMERICAN CANCER SOCIETY in 2007 said "Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy... seldom produce a cure." That was a quote from the "CANCER FACTS & FIGURES 2007."

      The study where the statistics I quote came from was called "The Contribution of Cytotoxic Chemotherapy to 5-year Survival in Adult Malignancies. This study took every randomized controlled clinical trial performed in the U.S. from 1990 to 2004 and the results showed the above Cancer cure statistics. This, unlike studies you read, were from these independent doctors looking for the truth. And by the way, testicular cancer success according to that study is 37%, barely above the criteria for a placebo (sugar pill) affect of 30% used in studies.

      "@Rachel" Thank you for that sobering statistic about your dad. I am very sorry for your loss and wish the best for you. People like April, I believe, actually believe what they are telling people, but the facts keep coming back at them and they keep ignoring them in their delusional state.

      @April: You have really lost it dear. That study is very clear on the absolute numbers and breast cancer is 1.4% living longer than 5 years after chemotherapy. Look at the Chart! ! ! You are either really delusional or you have completely lost it. The chart in the study is very clear and it refers to the ABSOLUTE NUMBERS, not relative numbers. Please get your facts straight at least. It is TABLE – 2 - Impact of cytotoxic chemotherapy on 5-year survival in American Adults.

      April: Using the study you stated: In the ABSTRACT under “Results” it clearly states “The overall contribution of curative and adjuvant cytotoxic chemotherapy to 5-year survival in adults was estimated to be . . . 2.1% in the U.S.A.” It goes on in the “Conclusion: As the 5-year relative (notice it says “relative” which is basically a made up number twisting statistics) survival rate for cancer in Australia is no over 60%, it is clear that cytotoxic chemotherapy only makes a minor contribution to cancer survival.”

      good luck to you

  3. QUESTION:
    Have anyone of you heard of alternative meds for cancer?
    We are at a point to where we are willing to try anything, if you have heard of something that you have experienced are heard of please let me know. We have heard of snake venom and many different liquids that can be taken. I don't plan on giving Jaylee something that is not approved but if it is organic we may give it a try. Now I have him drinking MonaVi fruit drink with the ACAI berry. My sister is really into it and she said at the last meeting a gentleman spoke about how he had cancer and was given a termination date, but after drinking this fruit juice his cancer went away and now he is cancer free. So I'm just throwing this question out there please share your thoughts with us. Thank you Grandmamu

    • ANSWER:
      My best friend has a very aggressive breast cancer but she's been keeping herself going for 10 years with vitamins and herbs, and positive thinking, eating completely organic. I think the kind of treatment depends on the type of cancer. I know she was going Vitamin C IV therapies. She has done everything under the sun. Co10Q and some other stuff. She saw a Dr. Bartel in Oklahoma. You may want to give him a shot. Her cancer was never in remission.
      Again, I've learned from her that it depends on what kind of cancer it is.
      2 years ago she had her first chemo treatment because her back broke. It's completely everywhere now. She's on a hospice floor in a hospital in North Carolina as I type this...

alternative cancer treatments north carolina

Adrenal Gland Cancer Pain

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Can anyone tell me what the results of my abdomen Ct scan means?
    The radiologists impression was as follows: 1. Punctate nonobstructing calculus seen in the lower pole of the left kidney; no hydronephrosis seen on either side. 2. Top normal liver and spleen which could be constitutional although this finding is nonspecific. 3. Small nodularity, left adrenal gland, is most likely a benign adenoma.

    • ANSWER:
      Your scan results mean the following:
      1. You have a kidney stone on the left, but it is still in your kidney and not currently causing you any problems. Stones don't cause pain unless they are in your ureter (the tube that connects your kidney and bladder). You dont have hydronephrosis, which is when the urine collection system of the kidney becomes distended like a balloon causing pain.
      2. Your liver and spleen size is at the higher end of the normal range. This shouldn't be anything for you to worry about.
      3. There is a tiny nodule on your left adrenal gland (the gland that sits on top of your kidney and makes several normal hormones). They reported it is likely an adenoma, which is a benign (not cancer) growth, which is very common. Unless you were having symptoms of abnormally high blood pressure or other problems with various laboratory values, there is nothing that needs to be done for a small simple adenoma.

  2. QUESTION:
    would you recommend Nexavar for a stage 4 inactive neuroendocrine pancreatic cancer patient?
    The patient has metastases(peritoneal, liver, adrenal glands,mediastinum..) and is in pain. He hasn 't got out of bed for 1,5 months, most of the time is hallucinating due to the pain meds taken, hasn't eaten in 2 weeks and doesn't want to fight anymore. I know Nexavar might prolong his life with few months but what about the quality of life?...is it worth it?

    • ANSWER:
      This decision should be left totally up to the patient . . it is not your call to make a decision about what is 'worth it' or not . . the patient should have signed an advanced directive or asked about hospice care. You are not being clear why nexavar is being recommended . . the goal for using nexavar is not 'curative' at this point . . the reasoning is to stop the progression of the disease, to slow the cancer down, stabilize and allow the patient to live with the disease. No one knows, however, if the nexavar will or will not work for this patient . . for all you know he may become stablized (tumors stop growing and regress) and he'll survive far longer than you think . . no one knows . . but the ultimate decision needs to come from the patient whether he is willing to do this or not. There are no guarantees, only hope.

  3. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of lung cancer and emphysema?
    I have smoked for 14 years, and the last 3 years I have been coughing a lot and the mucus is there but I cant seem to cough it up, can someone tell me if this is cancer or emphysema?

    • ANSWER:
      Lung Cancer Symptoms
      Lung cancer symptoms that suggest lung cancer include:
      •Dyspnea (Shortness of Breath)
      •Hemoptysis (Coughing Up Blood)
      •Chronic Coughing or Change in Regular Coughing Pattern
      •Wheezing
      •Chest Pain or Pain in the Abdomen
      •Cachexia (Weight Loss), Fatigue, and Loss of Appetite
      •Dysphonia (Hoarse Voice)
      •Clubbing of the Fingernails (Uncommon)
      •Dysphagia (Difficulty Swallowing).
      If the cancer grows in the airway, it may obstruct airflow, causing breathing difficulties. This can lead to accumulation of secretions behind the blockage, predisposing the patient to pneumonia. Many lung cancers have a rich blood supply. The surface of the cancer may be fragile, leading to bleeding from the cancer into the airway. This blood may subsequently be coughed up.

      Depending on the type of tumor, so-called paraneoplastic phenomena may initially attract attention to the disease. In lung cancer, these phenomena may include Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (muscle weakness due to auto-antibodies), hypercalcemia, or syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). Tumors in the top (apex) of the lung, known as Pancoast tumors, may invade the local part of the sympathetic nervous system, leading to changed sweating patterns and eye muscle problems (a combination known as Horner's syndrome) as well as muscle weakness in the hands due to invasion of the brachial plexus.

      Many of the symptoms of lung cancer (bone pain, fever, and weight loss) are nonspecific; in the elderly, these may be attributed to comorbid illness. In many patients, the cancer has already spread beyond the original site by the time they have symptoms and seek medical attention. Common sites of metastasis include the brain, bone, adrenal glands, contralateral (opposite) lung, liver, pericardium, and kidneys. About 10% of people with lung cancer do not have symptoms at diagnosis; these cancers are incidentally found on routine chest radiograph.

      Lung Cancer Causes
      The main causes of lung cancer (and cancer in general) include carcinogens (such as those in tobacco smoke), ionizing radiation, and viral infection. This exposure causes cumulative changes to the DNA in the tissue lining the bronchi of the lungs (the bronchial epithelium). As more tissue becomes damaged, eventually a cancer develops.

      •Smoking
      Smoking, particularly of cigarettes, is by far the main contributor to lung cancer. Across the developed world, almost 90% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. In the United States, smoking is estimated to account for 87% of lung cancer cases (90% in men and 85% in women). Among male smokers, the lifetime risk of developing lung cancer is 17.2%; among female smokers, the risk is 11.6%. This risk is significantly lower in nonsmokers: 1.3% in men and 1.4% in women. Cigarette smoke contains over 60 known carcinogens, including radioisotopes from the radon decay sequence, nitrosamine, and benzopyrene. Additionally, nicotine appears to depress the immune response to malignant growths in exposed tissue.
      The length of time a person smokes (as well as rate of smoking) increases the person's chance of developing lung cancer. If a person stops smoking, this chance steadily decreases as damage to the lungs is repaired and contaminant particles are gradually removed. In addition, there is evidence that lung cancer in never-smokers has a better prognosis than in smokers, and that patients who smoke at the time of diagnosis have shorter survival times than those who have quit.
      Passive smoking—the inhalation of smoke from another's smoking—is a cause of lung cancer in nonsmokers. A passive smoker can be classified as someone living or working with a smoker as well. Studies from the U.S., Europe, the UK, and Australia have consistently shown a significant increase in relative risk among those exposed to passive smoke. Recent investigation of sidestream smoke suggests that it is more dangerous than direct smoke inhalation.

      What Are The Symptoms Of Emphysema?
      The first sign of emphysema is shortness of breath when you are exerting yourself. Eventually, this shortness of breath may occur even when you are at rest.

      As the disease progresses, the following symptoms which are related to one of the other major lung diseases also caused by smoking - bronchitis - may occur:

      •Difficulty breathing (dyspnea - this can also be caused by emphysema)

      •Coughing (with or without sputum)

      •Wheezing (this can also be caused by emphysema itself)

      •Excess mucus production

      •A bluish tint to the skin (cyanosis)

      Nice To Know:

      If wheezing occurs, it helps to know whether it is found while breathing in or out (or both). Wheezing at the end of a complete exhalation is usually due to bronchitis. Wheezing that begins early in expiration is usually due to emphysema or the combination of bronchitis and emphysema - COPD.

      If you only wheeze when you breathe in, you probably have asthma (or, very rarely, a narrowing of you

  4. QUESTION:
    What organ is in the lower right side of the abdomen in a female?
    What organ is in the right lower abdomen of a female. It is just above the waistline. I been getting weird feelings there, not pain but weird feelings. It only does it every so often not all the time.

    • ANSWER:
      jeriandmike_haney,
      UInfortunately, medical diagnoses do not specify "weird feelings"! I shall discuss some details of pain in that region that might give you some insight into your symptoms which may be from an undefined origin. Lower right abdominal pain occurs on the right side of the umbilicus. It may spread to left side or back side. It may be caused by appendicitis, bowel cancer, Crohn’s disease, constipation, diverticulitis, hernia, intussusception, lymphoma, kidney stones, psoas abscess, pyelonephritis, ulcerative colitis, sickle cell disease etc. Women may experience lower right abdominal pain due to ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, ruptured ovarian cyst, twisted ovarian cyst and salpingitis. Mesenteric lymphadenitis is one of the common causes of lower right abdominal pain in children. Organs and structures of the right side of the abdomen include - Skin over the right lower abdomen. Gallbladder. Right kidney. Right Ureter. Right adrenal gland. Duodenum ( the very first part of the small intestines). Right part of the large intestines. The Appendix. Right ovary in females. Right Fallopian tube. Muscles of the lower right abdominal wall. Blood vessels of the lower right side of the abdomen

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  5. QUESTION:
    Pain in hands and forearms after starting The Pill?
    I started taking Ortho Tri Cyclen Lo about a week ago, and have been having odd pains in my hands and forearms ever since. It is an achy feeling that comes and goes, and also makes my hands feel a little weak, or like the nerves are aggravated. Does anyone know what might be causing this, and if it is cause for concern? I am 25 years old and otherwise healthy. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Taking birth control pills is a VERY BAD IDEA.

      We know that the ethinyl estradiol (estrogen) they use in the pill is 1,000 times more potent on it's effects on breast tissue than estriol (estrogen the body makes that protects the breast tissue). Studies of two decades ago clearly found that overexposure to estradiol (and estrone to a lesser extent) increases one's risk of breast cancer. The synthetic ethinyl estradiol used in the pill is really a bad guy that is efficiently absorbed by mouth and slow to be metabolized and excreted. The longer a synthetic estrogen stays in the body, the more opportunity it has to do damage.

      No long term studies have been done that show birth control pills are not contributing to breast cancer. With the rate being a staggering 1 in 7 women now, it would seem people would wake up to the fact something is not right here.

      The pill affects the endocrine system in your body in a very negative way. It creates estrogen dominance and since the ovaries are part of the pituitary axis, when you take the pill, you get the booby prize. The thyroid, pituitary, adrenal, and ovaries are all part of this "axis." When any of these glands becomes insufficient or sick, they all get sick together. This is why many women gain weight when on the pill because the thyroid is affected very negatively and the metabolism slows down. The fatigue comes from the adrenals being affected.

      To simply trust drug companies is foolish in today's world. Did you know that 106,000 people died in one year from taking prescription drugs that doctors prescribed for them in hospitals that were FDA approved drugs from drug companies?

      Here is a video that will give you some incite into how these guys think and how they prioritize profit over health: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wg-52mHIj…

      This is not some far out drug company, but the BAYER company that makes aspirin and the biggest selling birth control pill, YAZ, Yazmin for the world that is now being sued by several law firms as a result of the damage it is doing to women all over the word.

      Merck pharmaceutical that makes lots of vaccines got caught lying to the FDA. The drug VIOXX killed about 160,000 people before the FDA took it off the market, but the FDA would not have done so if the lawyers had not discovered company documents that showed MERCK knew how over 30% of the people taking that drug were going to have severe health problems, including death.

      These same people are telling everyone that vaccines are safe. Really? Then why did congress pass a law that said NO ONE CAN SUE DRUG COMPANIES for damage due to vaccines? If they were safe, then why do we need such a law? And why did the U.S. government spend over 1.5 billion giving that money to vaccine damaged victims? The reasons is really quite simple. Drug companies contribute HUGE SUMS of MONEY to politicians to keep their agendas in place.

      Please consider all this before you decide to make that grown up decision to take that junk. Your future health will depend upon it.

      good luck to you

  6. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of stomach cancer and Lung cancer?
    I had severe stomach pain 4 days back, till today i have tenderness due to that pain... i am on antibiotics and pain killers...i smoke 4-5 cigrattes a day (from last 10 years) i abdoman is slightly swollen and pain is towards right abdoman...

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.medicinenet.com/lung_cancer/page4.htm#toce

      What are the signs and symptoms of lung cancer?

      Symptoms of lung cancer are varied dependent upon where and how widespread the tumor is. Warning signs of lung cancer are not always present or easy to identify. A person with lung cancer may have the following kinds of symptoms:

      * No symptoms: In up to 25% of people who get lung cancer, the cancer is first discovered on a routine chest x-ray or CT scan as a solitary small mass sometimes called a coin lesion. These patients with small single masses often report no symptoms of lung cancer at the time it is discovered.

      * Symptoms related to the cancer: The growth of the cancer and invasion of lung tissues and surroundings may interfere with breathing, leading to symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, chest pain, and coughing up blood (hemoptysis). If the cancer has invaded nerves, for example, it may cause shoulder pain that travels down the outside of the arm (called Pancoast's Syndrome) or paralysis of the vocal cords leading to hoarseness. Invasion of the esophagus may lead to difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). If a large airway is obstructed, collapse of a portion of the lung may occur and cause infections (abscesses, pneumonia) in the obstructed area.

      * Symptoms related to metastasis: Lung cancer that has spread to the bones may produce excruciating pain at the sites of bone involvement. Cancer that has spread to the brain may cause a number of neurologic symptoms that may include blurred vision, headaches, seizures, or symptoms of stroke such as weakness or loss of sensation in parts of the body.

      * Paraneoplastic symptoms: Lung cancers frequently are accompanied by so-called paraneoplastic syndromes that result from production of hormone-like substances by the tumor cells. Paraneoplastic syndromes occur most commonly with SCLC but may be seen with any tumor type. A common paraneoplastic syndrome associated with SCLC is the production of a hormone called adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) by the cancer cells, leading to oversecretion of the hormone cortisol by the adrenal glands (Cushing's syndrome). The most frequent paraneoplastic syndrome seen with NSCLC is the production of a substance similar to parathyroid hormone, resulting in elevated levels of calcium in the bloodstream.

      * Nonspecific symptoms: Nonspecific symptoms seen with many cancers including lung cancers include weight loss, weakness, and fatigue. Psychological symptoms such as depression and mood changes are also common.

      When should one consult a doctor?

      One should consult a health care provider if they develop the symptoms associated with lung cancer, in particular, if they have

      * a new persistent cough or worsening of an existing chronic cough
      ,

      * blood in the sputum,

      * persistent bronchitis or repeated respiratory infections
      ,

      * chest pain
      ,

      * unexplained weight loss and/or fatigue
      , and/or

      * breathing difficulties such as shortness of breath or wheezing.

      and

      http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=3897

      The symptoms of stomach cancer can be quite vague. Symptoms can include

      * Indigestion, acidity and burping
      * Feeling full
      * Pain
      * Feeling or being sick
      * Difficulty in swallowing
      * Bleeding or tiredness and breathlessness because you have lost blood
      * Blood clots
      * Weight loss (usually a symptom of a more advanced cancer)

      Indigestion and burping

      The earliest symptoms are often acidity and burping. Many people diagnosed with stomach cancer have had symptoms like these for years. But these are symptoms of other stomach problems too. Most people who have chronic indigestion and wind never develop cancer. About 1 in every 50 people going to the doctor for the first time with indigestion and burping will have stomach cancer.

      Feeling full

      Another early symptom can be feeling full up sooner when eating your meals. If this leads to eating less over a period of time, you will start to lose weight.

      Pain, sickness and difficulty swallowing

      These are common symptoms. More than half of those diagnosed with stomach cancer have either pain, sickness or some difficulty swallowing. The exact site of the pain can vary. It is most usually in the upper abdomen. Or you may have pain just under your breastbone (sternum) or slightly lower down. You may also feel sick or actually be sick.

      Bleeding

      Even early stomach cancers can bleed. Bleeding over a period of time can make you anaemic. This means your red blood cell count is too low. Anaemia will make you look pale and feel tired. If you are very anaemic you may feel breathless. Vomiting blood is not a common early symptom, but it can happen. If it does, the blood may not be clearly seen. The blood you bring up may be bright red, which means it is fresh bleeding. Or it may look like used coffee grounds because the blood has been in the stomach for a while.

      Blood clots

      People with stomach cancer are more likely to get blood clots. If you have pain or swelling in a leg, or sudden chest pain and breathlessness, you could have a blood clot in your leg or lung. You should contact your doctor straight away because you will need immediate anti-clotting medication.

      Advanced stomach cancer

      Symptoms of a more advanced stomach cancer can include

      * Loss of appetite
      * Weight loss
      * Fluid in the abdomen
      * Blood in the stool
      * Anaemia

      Losing your appetite and losing weight are often later symptoms and can be a sign that the cancer is more advanced. Although some people with early stomach cancer lose their appetite too.

      With an advanced cancer, it may be possible for your doctor to feel a lump in your tummy (abdomen). Some people with advanced stomach cancer develop fluid in the abdomen. This is called ascites.

      Some stomach cancers bleed but don't cause you to vomit. The blood goes through your digestive system. This can cause your bowel movements to look black, like tar.

  7. QUESTION:
    what does it mean to have Eosinophils which is higher than normal range?
    hi i just had my blood test result tests back a few days ago an my doctor say that Eosinophils is our of normal range.The normal range is 7.8 but mine has a 9.0.Doctor says it could be because of my allergy thats why its this way.2mths back after a HIV blood test i felt different that what i used to feel before like now i have a shooting pain which goes from the hand to my feet and my body and now to the top of my head what are these symptoms.I am pretty worried its HIV or some sort of STD can someone pls shed some light so i know what i am dealing with. thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Eosinophils are a type of white blood cell or WBC (there are several other types including lympocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, basophils). Checking for eosinophils is a normal part of a complete blood count or CBC. As your doctor notes, allergies can cause increased eosinophils as can a number of other conditions. Other causes of an increased eosinophil count include "infection, inflammation, damage to body tissues (such as a heart attack), severe physical or emotional stress (such as a fever, injury, or surgery), burns, kidney failure, lupus, tuberculosis (TB), rheumatoid arthritis, malnutrition, leukemia, and diseases such as cancer. The use of corticosteroids, underactive adrenal glands, thyroid gland problems, or removal of the spleen can increase WBC values." You can learn more about CBCs and what increased and decreased WBC lab values mean at www.webmd.com/hw/lab_tests/hw4260.asp

      It's important, though, to note that something like an increased eosinophil count may be temporary and may not be related to any major illness. Also, the increased count may have nothing to do with your other symptoms.

      The shooting pain in from your hand to your head is not typical of HIV or an STD. But if you're concerned about the pain and it has continued for more than a week or 2, you should see a doctor who can take a complete history (to find out things such as did you have any injuries? are there reasons you're concerned about HIV or STDs? do you have other symptoms?) and run any necessary tests to diagnose and treat your problem.

  8. QUESTION:
    What are the symptoms of Pancreatic tumors in Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia, Type 1?
    Hi :) ,
    Is there anyone out there in YA who has MEN, Type 1, or a doctor that can give me some involved information?

    My question is about Wermer's Syndrome, or Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1. I have had two doctors tell me that I definitely have it; two tell me that I don't have it; and one tell me that he doesn't know.

    I have a pituitary microprolactinoma, and have had a parathyroidectomy, but if there are pancreatic tumors, they have not yet shown up on scans. I was told that I don't have MEN, type1 because of this. I have also been told that I do have it because I have all the symptoms of pancreatic tumors. The doctor said that tumors are probably microscopic and haven't shown up yet, and its better that way. The slower they grow, the better off I will be.

    What are the symptoms that I can look for? I cannot afford DNA testing, and my insurance won't pay for it. I need to know some symptoms that can be readily seen in my everyday life.
    I forgot to mention- during the parathyroidectomy, three 1/2 of the four parathyroid gland were removed. They were not malignant, but they all had tumors/growths- whatever it is that people with MEN have.

    • ANSWER:
      In MEN1, all four parathyroid glands tend to be overactive. They release too much parathyroid hormone, leading to excess calcium in the blood. High blood calcium, known as hypercalcemia, can exist for many years before it is found by accident or by family screening. Unrecognized hypercalcemia can cause excess calcium to spill into the urine, leading to kidney stones or kidney damage.

      Nearly everyone who inherits a susceptibility to MEN1 (a "cancer") will develop overactive parathyroid glands (hyperparathyroidism) by age 50, but the disorder can often be detected before age 20. Hyperparathyroidism may cause no problems for many years or it may cause problems such as tiredness, weakness, muscle or bone pain, constipation, indigestion, kidney stones, or thinning of bones.

      Rare EFFECTS: and I stress RARE!
      Occasionally, a person who has MEN1 develops an islet tumor of the pancreas which secretes high levels of pancreatic hormones other than gastrin. Insulinomas, for example, produce too much insulin, causing serious low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia. Pancreatic tumors that secrete too much glucagon or somatostatin can cause diabetes, and too much vasoactive intestinal peptide can cause watery diarrhea.

      Other rare complications arise from pituitary tumors that release high amounts of ACTH, which in turn stimulates the adrenal glands to produce excess cortisol. Pituitary tumors that produce growth hormone cause excessive bone growth or disfigurement.

      Another rare complication is an endocrine tumor inside the chest or in the stomach, known as a carcinoid. In a person with MEN1 a carcinoid tumor rarely secretes a hormone. In general, surgery is the mainstay of treatment for all of these rare types of tumors, except for gastric carcinoids which usually require no treatment.

  9. QUESTION:
    Has anybody taken MSM Powder Supplements? Does it really work to lighten the skin colour?
    Has anybody taken MSM Powder Supplements? Does it really work to lighten the skin colour?

    Has anyone ever taken sulfur supplements and seen lighter skin colour?

    • ANSWER:
      My advice? Don't take them, period. They are doing the body more harm than good - MSN
      http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/16655168/wid… People spend billion per year on vitamins and supplements.  According to Everyday Health, here's an article that will tell you why . . . those PRODUCTS by any other name do NOT WORK.  It is false advertisements.

      The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) doesn’t have to approve supplements — no agency in the United States does. So it’s up to consumers to bring health concerns to light. “It’s important to understand the difference between over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements,” say Pieter Cohen, MD, an internist at Cambridge Health Alliance and instructor at Harvard Medical School in Cambridge, Mass. The FDA gets involved only after the fact, if the supplement later appears to be causing harm. By that time, the supplement may already have harmed many consumers who used it. “The burden of proof is on the FDA to determine [a supplement] is dangerous and remove it from the market,” Cohen says. Consumer complaints are the primary trigger for investigations. One recent investigation of the dietary weight-loss supplement ephedra resulted in it being banned for sale in the United States.
      Example: Protein Shakes poisoning article:
      http://fittipdaily.com/poison-in-your-protein-shake-5491/
      China, which has repeatedly been caught exporting contaminated products, is a major supplier of raw supplement ingredients. The FDA has yet to inspect a single factory there.

      We have identified a dozen supplement ingredients that we think consumers should avoid because of health risks, including cardiovascular, liver, and kidney problems. We found products with those ingredients readily available in store.

      Because of inadequate quality control and inspection, supplements contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides, or prescription drugs have been sold to unsuspecting consumers. And FDA rules covering manufacturing quality don’t apply to the companies that supply herbs, vitamins, and other raw ingredients.
      Beginning in February 2008, he experienced one symptom after another: diarrhea, joint pain, hair loss, lung problems, and fingernails and toenails that fell off.
      http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm228052.htm

      The FDA have banned whitening products.
      The reason cited for the proposed ban is that studies in rodents show "some evidence" that hydroquinone may act as a carcinogen or cancer-causing chemical, although its cancer-causing properties have yet to be proved in humans. Hydroquinone also has been linked with the medical condition known as ochronosis in which the skin becomes dark and thick. Dome-shaped yellowish spots and grayish-brown spots also are observed in ochronosis among black women and men in South Africa, Britain, and the U.S. Ochronosis has been observed in conjunction with hydroquinone use even in persons who have used hydroquinone-containing cosmetics for a short time. Some studies also report abnormal function of the adrenal glands and high levels of mercury in people who have used hydroquinone-containing cosmetics. For these reasons, hydroquinone has already been banned in Japan, the European Union, and Australia.

      Any skin-lightening products containing hydroquinone would be considered new drugs, according to the proposed FDA regulations. The products would require FDA approval before being sold to the public and would only be available with a doctor's prescription.

      No.
      Save your $$$$. that's another propaganda to make more profits. The beauty industry is a billion dollar business, and there's more & more products like that because it attracts new customers, because NOW suddenly people are waking up . . . the sun is more damaging than ever, but the damaged is done, so they're looking for miracles to make them pure & blemish free forever. The only best product you'll need that really works is a wide brim hat.

      I've been protecting myself from sun exposure since age 9, with that said I still got Discoid Lupus, Google it, and it is taking 12 years to make that fade away. The secret is to avoid the sun, to get whiter skin the younger you are the better for you in the long run.

  10. QUESTION:
    What are the different types of doctors?
    I am just curious about the different fields of medicine and then what the doctor does in that particular field.

    Easy ten points!!! :)

    • ANSWER:
      Ok, you asked for thorough! :)

      Addiction Medicine: The branch of medicine that concentrates on helping people overcome repetitive behaviors that can range from drug and alcohol dependency to tobacco use and eating disorders.

      Adolescent Medicine: The specialty of physicians with the experience and training to help young people meet the medical, psychological and social challenges that occur during the transition from childhood to adulthood.

      AIDS/HIV Care: A multidisciplinary effort that’s often led by primary-care physicians working in cooperation with case managers, registered nurses, nutritionists, physical and occupational therapists, and others. The goal: Improve the health and comfort of AIDS/ HIV patients by addressing their physical and emotional needs.

      Anesthesiology: The science of applying anesthetics and managing pain during medical procedures. Anesthesiologists are physicians who are primarily concerned with administering the various drugs that keep patients from feeling pain during surgery and other procedures and childbirth.

      Asthma, Allergy & Immunology: The study and treatment of the body's reaction to foreign substances. The ailments treated by immunologists include hay fever, asthma, hives and other abnormal responses to allergens that range from dust and food to animals and chemicals.

      Breast-Cancer Surgery: Surgeons specializing in cancer of the breast are skilled in a number of surgical options, ranging from mastectomies to sentinel-node biopsies. They also work with a multidisciplinary team that may include oncologists, radiologists, pharmacists and others to determine the best strategy for follow-up treatment and care.

      Cardiac Surgery: Highly trained and certified cardiac surgeons correct and repair multiple heart conditions, including coronary artery disease and congenital heart disease. Many cardiac surgeons specialize in minimally invasive surgeries that are performed through a small incision and require less recovery time and improve patient safety and comfort.

      Cardiology: The study of the heart. Cardiologists often specialize in a particular area, but collectively they diagnose and treat patients suffering from diseases of the heart, lungs and blood vessels; perform heart surgeries; and educate patients on preventing heart problems and living a heart-healthy lifestyle.

      Colorectal Surgery: The treatment of diseases of the intestinal tract, anus and rectum through surgery. Colorectal surgeons not only operate to remove malignancies, they strongly encourage the testing that can lead to early detection. If caught early, colorectal cancer can be cured. Colorectal surgeons also deal with hemorrhoids, polyps and other ailments.

      Critical Care: Emergency departments and special-care units offer the services of highly trained physicians and nurses to provide minute-to-minute care to critically ill patients and patients whose lives are in danger.

      Dermatology: The medical field devoted to the study and treatment of disorders and diseases of the skin. Dermatologists help patients deal with a range of concerns, from warts to acne to skin cancers.

      Diabetes: Specialists in this field of medicine provide education in diabetes management, along with other tools to help patients take control of their diabetes and prevent it from interfering with active, healthy lives.

      Emergency Medicine: Emergency medicine specialists provide urgently needed treatment for injured and ill patients to prevent a worsening of the condition, disability or death. This treatment and care usually takes place in a hospital emergency room.

      Endocrinology: This branch of medicine focuses on the body’s “ductless” glands and how they function. Endocrinologists are concerned with the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands, among others, as well as nutritional disorders, sexual disorders, and problems such as diabetes and hypertension.

      Epilepsy: Neurologists specializing in this field of care help patients living with epilepsy and other seizure disorders live full and active lives. Treatment can involve surgery or medications, or can be a combination of both.

      Family Medicine: Family medicine physicians provide comprehensive medical care with an emphasis on caring for all members of the family. Family medicine builds upon a core of knowledge derived from other disciplines, primarily pediatrics, internal medicine, OB/GYN, geriatrics, surgery and psychiatry. The family medicine physician plays the role of personal physician.

      Gastroenterology: The study and treatment of conditions of the digestive system. A gastroenterologist diagnoses and treats disorders of the stomach, intestines, bowels and other structures, such as the liver, gall bladder, pancreas and esophagus. Gastroenterologists focus on maladies that include ulcers, jaundice, hepatitis and cancer.

      General Surgery: The study and practice of all types of surgical operations. General surgeons perform a number of procedures aimed

  11. QUESTION:
    Is there a relationship between PTH and cortisol?
    I suspect that I may have a problem with my parathyroid gland(s). My Vitamin D level is low at 13 and my upper abdomin is in A LOT of pain. But, my calcium is still normal (at 9.7) although climbing in the last 3 months.

    Taking cortisol - both natural and prescription - seems to make me feel slightly better.

    So, my question is: if I have hyperparathyroidism, how does this affect cortisol?

    Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Cortisol is an adrenal hormone. I have no clue if there is a connection - I do know that the thyroid & adrenal glands have a symbiotic relationship but no clue about the parathyroid. I would imagine all the glands are interconnected though.

      I would guess that you have been doing a low fat way of eating. That will cause gall stones & pain & the body can't make vitD bioavailable without saturated fats. Unfortunately eating saturated fats now will have the gall bladder working properly, which includes dispelling its contents (including the stone formations) which will probably cause more pain when the stones try to pass. I would still recommend a low carb, high saturated fat diet to allow your hormones & body to function properly.

      Vitamin D3 is not a vitamin at all but a necessary hormone that effects the immune system, bones & nearly every aspect of health. Having low Vitamin D levels greatly increases risk of cancer, heart disease, diabetes, MS & being deficient can create or greatly exacerbate health problems. Many researchers claim that optimized vitamin D levels are more effective than a flu shot in preventing viral infections.

      With Vitamin D3 deficiency becoming an epidemic, it is probably because people are washing daily, if you wash skin exposed to the sun within 48 hours, you wash off the oils where the vitamin D production starts. In northern latitudes (above that of Atlanta, Georgia) the sun is at too low an angle for half the year to provide sufficient UV radiation. If even available, UVB rays are only accessible while the sun is directly overhead. Most people need to take vitamin D, especially seniors, as the ability to synthesize vitamin D in the skin declines with age.

      With exposure to sunlight in the summer, the body can generate up to 20,000iu of vitamin D per hour with no ill effects. In addition, no adverse effects have been seen with supplemental vitamin D intakes up to 10,000 IU daily.

      Always take your vitamin D with a fat-containing meal to ensure absorption.

      http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/QAA400676/More-Vitamin-D.html

      The vitamin D in fortified foods & the prescription vitamin D supplements are the wrong type (ergocalciferol - vitamin D2). As warned by the National Institute of Health -

      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17023693

      Luckily you can buy vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) over the counter and the upper limits are extremely high. U.S. RDA are much too low. Current recommendations from researchers are for 35iu per pound - a 150# person needs minimum of 5250iu per day & the rda is 400iu. This amount is for minimal needs and does not replenish depleted stores.

      Research published by Grassroots Health from the D*Action study shows that 97.5% of the adult population needs to take 9,600 IU's of vitamin D per day in order to elevate their levels above 40ng/ml, which they believe is the absolute minimum for disease prevention.

      I also highly recommend a low carb way of eating for optimal health.

      http://curezone.com/forums/fm.asp?i=1560518#i
      http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2009/10/10/Vitamin-D-Experts-Reveal-the-Truth.aspx

      Your vitamin D level should never be below 32 ng/ml, and any levels below 20 ng/ml are considered serious deficiency states, increasing your risk of as many as 16 different cancers and autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis, just to name a few.

      They found that the body does not reliably begin storing cholecalciferol in fat and muscle tissue until 25(OH)D levels get above 50 ng/ml (125 nmol/L). That is, at levels below 50 ng/ml (125 nmol/L), the body uses up vitamin D as fast as you can make it, or take it, indicating chronic substrate starvation—not a good thing. 25(OH)D levels should be between 50–80 ng/ml (125–200 nmol/L), year-round.

      25(OH)D test level - between 50–80 ng/ml (125–200 nmol/L), summer and winter

      http://www.vitamindcouncil.org/health/deficiency/am-i-vitamin-d-deficient.shtml

      Vitamin D deficiency may contribute to the wide set of disorders associated with metabolic syndrome (syndrome X), as well as to PCOS. In a study published in 2004, the authors saw a 60% improvement in insulin sensitivity in healthy, vitamin D replete adults

      http://www.womentowomen.com/healthynutrition/vitamind.aspx

      In summary, the evidence for safety and remarkable efficacy of Vitamin D3 suggests that virtually ALL adults should probably take 50,000 units of D3 daily. This is certainly true for those with virtually any illness.

      http://enews.endocrinemetabolic.com/2008/05/vitamin-dthe-cure-for-many-diseases.html

  12. QUESTION:
    does an ovarian cyst make you eligible for dla?
    looking for advice pls so only answer if you know thanks!!! i have a large fibroid tumour and an ovarian cyst, both cause me to bleeding stop and pain walking, i don't want to waste an ones time if i claim disability living allowance at he high rate, pls help. thanks all.

    • ANSWER:
      Why suffer with this problem?

      PCOS is NOT the result of a DRUG DEFICIENCY. Let's start with that. Many women suffer with this problem for years because of doctors prescribing drugs to treat the symptoms. That is not real health, it is "MAKE BELIEVE HEALTH." Please, do yourself a huge favor and deal with the PCOS problem in a nutritional way and solve the problem.

      When doctors try to juggle hormones, they are attempting to play GOD with out the credentials. Birth control pills are dangerous and have no studies showing long term safety. The synthetic ethinyl estradiol used in those pills is the most stimulating to breast tissue and is 1,000 times more potent in it's effects on breast tissue as estriol (natural estrogen made in the body that helps breast tissue). Estrogens tend to promote cell division, particularly in hormone-sensitive tissue such as the breast. Studies from two decades ago clearly found that overexposure to estradiol increases one's risk of breast cancer. The synthetic ethinyl estradiol is even more of a breast cancer risk because it is efficiently absorbed by mouth and slow to be metabolized and excreted. The longer a synthetic estrogen stays in the body, the more opportunity it has to do damage. NOT A GOOD SOLUTION FOR PCOS! ! ! 1 in 7 women now get breast cancer!

      "Normalizing" hormones by simply giving you synthetic hormone pills violates the basic principle of healing. Instead, whenever possible, you should strive to normalize the hormones using your body's innate intelligence. In your case, by changing your diet, you can start on the road to healing.

      A diet based on the principles of "Nourishing Traditions," a book by Sally Fallon and Mary G. Enig, Ph.D. is the first step in the therapy of PCOS. Your ovaries need the animal fats, and yes, even the cholesterol found in food in order to make estrogen and progesterone, the correct female hormones.

      Swollen ovaries is a condition analogous to goiter, when the thyroid swells in response to iodine deficiency. Goiters often also result in a hormonal imbalance leading to hypothyroidism. In the case of PCOS, the starvation of the ovaries causes them to become cystic, swollen and eventually unable to regulate the synthesis of their hormones.

      The other main dietary trigger for this imbalance is that when the proper dietary fats are missing, they are inevitably replaced by excessive carbohydrate consumption. This results in excessive insulin production, weight gain, abdominal bloating, and eventually will itself cause hormonal shifts. The biochemistry of this process is well described in the book, "The Schwarzbein Principle" which also suggests a diet based on the principles in the book, "Nourishing Traditions," along with a restriction to about 75 grams of carbohydrates per day. More good fats and fewer carbohydrate foods should help in restoring your hormones to their proper balance.

      In addition to the dietary program, there are many natural nutrients that I have been shown in the medical literature to help PCOS. The first is the protomorphogen extract from Standard Process called Symplex F. This is a mixture of specially processed glandular extracts from the four organs that make up the so-called pituitary axis--the pituitary, thyroid, adrenal glands and the ovaries. We now know that these glands compensate for each other, and that they all get ill as a group. I usually recommend taking 1-2 tablets per day for one whole year to help normalize the function of these important organs. You should be able to get the Symplex F from your local pharmacy.

      The final therapy that I recommend for PCOS is a 50/50 mixture of the herbal extracts of Peony lactiflora and Glycyrrhiza uralensis (commonly known as licorice). There have been three studies in the literature showing that this combination of herbs can result in a complete remission in PCOS, and that it does so by normalizing adrenal function and reducing testosterone levels. It is important to use the correct amounts that were also indicated in these studies. I recommend the Mediherb extracts and suggest 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of the mixture, 2-3 times per day. I usually suggest using this mixture for six months with breaks of a week or two every 4-6 weeks."

      Birth control pills are the worst way to deal with PCOS. All that does is give you the "make believe health" and demonstrating very clearly that doctors have NO clue about what they are doing in regard to nutrition and how the body works in regard to nutrition that nourishes the body and does NOT abuse it with drugs.

      good luck to you

  13. QUESTION:
    Any one using progesterone cream , does it make you feel tired and sleepy?
    I started on 2.1.07 and since I have been very tired and sleepy, but not until I use the cream that morning within 2 hours I am exhausted. I have been sleeping very well since the use of the cream , my breast pain is totally gone and my face is even clearing up. 43 old female Don't know if this is a normal side effect until my body adjusts.

    • ANSWER:
      Q: What is progesterone?

      A: Progesterone is a steroid hormone made by the corpus luteum of the ovary at ovulation, and in smaller amounts by the adrenal glands. Progesterone is manufactured in the body from the steroid hormone pregnenolone, and is a precursor to most of the other steroid hormones, including cortisol, androstenedione, the estrogens and testosterone.

      In a normally cycling female, the corpus luteum produces 20 to 30 mg of progesterone daily during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle.

      Q: Why do women need progesterone?

      A: Progesterone is needed in hormone replacement therapy for menopausal women for many reasons, but one of its most important roles is to balance or oppose the effects of estrogen. Unopposed estrogen creates a strong risk for breast cancer and reproductive cancers.

      Estrogen levels drop only 40-60% at menopause, which is just enough to stop the menstrual cycle. But progesterone levels may drop to near zero in some women. Because progesterone is the precursor to so many other steroid hormones, its use can greatly enhance overall hormone balance after menopause. Progesterone also stimulates bone-building and thus helps protect against osteoporosis.

      Q: Why not just use the progestin Provera as prescribed by most doctors?

      A: Progesterone is preferable to the synthetic progestins such as Provera, because it is natural to the body and has no undesirable side effects when used as directed.

      If you have any doubts about how different progesterone is from the progestins, remember that the placenta produces 300-400 mg of progesterone daily during the last few months of pregnancy, so we know that such levels are safe for the developing baby. But progestins, even at fractions of this dose, can cause birth defects. The progestins also cause many other side effects, including partial loss of vision, breast cancer in test dogs, an increased risk of strokes, fluid retention, migraine headaches, asthma, cardiac irregularities and depression.

      Q: What is estrogen dominance?

      A: Dr. Lee has coined the term "estrogen dominance," to describe what happens when the normal ratio or balance of estrogen to progesterone is changed by excess estrogen or inadequate progesterone. Estrogen is a potent and potentially dangerous hormone when not balanced by adequate progesterone.

      Both women who have suffered from PMS and women who have suffered from menopausal symptoms, will recognize the hallmark symptoms of estrogen dominance: weight gain, bloating, mood swings, irritability, tender breasts, headaches, fatigue, depression, hypoglycemia, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, and fibrocystic breasts. Estrogen dominance is known to cause and/or contribute to cancer of the breast, ovary, endometrium (uterus), and prostate.

      Q: Why would a premenopausal woman need progesterone cream?

      A: In the ten to fifteen years before menopause, many women regularly have anovulatory cycles in which they make enough estrogen to create menstruation, but they don't make any progesterone, thus setting the stage for estrogen dominance. Using progesterone cream during anovulatory months can help prevent the symptoms of PMS.

      We now know that PMS can occur despite normal progesterone levels when stress is present. Stress increases cortisol production; cortisol blockades (or competes for) progesterone receptors. Additional progesterone is required to overcome this blockade, and stress management is important.

      Q: What is progesterone made from?

      A: The USP progesterone used for hormone replacement comes from plant fats and oils, usually a substance called diosgenin which is extracted from a very specific type of wild yam that grows in Mexico, or from soybeans. In the laboratory diosgenin is chemically synthesized into real human progesterone. The other human steroid hormones, including estrogen, testosterone, progesterone and the cortisones are also nearly always synthesized from diosgenin.

      Some companies are trying to sell diosgenin, which they label "wild yam extract" as a medicine or supplement, claiming that the body will then convert it into hormones as needed. While we know this can be done in the laboratory, there is no evidence that this conversion takes place in the human body.

      Q: Where should I put the progesterone cream?

      A: Because progesterone is very fat-soluble, it is easily absorbed through the skin. From subcutaneous fat, progesterone is absorbed into capillary blood. Thus absorption is best at all the skin sites where people blush: face, neck, chest, breasts, inner arms and palms of the hands.

      Q: What is the recommended dosage of progesterone?

      A: For premenopausal women the usual dose is 15-24 mg/day for 14 days before expected menses, stopping the day or so before menses.

      For postmenopausal women, the dose that often works well is 15 mg/day for 25 days of the calendar month.

      Q: What amount of progesterone do you recommend in a cream?

      A: Dr. Lee recommends the creams that contain 450-500 mg of progesterone per ounce, which is 1.6% by weight or 3% by volume. This means that about ¼ teaspoon daily would provide about 20 mg/day.

      Q: How safe is progesterone cream?

      A: During the third trimester of pregnancy, the placenta produces about 300 mg of progesterone daily, so we know that a one-time overdose of the cream is virtually impossible. If you used a whole jar at once it might make you sleepy. However, Dr. Lee recommends that women avoid using higher than the recommended dosage to avoid hormone imbalances. More is not better when it comes to hormone balance.

      Q: Wouldn't it be easier to just take a progesterone pill?

      A: Dr. Lee recommends the transdermal cream rather than oral progesterone, because some 80% to 90% of the oral dose is lost through the liver. Thus, at least 200 to 400 mg daily is needed orally to achieve a physiologic dose of 15 to 24 mg daily. Such high doses create undesirable metabolites and unnecessarily overload the liver.

      Q: Where can I get more information on progesterone and natural hormone balance?

      A: For a detailed explanation of women's hormone balance issues, a hormone balance program, as well as detailed descriptions of how to use natural progesterone, the following books by John R. Lee, M.D. are recommended:

      What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Menopause

      What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About PREmenopause

      What Your Doctor May Not Tell You About Breast Cancer

      Click here for more about these books including sample chapters and purchase information

  14. QUESTION:
    CANCER? i have pain that comes and goes in my right side right below my ribs?
    i also have ovarian cyst since last june that has not changed in size at all, now my urine shows high levels of dopamine. I'm wondering could this be cancer that spread from the ovary to my liver or another organ in that area?

    • ANSWER:
      Please be aware that ovarian cysts are not cancer. The area that you are indicating hurts is where your liver is. Also, your adrenal glands, which sit on top of your kidneys are in this area. Your adrenal glands secrete dopamine in response to many triggers both chemical and physiologic(ie like stress). There are many reasons why dopamine could be present in urine. You should make your primary physician aware of the pain that you are experiencing. Between now and your next appointment, you should keep a log of the pain. Write down when you felt the pain(date, time of day) and what you were doing when the pain began. Descibe the pain-sharp, dull, stabbing, throbbing, shooting, ect. Tell the duration, or how long it lasted. What, if anything, makes the pain worse or better. If between now and your next appointment, the pain changes in intensity, frequency,or duration, you should see your physician more quickly. And for your question as to might it be cancer, there is no way of telling without further information.

  15. QUESTION:
    What's the best natural organic decaf coffee on the market?
    Do you know how it is decaffeinated? What do they use?

    • ANSWER:
      Decaffeinated coffee is toxic.

      It is no surprise then why people have such a difficult time, at first, letting go of coffee, and replacing it with healthier beverages. Caffeine combines with the stomach's hydrochloric acid and forms a potent toxin, caffeine hydrochloride. As this toxin is absorbed into your portal circulation and hits your liver, bile is released in an attempt to flush the toxin from your system. This accounts for the increase in bowel "regularity" of which many coffee drinkers boast. If you are one of these people, you might ask yourself, "Is such a toxin-induced flush really very health promoting? Or Isn't there a healthier way for me to be regular?" The answer, of course, is "No" to the first, and "Yes" to the second question...

      COFFEE CONTAINS HARMFUL CHEMICALS
      "Drinking decaffeinated coffee is no better than drinking regular coffee because of the large concentration of the chemical Trichloroethylene. It is used mainly as a de-greasing agent in the metal industry and as a solvent and dry cleaning agent in the clothing industry. Trichloroethylene is related to plastic chemical vinyl chloride, which has been linked to certain types of liver cancer. Columbian coffee planters have regularly used deadly pesticides on their plants for over 20 years. Some include Aldrin, Dieldrin, Chlordane and Heptachlor. Some speculate that coffee beans are the most significant source of these deadly toxins in U.S. diets.

      The extreme temperatures in the roasting process of coffee beans depletes the beans of its natural oils. Though it may enhance their aroma, high heat actually causes the oils to become rancid.

      The chlorogenic acid found in coffee has also been linked to toxic side effects.

      COFFEE OVERWORKS THE ADRENALS AND SLOWS SPORTS PERFORMANCE
      "Coffee has an acid-based oil which is an irritant to gastric mucosa. It simulates the secretion of gastric acidity and this results in secretion of adrenalin. The secretion of adrenalin stimulates insulin secretion with consequent secondary hypoglycaemia. The end results are tension, mild rise in blood pressure, 2-3 hours later a craving for sweets, low energy and mood levels, and over working of the adrenal glands. All of which negatively affects health, exercise and sports performance.

      COFFEE COUNTERACTS MEDICATIONS FOR PAIN, OBESITY, HYPERTENSION AND DEPRESSION.
      "The secondary rise in plasma epinephrine due to the low blood sugar will undo whatever good medications are doing to counteract the hyperactive dopaminergic system in patients suffering from pain, obesity, hypertension or depression. A few minutes after drinking coffee, the stimulation of the dopaminergic system results in cold extremities along with simultaneous rise in deep (visceral) temperature. A patient with high fever is harmed by coffee, but helped by tea and lemon juice. The decaffeinated coffee contains the same acid oil, and thus is no better than regular coffee.

      COFFEE CAUSES NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES
      "Heavy coffee drinkers create Thiamine (B-1) insufficiency. Symptoms of B-1 insufficiency range from fatigue, nervousness, general malaise, general aches and pains to headaches.

      Regular use of coffee prevents some of the nutrients in your food from being absorbed effectively in your small intestines, which leads to further vitamin and mineral deficiencies.

      THE "BUZZ" FROM COFFEE
      "The "buzz" or stimulation you get from coffee actually contributes to re-bound fatigue when the stimulating effects wear off. Repeated stimulation can contribute to the exhaustion of key organs like the liver, pancreas and adrenal glands. If you still want that "buzz" you get from coffee and strong teas, try Chinese Jasmine Green Tea, instead. It has an effective stimulant without many of the negative health effects.

      Here's a perfect coffee replacement tea that provides safe and natural energy and mental clarity.

      Calli is a very powerful deep tissue cleanser. It feeds the general yang, or cleansing, function of the body. Its ingredients were used by priests in ancient China for their ability to produce mental clarity. It has been known to dissolve arthritic deposits, help break down plaque in hardened arteries, leach out heavy metals, break up cysts, help neutralize free radicals, and help remove parasites. It also has antifungal properties. It improves liver function, aids fat metabolism, increases energy, strengthens digestion, and improves nervous system function. Its main ingredient, Camellia sinensis, contains polyphenols, which research shows to function as antioxidants to help reduce the risks of some cancers. Other research suggests that polyphenols can help reduce harmful cholesterols.
      Begin by steeping one tea bag in a quart of boiled water for five minutes. Then start with one half to one cup per day after mealtime. Use only during the day at first. Once you have developed a feel for using this tea, experiment with concentration and amount.
      People with large amounts of stored drug or toxic deposits, or the severely ill should begin using Calli in very dilute amounts. It can cause strong cleansing reactions in some people.
      Calli comes in several delicious flavors:

      Regular
      Mint
      Cinnamon
      Fresh
      Night

      For more info contact me...

  16. QUESTION:
    what are the benifits of taking vitamin C?
    Can you give me some of the pros and cons of taking vitamin C during stressful times i.e (cold season)

    • ANSWER:
      Vitamin C is an amazing antioxidant with numerous benefits associated with taking this supplement. It is required for adrenal gland function healthy gums and tissue repair and growth. It defends our bodies against the damaging effects of pollution as well as aids our bodies in the production of anti-stress hormones and interferon. Our body needs this vitamin for the metabolism of folic acid, phenylalanine and tyrosine.

      This important vitamin is believed to reduce high blood pressure. Yet other benefits believed related from taking vitamin C is it may reduce cholesterol levels and prevent atherosclerosis.

      More of the benefits of vitamin C include protecting our bodies against infection, cancer, and enhancing our immunity. It increases the body's ability to absorb iron. It is Essential in the formation of collagen and protects against bruising and blood clotting. This vitamin also promotes the healing of bruising and wounds.

      Evidence is showing there are benefits from taking vitamin E and vitamin C in combination. They work synergistically. They reinforce and extend each other's antioxidant action. In other words these vitamins work together causing them to have a greater effect than if they work separately. Vitamin C attracts free radicals in biologic fluids while vitamin E scavenges for dangerous free radicals in cell membranes.

      Signs of deficiencies of this vitamin include susceptibility to infection especially bronchial infections and colds, joint pains and poor digestion. Other signs of deficiencies of vitamin C include lack of energy, tendency to bruise easily, tooth loss and poor digestion.

      A vitamin C deficiency can result in the disease scurvy. This disease is not common in Western countries. Soft spongy bleeding gums, extreme weakness, edema, poor wound healing, and hemorrhages under the skin are all characteristics of scurvy.

      Vitamin C must be obtained through one's diet or in the form of supplements. The body cannot manufacture this vitamin. Most of the vitamin consumed in one's diet is lost in the urine.

      Individuals who require large amounts because of serious illness like cancer may benefit from taking vitamin C supplement intravenously rather than an oral form. This requires the advice and supervision of their physician.

      Serious depletion of vitamin C can be caused by smoking. Other ways levels of the vitamin may be reduced is by consuming alcohol, antidepressants anticoagulants, oral contraceptives, analgesics or steroids.

      Those afflicted with chronic illnesses like AIDS or cancer Ester C has been found to be extremely effective and these individuals have benefited from taking the supplements. This is an esterified vitamin C supplement. This is created by having the vitamin react with a necessary mineral like magnesium, calcium, potassium zinc, or sodium. This causes the vitamin to become nonacidic but contains the vitamin's metabolites identical to those produced by the body. It enters the body's tissues and bloodstream four times faster than the standard form of the vitamin. It also stays in the body tissues longer and moves into the blood cells more efficiently. Only one third as much is lost through the urine when vitamin C is supplemented in this esterified form.

      Individuals who take aspirin regularly will benefit using an esterified vitamin C supplement. Taking the standard form of the vitamin can result in stomach irritation that may lead to ulcers. For the greatest benefit from vitamin C supplements doses should be divided. Taking the supplements twice a day is more beneficial than taking it just once a day.

      Pregnant women should not take doses greater than 5,000 milligrams of vitamin C supplement daily because when the infants are deprived of the megadoses they have become used to, the infants can develop scurvy after birth.

  17. QUESTION:
    what are the symtoms of lung cancer?
    6-7 months i havehad sever pain in upper front and back in and around the rib area. iaqlso started to cough up black.iam unable to lie on my left side.

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms of primary lung cancers include cough, coughing up blood, chest pain, and shortness of breath.
      1. A new cough in a smoker or a former smoker should raise concern for lung cancer.
      2. A cough that does not go away or gets worse over time should be evaluated by a health care provider.
      3. Coughing up blood (hemoptysis) occurs in a significant number of people who have lung cancer. Any amount of coughed-up blood should cause alarm.
      4. Chest pain is a symptom in about one fourth of people with lung cancer. The pain is dull, aching, and persistent and may involve other structures surrounding the lung.
      5. Shortness of breath usually results from a blockage in part of the lung, collection of fluid around the lung (pleural effusion), or the spread of tumor through the lungs.
      6.Wheezing or hoarseness may signal blockage or inflammation in the lungs that may go along with cancer.
      7.Repeated respiratory infections, such as bronchitis or pneumonia, can be a sign of lung cancer.
      Symptoms of metastatic skin rashes depend on the location and size. About 30-40% of people with lung cancer have some symptoms or signs of metastatic disease.

      Lung cancer most often spreads to the liver, the adrenal glands, the bones, and the brain.
      Metastatic lung cancer in the liver usually does not cause any symptoms, at least at the time of diagnosis.
      Metastatic lung cancer in the adrenal glands also typically causes no symptoms at the time of diagnosis.
      Metastasis to the bones is most common with small cell type cancers but also occurs with other lung cancer types. Lung cancer that has metastasized to the bone causes bone pain, usually in the backbone (vertebrae), the thighbones, and the ribs.

      Lung cancer that spreads to the brain can cause difficulties with vision, weakness on one side of the body, and/or seizures.

      When to Seek Medical Care
      See a health care provider as soon as possible if any of the following develop:

      Any symptom of lung cancer
      New cough or change in an existing cough
      Hemoptysis (flecks of blood in the sputum when coughing)
      Unexplained weight loss
      Unexplained persistent fatigue
      Unexplained deep aches or pains

      Go immediately to the nearest hospital emergency department if any of the following occur:

      Coughing up a large amount of blood
      Sudden shortness of breath
      Sudden weakness
      Sudden vision problems
      Persistent chest pain

  18. QUESTION:
    what happens if i drink animal blood?
    i want 2 know cause i wanna be a vampire but i cant drink other peoples blood because of hiv /aids...
    will drinking animal blood kill me or make me sick ?

    • ANSWER:
      If you eat red meat, and most of us do, then we already consume some animal blood. Animal blood is mostly protein, since the red blood cells in blood are mostly made of protein. Drinking raw blood is a lot like eating raw meat, you get whatever parasites and germs that may be living in the blood just as you get whatever parasites and germs there is in raw meat if you don't cook it thoroughly. Animal blood doesn't have any medicinal powers or mythical powers. Most people around the world consume animal blood everyday when they eat meat. No big deal except that you may ingest too much iron. There is no way the body can get rid of excess iron. Excess iron in the body is called hemochromatosis.

      "Joint pain is the most common complaint of people with hemochromatosis. Other common symptoms include fatigue, lack of energy, abdominal pain, loss of sex drive, and heart problems. However, many people have no symptoms when they are diagnosed.

      If the disease is not detected and treated early, iron may accumulate in body tissues and eventually lead to serious problems such as

      * arthritis
      * liver disease, including an enlarged liver, cirrhosis, cancer, and liver failure
      * damage to the pancreas, possibly causing diabetes
      * heart abnormalities, such as irregular heart rhythms or congestive heart failure
      * impotence
      * early menopause
      * abnormal pigmentation of the skin, making it look gray or bronze
      * thyroid deficiency
      * damage to the adrenal glands"

      So, think about what the excess iron you consume may do to your body before consuming too much blood.

  19. QUESTION:
    just found out i have cancer in my right kidney and adrenalin gland also a tumor in my back bone?
    already had a ct scan going Friday to have a PET scan to see if i have more.They want to remove my kidney from my experience from members of my family cancer always spreads should i go through the pain of having my kidney removed or just let the cancer take it's course.

    • ANSWER:
      If you have mets in the adrenal and the back it has already spread.
      This is something that should be discussed with your urologist when you go over the results of your PET. Oncologist rarely see kidney cancer patients as chemo is pretty useless with this kind of cancer.

  20. QUESTION:
    Can anyone Help me With my Male ferrets who keep fighting?
    Hi, I have two male ferrets, Squiggle And Pickles. They have been together since babies and were fine, Pickles was late getting his testicles and when he did everything changed :( .
    Pickles constantly bites Squiggle on the neck and drags him around, There are screams and hissing coming from their cage and it pains me to hear it. Touch wood there has been no real damage so far but Squiggle has scabs on his neck and the constant tugging means they never heal.
    Ive looked on websites that say it's dominance fighting and it should stop if i leave them alone as when i interupt they will never resolve their issues...But then other sites say the only answer is castration, but I cant afford that as it's £45 Each I wish Id have realised before I got them but I love them soooo much don't want to part with them! Hope you can help xxx

    • ANSWER:
      Lots of people have numerous ferrets of both sexes living in harmony together, but they DO need to be neutered. £45 each may sound like a lot to you now, but once it is done and the hormones have worn off, you will come to realise it was £90 well spent. If you really can't afford this, I would start to look for a new home for the fuzzes, or a rescue where they will be neutered and rehomed.

      The point being, I know you love your furbabies, and it would break my heart if I had to give up my own, but it really isn't feasible to try to keep ferrets if you will never be able to pay any veterinary bills.

      Ferrets are prone to all kinds of diseases, most commonly adrenal cancer, which are very costly indeed to treat. You must think carefully whether you will be able to spare the money to care for your ferrets should the worst happen, as treatment is often very urgently needed once symptoms become apparent in a sick ferret.

      So if you really do want to keep them, I would resign myself to the necessity of the £90 for neutering, and then get some pet insurance to make sure you are prepared if anything goes wrong later.

      Oh, and in relation to descenting, personally I wouldn't bother. The scent glands very rarely cause any major problem; also, they don't tend to let off that often, and when they do it dissipates quickly in the air. It isn't like a skunk. And descenting doesn't eliminate that ferrety odour anyway, because that's in the oils of their coats. I don't think vets in the UK routinely descent the way they do in the US anyway. I live in Ireland, where unfortunately I seem to know more about ferrets than any vet I can find :(

      Once they are neutered, it will take a few weeks for their raging hormones to subside, but once they do, peace should return pretty quickly, considering that they have been friends since babies.

      Hope any of this is a help, and that you will be able to resolve your situation.

      Edited to add: In fairness, Erin C, these are 2 ferrets who already know each other very well:this kind of advice does not apply in those circumstances. The problem is that both ferrets are in the full flush of male hormones, and so naturally one will always be trying to dominate the other.

      This behaviour simply will not abate, be it in one direction or the other, until both males are happily neutered, with their hormones calmed down.

      As stated, this may take a few weeks after neutering, but at the end of it, not only will your ferrets get along much more amicably together, but will also be much more amiable pets to own. By the way, unaltered males past a certain age REALLY STINK, especially as they enjoy rolling in their own urine in order to demonstrate their virility!

      I would not actually recommend separating the guys at all right now. The fact that they have been together this long means it would only add more stress for them to be alone at this point.

      If you do get them neutered and they attack one anothers' stitches, then I would separate them, but in my experience this would be pretty unlikely. Ferret hobs generally recover very well from neutering, especially at the age yours must be by now.

  21. QUESTION:
    What types of doctors are there?
    I am a senior in high school and am looking into becoming a doctor of some sort. What types of doctors are there? Please list them and describe what sort of work they do. I looked into plastic surgery for awhile and that really interested me but am looking for others as well. Thanks! (And I will be choosing a best answer within the next few hours so be descriptive and thorough!

    • ANSWER:
      Ok, you asked for thorough! :)

      Addiction Medicine: The branch of medicine that concentrates on helping people overcome repetitive behaviors that can range from drug and alcohol dependency to tobacco use and eating disorders.

      Adolescent Medicine: The specialty of physicians with the experience and training to help young people meet the medical, psychological and social challenges that occur during the transition from childhood to adulthood.

      AIDS/HIV Care: A multidisciplinary effort that’s often led by primary-care physicians working in cooperation with case managers, registered nurses, nutritionists, physical and occupational therapists, and others. The goal: Improve the health and comfort of AIDS/ HIV patients by addressing their physical and emotional needs.

      Anesthesiology: The science of applying anesthetics and managing pain during medical procedures. Anesthesiologists are physicians who are primarily concerned with administering the various drugs that keep patients from feeling pain during surgery and other procedures and childbirth.

      Asthma, Allergy & Immunology: The study and treatment of the body's reaction to foreign substances. The ailments treated by immunologists include hay fever, asthma, hives and other abnormal responses to allergens that range from dust and food to animals and chemicals.

      Breast-Cancer Surgery: Surgeons specializing in cancer of the breast are skilled in a number of surgical options, ranging from mastectomies to sentinel-node biopsies. They also work with a multidisciplinary team that may include oncologists, radiologists, pharmacists and others to determine the best strategy for follow-up treatment and care.

      Cardiac Surgery: Highly trained and certified cardiac surgeons correct and repair multiple heart conditions, including coronary artery disease and congenital heart disease. Many cardiac surgeons specialize in minimally invasive surgeries that are performed through a small incision and require less recovery time and improve patient safety and comfort.

      Cardiology: The study of the heart. Cardiologists often specialize in a particular area, but collectively they diagnose and treat patients suffering from diseases of the heart, lungs and blood vessels; perform heart surgeries; and educate patients on preventing heart problems and living a heart-healthy lifestyle.

      Colorectal Surgery: The treatment of diseases of the intestinal tract, anus and rectum through surgery. Colorectal surgeons not only operate to remove malignancies, they strongly encourage the testing that can lead to early detection. If caught early, colorectal cancer can be cured. Colorectal surgeons also deal with hemorrhoids, polyps and other ailments.

      Critical Care: Emergency departments and special-care units offer the services of highly trained physicians and nurses to provide minute-to-minute care to critically ill patients and patients whose lives are in danger.

      Dermatology: The medical field devoted to the study and treatment of disorders and diseases of the skin. Dermatologists help patients deal with a range of concerns, from warts to acne to skin cancers.

      Diabetes: Specialists in this field of medicine provide education in diabetes management, along with other tools to help patients take control of their diabetes and prevent it from interfering with active, healthy lives.

      Emergency Medicine: Emergency medicine specialists provide urgently needed treatment for injured and ill patients to prevent a worsening of the condition, disability or death. This treatment and care usually takes place in a hospital emergency room.

      Endocrinology: This branch of medicine focuses on the body’s “ductless” glands and how they function. Endocrinologists are concerned with the thyroid, pituitary and adrenal glands, among others, as well as nutritional disorders, sexual disorders, and problems such as diabetes and hypertension.

      Epilepsy: Neurologists specializing in this field of care help patients living with epilepsy and other seizure disorders live full and active lives. Treatment can involve surgery or medications, or can be a combination of both.

      Family Medicine: Family medicine physicians provide comprehensive medical care with an emphasis on caring for all members of the family. Family medicine builds upon a core of knowledge derived from other disciplines, primarily pediatrics, internal medicine, OB/GYN, geriatrics, surgery and psychiatry. The family medicine physician plays the role of personal physician.

      Gastroenterology: The study and treatment of conditions of the digestive system. A gastroenterologist diagnoses and treats disorders of the stomach, intestines, bowels and other structures, such as the liver, gall bladder, pancreas and esophagus. Gastroenterologists focus on maladies that include ulcers, jaundice, hepatitis and cancer.

      General Surgery: The study and practice of all types of surgical operations. General surgeons perform a number of procedures aimed at treating a range of diseases and conditions, including cancer, appendicitis, tonsillitis and hernia.

      Geriatrics: The study of aging and the treatment of problems in the elderly. Geriatric-care specialists consider a range of illnesses and conditions as they specifically affect the aged. These physicians frequently address the psychological and social aspects of aging, in addition to the physical aspects.

      Gynecologic Oncology: The study, diagnosis and treatment of tumors and cancers in the female reproductive system, including breast care.

      Gynecology: The study and care of the female reproductive system, including breast care. Gynecologists provide routine care for women and treat a full spectrum of illnesses that particularly affect women.

      Hand Surgery: Surgeons in this specialty are trained to diagnose and repair damaged and injured hands. The conditions they treat range from carpal tunnel syndrome to sport-related injuries and the reattachment of severed fingers.

      Head and Neck Surgery: Surgeons who are trained in head and neck surgery generally have subspecialties in areas that include otology (diseases of the ear), rhinology (diseases of the nose) and/or laryngology (diseases of the throat and larynx).

      Headache: Neurologists who specialize in treating victims of chronic headaches and migraines and offer their patients multiple treatment options, including the latest medications, physical therapy, biofeedback and psychological counseling.

      Hematology: The medical specialty concerned with blood and the blood system. A hematologist treats blood diseases such as cancer, lymphoma, serious anemia and sickle cell disease.

      Infectious Diseases: Diseases, often communicable, that are caused by the growth of various microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses. A specialist in infectious diseases diagnoses and treats patients affected by illnesses ranging from pneumonia to salmonella to AIDS.

      Infertility Medicine: A field of treatment and research aimed at helping individuals and couples who want children but are having fertility problems or are otherwise having trouble conceiving. Procedures might include artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization, where an egg is removed from a woman’s ovary, fertilized in a lab and then placed in the woman’s uterus.

      Internal Medicine: A broad-based medical field in which physicians rely on their knowledge of major organs to diagnose and treat patients. Internists treat a variety of afflictions, from colds and heart problems to infectious diseases. Internists often serve as a patient's primary doctor, coordinating all that person's health care.

      Midwife (CNM): A certified nurse midwife (CNM) is a registered nurse who has completed an advanced course of study and is certified by the American College of Nurse-Midwives. A midwife is trained to care for women during pregnancy, labor and the postnatal period; conduct normal deliveries; and to care for newborn babies under normal circumstances.

      Movement Disorders: Neurologists specializing in movement disorders are trained to diagnose and treat conditions of the nerves and muscles that may prevent such simple functions as walking across a room with ease or drinking a glass of water without spilling. These disorders include tremors, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s chorea and Tourrette’s syndrome.

      Neonatology: A field of medicine devoted to the care and treatment of infants up to six weeks old. Neonatologists concentrate on the full spectrum of medical problems that can affect newborn babies.

      Nephrology: The study and care of the kidneys and urinary system. Nephrologists treat kidney disorders, diabetes, renal failure and other illnesses. Treatments can range from dialysis to kidney transplants.

      Neurology: The study and treatment of diseases of the nervous system. A neurologist assists patients who have stroke complications, head injuries, epilepsy, Alzheimer's disease, and other afflictions of the brain and spinal cord.

      Neuro-ophthalmology: Specialists in this branch of medicine offer the experience and the resources to help people with brain-related visual problems – as well as eye-movement problems – find hope for improved eyesight. Therapies range from botulinum toxin injection to nonsurgical treatment for facial spasms and excessive blinking.

      Neurosurgery: Neurosurgeons specialize in surgically treating diseases and disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord (central nervous system), along with the nerves of the brain and spinal cord (peripheral nervous system).

      Nuclear Medicine: A specialty that uses radioactive substances and sophisticated diagnostic equipment to determine a variety of conditions and diseases. The equipment used in nuclear medicine – including MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and PET (positron emission tomography) – reveals the inner workings of the body and its organs.

      Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN): OB/GYN is the field of medicine devoted to conditions specific to women. Obstetrics is the care of a woman during pregnancy and during and after childbirth. Gynecology is the study and care of the female reproductive system. An OB/GYN specialist combines these two disciplines to provide comprehensive care for women.

      Oncology – Medical: Medical oncologists are specialists in using various medications to treat and manage patients with cancer. This includes the use of chemotherapy to kill cancer cells, painkillers to manage cancer pain, and drugs that will eliminate or reduce the side effects of cancer treatment.

      Oncology – Radiation: Radiation oncology is the field of medicine that uses therapeutic applications of radiation to manage cancer and other diseases. Radiation oncologists determine the type of radiation that will be used, as well as the amount or dose, and the number and length of treatments.

      Ophthalmology: The medical specialty devoted to care of the eye and the treatment of diseases that affect eyes and vision. An ophthalmologist diagnoses and treats abnormalities of the eye and performs surgery on the eye. Ophthalmologists are medical doctors and are different from optometrists (who test vision and prescribe corrective lenses) and opticians (who make or sell corrective eyewear).

      Oral/Maxillofacial Surgery: The branch of dentistry that focuses on the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries and deformities of the teeth, mouth and jaw. An oral surgeon removes wisdom teeth, repairs broken jaws and treats a range of other conditions. Specialists in this field are also called dental surgeons.

      Orthopedic Surgery: The medical field concerned with the prevention and correction of muscular or skeletal injuries and abnormalities. Orthopedic surgeons treat complex conditions and injuries as well as broken bones, severe muscle sprains, and knee and other joint injuries. They also perform joint replacements.

      Otolaryngology (ENT): A division of medical science that focuses on the ears, nose and throat (ENT). Otolaryngologists diagnose and treat disorders from the shoulders up, with the exception of the eyes and brain. Conditions they may deal with include hearing loss, tonsillitis and nasal obstructions.

      Otology: An otologist is a specialist in the anatomy and structure of the ear, and how to treat diseases of the ear.

      Pain Management: Physicians and other pain experts choose from an extensive series of diagnostic tests to precisely identify the source of a patient’s pain. Treatment and management possibilities are wide ranging and include physical therapy, behavioral therapy, biofeedback and pain-relieving devices that are implanted under the skin.

      Pathology: The study of the nature and causes of disease. A pathologist examines body tissues to diagnose of diseases, and to determine the cause of various conditions, including death. There are several subspecialties in pathology, including chemical pathology, forensic pathology, hematology pathology and neuropathology.

      Pediatrics: The field of medicine dedicated to the care of infants, children and teenagers. Doctors in this field are called pediatricians. They are often the first doctors children see, and they concentrate on preventing illness and treating children for a variety of conditions, including sore throats, earaches and infectious diseases.

      Pediatric Specialties: Usually, a family physician or pediatrician will address the health problems of children. However, when there is a serious illness or injury, a child may need care from a pediatric specialist – a physician with advanced training and expertise in a particular area of medicine. Board-certified pediatric specialists provide medical services in areas ranging from cardiology and infectious diseases to neurology, orthopedics and surgery.

      Perinatology: A branch of medicine dealing with medical and biological issues that affect the birth of a child. Perinatology combines obstetrics, gynecology and neonatology, and includes treatment of a fetus or a newborn and the mother.

      Physiatry: A physiatrist is a physician who specializes in physical medicine, which is the curing of injuries and disease by natural methods. Measures that are used include physical therapy, massage, exercise, light and heat.

      Physical Rehabilitation: Physicians and therapists who specialize in physical rehabilitation help patients who’ve had a stroke or serious injury return to home, work or school. The goal of therapy is to restore lost function through hands-on treatment, exercise and patient education.

      Plastic/Reconstructive Surgery: The repair, restoration or reconstruction of different parts of the body. Plastic and reconstructive surgeons not only perform elective cosmetic surgery to improve appearance, they also repair and reconstruct the facial features and bodies of patients with conditions caused by burns, injuries, diseases and congenital deformities.

      Podiatry: The study, prevention and treatment of problems of the foot. A podiatrist may prescribe corrective devices and medication, or recommend physical therapy. Podiatrists attend colleges of podiatric medicine and graduates are doctors of podiatric medicine (DPM). Podiatrits with advanced training also do various types of foot surgery.

      Prostate Care: Cancer or other conditions affecting the prostate may be treated by surgeons, cancer specialists and/or urologists using a wide range of therapies. Depending on the specific problem, a course of treatment can involve everything from surgery and medications to high-dose radiation.

      Psychiatry: The diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders. Psychiatrists are physicians who prescribe appropriate medication and do therapy to treat of a variety of conditions, from depression to schizophrenia.

      Psychology: Psychologists deal with mental processes – both normal and abnormal – and their effects upon human behavior. Psychologists typically have a doctorate degree, but are not medical doctors and do not prescribe medications.

      Pulmonary Medicine: The field of medicine devoted to the study and treatment of diseases of the respiratory system. Pulmonary specialists – called pulmonologists – treat pneumonia, bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, cancer and other disorders of the lungs and respiratory system.

      Radiology: The use of radioactive equipment, including X-ray machines, to diagnose and treat diseases and injuries. Specialists in this field are called radiologists.

      Rheumatology: The study and care of the joints and the muscular and skeletal systems. Rheumatologists treat a range of conditions, from athletic injuries to arthritis, lupus and rheumatic fever.

      Sleep Disorders: The field of medicine devoted to the study and treatment of disruptions in sleeping patterns. Specialists in this field work with patients to overcome such conditions as insomnia, narcolepsy and sleep apnea.

      Sports Medicine: The field of medicine devoted to athletic injuries. Doctors specializing in sports medicine help patients prevent and recover from a range of injuries – from sprained knees and back strains to broken bones and torn ligaments – suffered while engaging in sports activities. Many sports medicine doctors also help design athletic training equipment and training methods.

      Thoracic Surgery: The study and practice of surgery on the chest cavity and rib cage, including the heart, lungs and esophagus. Thoracic surgeons treat patients with lung cancer, coronary diseases, aneurysms and heart diseases.

      Transplant: Surgeons specializing in organ transplants take a multidisciplinary approach to surgery and follow-up care that addresses all of patient’s physical and psychological needs. Patients receive an extensive orientation prior to transplantation, which can involved the kidneys, liver, heart and other organs.

      Urology: The study and treatment of the male and female urinary tracts and the male genital tract. Urologists diagnose and treat disorders of the urinary tract, prostate and bladder.

      Vascular Surgery: The focus is on surgical solutions to diseases of the body’s blood vessels, including the heart and lymph systems. Vascular surgeons treat patients for lymphatic diseases, strokes, aneurysms, varicose veins and other conditions.

  22. QUESTION:
    What kind of Dr treats amyloidosis, and what is the treatment for it ?

    • ANSWER:
      Amyloidosis is a group of diseases in which amyloid—a protein-like substance—builds up in the organs and tissues. The buildup may happen systemically (throughout the body) or locally (in one tissue).

      There are four major types of systemic amyloidosis:

      Primary amyloidosis (the most common form), typically caused by a buildup of fragments of antibody proteins
      Hereditary amyloidosis, a genetic form passed down in families
      Reactive or secondary amyloidosis, which develops along with a chronic inflammatory disease, such as rheumatoid arthritis
      Beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis—beta2-microglobulin is a protein that can build up in the blood as a result of kidney failure. This type of amyloidosis occurs in people who have been on dialysis for a long time.
      Amyloid deposits can affect any organ or tissue. Localized amyloidosis affects more than 90% of people with Type II diabetes mellitus, people with certain cancers of the thyroid or other tumors of the endocrine system, and about 80% of people over age 80. It also affects people with conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, Down's syndrome, hereditary cerebral hemorrhage, and the disease commonly known as "mad cow disease."

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Signs and Symptoms

      The signs and symptoms depend on the location and size of the amyloid deposits.

      Any tissue may be affected in primary amyloidosis. Signs and symptoms may include the following:

      Heart disease and irregular heart beat
      Kidney disorders, including kidney failure
      Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, such as perforation (hole), bleeding, slow movement of matter through the GI tract, and blockage
      Enlarged liver
      Diminished function of the spleen
      Diminished function of the adrenal and other endocrine glands
      Problems in transmitting nerve signals, which could lead to impotence, gastrointestinal problems, and orthostatic hypotension (low blood pressure upon standing)
      Carpal tunnel syndrome (compression and irritation of the median nerve in the wrist)
      Skin conditions, such as growths, color changes, purpura (bleeding into the skin) around the eyes, and easy bruising
      Enlarged tongue, sometimes with swelling under the jaw, breathing difficulties, and sleep apnea
      Lung problems
      Swelling of the shoulder joints (may look like shoulder pads under the skin)
      Susceptibility to bleeding problems
      Signs and symptoms of hereditary amyloidosis may include the following:

      Nervous system disorders
      Gastrointestinal conditions, such as diarrhea and weight loss
      Heart problems
      Kidney disease, though this is less common than in primary amyloidosis
      Signs and symptoms of secondary amyloidosis may include the following:

      Kidney disease, which may lead to kidney failure; this is the cause of death in 40 to 60% of cases
      Enlarged liver
      Enlarged spleen
      Heart problems—this is rare, and less severe than in other forms of amyloidosis
      Most people who are diagnosed with secondary amyloidosis have had their related inflammatory disease for a decade or more.

      Beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis usually occurs in people who have end-stage renal (kidney) disease and need long-term dialysis, but it also can occur in people who use ambulatory dialysis. Deposits are often found in bones and joints. Such deposits may cause carpal tunnel syndrome, joint pain and stiffness, soft tissue masses, bone cysts, and fractures.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      What Causes It?

      The body naturally makes amyloid as it ages and deposits the amyloid in the space surrounding the cells. Some people accumulate abnormal amounts of amyloid, causing amyloidosis. Many factors can play a part in this; the process depends on the form of the disease. Hereditary amyloidosis results from genetic changes that cause the body to make abnormal proteins. Age seems to play a role in amyloidosis—researchers think the disease may be triggered by damage that accumulates in the body over time. This kind of damage may come from the body's use of oxygen (oxidation) and from free radicals (harmful by-products formed when cells use energy). Amyloid is also more likely to form in people who have immune system problems. Once amyloid deposits have started, they seem to continue building up in the same locations.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Who's Most At Risk?

      People with the following profile are at increased risk for developing amyloidosis:

      Men
      Being more than 50 years old. Cases do occur in younger adults and children, usually in those with an inflammatory condition such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. However, most cases are diagnosed in older people. Even in people with hereditary forms, amyloid deposits severe enough to cause problems are detected later in life.
      Disease affecting the antibody-producing plasma cells in the blood (such as multiple myeloma, malignant lymphoma, benign monoclonal gammopathy, or Waldenström's macroglobulinemia)
      Chronic inflammatory disease (such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, familial Mediterranean fever, or ankylosing spondylitis); this may cause secondary amyloidosis
      Long-term dialysis—almost all patients with end-stage renal disease who are on hemodialysis for more than 5 years develop amyloid deposits
      Inherited genetic changes that affect proteins in the body
      Long-term infection such as leprosy, tuberculosis, or osteomyelitis; this may bring on secondary amyloidosis

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      What to Expect at Your Provider's Office

      Your healthcare provider may suspect amyloidosis based on your symptoms. Tests of blood, urine, bone marrow, or biopsies (samples of tissue) from abdominal fat, the rectum, or an affected organ may show signs of amyloid deposits. With hereditary amyloidosis, DNA tests may reveal the genetic change that caused the condition. Specialized X-ray studies of tissue samples may show the structure of amyloid deposits. Depending on the signs and symptoms, your healthcare provider may use other tests to find out more about your condition, such as which organs are affected and whether your condition is getting worse.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Treatment Options

      Prevention

      Those who have hereditary amyloidosis in their family should consider going to genetic counseling to learn about the risks of passing the condition to their children.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Treatment Plan

      In most people, treatment can help support health and reduce the impact of amyloidosis, but cannot cure the disease. Treatment involves decreasing the proteins that can make up amyloid. Chemotherapy is used for primary amyloidosis. There is no treatment per se for secondary amyloidosis; the underlying condition must be treated. A liver transplant may be necessary for hereditary amyloidosis. A kidney transplant may cure amyloidosis related to dialysis.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Drug Therapies

      Under select circumstances, certain drug combinations, many of which are under investigation, have been used to treat primary amyloidosis. For amyloidosis related to kidney failure, researchers are studying other treatments, such as using new dialysis systems and adding antioxidants to the dialysis fluid; antioxidants may help rid the body of unstable compounds known as free radicals.

      To help relieve symptoms, a healthcare provider may suggest:

      Diuretics to relieve swelling caused by fluid retention
      Anti-arrhythmics to control heart rhythm
      Metoclopramide to help empty food from the stomach
      Antibiotics to control bacteria that may cause diarrhea or prevent the body from absorbing nutrients

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Surgical and Other Procedures

      Depending on which parts of the body are affected, the person with amyloidosis may need one of the following procedures:

      Dialysis for those whose kidneys are failing
      Kidney, liver, heart, or bone marrow transplant
      Spleen removal
      Carpal tunnel surgery
      Hip replacement
      Pacemaker implantation to control heart rhythm

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Complementary and Alternative Therapies

      Dietary choices, supplements, and herbs that aid in diminishing inflammation in general may, theoretically, help to prevent amyloidosis. Damage from oxidation may play a role in development of amyloidosis (see section entitled What Causes It?), particularly beta2-microglobulin, the form of amyloidosis related to hemodialysis. Along with changing dialysis methods, adding antioxidants may slow the disease. Animal studies support the idea that dietary changes to decrease inflammation and provide antioxidants slow the development of amyloidosis.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Nutrition

      Several studies have examined the role of diet in amyloidosis. Some animal studies suggest that the following dietary choices may help prevent the disease for one who is at high risk or slow the disease process once amyloidosis has developed:

      Limit the amount of meat consumed; researchers suspect that a substance called amyloid enhancing factor (AEF), sometimes found in diseased animal foods, may increase the risk of amyloidosis in people who eat these foods; AEF does hasten the growth of amyloid deposits in mice.
      Take fish oil supplements, which are high in omega-3 fatty acids; helps to reduce inflammation in chronic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and appears to help prevent amyloidosis in mice.
      Vitamin C – a well designed animal study suggested that high doses of vitamin C may help the body break down amyloid and prevent amyloidosis from worsening.
      While of these results represent a beginning and show promise, it is difficult to draw definitive conclusions about people from animal findings.

      Additional nutritional information includes:

      Bromelain, an enzyme derived from pineapple, may help break down amyloid deposits in kidney tissue; this is suggested by a laboratory study performed on tissue samples from the kidney of one person with a family history of amyloidosis; this preliminary finding does not indicate how this information will translate to treatment or prevention of amyloidosis for people in general.
      Glutathione – low levels may be associated with higher levels of beta2-microglobulin in people on dialysis with or without amyloidosis; this suggests that there may be a link between glutathione levels in the blood and development or worsening of beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis. Although studies have not been conducted to evaluate supplementation with glutathione for amyloidosis, some clinicians may recommend 500 mg two or three times a day to people on dialysis to try to prevent the disease.
      Traditionally, certain health care professionals have recommended the following to try to help prevent inflammation in general:

      Avoid processed foods, caffeine, food additives, dairy products, and refined sugars.
      Eat more whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, nuts, seeds, and cold-water fish.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Herbs

      Flavonoids are plant compounds that fight damage from oxidation and free radicals, as well as inflammation. They may be useful as a complement to standard medical care in treating amyloidosis:

      Pycnogenol, which comes from the bark of French maritime pine (Pinus maritima), is rich in flavonoids. One laboratory study suggested that pycnogenol protected cells of cattle from free radical damage due to amyloid deposits.
      Gingko biloba extract (GBE) also contains flavonoids. GBE has shown good results compared to standard medications for treating Alzheimer's disease. Given the link between Alzheimer's and amyloid deposits, GBE may help treat amyloidosis as well, especially because it is also an antioxidant.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Prognosis/Possible Complications

      Most people with primary amyloidosis die within two years of diagnosis, usually of heart failure, uremia (toxic buildup of wastes in the blood), or other complications. About 20% survive 5 years or longer. With secondary amyloidosis, most people survive 5 to 10 years after their condition surfaces. Survival depends on how well the underlying condition is treated. In hereditary amyloidosis, the outlook varies depending on the type of gene mutation and when the condition is diagnosed. Some people survive as long as 15 years after the disease develops. In people with certain mutations that cause problems earlier in life (around age 20 to 30), the disease tends to worsen more quickly and cause death sooner. Kidney transplants stop beta2-microglobulin amyloidosis, but most patients are poor candidates for surgery.

      People with amyloidosis affecting the heart are extremely sensitive to certain medicines. Digoxin may cause fatal irregular heartbeat. Calcium-channel blockers may worsen congestive heart failure. Diuretics and vasodilators may cause life-threatening low blood pressure.

      --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Following Up

      After diagnosis, tests may be performed on a regular basis to check levels of protein-related substances, the size and placement of amyloid deposits, the development of the disease, and the effects of treatment

  23. QUESTION:
    what is the differance between methylprednisolone and prednisone?
    is it a steroid or a medicine

    • ANSWER:
      Methylprednisolone, a corticosteroid, is similar to a natural hormone produced by your adrenal glands. It is often used to replace this chemical when your body does not make enough of it. It relieves inflammation (swelling, heat, redness, and pain) and is used to treat certain forms of arthritis; skin, blood, kidney, eye, thyroid, and intestinal disorders (e.g., colitis); severe allergies; and asthma. Methylprednisolone is also used to treat certain types of cancer.
      Prednisone is used alone or with other medications to treat the symptoms of low corticosteroid levels (lack of certain substances that are usually produced by the body and are needed for normal body functioning). Prednisone is also used to treat other conditions in patients with normal corticosteroid levels. These conditions include certain types of arthritis; severe allergic reactions; multiple sclerosis (a disease in which the nerves do not function properly); lupus (a disease in which the body attacks many of its own organs); and certain conditions that affect the lungs, skin, eyes, kidneys blood, thyroid, stomach, and intestines. Prednisone is also sometimes used to treat the symptoms of certain types of cancer. Prednisone is in a class of medications called corticosteroids. It works to treat patients with low levels of corticosteroids by replacing steroids that are normally produced naturally by the body. It works to treat other conditions by reducing swelling and redness and by changing the way the immune system works.
      Please see the web pages for more details on Methylprednisolone and Prednisone.

  24. QUESTION:
    what is the difference between the symptoms of PCOS and pituitary tumor?

    • ANSWER:
      Signs and symptoms
      Common symptoms of PCOS include

      Oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea - irregular, few, or absent menstrual periods; cycles that do occur may comprise heavy bleeding (heavy bleeding is also an early warning sign of endometrial cancer, for which women with PCOS are at higher risk)
      Infertility, generally resulting from chronic anovulation (lack of ovulation)
      Elevated serum (blood) levels of androgens (male hormones), specifically testosterone, androstenedione, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), causing hirsutism and occasionally masculinization
      Central obesity - "apple-shaped" obesity centered around the lower half of the torso
      Androgenic alopecia (male-pattern baldness)
      Acne, oily skin, seborrhea
      Acanthosis nigricans (dark patches of skin, tan to dark brown or black)
      Acrochordons (skin tags) - tiny flaps of skin
      Prolonged periods of PMS-like symptoms (bloating, mood swings, pelvic pain, backaches)
      Sleep apnea
      Mild symptoms of hyperandrogenism, such as acne or hyperseborrhea, are frequent in adolescent girls, and are often associated with irregular menstrual cycles. In most instances, these symptoms are transient and only reflect the immaturity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovary axis during the first years following menarche. [1]

      Signs are:

      Multiple cysts on the ovaries (one form of ovarian cyst). Sonographically they may look like a string of pearls.
      Enlarged ovaries, generally 1.5 to 3 times larger than normal, resulting from multiple cysts
      Thickened, smooth, pearl-white outer surface of ovary
      The ratio of LH (Luteinizing hormone) to FSH (Follicle stimulating hormone) is greater than 1:1, as tested on Day 3 of the menstrual cycle.
      High levels of testosterone.
      Low levels of sex hormone binding globulin.
      Hyperinsulinemia

      Signs and symptoms
      Pituitary tumors that produce hormones are called functioning tumors. Tumors that don't produce hormones are known as nonfunctioning pituitary tumors.

      Different types of functioning tumors can develop in your pituitary gland, each causing specific signs and symptoms:

      Adrenocorticotropic hormone-producing tumors. These pituitary tumors produce the hormone adrenocorticotropin, which stimulates your adrenal glands to make the hormone cortisol. When your adrenal glands produce too much cortisol, a condition called Cushing's syndrome occurs. Signs and symptoms of Cushing's syndrome may include weight gain around your midsection and upper back, exaggerated facial roundness, a characteristic hump on the upper part of your back, high blood pressure, muscle weakness and thinning of your skin.
      Growth hormone-producing tumors. These tumors produce excess growth hormone. The physical effects from excess growth hormone (acromegaly) may include coarsened facial features, enlarged hands and feet, high blood pressure and heart problems. Accelerated and excessive growth (gigantism) may occur in children.
      Prolactin-producing tumors. Overproduction of prolactin from a pituitary tumor (prolactinoma) can cause a decrease in normal levels of sex hormones — estrogen in women and testosterone in men. Excessive prolactin in the blood (hyperprolactinemia) can affect men and women differently.

      In women, prolactinoma may cause irregular menstrual periods (oligomenorrhea), lack of menstrual periods (amenorrhea) and milky discharge from the breasts (galactorrhea).

      In men, a prolactin-producing tumor may cause male hypogonadism, which may involve signs and symptoms such as enlarged breasts (gynecomastia), erectile dysfunction (ED) or impotence, infertility, decrease in body hair, and loss of interest in sexual activity.

      Thyroid-stimulating hormone-producing tumors. When a pituitary tumor overproduces thyroid-stimulating hormone, your thyroid gland makes too much of the hormone thyroxine. This is a rare cause of hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid disease. Hyperthyroidism can accelerate your body's metabolism, causing sudden weight loss, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, and nervousness or irritability.
      Functioning and nonfunctioning pituitary tumors may cause other signs and symptoms, including:

      Headache
      Vision changes, such as decreased peripheral vision or double vision
      Seizures
      Clear, watery nasal drainage
      Hair loss
      Cold intolerance
      Constipation
      Irritability
      Weakness
      Fatigue
      Nausea
      Vomiting
      Low blood pressure
      Unintended weight loss or gain

  25. QUESTION:
    What things can you do to relieve stress?
    any idea?

    • ANSWER:
      Stress is the way our bodies and minds react to something which upsets our normal balance in life; an example of stress is the response we feel when we are frightened or threatened. During stressful events our adrenal glands release adrenaline, a hormone which activates our body's defense mechanisms causing our hearts to pound, blood pressure to rise, muscles to tense, and the pupils of our eyes to dilate.
      A principal indication of increased stress is an escalation in your pulse rate; however, a normal pulse rate doesn't necessarily mean you aren't stressed. Constant aches and pains, palpitations, anxiety, chronic fatigue, crying, over or under- eating, frequent infections, and a decrease in your sexual desire are signs you may notice which indicate you may be under stress.

      Of course, every time we are under stress, we do not react to such an extreme and we are not always under such great duress or fear every time we are confronted with a stressful situation. Anything which overwhelms us can cause us to experience stress; the illness or death of a family member, the loss of a job, and difficulties in relationships, are examples of situations, stressful enough to cause physical or psychological symptoms.

      Some people are more susceptible than others to stress; for some, even ordinary daily decisions seem insurmountable. Deciding what to have for dinner or what to buy at the store, is a seemingly, monumental dilemma, and there are those, who seem to thrive under stress by becoming highly productive being driven by the force of pressure.

      Research shows women with children have higher levels of stress related hormones in their blood than women without children. Does this mean women without children don't experience stress? Absolutely not! It means that women without children may not experience stress as often or to the same degree which women with children do. This means for women with children, it's particularly important to schedule time for yourself; you will be in a better frame of mind to help your children and meet the daily challenge of being a parent, once your stress level is reduced.

      Reducing stress also reduces your risk for heart disease, the number one killer of American women, and certain types of cancer. Many women who experience PMS and menopausal symptoms will find the severity of these symptoms improved dramatically, once a reduced stress level is achieved. Untreated stress leads many people to depression, anxiety, headaches, and a host of other complaints, making reduction of stress an important factor in improving your total health.

      How you can beat stress in your life...
      You can find many simple and inexpensive ways to reduce your stress level on your own. A good way to start, for many people is to cut out artificial stress reducers, such as alcohol, which can mask symptoms and often make symptoms worse. Eat a well-balanced diet which includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, as well as foods which are high in complex carbohydrates, moderate amounts of protein, and low in fat. Avoid excessive amounts of caffeine which has been shown to increase anxiety
      Aerobic activity such as vigorous walking is, in my opinion, the best way to reduce stress and improve overall quality of life; walk or do whatever type of exercise you feel comfortable with. You may prefer to join a health club; if you do join a health club, go often and make it your special time. Don't concern yourself with your family while you are working out; this is your time and don't let anyone interfere.

      Go outdoors whenever possible; a little sunshine and activity can have amazing ramifications on your stress level and will enhance your entire outlook towards life. Your improved attitude will have a positive effect on everyone in your family and/ or circle of friends; things which seem overwhelming will soon become trivial matters, causing you to wonder what the predicament was. Not only will you be less stressed, you will be healthier, happier, and more energetic; ready to face whatever obstacles come your way.
      Aromatherapy can be tremendous help for alleviating stress; try using five or six drops of lavender oil in a warm bath or put two or three drops on a cloth and inhale from time to time during the day. Often we reach for cup of tea to placate our aplomb; next time, try tea made with chamomile, passionflower, valerian, or ginseng as some herbalists recommend.

      Give yourself permission to be a 'kid' again. What did you enjoy when you were a child? Draw; paint; be creative. Play with Play- dough, dance, or read. Play music, allow yourself freedom to express yourself without worry that you're not keeping with the image of who you are 'supposed' to be. Just relax and enjoy yourself. We all have a little child in us and it's a good idea to allow expression of the child within from time to time.

      Don't set unrealistic for goals for yourself. Many of us set ourselves up for defeat simply by setting unrealistic goals for ourselves. For example, if you are dieting, realize you cannot lose 40 pounds in one or two months. Or maybe you are trying to reach a goal of obtaining a particular job position; whatever your goal is allow sufficient time to reach your goals and realize occasional setbacks may occur. If you reach your goal without any delays, you will be even happier with yourself for arriving quicker than you planned, but don't expect it. In fact don't expect anything; expectations and reality are often two entirely different things.

      Learn it is OK to say 'no' occasionally; often, many of us feel we have to say 'yes' to everyone, every time we are asked for help and feel that we must respond in a positive fashion; but, remember, you cannot be all things to all people. You must first meet your own needs before you can truly give others what they need while at the same time keeping yourself happy.

      You do not have to do everything your family, friends, and others ask; of course you can help others, but first make sure you have done what is necessary to take care of yourself. Make time for yourself, your number one priority; once your own needs are met you will find you have more time for others. And you may find more pleasure in helping others when you don't feel that you must always put others needs before your own.

      Other ways to beat stress include; deep breathing exercises, massage, guided imagery and a healthy sex life. A healthy sex life will do a great deal to reduce the stress in your life, if it is with someone you are comfortable with. But if you are having relationship problems, forcing yourself to participate when you are not really happy in your relationship will probably do more to increase your stress level rather than to reduce it. So, first you need to resolve the issues which are causing your difficulties.

      If your stress is the result of a specific event such as a death in the family, your physician may prescribe antianxiety medication which can be highly effective for short- term stress relief, but such drugs should not be used on a continuing or long- term basis.

      When you are facing an unpleasant circumstance, remember what your mother or grandmother probably told you; take a deep breath and count to ten before saying or doing anything. Taking a deliberate pause can be an instant tranquilizer, producing a calming effect, and allowing you extra time to reassess the situation before taking possibly regrettable actions on impulse.

      If you are still experiencing stress, after trying some of these suggestions, your physician may recommend psychotherapy to help you deal with the issues which are causing your stress. See your physician anytime stress is interfering with your life to the point you are unable to work or meet the demands of your normal daily activities.

  26. QUESTION:
    Are cold showers really good for you?
    If so, how?

    • ANSWER:
      What a Cold Shower Can Do For You

      Enhance immunity against infections and cancer

      Give your glands (thyroid, adrenals, ovaries/testes) a boost, improving hormonal activity

      Jump-start your mood and motivation

      Crank up your metabolism to fight type 2 diabetes, obesity, gout, rheumatic diseases, depression, and more

      Normalize your blood pressure

      Decrease chronic pain

      Train and improve your blood circulation

      Detoxify your body

      Fight fatigue

      Strengthen exhausted, irritable nerves

      Rejuvenate, heal, and tone the skin

      Deepen your breathing

      Help with insomnia

      Improve kidney function

      Reduce swelling and edema

      Improve lymphatic circulation, thereby increasing immune function

      Reduce stress by regulating your autonomic nervous system

      Regulate temperature, fighting chronically cold hands and cold feet and excessive sweating

      Keep your hair healthy

      Improve hemorrhoids and varicose veins

      Reduce aches and pains”

  27. QUESTION:
    What could be in Pamprin that would cause mood swings?
    All of the females in my family can take midol and it will help our pms symptoms etc. but if we take pamprin it sends us into psychotic fits (literally). What could cause this reaction? Is it just an allergic reaction and if so what would we be allergic to in it?
    i have tried researching the ingredients and the medication pamprin already and i can't find proof that having psychotic episodes can be a side effect to taking it....I'm really stuck on this one :(

    • ANSWER:
      This drug contains acetaminophen that damages your liver amongst other garbage that is not nourishing your body, but is attempting to just mask the symptoms. The real underlying problem of pms is due to nutritional deficiencies typical of American women eating low fat, high carb, no red meat diets. It is not normal to have symptoms during PMS if you are NOT nutrient deficient.

      A prime example of this problem is that if you are CALCIUM deficient, you will get cramps. Your uterus is a muscle. When it is called upon to contract, if you are deficient in calcium, you will feel cramps. So when you take the Pamprin, etc., the drug makers know that if you inhibit the body's natural immune response mechanism of inflammation, you will feel less pain. This inflammation process is how the body reacts to an injury. It causes inflammation to INCREASE BLOOD FLOW to an area, thereby carrying the necessary nutrients to help speed the healing process. These anti-inflammatory drugs stop that process and make you feel better because the inflammation has stopped, but it takes the body much longer to recover and heal, and it damages the liver that is part of the endocrine system.

      The endocrine system is very sensitive to change and all the organs in that system work together to achieve a balance. If you are eating low fat, high carb diets, or the wrong fats, you will not be achieving balance and you will get PMS. Your adrenal glands are part of that endocrine system that, if exhausted or abused, will greatly affect the balance in your endocrine system and contribute greatly to the problem.

      Modern medicine is focused on the allopathic method that says, kill the germs and you kill the disease. This is very short sighted and basically ends up addressing symptoms and not the underlying real causes of disease and "syndromes."

      Did your doctor tell you that if you are not getting the right kinds of fats into your body and your adrenal glands are not functioning properly that your liver will be reprioritized and not cleaning up old estrogen and producing the steroid hormones like your sex hormones and thyroid hormones? And that when you take the Pamprin that contains anti-inflammatories that it will damage your liver, as well? When you eat high carb diets, this overtaxes the insulin receptor cells in your body and they get tired, causing them to resist to varying degrees the ability of cells to let glucose in. This excess glucose is then dealt with by overworking those adrenal glands by producing large amounts of cortisol and using up your pregnenalone that was going to be used to make SEX HORMONES!

      To correct the problem, you need to learn what fats are good for you, make those changes, fix the digestive problems from eating too much cooked foods and having low stomach acid, and taking better care of those adrenals.

      All these things are important because having PMS problems is just an indication of the underlying problems that if not addressed now, will cause many degenerative problems and you will just become a statistic like most Americans. 3 out of 4 are now dying of heart disease; 30% are OBESE, not just fat, 1 out of 7 are getting breast cancer, 53% are chronically ill as of the CDC report in 2005; and most incredibly, we now rank 24th in the world for longevity. That means that 23 other countries have people living longer than Americans.

      I suggest you strongly seek out a Certified Nutritional Therapist that can test you for ALL deficiencies and then have them get you on a diet that will put you on a course for building health, not just trying to mask symptoms and then having to deal with all kinds of health problems and taking drugs the rest of your life that is a form of "life support" that keeps you alive, but the quality of life sucks.

      There are two books I strongly recommend you read to increase your own understanding of your body's needs: "Life Without Bread" by Christian Allan, pH.D. and "Nourishing Traditions" by Sally Fallon. Both of these books will help you understand your body better and about what fats are good and bad. If you continue to listen to those so called "food experts" that are nothing more than "hired guns" of the food industry's VERY WELL PAID MARKETING guru's, you will end up a statistic.

      good luck to you

  28. QUESTION:
    Quick natural remedies for a sinus infection?
    Ive had a sinus infection for almost 3 days and I want to try something to get it to cure naturally, anything with salt? peroxide? thanks

    • ANSWER:
      1. Eliminate food allergies
      2. Take 1,000 milligrams of vitamin C, or as much as your bowel will tolerate.

      Vitamin C:
      The most publicized antioxidant vitamin is vitamin C. Numerous experimental, clinical, and population studies have shown positive results from increased vitamin C intake; reducing cancer rates; protecting against cigarette smoke and air pollution; boosting immunity; and increasing life expectancy.

      As is true of the many-faceted value of most nutrient, this vitamin is absolutely essential to our very being. The active tissues of the body respond particularly well to large concentrations of vitamin C. The level of vitamin C in the blood is about 0.5 milligrams per deciliter, whereas in the adrenal and pituitary glands, the level is 100 times higher. In the liver, spleen, and lens of the eyes it is concentrated by at least a factor of twenty.

      In order for these concentrations to be maintained in these tissues, the body has to generate enormous amounts of energy to pull vitamin C out of the blood against this tremendous gradient. By taking large amounts of vitamin C, you can assist your body in its attempt to concentrate vitamin C into active tissue, by reducing the gradient

      Studies have shown that in order to increase the vitamin C content of some of these tissues (such as the lens of the eyes), dosages of at least 1,000 milligrams at a time are required.

      Immune Function: Considerable biochemical evidence shows the vital role vitamin C plays in many immune mechanisms It appears in high concentrations in white blood cells, particularly in lymphocytes, which points to the value of taking increased amounts of vitamin C during infections.

      If the vitamin is not replenished, a relative deficiency will ensue. Many positive clinical and experimental trails have shown its efficacy.

      3. Usegolden seall and bromelain in combination at recommended levels.
      4. Take measure to promote drainage.

      Quick natural remedies for a sinus infection:
      First, if you are already feeling some sinus pain, I suggest three simple, common sense, inexpensive, natural measure for acute conditions.

      The technological implements for these medical procedures are less sophisticated than those used to create antihistamines and antibiotics. The medicine chest includes hot or warm water, towels, gravity, a bulb syringe, and some exotic medical agents called salt and baking soda.

      *Strategy number one features gravity, the postural drainage technique. With sinusitis, use a warm towel or a hot water bottle in place of a poultice
      1. Apply a heating pad, hot water bottle to the chest for twenty minutes.

      2. After the hot pack, perform postural drainage by lying with the top half of the body off the bed using the forearms as support
      The position should be assumed for a 5 to 15 minutes period while you try to cough and expectorate into a basin. Postural drainage can be hard work, so it is a good idea to have a helper.

      *Strategy number two involves warming a concoction of two cups of water, a teaspoon of salt, and a pinch of baking soda. Pinch one nostril and breathe in the mix through the other. This "washes" the nostril. The sensation can be a little unpleasant at first but it gets easier.

      Or, alternatively, use a bulb syringe to squirt the water in the nostril. Then gently blow your nose. This can help rinse out the offending agents. Another technique involves heating water and a towel. Heat the water until it is steaming, then place the towel over your head to create a tent and hold your tented head over the steaming water.

      Breathe in the steam for at least 10 minutes; this will help open up the nasal passages. I recommend doing this twice a day. Some find it helpful to put a little Vick's VapoRub or White Flower Balm in the water.

      Even for those with a rare, acute condition, these simple techniques should be all your body needs to work the infection out of your system.

  29. QUESTION:
    Pain in abdomen and urinary retention?
    I have been having pain in my lower left abdomen and urine retention with no help from the ER. I went in last week and they drained 1 1/2 liter of urine after not urinating for 12 hours. I am in a lot of pain but they cant find anything wrong. I had a Hysterectomy (full) appendix and gallbladder removed all in the last year. The pain is sharp and comes and goes but when it comes its horrible. I am sure the ER docs think I am nutts but I know something is wrong. Ideas suggestions?
    I am trying to get a referral to a uroligist but its gonna take some time :( I just dont know what to do till then.

    Also I had a lot of blood in my urine but show no other evidence of a kidney stone.

    • ANSWER:
      I now have ovarian cancer and all my life have had probs with retention, found out from a urologist that I was born with a small ureathea, which at times have sat on on the pot got 5hrs and had to learn thru the so called top Dr that just sit, if needed pat your rear end and if it takes all nite then sit there, the main thing is to relax, or I have had to do is sit, sit and more sit all my life. I now know one prob and sorry the Med Prof has really gone down hill after training to be a Nurse, and seeing so much with Dr with no lic and now after 7yrs with a Dr taking for 4yrs my insurance $ and I kept asking him what is wrong with me, all I got was."Oh so confusing.'my god here after so many things kept getting worse and now I ordered the CT/IV with contrast and an MRI and find out I have lets see, a huge mass which grew from the adrenal gland which produces our hormones, to the ovary, then this urea prob from birth, and gall probs, diverticulitis, 5th stage edema and this Dr refused to give me water pills now I have morgellons not new disease but the parasites have had it for now over a yr have studied it and with over 10,000 calls a day to CDC, which is a epidemic, you wonder what is up with me ordering all this I finally now have scabs all over my body which I now have no one to help me, this Morgellons disease causes retention of urine, up all nite, muscle weakness, hair loss, intestines probs, bowels (My mom has that prob) and sorry got on the VM of Asso. Prof. Stricker, told him to quit telling every state its a fiber sorry why mo money, which the parasite also are alive in the eyes it loves humidty and have seen live ones, tho its a fiber lol oh really. sorry if its all about money and when I see the site and see that several from the itch, and pain from the bite when it goes into the body and it creates edema as well as loves skin or tissues. tho no one bothers to do a thing and every state, plus other countries has it except, the Bay Area in CA , Fl and Tx are boarder towns we have it the worses maybe thats why others still have never heard about it I wish now that I had never watched on Priimetime investigate report about this also on my news on my puter per reuters, so the hispanics which lol at us because why who knows they brought this into our country and not caring what race anyone is because China also brings it in by way of the export/import bus and everything from China has the so called parasite in the fibers.. I have asked so many when I had to leave my parents and my mom has this as well but no scabs, which some feel its DNA, Im about fed up and can't go to the hospital, till I clear up the scabs then I can lie and get treated, sorry just take out the Cancer is my main concern now, so I won't drop dead of cancer thank God for the Cancer So they have at least given me love and forget my mom she wants me to hit the road and I now wish I had never made the choice to come here to help her, which I had to leave for a month to head for a rest before surgery, biopsy and they aren't kidding the huge ones they lol at us and are called the jumping popcorn, which double bit me and when I left here I didn't have any bites but when I hit 3 seperate hotels in Fremont Ca and in the stores forget it , well seems like it can't be killed only controlled and sorry Im on a limited income with no help so you help yourself because thanks to a good friend now he went to another state but informed me and he is a govenment employee told me they lay eggs in our body, then they expell out he said, after much research on the puter that its also brought in by a cat or dog who likes to roll in the dirt and still you get news investigated reports one on FOX sister station in GA from a Dr and his wife and he thought she was nuts tho he feels not understanding its a parasite and not a fiber but bless his heart at least he let us know he has it now and it can be in a family where only 2 might get it and another one won't, go figure, as Im sick to death of this whole nitemere and I have now used with a bit of help not much, you have to spray daily either Raid garden and house pest spray and or borac acid is what the hispanic use but they never get bit, guess its my low immune system but if its not to late and I once beat Lupus because I have deep faith not any religion only prayer. I feel for the ones who are so young and cry because once you feel a bite well welcome to the Morgellons family. I will be glad to email a real live report from GA and this Dr on tape. I have seen them in just about the whole house and found that they love mold, dirt and they come out more at nite. Sure If I do make it out of all that the CT has said I now have and will mal-practice the Dr for taking the bucks but letting me suffer and gee pain pillls guess thats for the edema and I feel that at times, I still sit after getting it under control now for hrs because they will block your area that you have for the urine to come out, and at least Senator Diane Fien..,is awesome she ordered a full report from CDC they lied to her so its a snail mail to her per her La, CA office and I will be glad to start the first support group if I get to live. Some make fun like this male on this site who made fun and its not a joke when children get this soon just about everyone will get this for now why some well sorry Im not that educated as in a Prof here, the most important thing of all is having someone give you support at this time I got this in 2002 when it was out again, from a female who has scabs all over her face and gee if its been here since the yr 1600 ad then what in the world is anyone doing about this except if your not bit then gee its ok you can live your life but jump on over to the site and read on the morgellon research site there are real people there who I feel so bad some having this for 20yrs and who knows, it seems to me to also have some part to do with a fungus type prob, maybe as also now for the past 7yrs have had heavy abdomen pain daily and your not nuts head to another ER and keep on going to everyone, remember the one who makes the most noise get heard I have thrown fits and now finally get to head by way of a referral to the best of hospital and univeristy of med in Northern Ca. I will be glad to be here to try to help you being a Nurse Im right now tired of being the scientist when sorry Im the one who has to find the answer, but maybe yours is like what I have and its strange this parasite effects the bowels, urine, abdomen area, mild brain fog and you feel like you want to die. I can't but if I could now take my life after all this pain I would, but havin to answer to a higher power I choose to call God well I will keep you in my prayers ok? Hang in and if I come out ok and live you watch me go girl:) keep the faith remember God is in control and sorry Im not any religion only know that if I beat LUPUS when I was in my 20's I will beat this. I have no support Im on my own but in this all you develop strength you never knew you had. Im sorry get to some Internist and also a urologist ASAP, and if you don't like um keep on trying and trying by the way make sure to check out these Drs on the puter before you go its at times will tell you there track record. Heard that the Drs in Canada are heading this way boy are they in for a shock if they think there going to get more money.its what is more important and pls ask questions never let the ones in ER act rude to you report them, where its the worse get a Dr and build a relationship with him or her and who knows maybe soon you will be ok or at least find out more then you know by the way did the ER do a Cat Scan with IV contrast on you make them do it because it shows alot and that way you can go from there sad maybe some of what they have already done wasn't really needed Drs aren't perfect and need to show more bedside manner toward us we do pay or give our insurance. Sorry Im so tired and hope that maybe I will be lucky and head on to the pie in the sky on the operating table I already asked on here and some jerk male made fun out of being such a child but gave it back when he said, :Oh found a cure , I had a good lol and asked him," oh really then why not call CDC or the NHC in OK," sorry Im so tried and with no one to help can't drive and in pain 24/7 and up all nite except when I get an hr of sleep or they also like to crawl toward any kinds of foods, they sound like roaches but no its the fibers and skin. I hope somehow from this long post that maybe you got at least something from this and pls mail me if you want to keep it personal I have it seems all as in medical probs never give up. Im here if you need me ok? HUGS to you ...

  30. QUESTION:
    Are cold showers good for you, and your health?

    how long should a cold shower last?

    • ANSWER:
      “Cold water can do more than just wash away sweat, dirt, old skin cells, bacteria, and viruses".

      What a Cold Shower Can Do For You

      Enhance immunity against infections and cancer

      Give your glands (thyroid, adrenals, ovaries/testes) a boost, improving hormonal activity

      Jump-start your mood and motivation

      Crank up your metabolism to fight type 2 diabetes, obesity, gout, rheumatic diseases, depression, and more

      Normalize your blood pressure

      Decrease chronic pain

      Train and improve your blood circulation

      Detoxify your body

      Fight fatigue

      Strengthen exhausted, irritable nerves

      Rejuvenate, heal, and tone the skin

      Deepen your breathing

      Help with insomnia

      Improve kidney function

      Reduce swelling and edema

      Improve lymphatic circulation, thereby increasing immune function

      Reduce stress by regulating your autonomic nervous system

      Regulate temperature, fighting chronically cold hands and cold feet and excessive sweating

      Keep your hair healthy

      Improve hemorrhoids and varicose veins

      Reduce aches and pains”

  31. QUESTION:
    what are the symptoms of colon cancer?
    In Nov, I was diagnosed with gallstones. In Dec, I had a large amount of rectal bleed for over a week. I had bloodwork done, ct scans and ultrasounds....it showed absolutely nothing. Ever since Dec., everything I eat, I end up with loose bowels.

    • ANSWER:
      Signs and symptoms of colon cancer include:

      A change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool
      Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
      Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain
      A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely
      Weakness or fatigue
      Unexplained weight loss
      Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms appear, they'll likely vary, depending on the cancer's size and location in your large intestine.

      Instant Diagnosis*of any Disease and or the affected organ[s]---even Cancer, HIV/AIDS or any Incurable Disease/Syndrome with the aid of acupressure maps.
      Dr.Vora designed the diagnostic procedures, with the aid of acupressure techniques, so simple that even the poorest of the poor in remote villages/hamlets, all the youngsters [the future of this mother “EARTH”] with little knowledge & serious efforts, can know instantaneously @ no costs all over the globe.

      U may study the details, discuss with Ur family members and friends and understand the concept of ‘Acupressure’ and confirm for Urself, if U or anybody else has cancer/hiv and the affected organs.

      Any Cancer, lupus, HIV/AIDS, Kaposi’s Sarcoma, etc., —Common Symptoms:
      Sudden loss of weight/stamina, anemia, unbearable pains in any organ despite medication, neuralgia, FATIGUE-getting extremely tired for a little or no work, loss of appetite, unhealed wound in any part of the body for years together, chronic constipation, chronic hemorrhages, etc. Cancer may affect from any organ to any organ[s]/system[s].

      Remote control acupressure points to diagnose Cancer, hiv/AIDS, or any disease- Point Nos.1-10 -----1 [brain], 2 [Mental Nerves], 3 [Pituitarygland], 4 [Pineal gland], 5 [Head Nerves], 6 [Throat], 7 [Neck], 8 [Thyroid & Parathyroid], 9 [Spine], 10 [piles-constipation], , Point Nos.11-16, No.11 [Prostrate gland], 12 [Penis], 13 [Vagina], 14. Testes & Ovaries], 15 [Uterus], 16 [Lymph], 37 [spleen].

      Diagnosis--With the help of maps published herein, hard press these points with Ur thumb and middle finger and find out if all/most of acu points are tender. If all these or most of these points are very painful on thumb pressure, it means one has cancer/hiv/dreaded disease[s].
      Suppose, point no. 11 [prostate] along with no.8 [thyroid, 16 [lymph], then it is prostate cancer.

      If point no. 27 [stomach] along with point no.8, 16, then stomach cancer/ulcer, etc.,
      Point No.25 [pancreas], 28 [adrenal gland], 11-16 and 37 ---Pancreatic Cancer.
      Point No.19, 20, 21, 8, 16, 27—Bowel/Colon cancer.
      Point Nos. 8, 16, 37, 27, 29, 30 & 37---Leukemia.
      Note—In every cancer, 8 [thyroid], 16 [lymph] are tender as a precondition.
      Prevention & Cure: Remote control Acupressure points given by the God. For Treatment and perceivable relief , hard-pressure is to be applied on & around these points with Ur thumb and middle finger.
      Palms/soles:
      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2304961665160.2103840.1282822997&type=1&l=0a6bb63dd0

      Dorsal side of Palms & soles:
      In the middle of dorsal side of Ur palm, the remote control point for the breast is given. On hard pressing by Ur thumb and middle finger, if it hurts, U may feel that U/she have/has breast cancer. If U press the surrounding area on both palms regularly three times a day and then breast cancer shall not grow further. Acupressure & Indian Natural Remedies can cure breast cancer safely & totally.

      http://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.2306802071169.2103895.1282822997&type=1&l=38eadce9df
      Cure is available by Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies.

      PS:If satisfied/benefited with, U may inform others to browse ‘Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India. Dr.Vora, cured and caused to cure more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases

  32. QUESTION:
    What sicknesses are there for hamsters to get?

    • ANSWER:
      Wet Tail is the most common deadly hamster disease to get!

      Wet tail - this is a bacterial infection of the gut resulting in diarrhoea. The diarrhoea is severe and droppings are pale, very mushy and may or may not contain mucus. It is called wet tail because the diarrhoea is so severe that the tail and anal area of the hamster is often dirty and 'wet'. Affected hamsters are lethargic, hunched up and are often in pain. This is an emergency situation as affected hamsters can get dehydrated very quickly - it is therefore vital that at the first onset of signs, veterinary treatment is sought immediately. Wet tail is often precipitated by stress which is why it is often seen in hamsters who have just been weaned (very stressful for them) and many owners who have just acquired their new pet hamsters from the pet store would encounter wet tail as a disease. It is highly infectious and any equipment that the sick hamster has had contact with should be disinfected thoroughly and left for a period of a few weeks before allowing another hamster to use it.
      Salmonellosis - this is the same organism that can (and will) affect humans so be warned. Hamsters by and large acquire it by eating food contaminated with the Salmonella bacteria. Therefore it is best that you wash your vegetables and fruits well before you feed it to your hamsters and to practice common sense hygiene precautions eg washing your hands after playing with your hamsters, cleaning their cage out etc...The problem with Salmonellosis is that your newly acquired pet hamster could very have the disease but isn't showing signs of it so hygiene measures are your best protection. Hamsters with this illness can suffer from sudden death (ie you wake up and find them dead) or they can suffer a chronic wasting disease where they just seem to lose weight and fail to thrive.
      Tapeworms - this disease is quite common in hamsters although they may not have many symptoms. Owners usually only find out when they see the worm segments in the droppings or on the hamster's anus. Heavy infestations can cause weight loss but this is rare. There have been instances where owners have inadvertently acquired tapeworm infections from their pet hamsters (usually kids as they aren't very particular about hygiene). A trip to the vet (and the doctor) would solve the problem quicksmart.

      Hamster illnesses and diseases - cancers
      Cancers are quite common as a disease in hamsters - anything that has such a short lifespan is prone to cancers. There seems to be a higher prevalence of cancers in female hamsters than male hamsters - but this is only because the female reproductive tract is often a site for cancers hence the skewed results. As with most cancers, they can be benign or malignant. Malignant cancers are fast growing and inevitably kill the affected hamsters with great rapidity. Benign cancers as their name implies are often slow growing and is not a death sentence per se. Hamsters seem to be quite prone to getting many different types of benign cancers. The most common cancers in hamsters are ones involving they thyroid and adrenal glands. Signs include hair loss and alterations in their behaviour. Skin tumors are also common in hamsters. Whilst surgery is an option, most hamster owners will opt for euthanasia when the word 'cancer' surfaces whether the condition is benign or not.

  33. QUESTION:
    my girl Friend has kidney stones she just had chemo. Is there a non evasive way to get rid of them??
    the doctors want to operate but the odds for her are not good they say.

    • ANSWER:
      Each person's treatment is different and depends on several factors. The location, size, and extent of the tumor have to be considered in addition to the patient's age, general health, and medical history. Staging pattern for kidney cancer is as under:

      Staging guidelines for kidney cancer are as follows (2.5 cm equals approximately 1 in):

      Stage I: Primary tumor is 5 cm or less in greatest dimension and is limited to the kidney, with no lymph node involvement.
      Stage II: Primary tumor is larger than 5 cm in greatest dimension and is limited to the kidney, with no lymph node involvement.
      Stage III: Primary tumor may extend into major veins or invade adrenal glands or perinephric tissues, but not beyond Gerota's fascia. There may be metastasis in a single lymph node.
      Stage IV: Primary tumor invades beyond Gerota's fascia. Metastasis in more than one lymph node. Possible metastasis to distant structures in the body.

      The general Tratement for kidney (Ranel carcinoma) is the usual three - Surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy.
      Treatment of kidney cancer with anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapy) has not produced good results. However, new drugs and new combinations of drugs continue to be tested in clinical trials.

      The primary treatment for kidney cancer that has not spread to other parts of the body, which is a Stage I, II, or III tumor, is surgical removal of the diseased kidney (nephrectomy). Because most cancers affect only one kidney, the patient can function well on the one remaining. Two types of surgical procedure are used. Radical nephrectomy removes the entire kidney and the surrounding tissue. Sometimes, the lymph nodes surrounding the kidney are also removed. Partial nephrectomy removes only part of the kidney along with the tumor. This procedure is used either when the tumor is very small or when it is not practical to remove the entire kidney. It is not practical to remove a kidney when the patient has only one kidney or when both kidneys have tumors. There is a small (5%) chance of missing some of the cancer. Nephrectomy can also be useful for Stage IV cancers, but alternative surgical procedures such as transarterial angioinfarction may be used.

      Radiation therapy, which consists of exposing the cancer cells to high-energy gamma rays from an external source, generally destroys cancer cells with minimal damage to the normal tissue. Side effects are nausea, fatigue, and stomach upsets. These symptoms disappear when the treatment is over. In kidney cancer, radiation therapy has been shown to alleviate pain and bleeding, especially when the cancer is inoperable. However, it has not proven to be of much use in destroying the kidney cancer cells. Therefore radiation therapy is not used very often as a treatment for cancer or as a routine adjuvant to nephrectomy. Radiotherapy, however, is used to manage metastatic kidney cancer.

      Surgery appears to be the must in your friend's case from what you have stated. So please proceed according to the Oncologyist advice. There is no other go since CANCER IS STILL AN ENIGMA-

  34. QUESTION:
    What is the best birth control?
    I'm 20 years old, and I'm thinking about going on birth control because my period is too painful. What type should I go with? I thought about the patch and the shot because I can't swallow pills. Can anyone give advice on their birth controls, which is the best and why? Thank you so so much!!! :)

    • ANSWER:
      You do NOT want to take any birth control pills or shots. That is just a very DUMB idea to buy into that terrible science that has NEVER been proven to be safe.

      We know that the ethinyl estradiol (estrogen) they use in the pill is 1,000 times more potent on it's effects on breast tissue than estriol (estrogen the body makes that protects the breast tissue). Studies of two decades ago clearly found that overexposure to estradiol (and estrone to a lesser extent) increases one's risk of breast cancer. The synthetic ethinyl estradiol used in the pill is really a bad guy that is efficiently absorbed by mouth and slow to be metabolized and excreted. The longer a synthetic estrogen stays in the body, the more opportunity it has to do damage.

      No long term studies have been done that show birth control pills are not contributing to breast cancer. With the rate being a staggering 1 in 7 women now, it would seem people would wake up to the fact something is not right here.

      The pill affects the endocrine system in your body in a very negative way. It creates estrogen dominance and since the ovaries are part of the pituitary axis, when you take the pill, you get the booby prize. The thyroid, pituitary, adrenal, and ovaries are all part of this "axis." When any of these glands becomes insufficient or sick, they all get sick together. This is why many women gain weight when on the pill because the thyroid is affected very negatively and the metabolism slows down. The fatigue comes from the adrenals being affected.

      This is a very grown up decision you have to make. To simply trust drug companies is foolish in today's world. Did you know that 106,000 people died in one year from taking prescription drugs that doctors prescribed for them in hospitals that were FDA approved drugs from drug companies?

      Here is a video that will give you some incite into how these guys think and how they prioritize profit over health: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wg-52mHIjhs&feature=related

      This is not some far out drug company, but the BAYER company that makes aspirin for the world.

      Merck pharmaceutical that makes lots of vaccines got caught lying to the FDA. The drug VIOXX killed about 160,000 people before the FDA took it off the market, but the FDA would not have done so if the lawyers had not discovered company documents that showed MERCK knew how over 30% of the people taking that drug were going to have severe health problems, including death.

      These same people are telling everyone that vaccines are safe. Really? Then why did congress pass a law that said NO ONE CAN SUE DRUG COMPANIES for damage due to vaccines? If they were safe, then why do we need such a law? And why did the U.S. government spend over 1.5 billion giving that money to vaccine damaged victims? The reasons is really quite simple. Drug companies contribute HUGE SUMS of MONEY to politicians to keep their agendas in place.

      Please consider all this before you decide to make that grown up decision to take that junk. Your future health will depend upon it.

      Why not get some good advice and take care of your period pain problem naturally instead of looking for drugs in all the wrong places? You are most likely just magnesium deficient and working with a nutritional therapist can solve your problem and keep you healthy instead of the "Make believe health" you get from drugs.

      good luck to you

  35. QUESTION:
    How long will my dog with adrenal gland cancer live?
    My dog is seven years old and recently was diagnosed with adrenal gland cancer. We don't know how long it has been developing as the vet just happened to find it while performing an ultrasound on him for something unrelated.

    The cancer has spread to his liver and so, according to the vet, it is too late to do any surgery or chemotherapy to get rid of it. As of now his body is unable to absorb potassium because the tumor is messing up the adrenal gland's ability to regulate hormones and such. He isn't in any pain from it but he definitely shows symptoms of fatigue, constant thirst, and excessive urination.

    I'm just wondering how long he has left until his health has deteriated because we have no idea, we're just trying to make the most of the time we have now. I just really want some kind of answer because it's upsetting to not know if he has a year or a week. He means the world to my family and him not being able to get treatment is heartbreaking for us.

    • ANSWER:
      It won't be too long before he goes down hill fast. Please have him euthanized before he is too bad. Sometimes we keep them longer just for us and not for the animals best interest. It is so hard, but he gave you a wonderful life so let him have the peace he needs and deserves. Be grateful that you didn't have the option of surgery or chemo. I had the choice and put my dog thru this hideous surgery and within 2 weeks it came back bigger than ever, I still to this day 11 years ago regret that I ever put her thru it. I finally realized I was doing it for me and not for her best interest. Sometimes it just so hard to let go we wait too long. Please find peace in that you gave her the best years of her life.

  36. QUESTION:
    Does masturbation give you bad vision?
    I really need to know. Somebody told me it does and I don't want my vision to worsen.

    • ANSWER:
      Occasional masturbation is not harmful, it may even be helpful BUT Masturbation is addictive. If you get addicted to it, it can be harmful.

      The hormone prostaglandin E-2 serves an important function in sexual arousal, is also overproduced and has a negative effect on your body, it may damage tissues, nerves and joints, weakening immunity, causing muscular and nervous pain, and promoting infection, inflammation, and even cancer. Chronic elevation of epinephrine and prostaglandin E2 results in severe damage to brain cells and parasympathetic nerves in the liver, lungs, adrenal glands, heart, blood vessels, digestive system, pancreas, gallbladder, ovaries, uterus, cervix, testicles and prostate.

      One more thing, too much masturbation converts too much testosterone into dihydrotestosterone(DHT). High levels of DHT causes baldness/hair loss and possible prostate enlargement if blood circulation is poor in the prostate area.

      As a result of excessive masturbation you can experience psychological problems too. Psychological effects include depression, anxiety, lack of patience, lack of interest in studying, sexual exhaustion etc.

      Though going “blind “is only a myth, vision problems do occur as a result of over-masturbation.

  37. QUESTION:
    my 11 yr old teacup poodle is real sick, and the vet wants me to put her down. anyone been thru this? esp poo?
    she has cushings, same as humans - it is adrenal gland failure/ maybe cancer.
    she shakes real bad from pain, cries all the time and her breathing is very labored

    • ANSWER:
      I'm very sorry to hear that. We had to put my poodle down in June of 2010. He was very sick. He had a hard time breathing, he couldn't control his bladder, he has severe diarrhea, and he wouldn't eat or drink. It was a hard decision but it was best for him because he was in a lot of pain and he was miserable. Again, I'm very sorry to hear that you are having to go through this I know it is very hard our dogs are our babies.

  38. QUESTION:
    why might consuming more of the daily RNI of iron be harmful?

    • ANSWER:
      It can result in iron overload. Your body doesn’t know how to get rid of excess iron. But it does know how to store it. A protein called transferrin carries iron through your blood and to your organs where it is stored. Extra iron that is not immediately needed to make new blood cells is normally stored in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. Excess iron may accumulate in these 3 normal storage sites and also in other organs that don’t normally store iron, such as the:

      Pancreas
      Joints (especially in the hands)
      Skin
      Pituitary gland
      Adrenal glands
      Thyroid gland
      Sex organs
      Heart

      This excess iron can lead to injury of the organs in which it is deposited. With severe iron overload, you may experience:

      Gray-colored or bronze-colored skin
      Shortness of breath
      Arthritis
      Liver disease, including cirrhosis or liver cancer
      Enlarged spleen that may cause abdominal pain or difficulty eating a normal-sized meal
      Diabetes
      Shrunken testicles
      Heart problems, including both heart failure and heart rhythm problems

      http://www.mdstreatment.com/iron-overload/

      Iron deposition in many organs occurs. The excess iron affects organ function, presumably by direct toxic effect. Excessive iron stores exceed the body's capacity to chelate iron, and free iron accumulates. This unbound iron promotes free radical formation in cells, resulting in membrane lipid peroxidation and cellular injury. The major affected organ with complications of HHC are:

      Liver, with cirrhosis
      Heart, with cardiomyopathy
      Pancreas, with diabetes mellitus
      Skin, with pigmentation
      Joints, with polyarthropathy
      Gonads, with hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism

      http://library.med.utah.edu/WebPath/TUTORIAL/IRON/IRON.html

  39. QUESTION:
    What is the medication PREDISONE prescribed for?

    • ANSWER:
      Prednisone, a corticosteroid, is similar to a natural hormone produced by your adrenal glands. It often is used to replace this chemical when your body does not make enough of it. It relieves inflammation (swelling, heat, redness, and pain) and is used to treat certain forms of arthritis; skin, blood, kidney, eye, thyroid, and intestinal disorders (e.g., colitis); severe allergies; and asthma. Prednisone also is used with other drugs to prevent rejection of transplanted organs and to treat certain types of cancer.

  40. QUESTION:
    My hamster has large lump on chest. It is getting bigger and darkening. What is it? Cancer or tumor?
    Is she in pain? Will she die soon as a result of this growth? Any expert answers out there?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer is very common in pet hamsters. The incidence increases with age (as is the case with most animals) and is higher among females than males because of the variety of cancers that involve the female reproductive tract. Tumors of hamsters may be benign or malignant Hamsters are vulnerable to an unusually large number and variety of benign cancers.

      Cancers involving hormone-producing organs (such as the thyroid and adrenal glands) are among the most common tumors found in hamsters. These cancers cause hormone imbalances, hair loss and changes in behavior, as well as other significant signs.

      Veterinarians can often perform surgery to completely remove small external tumors. Internal tumors, however, are much more difficult to diagnose and remove. The small size of the patient, the even smaller size of the organ(s) involved, the sometimes inaccessibility of the tumor and the expense involved are some of the reasons why an owner of a pet hamster might elect euthanasia (putting the pet to sleep) or do nothing, allowing the hamster to live out its life instead of performing surgery in these situations.

      A sick hamster is prone to bite the owner. Handling the hamster can cause them to suffer pain. Consult your vet. Do not handle the animal. Some masses are caused by viral infections which have the potential of being spread. I have had lots of hamsters. I know this hurts but I'll bet your hamster has had a good long life. Make it comfortable and when the sad day comes that it passes, clean the cage thoroughly using strong pinesol or bleach. Rinse the cage well. When you are ready, another hamster would love for you to adopt it.

  41. QUESTION:
    what do YOU think about assistant suicide?
    The only state where its legal is in oregon (As far as i'm concerned) Anyway... i want to know ppls veiws on this topic. What is it? Well its basicly when a terminally ill person can go to the doctors and ask for a dose-- the kind that puts you to sleep forever.
    wronge? OK?? Absured??? What do you think????

    • ANSWER:
      Hard to say. That is a reason people need to have advanced directives, or some sort of code status in case of emergencies, to prevent such a predicament.

      I think we are at the point in society where people can easily avail pharmacological measures without the assist of doctor to end their suffering (gently). There is lot of info about prescribed drugs and anyone can plan and carry out their own end of life.

      As far as moral issue, we have so many mechanical means of prolonging life, that it becomes a question of quality of life versus dying with "dignity".

      I personally know God understands. Suicide assist is not the same as murder. Because murder is violation and hatred, whereas asst suicide is usually an end to suffering in a gentle way. I think it is case specific and I could not criminalize it without details.

      Just my opinion. Hope it helps.

      I will share this with you. My dad was very sick, cancer lungs, to brain, to adrenal glands. Lots of pain. He finally ended his life and it was with a gun in his mouth. I think pharmacology would have been a better option. We did not know he was planning this. Something to think about.

  42. QUESTION:
    I have had bone pain, nausea, and fatigue for over a year and have a nodule on my thyroid. cancer?
    My cbc, t4 free, tsh, and gfr came back normal.

    • ANSWER:
      The results of the tests you mention, Full blood count, Thyroxin test, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone and the Glomerular Filtration Rate, all indicate that your thyroid and your kidneys appear to be functioning correctly. There are three diseases or conditions that come to mind that fall under your description. 1. Leukemia. 2. Infective Mononeucleosis (Glandular fever). 3. Dexamethasone combined with G-CSF. (Dexamethasone (A synthetic steroid (similar to steroid hormones produced naturally in the adrenal gland). Dexamethasone is used to treat leukemia and lymphoma and may be used to treat some of the problems caused by other cancers and their treatment). G-CSF (Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. A colony-stimulating factor that stimulates the production of neutrophils (a type of white blood cell). It is a cytokine that belongs to the family of drugs called hematopoietic (blood-forming) agents. Also called filgrastim.) ) However, you do not mention that you are on any specific treatment, so that could be discounted.
      To ascertain the cause you would be advised to revisit your doctor and press for further tests to discount other possibilities that fall within the scope of your symptoms.
      I hope this is of some assistance
      matador 89

  43. QUESTION:
    What are the consequences of a bad diet? too much protein =? too much fat =? too much sodium=? etc.?
    for example i know low calcium might cause osteoporosis . . .

    what are the health problems that go along with eating too much or too little amounts of:

    - fat
    -carbs
    -protein
    -fiber
    -cholesterol
    -sodium
    -potassium
    -calcium

    THANKS SO MUCH FOR YOUR HELP!

    • ANSWER:
      Too much fat

      see link (2) below

      Too little fat

      Fat supplies energy or
      calories that keep you alive. It also helps to cushion your body
      organs and protects them from injury. It is important in slowing
      down the digestive processes so that you are not hungry after a
      meal. Lastly, it aids in the absorption of several of the vitamins,
      including vitamins A, D, E, and K. For these reasons, too little
      fat is just as unhealthy as too much.

      see link (3) below

      Too many carbs

      http://www.diabeteshealth.com/read/2007/04/24/5143.html

      Too few carbs

      Eating too few carbs can actually trigger cravings for more carbs. Carbohydrate rich foods contain tryptophan, an amino acid which leads to production of a brain chemical called serotonin. Low levels of serotonin lead to insomnia, depression, increased sensitivity to pain and cravings for carbohydrate.

      http://www.pcosupport.org/living/nutrition/curbcarbs.php

      Too much protein

      http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=50900

      Too little protein

      Too little protein in the diet generally is not a concern in the United States. However, it is still a problem in many parts of the world, where it results in malnutrition.

      http://uimc.discoveryhospital.com/main.php?id=1931

      Too much fiber

      Although rare, it is possible to get too much fiber as well; if someone has more than 50 or 60 grams a day, nutrient absorption may be impaired.

      Too little fiber

      Ill effects of chronic inadequate fiber intake have been documented and can include constipation, diverticula, hemorrhoids and possibly increased risk of colon cancer, especially if consuming inadequate amounts of fluids.

      http://www.pamf.org/health/toyourhealth/carbs.html

      Too much cholesterol

      hypercholesterolemia and

      http://www.annecollins.com/cholesterol-diet.htm

      Too little cholesterol

      Humans generally make all the cholesterol they need so too little in the diet is usually not possible.

      http://ag.arizona.edu/pubs/health/az1126.pdf

      Too much sodium

      Too much sodium in the diet raises blood pressure. This can cause heart attacks and strokes. Excess salt intake also causes heartburn, osteoporosis and stomach cancer.

      Too little sodium

      A sodium deficiency causes blood pressure to fall and causes muscle cramping, dizziness, nausea and weakness.

      http://ezinearticles.com/?Is-There-Too-Much-Salt-in-Your-Diet?&id=1649683

      Too much potassium

      Normally an overdose of potassium is not life-threatening, since excess potassium triggers a vomiting reflex in the stomach. Babies and people with weak hearts may not be able to withstand this trauma. Consuming too much potassium can be harmful to people with kidney problems, because they are unable to get rid of the excess.

      There is no major chronic disease associated with too much potassium. When excess potassium is present in the blood, the cause is usually a health problem such as kidney failure, uncontrolled diabetes or use of certain drugs. Excess potassium can trigger a heart attack and result in death.

      Too little potassium

      A potassium deficiency is unlikely in healthy people, unless the diet primarily consists of highly processed foods on a continuous basis. A deficiency is usually caused by losing excessive amounts of potassium rather than not getting enough in the diet.

      The earliest symptoms of a deficiency are tiredness, muscle weakness, and heart muscle irritability, followed by paralysis and confusion. The following conditions can cause a potassium deficiency:

      dehydration (includes excessive sweating)
      prolonged diarrhea or vomiting (includes anorexia nervosa and bulimia)
      diabetic acidosis
      regular use of certain drugs such as diuretics, strong laxatives and steroids
      certain chronic diseases like adrenal gland disorders, nephritis and acute leukemia

      http://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheets/HGIC4069.htm

      Too much calcium

      Adverse conditions associated with high calcium intakes are hypercalcemia (elevated levels of calcium in the blood), impaired kidney function and decreased absorption of other minerals [2]. Hypercalcemia can also result from excess intake of vitamin D, such as from supplement overuse at levels of 50,000 IU or higher [1]. However, hypercalcemia from diet and supplements is very rare. Most cases of hypercalcemia occur as a result of malignancy - especially in the advanced stages.

      Another concern with high calcium intakes is the potential for calcium to interfere with the absorption of other minerals, iron, zinc, magnesium, and phosphorus

      Too little calcium

      Inadequate calcium intake, decreased calcium absorption, and increased calcium loss in urine can decrease total calcium in the body, with the potential of producing osteoporosis and the other consequences of chronically low calcium intake. If an individual does not consume enough dietary calcium or experiences rapid losses of calcium from the body, calcium is withdrawn from their bones in order

  44. QUESTION:
    adreanal glands and cancer?
    has anyone ever heard about adreanal gland cancer ? what are the symptoms and what is the outcome of this kind of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      There is such a monster out there although rare. Symptoms are a feeling of fullness, abdominal pain, weight loss and since symptoms are so vague and compatible with other things, it is hard to tell unless you see a doctor. X-rays are very helpful and check out the Cancer Treatments of America and click on adrenal glands. If gone undetected it can be fatal affecting your kidneys, lung and other organs. A good sign is an over production of cortical hormones.

  45. QUESTION:
    Should I put my ferret down?
    My ferret has adrenal disease which is a type of cancer/tumors. It makes the fur fall off, excessive bitting/scratching, muscle loss, little energy and his adrenal glands could burst. He has something causing him a lot of pain in his left hind leg, and I can't afford the surgery, should I put him down? I don't want to lose him but I don't want him to suffer,

    • ANSWER:
      Is there something you can give him to keep him comfortable? Or will he just suffer? Euthanasia is never an easy decision but if its between that or suffering its the best one.

  46. QUESTION:
    or the last 15 days my right side of abdomen is paining. What is thye treatment. It may be urine infection.?
    For the first time my right side abdomen has started paining. Fifteen days back the pain was severe. I was not able to sleep on the right side of body. The pain is below the ribs and it appear to be in the inner side of the body, may be in the intestine, either small or big one. It is extending towards back of the body. I consultled a doctor. He told me that it is not a big problem and it is only a mislocation of vains. He gave medicine for a week but it did not subside. I consulted a second doctor (both are not specialists but MBBS). the second doctor advised urine test. Urine test showd pus cells of 6 to 8 and the albumin is shown as "trace". He also gave a course for one week. for the last three days I am taking medicine but there is not much relief. The doctor said it may be because of urine infection. I am a paitient of constipation alslo. Can any body have knowledge of this type of disease. what could be the problem. Please advise.

    • ANSWER:
      hello, i found this information on the web which might be of some use:

      ABDOMINAL PAIN CENTRE
      Have you ever had pain anywhere between the chest and groin in front or side of the body? Then you must have suffered from abdominal pain!

      It is notoriously difficult on most occasions for even medical doctors to tell exactly what may be responsible for an episode of abdominal pain; how disappointing.
      In fact, one of every two patients (50%) who see a doctor with complaint of pain in the abdomen leave the consulting room without a diagnosis.

      This is due to the fact that pain in the abdomen could be caused, not only when things go wrong with the organs and structures that are found in the abdomen, but also by diseases or problems in organs far away from the abdomen.

      Injury, infection, or inflammation of the skin, muscle, or content of the abdomen will lead to pain in this region. Any disease process affecting any part or the whole of the following organs found in the abdomen: the lower part of the oesophagus or gullet (heartburn), the stomach (peptic ulcer, stomach cancer e.t.c), the small intestines (trapped wind, food poisoning e.t.c), the large intestines (appendicitis, constipation , Chron's disease, volvulus e.t.c), the liver (liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, carcinoid syndrome e.t.c), gall bladder (biliary colic, cholecystitis e.t.c), pancreas (pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer e.t.c), spleen (spleenic enlagement, lymphoma e.t.c), kidney (kidney stone, urinary tract infection e.t.c), adrenal glands, aorta (abdominal aortic aneurysm e.t.c), inferior vena cava, the ureters, the bladder (cystitis, e.t.c), the ovaries (ovarian cancer, polycystic ovarian syndrome e.t.c), fallopian tubes (PID, ectopic pregnancy e.t.c), womb (menstrual pain, Braxton Hicks contraction , fibroids e.t.c) and cervix in women, will cause abdominal pain.

      Abdominal pain can also arise from problems affecting the lower poles of the lungs (lower lobe pneumonia ), the heart (heart attack) as well as the brain ( abdominal migraine). It could arise from the mind following severe emotional worries or stress ( irritable bowel syndrome).

      Here at the Abdominal Pain Centre, we aim to provide a comprehensive wealth of information free of charge on causes, recognition, investigations, current treatment options available and where appropriate, prevention of abdominal pain, whether in babies, infant, in women, in pregnancy, or abdominal pain after sex, or even other rarer causes of abdominal pain by experienced medical doctors with international experience.

      We have also stratified tummy pain into topics like upper abdominal pain, and central abdominal pain, pain in the lower abdomen, right pain and pain in the left side of the abdomen.

      Almost every one of us must have suffered with abdominal pain at a point in our life. Thankfully, such tummy pain resolves on its own most times without us needing to see a doctor or take any medication.

      Abdominal pain is thus often not due to an underlying serious illness. This is not true for everyone. Millions of babies, children, women and men live their lives each day in pain. Pain in the abdomen!

      For some of these folks, the pain may come from the blues like a thunder bolt, and bang: causes terrible disruption of their daily routine for a while and this is resolved with medical intervention. For others, doctors, as hard as they may try, may not be able to diagnose the cause of tummy pain in them, let alone definitive treatment.

      For yet still others, fantastic medical names and nomenclatures have been given to their medical condition like "irritable bowel syndrome", "interstitial cystitis", "idiopathic neuralgia" …to mention a few, but without definite treatment available.

      Which ever category you find your self, or if you are just out to look for information regarding abdominal pain affecting you or your loved one, you have come to the right place.

      We sincerely hope that this free online resource prove to be useful to you in trying to understand the conditions that causes pain in the abdomen, their investigations and treatment.

      It would prove to be a useful resource for the curious non-medical reader as well as medical and health trainees.

      Well I hope this helps..if not then plz check out the website or any other websites on abdominal pain

  47. QUESTION:
    People with one adrenal gland.?
    I'd like responses from people with one adrenal gland, especially those who have low adrenal function. What quality of life do you lead? I am recovering a dormant adrenal and only have one, but I am having a lot of problems including tachycardia and muscular pains. We are all simetrical by nature: two lungs, two kidneys, two adrenals for a reason. How can one sole adrenal sustain an entire system?

    • ANSWER:
      Tuberose.com
      Information for Transformation

      This self-help alternative medicine site offers extensive educational information on the topics of natural healing, holistic and biological dentistry, herbal medicine, cleansing and detoxification, heavy metal detox, diet, nutrition, weight loss, and the finest, tried and tested health equipment and products available for the natural management of health.

      The Adrenal Glands

      Adreno-Lyph supplement 160 mg.
      The following data are from:

      Michael Lam, M.D., M.P.H., A.B.A.A.M. is a specialist in Preventive and Anti-Aging Medicine. He received his Bachelor of Science degree from Oregon State University, and his Doctor of Medicine degree from Loma Linda University School of Medicine, California. He also holds a Masters of Public Health degree and is Board Certification in Anti-aging Medicine by the American Board of Anti-Aging Medicine. Dr. Lam pioneered the formulation of the three clinical phases of aging as well as the concept of diagnosis and treatment of sub-clinical age related degenerative diseases to deter the aging process. Dr. Lam has been published extensively in this field. He is the author of The Five Proven Secrets to Longevity and Beating Cancer with Natural Medicine.

      Dr. Walter Schmitt DC, DIBAK, DABCN; a graduate of Duke University and the National College of Chiropractic. In 1991, he became the first physician to hold Diplomate status in both Applied Kinesiology and Chiropractic Neurology. As a practicing chiropractic physician since 1974, Dr. Schmitt has served on the Board of Directors of the International College of Applied Kinesiology (ICAK) and as a trustee for the Foundation for Allied Conservative Therapies Research (FACTR). He is an adjunct member of the postgraduate faculty of Logan College of Chiropractic and serves on the Editorial Review Boards of Chiropractic Technique and Alternative Medicine Review. The author of over 70 papers for the ICAK, two books for physicians, Common Glandular Dysfunctions in the General Practice and Compiled Notes on Clinical Nutritional Products, and one book for laypersons, Stop Your Pain Now. Dr. Schmitt lectures nationally and internationally and is renowned for his innovative use of muscle testing for functional neurological and neurochemical assessment..

      James L. Wilson D.C., N.D., Ph.D. has helped hundreds of people with Adrenal Fatigue regain their health and vitality during his 24 years of private practice.For the past 10 years he has lectured extensively to physicians and is acknowledged as an expert on endocrine imbalances and their impact on health, including the effects of stress on adrenal function.He is the first person to have presented Adrenal Fatigue as a distinct, diagnosable syndrome. A scientist as well as a physician, Dr. Wilson holds 3 doctorate degrees and 2 master's degrees, all from different disciplines.He was one of the founding fathers of the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine (CCNM) in Toronto, Ontario and is listed in The International Who's Who in Medicine (Cambridge, England).His new book, Adrenal Fatigue: the 21st Century Stress Syndrome (Smart Publications, 2001) is a comprehensive self-help book on the diagnosis and treatment of Adrenal Fatigue. Dr. Wilson currently resides in Tucson, Arizona.

      One of the most common clinical patterns seen in healthcare clinics is stress-related illness. Some healthcare practitioners report as high as 85% of their patients fitting this category. Persons with this condition have reactions to stress which are either causing their illness or aggravating it. Adrenal glands are the anti-stress glands of the body—the reserve which the body falls back on when it is faced with stressful situations. It is their job to enable your body to deal with stress from every possible source, ranging from injury and disease to work and relationship problems. Your resiliency, energy, endurance and your very life all depend on their proper functioning. Your adrenal glands respond to every kind of stress in the same way, whatever the source. Adrenal fatigue occurs when the amount of stress overextends the capacity of the body to compensate and recover from that stress or the combined stresses. Once this capacity to cope and recover is exceeded, some form of adrenal fatigue occurs. The number of stresses, whether or not you recognize them as stresses, the intensity of each stress and the frequency with which it occurs, plus the length of time it is present, all combine to form your total stress load.

      There are four major categories of stress:

      1. Physical stress—such as overwork, lack of sleep, athletic over-training, etc.

      2. Chemical stress—from environmental pollutants, diets high in refined carbohydrates, allergies to foods and additives, endocrine gland imbalances (due to the interaction of all of the endocrine glands).

      3. Thermal stress—over-heating or over-chilling of the body

      4. Emotional and mental stress

      Early studies by Hans Selye, M.D., identified a pattern of stress-related illness in both test animals and humans. Selye discovered a series of events that occur as a reaction to chronic stress. This series of events is known as the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS). The GAS has three stages:

      1. The alarm reaction. The body’s initial complex chain of physical and biochemical responses to stress brought about by the interaction of your brain, nervous system and a variety of different hormones, involving an increased amount of adrenal activity. Your body goes on full alert. The adrenals produce extra amounts of hormones. The adrenals are working harder to respond to an immediate stress situation. That is a function for which they are designed. There is actually an initial hyperadrenic response to stress. After the alarm reaction is over, you body goes through a temporary recovery phase that lasts 24-48 hours. During this time there is less coritsol secreted, your body is less able to respond to stress, and the mechanisms over-stimulated in the initial alarm phase by the involved hormones become resistant to more stimulation. In this let-down phase you feel more tired and listlessness, and have a desire to rest. If the stress is continued long enough, the adrenals will finally be overtaxed to the point of depletion as a reaction to this alarm state. Sometimes a person will seek a doctor’s help for the symptoms caused by this type of hypoadrenia.

      2. The resistance stage. After a period of time of continued, severe stress, the adrenals begin to adapt and to re-build themselves. The adrenals have a great capacity for increasing their size and function. If one adrenal is surgically removed, the other adrenal can hypertrophy to twice its normal size, giving the person the same amount of adrenal tissue he previously had. This capacity for increased size and function is the basis for the resistance stage. The prolonged alarm reaction starts as a hyperadrenia which leads to a hypoadrenia which then progresses into another state of hyperadrenia as the resistance stage takes over. This phase of resistance can last months or even up to 15-20 years. The adrenal hormone coritsol is largely responsible for this stage. It stimulates the conversion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates to energy through gluconeogenesis so that your body has a large supply of energy long after glucose stores in the liver and muscles have been exhausted. Cortisol also promotes the retention of sodium to keep your blood pressure elevated and your heart contracting strongly. If the stress is prolonged and severe, it will continue beyond the resistance stage and into the third stage of the GAS. Dr. Selye and subsequent researchers produced this GAS pattern over and over, resulting in hemorrhaged adrenal glands, atrophied thymus glands (the chief gland in immunity), and biochemically devastated bodies of animals exposed to repeated stress. The adrenal glands were the pivotal glands in the countless experiments involving stress.

      3. The exhaustion stage. The exhaustion stage of the GAS is a hypoadrenia to the point where the person loses the ability to adapt to stress. The adrenal cortical enlargement of the triad of chronic stress is due to the hypertrophy of the resistance stage. However, adrenal function in the exhaustion stage is severely limited. In the exhaustion stage, there may be a total collapse of body function, or a collapse of specific organs or systems. The body has little or no ability to resist any further stress. Two major causes of exhaustion are loss of sodium ions (decreased aldosterone) and depletion of adrenal glucocorticoid hormones such as coritsol, leading to decreased gluconeogenesis, rapid hypoglycemia, sodium loss and potassium retention. Simultaneously, insulin levels are still high. Body cells function less effectively in this condition as they rely heavily on a proper amount of blood glucose and the ratio of sodium to potassium. As a result, your body becomes weak. When energy is not available, every energy-requiring mechanism of the cell slows dramatically. This lack of energy, combined with the electrolyte imbalance produces a cell in crisis. This is when the person will surely seek a physician’s help because he or she has symptoms which will not go away. Most hypoadrenic persons seen clinically are in this third or exhaustion stage of the GAS. The anti-stress mechanisms are lost and there is no more reserve potential for the person to fall back on.

      Life’s stresses at their worst come in the form of such cataclysmic events as the death of a loved one, an automobile accident or a serious illness. But stress can also take its toll in less obvious ways, like an abscessed or infected root canal tooth, a bout of the flu, intense physical exertion, a severe quarrel with a loved one, pressure at the workplace, an unhappy relationship, environmental toxins, poor diet, etc. If these smaller stresses occur simultaneously, accumulate or become chronic, and the adrenals have no opportunity to fully recover, adrenal fatigue is usually the result.

      Your adrenal glands command powerful hormones to extend their influence throughout your body and your life. No bigger than a walnut and weighing less than a grape, each of your two adrenal glands sits on top of a kidney. From this location they not only significantly affect the functioning of every tissue, organ and gland in your body, they also have important effects on the way you think and feel. You cannot live without your adrenal hormones and how well you live depends a great deal on how well your adrenal glands function. The adrenal glands largely determine the energy of your responses to every change in your internal and external environment. Whether they signal attack, retreat or surrender, every cell responds accordingly, and you feel the results.

      The hormones secreted by your adrenal glands influence all of the major physiological processes in your body. They closely affect the utilization of carbohydrates and fats, the conversion of fats and proteins into energy, the distribution of stored fat, normal blood sugar regulation, and proper cardiovascular and gastrointestinal function. The protective activity of anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant hormones secreted by the adrenals helps to minimize negative and allergic reactions to alcohol, drugs, foods and environmental allergens.

      After mid-life (menopause in women), the adrenal glands gradually become the major source of the sex hormones circulating throughout the body in both men and women. These hormones have a host of physical, emotional and psychological effects, from the level of your sex drive to the tendency to gain weight. Even the propensity to develop certain kinds of diseases and your ability to respond to chronic illness is influenced significantly by the adrenal glands. The more chronic the illness, the more critical the adrenal response becomes. The worse the overload relative to the ability of the body to respond is, the worse the adrenal fatigue is. Each person has a different capacity to handle the total stress load, and the capacity of each person varies over time and events.

      Adrenal fatigue, or hypoadrenia, has been one of the most prevalent, yet rarely diagnosed conditions for over fifty years. Adrenal fatigue affects millions of people around the world in many ways and for many reasons. Despite being described in medical texts back in the 1800s, and despite a development of an effective treatment back in the 1930s, most “conventional” physicians are unaware that this problem even exists!

      Hypoadrenia
      The most common symptom seen by the hypoadrenic patient is that of low energy. The person may have barely enough energy to make it through the day, or may be tired all the time. Many middle-aged or older persons will attribute their low energy to “getting older.” A more accurate assessment of the situation is that they have had more years to accumulate stress’s adverse effects on their health.

      A person may slow down a little as he gets older, but it is not normal for a person to be fatigued all the time merely because he is past 40, or even 80 years of age. Other physiological systems operating inefficiently may also cause fatigue or low energy, but any person in this category must have hypoadrenia ruled out as a primary cause for the lack of energy. Hypoadrenia and stress-related illness must also be suspected in any person whose symptoms begin after a stressful event, such as an accident, flu, pregnancy, etc. It is not necessary that the symptoms originate during or immediately following one of these stressful situations. They may develop several months later. Or there may not be a specific event, but merely prolonged exposure to stress.

      The human system can take only so much abuse, and after years of abuse many people become lack the energy to do the things they did in their youth. This need not be the case, but it is accepted behavior in our society. People take such a change of life style for granted, never understanding the reasons behind the change and the associated long-term adverse effects on their health. If they would eliminate the unnecessary stresses in their life, they would be able to continue the same activities for a much longer period of time. But the body will only take so much abuse before it makes the person stop.

      Hypoadrenia is not a readily identifiable entity, rather a collection of signs and symptoms, known as a “syndrome.” People with adrenal fatigue often look and act relatively normal. They may not have any obvious signs of physical illness, yet they are not well and live with a general sense of dis-ease or “gray” feelings. They often use coffee, colas, sugar, and other stimulants to get going in the morning and to prop themselves up during the day. These people may appear to be lazy and unmotivated, or to have lost their ambition, when in reality quite the opposite is true; they are forced to drive themselves much harder than people with healthy adrenal function merely to accomplish life’s everyday tasks.

      People who suffer from adrenal fatigue frequently have erratic or abnormal blood sugar levels in the form of hypoglycemia. In fact, people who have functional hypoglycemia are usually suffering from decreased adrenal function. With hypoadrenia there is more of a tendency to experience allergies, arthritic pain and decreased immune response. The adrenals also have an effect on mental states.

      As a result, people with adrenal fatigue show a tendency toward increased fears, anxiety and depression, have intervals of confusion, increased difficulties in concentrating and less acute memory recall. They often have less tolerance than they normally would and are more easily frustrated. When the adrenals are not secreting the proper amount of hormones, insomnia is also one of the likely outcomes.

      Addison’s Disease, the extreme pathological form of hypoadrenia, was named for Sir Thomas Addison, who first described it in 1855. It is life-threatening if untreated and can involve actual structural and physiological damage to the adrenal glands. People suffering from Addison’s usually have to take corticosteroids for the remainder of their lives in order to function. Fortunately, it is the rarest form of hypoadrenia with an occurrence of only about 4 persons out of 100,000. Approximately 70% of cases of Addison’s disease are the result of auto-immune disorders. The other 30% arise from a variety of other causes, including very severe stress.

      In the more serious cases of adrenal fatigue, the activity of the adrenal glands is so diminished that the person may have difficulty getting out of bed for more than a few hours per day. With each increment of reduction in adrenal function, every organ and system in your body is more profoundly affected. Changes occur in your carbohydrate protein and fat metabolism, fluid and electrolyte balance, heart and cardiovascular system, and even sex drive. Many other alterations take place at the biochemical and cellular levels. Even your body shape can transform when your adrenals are fatigued.

      Normally functioning adrenal glands secrete minute, yet precise and balanced amounts of steroid hormones. But there are numerous factors that can interfere with this finely tuned balance. Too much physical, emotional, and/or psychological stress can deplete your adrenals, causing a decrease in the output of adrenal hormones, particularly coritsol.

      The adrenal glands are often depleted from stress. Since the adrenal glands give the body something to fall back on in times of stress, when they are run down a person loses his reserve capacity and has lowered resistance to disease processes. When a hypoadrenic person becomes sick, he becomes sicker for a longer period of time, and with a greater likelihood for recurrence of the problem than if his adrenals were functioning at full capacity. This person gets into a chronic state of ill-health and that is when they show up in a practitioner’s office. But modern medicine does not recognize hypoadrenia as a distinct and fully recognizable syndrome. Modern medicine only officially recognizes the pathological Addison’s disease as hypoadrenia and not the functional hypoadrenia. Nevertheless, it can wreak havoc with your life.

      Hypoadrenia is such a common complaint and occurs in so many other conditions, that today’s medical doctors rarely consider pursuing an adrenal-related diagnosis when someone complains of fatigue. Very few physicians have read and understood the entire range of medical journal reports that have been around for over one hundred years. Fifty years ago, physicians were far more likely than their modern counterparts to correctly diagnose this ailment. Information about non-Addison’s hypoadrenia has been documented in medical literature for over one hundred years but unfortunately, this milder form of hypoadrenia is missed or misdiagnosed in doctors’ offices every day, even though the patient clearly presents its classic symptoms. The fact that it usually remains undiagnosed does not lessen its debilitating influence on their health and feelings of well being.

      Two reasons why conventional medical treatment for hypoadrenia is so hard to find is 1) Money: There are no patentable treatments for hypoadrenia produced by the pharmaceutical companies. There is no money to be made. 2) Politics: Since the 1970s, the FDA has “outlawed” and actively persecuted one of the chief natural remedies for hypoadrenia, an extremely safe remedy called adrenal cortical extract (ACE).

      Symptoms
      People will develop a variety of different complaints depending on which of the adrenal’s functions have been the most compromised and the general areas of susceptibility which they have inherited or acquired. The adrenals produce a variety of hormones, and it is quite likely that the same combination of symptoms will not be seen twice in a whole series of hypoadrenic patients. The body’s reaction to stress is different in different people. The symptoms will depend on the nature of the person and the nature of the hormone depletion. In chronic stress states, the lymphatic system, particularly the thymus gland, atrophies, and there is also a tendency for development of stomach and duodenal ulcers in these persons. The person with stress-related illness might also have symptoms from lowered output of the adrenal glucocorticoids: cortisol, corticosterone, and cortisone. Of these, cortisol is the most important.

      Heart Sounds and Hypoadrenia

      Another common finding during the physical examination of the hypoadrenic person is made during auscultation of the heart. Normally the first and second sounds of the heart make a “lub-dub” sound, with the first sound being louder than the second. If you record the heart sounds on a phonocardiograph Endocardiograph), the second sound should be one-third the intensity (height) of the first sound. In the hypoadrenic person, the second sound will be equal to or greater than the first sound in the pulmonary valve area. The same may be true in other valve areas also, but in hypoadrenia, at least, the pulmonary second sound is greater. This accentuated pulmonary second sound is due to the pulmonic valve slamming shut because of pulmonary hypertension. Epinephrine causes vasoconstriction throughout most of the body, including the lungs. In the lungs this vasoconstriction causes a shrinkage of the mucosa and decreased mucus secretion. Epinephrine also relaxes the bronchiolar musculature, creating a bronchodilation.

      This is why epinephrine inhalers are so helpful for asthma sufferers. The bronchodilation, which normally occurs with epinephrine, cannot occur in a person with hypoadrenia. Instead, he gets a bronchoconstriction—a constriction of all the bronchial musculature with subsequent symptomatology. Likewise, the hypoadrenic person does not have the benefit of epinephrine’s action on the pulmonary capillaries and mucous membranes, with a resultant swelling of the mucous membrane and an increase in mucus production or secretion. In the hypoadrenic person, physical evidence of this is heard as the loud second heart sound at the pulmonary area. The bronchoconstriction, combined with the vasodilation and mucous membrane swelling, creates a back pressure in the pulmonary circulation that causes the pulmonary valve to slam shut, thus creating the louder second sound over the pulmonic valve.

      Any person who has abnormal lung function, especially asthma or bronchitis, should be checked for hypoadrenia. This is particularly true if the person’s symptoms are relieved by using an epinephrine inhaler. The muscles related to the lungs (deltoid, serratus anterior, etc.) are usually strong in these persons. Many lung problems are related more to the adrenals than to the lungs. The sartorius and gracilis, etc. should be checked in any lung case.

      Several years ago, it was reported that asthma was totally a psychosomatic illness. Patients were put under emotional stress and an asthma attack would ensue. Therefore it was concluded that the asthma problem was all in the patient’s head. If the adrenals are in the exhaustion stage of the GAS, they will be unable to respond to the added burden of emotional stress since there is no reserve available to fall back on. The epinephrine will not be available for normal function and the person will experience bronchoconstriction, swelling of the mucous membranes, and increased mucus production. The result is an asthma attack triggered by the increased emotional stress. The attack has nothing to do with the emotional stress except that the stress affects the adrenals. Fix the adrenals and the person can physically tolerate the emotional stress.

      It is important to note that lung pathology, such as malignancy, tuberculosis, etc. will also create a loud second heart sound at the pulmonic valve area. Also, if there is an increased second heart sound only at the tricuspid valve area, this is usually indicative of liver congestion. There will be a weakness of the pectoralis major sternal, in these cases, and the sound can be normalized by treatment directed at the liver.

      Hemmorhoids are another problem which is associated with blood pooling in the abdomen. A hemorrhoid is a vein which has pushed its way (or been pushed) to bulge outside the anal sphincter. The anal sphincter then becomes very tight, and the hemorrhoid, with the pressure of the abdominal and pelvic blood above it, and gravity pulling from below it, cannot get back inside the rectum. Treatment of hemorrhoids must be directed at two areas. First, the hemorrhoids must be treated locally, and second, the source of intra-abdominal and intra-pelvic pooling of blood must be corrected.

      Most commonly, the cause of the blood pooling in the abdomen and pelvis is from hypoadrenia. But severe liver congestion can also cause portal hypertension and result in hemorrhoids. You must differentiate between liver and adrenal problems as the underlying cause of the hemorrhoids. For this reason, whenever a person complains of hemorrhoids, one of the first things to be done is listen to the heart. The person does not understand this, but you are listening for the relative loudness of the second sounds at the pulmonic valve area (for the adrenals) and the tricuspid valve area (for the liver).

      In treating hemorrhoids locally, it is necessary to recognize that the hemorrhoidal veins can not get themselves back inside the rectum, due to the tightness of the anal sphincter. In order to treat the hemorrhoids successfully, the anal sphincter must be dilated. This is done by putting on a glove (not a finger cot) and, using a lubricant, inserting your index finger into the rectum. Stretch the anal sphincter with the index finger. Then insert the first two fingers and stretch the sphincter. Then insert three fingers and insert them slowly about as fat as they will reach. Finally (if the person is still on the table) insert all four fingers, stretching the sphincter up to the point which the size of the patient will tolerate.

      This is a difficult procedure for the patient, but there will be an immediate and dramatic reduction in the extent of the hemorrhoids protruding through the anus. If done correctly, this procedure may only have to be performed once. Then again, you may only get one chance! Occasionally it is necessary to repeat the sphincter dilation once or twice in the future.

      Varicose veins in the lower extremities are frequently caused by hypoadrenia for the same reasons that cause hemorrhoids. This can be seen in many pregnant women who only have a flare up of varicosities during pregnancy. It may be difficult to eliminate the varicosities, but it is possible to arrest their progression and to keep them in check throughout the pregnancy.

      The pooling of blood in the abdomen and pelvis also creates and contributes to other symptoms. The patient with this problem will often complain of fullness or bloated feeling in the abdomen. Sometimes the sluggish circulation in the abdomen and pelvis actually affects digestion. Since the GI tract depends on an adequate supply of blood not only for its function, but for the absorption of nutrients, one can readily imagine how hypoadrenia can affect digestion. Symptoms of indigestion as well as inadequate absorption of nutrients can be caused or aggravated by hypoadrenia.

      Other Symptoms of Hypoadrenia
      One of the commonly overlooked sources of stress and resistant adrenal fatigue is chronic or severe infection. Adrenal fatigue is often precipitated by recurring bouts of bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, sinusitis, or other respiratory infections. The more severe the infection, the more frequently it occurs or the longer it lasts, the more likely it is that the adrenals are involved. Adrenal fatigue can occur after just one single episode of a particularly nasty infection, or it can take place over time as the adrenals are gradually fatigued by prolonged or recurrent infections. If there are other concurrent stresses, such as an unhappy marriage, poor dietary habits or a stressful job, the downhill ride is deeper and steeper.

      People who are involved in a weekly rotating shift have magnified stress because their bodies never have a chance to adjust to the new circadian rhythm produced by each sleep change. People on alternating shifts with less than three weeks between shift changes are continually hammering their adrenal glands. Every time the wake/sleep cycle is altered, it takes several days to weeks to establish a normal pattern for the new wake/sleep cycle.

      The glucocorticoids are the body’s own anti-inflammatory hormones. Persons who have had inflammations such as arthritis, bursitis, or other joint problems which have been helped by the injection or oral ingestion of cortisone and cortisone derivatives are usually persons who have had insufficient production of these substances by their own adrenal glands. This is particularly the case in the person who was originally helped by cortisone treatment once or twice, but on whom further attempts at cortisone therapy were fruitless. Any person who has been benefited by a course of cortisone therapy should be examined for hypoadrenia. Not only is this true of the obvious reason that the adrenals’ cortisone output may be lowered, but also for the reason that cortisone therapy tends to lower adrenal gland output in the long run.

      Cortisone causes a negative feedback to the pituitary, causing a diminished pituitary output of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). In prolonged cortisone therapy, the person’s adrenal glands will atrophy, even to the point of non-function. Since the adrenal cortical hormones are necessary for life, a person on cortisone products should never have them withdrawn rapidly, as this could cause a life-threatening crisis. When a person is withdrawn from cortisone, it should be done so very gradually, over a long period of time in order to allow the adrenal glands to rebuild themselves to an adequate level of activity.

      The adrenal glands are also implicated in most types of allergies. Most allergies involve an inflammatory process. Frequently, the allergen is merely the straw that breaks the camel’s back. The allergen would not cause the person any trouble if he had an adequate level of his own adrenal production of the anti-inflammatory glucocorticoids. The same anti-inflammatory effect is important in limiting the lung congestion in asthma and bronchitis, as has been previously discussed.

      As the adrenal glands become depleted, the blood glucose levels will tend to drop below normal levels. In an effort to counter this potential low blood glucose, the person will get cravings for anything which will rapidly increase the blood glucose. He will eat a candy bar, drink a cup of coffee, smoke a cigarette, or drink a soft drink. Everybody has their favorite “fix.” The abuse of alcohol, marijuana, and hard drugs fits this pattern as well. But the rapid rise in blood glucose provided by the “fix” only serves to re-initiate the whole cycle again.

      The symptoms of the hyperinsulinism/hypoadrenia/hypoglycemia person are too numerous to mention here. Basically, though, epithelial tissue, nervous tissue, and the retina of the eye do not store glucose. Hence, these tissues are the most likely to be affected. Low blood glucose creates symptoms of blurred vision, headache, nervousness, unstable behavior, allergies, and on and on. Another symptom which is occasionally encountered in hypoadrenia is that of increased pigmentation of the skin. There may be unusual brown patches or areas of bronzing somewhere on the body’s surface. When the adrenal function is low, the pituitary responds by making ACTH. In the exhaustion stage of GAS, the ACTH effect on the adrenal is like whipping a tired horse. Since the adrenal can not respond to this pituitary drive, the pituitary keeps elaborating ACTH until its levels in the circulation are quite elevated.

      The extra ACTH will affect other areas of the body. For example, ACTH has somewhat of an effect on the ovary, causing it to increase estrogen production. Also, ACTH has about 1/100th of the effect of melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH), the pituitary hormone which stimulates melanocytes in the skin to produce the dark pigment melanin. In a severe hypoadrenia, the effect of bronzing or increased areas of pigmentation of the skin will sometimes be seen as a result of the ACTH mimicking the effect of MSH. Although this symptom is more common in the pathological hypoadrenia, Addison’s disease, it is occasionally seen in functional hypoadrenia as well.

      Mercury and the Adrenal Glands
      Mercury accumulates in the adrenal glands and disrupts adrenal gland function. Two primary nutrients for the adrenal glands are pantothenic acid and vitamin-C. A deficiency of pantothenic acid can lead to adrenal exhaustion (chronic fatigue) and ultimately to destruction of the adrenal glands. A deficiency of pantothenic acid also causes a progressive fall in the level of adrenal hormones produced. One of the largest tissue stores of vitamin-C is the adrenals; it is exceeded only by the level of vitamin-C in the pituitary. Physical and mental stress increases the excretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone. The increased adrenal activity, in turn, depletes both vitamin-C and pantothenic acid from the glands.

      Humans cannot produce vitamin-C. They therefore attempt to replenish the needs of the adrenals by taking the vitamin from other storage locations in the body. If your overall ascorbate status is low, there may be an insufficient amount available to satisfy the needs of the adrenals. Under this condition, normal adrenal hormone response may become inadequate, leading to an inadequate immune function. Mercury builds up in the pituitary gland and depletes the adrenals of both pantothenic acid and vitamin-C. Stress and the presence of mercury will have a very negative effect on the adrenal production of critical steroids. The ability of the adrenal gland to produce steroids is called steroidogenesis and is dependent upon reactions mediated by the enzyme cytochrome P-450. Cytochrome P-450 reacts with cholesterol to produce pregnenolone, which is then converted to progesterone. Cytochrome P-450 can then convert progesterone to deoxycorticosterone which is then converted to corticosterone or aldosterone by other enzymes in the adrenals. These adrenal functions are also affected by metal ions.

      All steroid hormones produced by the adrenal glands are derived from cholesterol through a series of enzymatic actions, which are all stimulated initially by ACTH. Steroid biosynthesis involves the conversion of cholesterol to pregnenolone, which is then enzymatically transformed into the major biologically active corticosteroids. cAMP is produced from adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by the action of adenylate cyclase. Adenylate cyclase activity in the brain is inhibited by micromolar concentrations of lead, mercury, and cadmium. One of the key biochemical steps in the conversion of adrenal pregnenolone to cortisol and aldosterone involves an enzyme identified as 21-hydroxylase.

      Mercury causes a defect in adrenal steroid biosynthesis by inhibiting the activity of 21a-hydroxylase. The consequences of this inhibition include lowered plasma levels of corticosterone and elevated concentrations of progesterone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). DHEA is an adrenal male hormone. Because patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiencies are incapable of synthesizing cortisol with normal efficiency, there’s a compensatory rise in ACTH leading to adrenal hyperplasia and excessive excretion of 17a-hydroxyprogesterone, which, without the enzyme 21-hydroxylase, cannot be converted to cortisol.

      The inhibition of the 21-hydroxylase system may be the mechanism behind the mercury-induced adrenal hyperplasia. Adrenal hyperplasia can stress the adrenal glands by their accelerated activity to produce steroids to the point that production begins to diminish and the glands will atrophy. The result is a subnormal production of corticosteroids. Both lead and mercury can precipitate pathophysiological changes along the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal and gonadal axis that may seriously affect reproductive function, organs, and tissues. Leukocyte production, distribution, and function are markedly altered by glucocorticosteroid administration. In Addison’s disease (hypofunction of adrenal glands), neutrophilia occurs 4-6 hours after administration of a single dose of hydrocortisone, prednisone, or dexamethasone. Neutrophilia is an increase in the number of neutrophils in the blood. Neutrophils are also called polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). Mercury not only causes a suppression of adrenocorticosteroids that would normally have stimulated an increase of PMNs, but at the same time also affect the ability of existing PMNs to perform immune function by inhibiting a metabolic reaction that destroys foreign substances. Still today, the ADA and other governmental agencies tell us that the mercury in your mouth, or from vaccinations, is perfectly safe. Scientists say this is a ridiculous statement that is in violation of science and common sense.

      Adrenal Gland–Related Muscles
      Dr. Goodheart identified five specific skeletal muscles which are related to adrenal gland function. These are 1) sartorius, 2) gracilis, 3) posterior tibialis, 4) gastrocnemius, and 5) soleus. There will be weakness in one or more of these muscles when the adrenal glands are malfunctioning. Because of the attachments of the sartorius and gracilis on the pelvis, (sartorius—anterior superior iliac spine; gracilis—pubic ramus), their weakness in persons with adrenal stress problems may allow the sacroiliac joint to subluxate posteriorly. The sartorius and gracilis stabilize the innominate (one side of the pelvis), holding it in an anterior direction. Many persons with hypoadrenia seek chiropractic help for the care of sacroiliac pain and/or low back pain which is due to the lack of pelvic stabilization normally provided by these muscles.

      The sartorius and gracilis have a common insertion (along with the semitendinosis) on the medial side of the knee and rotate the tibia medially on the femur. When weakness of these muscles occurs, there is a loss of stability on the medial side of the knee. The sartorius and gracilis (along with the semitendinosis) act as dynamic ligaments, protecting and supporting the medial knee joint during various ranges of motion. Their function is particularly important in situations where the knee ligaments alone offer inadequate support.

      It is very important to check for hypoadrenia in any person with knee problems. One can see how one hypoadrenic person will present with knee problems and another with back problems, and some persons will have both.

      Due to the relationship of the posterior tibialis, gastrocnemius, and soleus to the stability of the foot and ankle, many hypoadrenic persons will complain of symptoms of tired feet, weak ankles, or aching calves. The posterior tibialis holds up the medial longitudinal arch of the foot, especially during gait. In some persons exhibiting hypoadrenia-related weakness of the posterior tibialis, the medial arch will drop, causing a pronation problem and strain to the foot and ankle. The one common factor in persons with the above-mentioned musculoskeletal complaints will be the weakness of one or more of the five adrenal gland related muscles accompanied by improvement of their symptoms following treatment of the adrenal glands.

      The adrenal gland cortex produces three major categories of hormones:

      1. mineralocorticoids,

      2. glucocorticoids, and

      3. gonadal (sex) hormones (testosterone, estrogen, progesterone, etc.).

      Depending on the relative amount of depletion of each of these hormone groups, one will see varying symptoms in the person suffering from stress-related hypoadrenia.

      Cortisol and Epinephrine
      The adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla are the two parts of the adrenal gland. Although each has separate functions, it is no mistake that they are placed next to each other anatomically, since some of the functions of one are dependent on the other.

      Epinephrine is a vasoconstrictor. But for epinephrine to have its vasoconstricting effect on the body’s arterioles, it is imperative that cortisol be available. Cortisol sensitizes the arterioles to the constrictive action of epinephrine. If there is low adrenal cortical output and adequate coritsol is not produced, epinephrine will have a reduced effect in its function of constricting the blood vessels. These two hormones work together in affecting blood pressure. Therefore, in the hypoadrenic patient one of the major findings observed on physical examination is related to blood pressure.

      Normally when a person goes from lying down to standing, the systolic blood pressure should elevate 4-10 mm Hg. (millimeters of mercury). In hypoadrenia, the systolic blood pressure from lying to standing will either stay the same or drop. This systolic drop is usually between 5 to 10 mm. Hg., but sometimes as much as 30-40 points. This is a classic sign in the hypoadrenic person which is known as the Ragland effect, or postural hypotension, and which is reported in over 90% of hypoadrenic persons. Blood pressure should always be checked in three positions: sitting, then lying, then standing. From recumbence to standing, the systolic blood pressure should rise 4-10 points. If the blood pressure drops, suspect functional hypoadrenia.

      There are valves in the veins of the lower extremities which keep the blood from pooling in the feet when a person maintains an upright position. The fact that there are no valves in the veins of the abdomen and pelvis means that the only mechanism which prevents the blood from pooling there when the body goes from lying to standing is the vasoconstriction of the local vessels. If there is a low coritsol level, epinephrine can not function correctly and there will be inadequate vasoconstriction in response to upright posture. This causes the blood to pool in the abdomen and pelvis and the systolic pressure in the arm to drop. This same person may complain of dizziness or light-headedness, especially when arising from a seated or lying position. Or he may experience transient spells of dizziness during the day or he may be dizzy all the time. The patient may be complaining of headaches, which are due to the pooling of the blood in the abdomen and pelvis, interfering with the supply to the head. Frequently these persons have had totally normal neurological examinations or some have been diagnosed as having Meniere’s disease. Some are being treated unsuccessfully with manipulation to the upper cervical vertebrae. But all therapeutic approaches are ineffective in relieving the symptoms until the hypoadrenia is treated.

      Some persons who have postural blood pressure dumping are being treated for hypertension. The hypertension is from another paradoxical body response. When the person changes positions from recumbence to standing and the systolic blood pressure drops 10, 20, 30 points, the body senses this low blood pressure and reacts. The body does not want all the blood pooling in the abdomen and pelvis because it decreases the amount of blood in the head and other areas. In an effort to change this situation, the body may elevate the systolic pressure to an extremely high level. The systolic blood pressure may go as high as 180 mm Hg. or more. Then, when the person changes positions from lying to standing, the systolic blood pressure will drop to only, say, 150 mm. Hg.

      If the blood pressure is taken only in the seated position, the person will show a very high systolic pressure. But, when you change the person’s positions, he will show the dumping blood pressure on arising from recumbence to standing. These persons are often treated with diuretics when the real problem is with the adrenal glands. Combine this with the fact that many hypoadrenic persons are also dehydrated, as previously discussed, and you can see the senselessness of a diuretic approach in these cases.

      Anatomy
      The adrenals are orange-colored glands that sit on top of the kidneys near the spine, just underneath the last rib and extending down about an inch. The right adrenal is shaped something like a pyramid, whereas the left is shaped more like a half moon. Each gland is highly vascularized and is only about 1” high by 1¼” to 2” wide by ¼” thick, and weighs just 4 to 6 grams (about one-eighth to one-quarter ounce). They are usually heavier in females than in males.

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      Although in contact with the kidney, there is no direct connection from the adrenals to the kidney—the arterial blood supply to the adrenal glands is separate from the kidneys. Both adrenal glands are only a very short distance from the aorta, the major artery of the body, and the vena cava, the major vein. This strategic placement allows for a very rapid adrenal response to hormonal messages transported via the blood. For example, Adrenal Corticotropic Hormone (ACTH) is a hormone messenger from the pituitary gland that tells the adrenal glands how much coritsol to secrete. Within a few seconds of receiving this message the correct level of coritsol is on its way from the adrenals to the rest of the body. The adrenals are also placed in close proximity to the liver, pancreas, major fat storage areas and the kidneys, as these are the organs that need rapid communication with the adrenals in situations requiring their immediate response to adrenal hormones.

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      Regions of the Adrenal Glands

      Each adrenal gland is composed of two endocrine components—a medulla (inner part) that constitutes 20% of the gland and a cortex (outer part) that constitutes the remaining 80% of the gland. The cortex consists of four zones. The medulla and each of the zones in the cortex each produce different hormones that serve a variety of functions in your body. The adrenal cortex and medulla, like the anterior and posterior lobes of the pituitary, are obtained from separate cells in the developing embryo. The medulla is derived from ectodermal neural crest cells, and the cortex is derived from mesodermal cells.

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      The Adrenal Medulla

      The functional unit of the adrenal medulla is the chromaffin cell, which functions as a neuroendocrine cell. In response to stimulation, chromaffin cells secrete the hormones epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenalin) directly into the blood. Epinephrine and norepinephrine are important mainly in crisis situations. During a crisis, they work together to dilate bronchi (air passages of the lungs) and blood vessels to the muscles, increases heart beats and strength of contraction, and cause other physiological changes to help the body respond to the stressful situation via “fight or flight.” These adrenal hormones are responsible for the superhuman abilities that occasionally occur during a crisis. The medulla is involved in extreme stress and, within this context, epinephrine and norepinephrine both work with coritsol from the adrenal cortex.

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      The Adrenal Cortex

      Most of the ongoing daily regulation and modification of bodily processes arises from the adrenal cortex. The adrenal cortex is divided into four zones which each secrete different hormones that carry out specific functions throughout your body. 1) The outermost zone is the zona glomerulosa from which the hormone aldosterone is secreted, and consists of cells arranged in 'whorls' (glomeruli). Cells of the zona glomerulosa produce hormones called mineralocorticoids. Aldosterone is the major hormone controlling the sodium and potassium levels, and thus fluid balance, within your bloodstream, cells and interstitial fluids (the area between the cells).

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      1) The outermost zone is the zona glomerulosa from which the hormone aldosterone is secreted. Aldosterone is the major hormone controlling the sodium and potassium levels, and thus fluid balance, within your bloodstream, cells and interstitial fluids (the area between the cells).

      2) The next zone is the zona fasciculata in which coritsol is produced. Cells of this zone are arranged into fascicles separated by venous sinuses. Cells of the zona fasciculata produce glucocorticoid hormones. Cortisol controls or greatly influences the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates to maintain blood glucose within a narrow optimal range and keep it there even under stressful conditions. Cortisol also has many other important functions.

      3) The innermost zone is the zona reticularis where progesterone, DHEA and its relatively inactive precursor, DHEA-S are produced. Although the sex hormones are made primarily by the gonads (ovaries and testes), the adrenal zona reticularis manufactures an ancillary portion of sex hormones for each sex and also produces male hormones in women and female hormones in men to keep the effects of the dominant sex hormones in balance.

      In humans and other primates, between the zona fasiculata and the zona reticularis, there is a narrow space called the interface zone. Although the zona reticularis has traditionally been thought to produce the sex hormones such as the estrogens and testosterones, it is now believed that this interface zone is the actual site of production of most of the sex hormones. Because most adrenal research uses rodents and other non-primate mammals, little attention has been paid to this interface zone until recently.

      These zones of your adrenal cortex collectively produce over fifty hormones. Most of these are intermediary hormones that only act as bridges to form other adrenal hormones. However, about a dozen hormones end up in your circulation and actively affect the rest of your body.

      Physiology
      The Regulation of Cortisol

      The hypothalamus of the brain influences both portions of the adrenal gland but by different mechanisms. The Secretion of glucocorticoids from the adrenal cortex is regulated by negative feedback involving the corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) secretion by the hypothalamus. CRH then acts on the anterior pituitary to stimulate adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion, which then stimulates the adrenal cortex into cortisol secretion. Although coritsol is secreted by the zona fasiculata in the adrenal glands, it is regulated primarily from the brain.

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      Normally about 80% of blood cortisol is bound to a carrier protein called cortico-steroid-binding globulin. Another 15% is bound to albumin, and the remaining 15% exists free in solution. Cortisol secretion has numerous physiological effects, its main target tissues being the liver, skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Cortisol is responsible for many of the life sustaining functions attributed to the adrenal glands. Many of the symptoms of adrenal fatigue arise from decreased coritsol levels in the blood or inadequate levels of coritsol during times of stress when more coritsol is needed.

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      Excess cortisol secretion results in Cushing's Syndrome. This can either occur as a primary abnormality in steroid hormone production by the adrenal cortex, or as a result of overproduction of ACTH by the pituitary resulting in excessive stimulation of the adrenal cortex. Cushing's patients have thin arms and legs, due in part to the loss of muscle mass as a result of the protein-catabolic effects of excess cortisol, and also as fat is redistributed from the extremities to the trunk. There is an increase in fat in the face, the trunk, across the shoulder blades, and at the base of the neck. Connective tissue is lost from the skin, causing it to become thinner. As a result, blood vessels are located closer to the surface making the skin have a slight red appearance.

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      The HPA Axis

      The amount of coritsol circulating at any particular moment is regulated by a complex interaction between the hypothalamus (a regulatory part of the brain), the pituitary gland at the base of the brain, and the adrenal glands. This regulatory trio operates through a negative feedback system and is referred to as the Hypothalamus/Pituitary/Adrenal (HPA) Axis or HPA System. In your body, your hypothalamus is analogous to a thermostat, your pituitary to a relay switch, your adrenals to a furnace, and your body to a room. The amount of coritsol released is comparable to the heat released from the furnace. To a large extent you control the thermostat through the demands you place on your body. These demands arise from the physical situations your body has to deal with (diet, exercise, work, climate, etc.) and your reactions (emotional and physiological) to them.

      The HPA Axis is one of the most important elements of the whole body process known as homeostasis, the process that maintains a steady internal bio-chemical and physiological balance in your body. The HPA Axis adjusts coritsol levels according to the needs of the body, under normal and stressed conditions, via a hormone called the Adrenal Corticotrophic Hormone (ACTH). ACTH is secreted from the pituitary gland in response to orders from the hypothalamus and travels in the bloodstream to the adrenal cortex. There it activates cells in all four zones to produce their various hormones.

      Each zone generates different hormones as end products, but the process of making all hormones in all zones begins with ACTH biding to the walls of the adrenal cells. This initiates a chain reaction of intracellular enzymes that release cholesterol within the cell. The cholesterol is then used inside the adrenal cells to manufacture pregnenolone, the first hormone in the adrenal cascade. No matter which adrenal hormone is being produced, pregnenolone is the first hormone formed in the series. In the zona fasciculata, pregnenolone is processed to form cortisone and then coritsol. Cortisol, once manufactured, is released into circulation. It takes less than a minute after the initial stimulation by ACTH for newly synthesized coritsol to be circulating through your blood to every part of your body, including to your hypothalamus where the concentration of coritsol is being constantly measured.

      Your hypothalamus, in its regulatory function, analyzes and integrates input from many different external and internal sources. This input includes information from brain centers about overall excitability, energy requirements of you body, and sensory data from your brain centers for hearing, seeing, smelling, touch and taste. Based on this information, your hypothalamus determines how much coritsol your body requires and subsequently releases its own hormones as messengers. The primary hormone messenger from the hypothalamus is Corticotrophin Releasing Factor (CRF) which signals the pituitary gland to secrete a specific amount of ACTH. Thus ACTH is sent from the pituitary to your adrenal glands to begin the process described above all over again. Alterations in ACTH levels, and hence coritsol levels, are made minute by minute using this negative feedback loop, modulated by other information received by the hypothalamus.

      Cortisol, ACTH and aldosterone are not secreted uniformly throughout the day, but rather follow a diurnal pattern with the highest levels secreted at approximately 8:00 AM and the lowest between midnight and 4:00 AM. As a matter of fact, it is the rising coritsol level that helps us wake up in the morning. After its peak at approximately 8:00 AM, it downtrends through the rest of the day, often with a small dip in the afternoon between 3:00 and 5:00 PM. This curve of coritsol secretion however, is not a nice smooth curve, but is filled with episodic spikes that generally fit into an increasing and a decreasing pattern throughout the day and evening. Eating something, even a little snack, causes a small burst in cortisol levels. People who have regular snacks and meals keep their coritsol at higher levels for more of the day compared to people who do not snack. This is another reason to have regular healthy snacks in addition to regular meals if you have adrenal fatigue. Exercise also elevates coritsol levels similarly to food, so the combination of regular means, small snacks and exercise can do a lot to enhance depressed coritsol levels.

      Some people with hypoadrenia have an overall low pattern of coritsol secretion with circulating coritsol levels lower than normal between 3:00 and 5:00 PM. Still others fluctuate throughout the day and can even vary from day to day so that their coritsol levels are unpredictable. They may go through part of their day with elevated coritsol levels, part of the day with low levels and part with normal levels. Although coritsol has its diurnal pattern of variations each day, it remains at an amazingly consistent level throughout your lifetime, under normal conditions. In later life, some people actually experience a small rise in coritsol. If this rise is excessive it may be related to some disorder. However, a rise in coritsol in response to stress is a natural reaction that actually protects the body in several ways.

      Actions of Cortisol
      Blood Sugar

      Cortisol is essential for maintaining blood sugar (glucose) levels in the proper balance. A drop in blood sugar triggers the adrenals to make more coritsol. The coritsol increases blood sugar levels by converting fats and proteins into energy in a process called gluconeogenesis. In this energy production process first fats are broken down into fatty acids and proteins into peptides and then these are converted into the needed blood glucose. This process is vital to keeping the blood glucose levels relatively constant throughout the day. Your body depends upon glucose as its most consistent form of energy. Cortisol works in tandem with insulin from the pancreas to provide adequate glucose to the cells where it is burned for energy. Cortisol ensures adequate levels of glucose in the blood while insulin unlocks the cell membranes to let glucose into the cells. When your body is under stress from any source, there are more demands placed upon its various tissues and organs, requiring more available glucose to fuel more energy production in the cell.

      Inflammation

      Cortisol is a powerful anti-inflammatory, even when secreted at normal levels. It acts quickly to remove and prevent redness and swelling of nearly all tissues. These anti-inflammatory actions keep mosquito bites from flaring into giant wheals, bronchial tubes and eyes from swelling shut from allergens, and mild scratches from looking like lacerations. For any physical body to remain in homeostatic equilibrium every inflammatory reaction must have an opposite and equal anti-inflammatory reaction. Although there are other anti-inflammatory responses occurring at local sites, coritsol is the main anti-inflammatory agent circulating naturally in your body. You can assume that almost any time you have an inappropriate amount of redness and/or swelling, there is too little coritsol in circulation. Cortisol has similar anti-inflammatory control over auto-immune reactions. In auto-immune reactions white blood cells attack parts of your body as if they were foreign. These reactions can range from mild to life threatening. In most auto-immune reactions coritsol levels are inadequate for the degree of reaction taking place in particular tissues or locations in the body. This is one of the reasons why strong corticosteroids (prednisone, prednisolone, etc.) are used with all diseases involving inflammatory processes, including auto-immune diseases. They imitate the anti-inflammatory effects of coritsol, although unfortunately with some very serious undesirable side effects. Cortisol not only affects the redness and swelling but also the actions of the white blood cells.

      Immune System

      Cortisol influences most cells that participate in immune reactions and/or inflammatory reactions, especially white blood cells. It specifically regulates lymphocytes, the commanders of the white blood cells. Cortisol and corticoids (coritsol-like substances) also affect the actions of other white blood cells such as natural killer (NK) cells, monocytes, macrophages, eosinophils, neutrophils, mast cells and basophils. These white blood cells gather in defense of the body at places of injury or perceived invasion and some flood the area with very powerful chemicals to attack the invaders. Although they are a great defense, these chemicals irritate the surrounding tissues, causing redness and swelling. Cortisol rushes to the site to put out the fire made by the lymphocytes and other white blood cells. It keeps the local white blood cells from sticking to the site and releasing their chemicals and also controls the number of circulating lymphocytes and other white blood cells, so there are fewer white blood cells available. This prevents an overreaction by the immune system and controls the irritation and tissue destruction that takes place at the site of congregating white blood cells.

      Cortisol also reduces the rate at which lymphocytes multiply and accelerates their programmed cell death to further protect the body from this overreaction. In fact, when coritsol is elevated during the alarm reaction, there is almost a complete disappearance of lymphocytes form the blood. That is why your immune system is suppressed when you are under stress or taking corticosteroids. On the other hand, when circulating coritsol is low, its moderating effect on immune reactions is lost and lymphocytes circulate in excess. In this situation, inflammation is greater with more redness and swelling, and it takes a longer time for the inflamed tissue to return to normal. So, directly and indirectly coritsol dramatically influences most aspects of immune function.

      Cardiovascular System

      Cortisol has complex and sometimes opposing effects on the cardiovascular system. The most significant of these effects is probably the control of the contraction of the walls of the arteries in regulating blood pressure. The more circulating coritsol, the more contracted the mid-sized arteries. Thus, people who are deficient in coritsol usually have pervasive low blood pressure (hypotension) and reduced reactivity to other body agents that constrict blood vessels.

      Cortisol also directly affects the heart. It helps regulate sodium and potassium in the heart cells and increases the strength of contraction of the heart muscle. Sodium and potassium levels are critical for normal heart function. Cortisol also tends to increase blood pressure, but this hypertensive effect is moderated by calcium and magnesium. These minerals are required to prevent the heart muscles from cramping when they contract, thus keeping the heart beating smoothly. They also help relax the walls of the arteries, counteracting and balancing the increase in smooth muscle contraction produced by coritsol.

      Central Nervous System

      Cortisol influences behavior, mood, excitability and even the electrical activity of neurons in the brain. Behavior changes frequently occur in cases of excess and deficient coritsol levels, for example, sleep disorders are common with both high and low coritsol. Many of the signs and symptoms of adrenal fatigue involve moodiness, decreased tolerance, decreased clarity of thought, and decreased memory. These occur because the brain is affected by both too little and too much coritsol. The right amount is needed for proper function during stress.

      Stress

      An intimate association between stress and coritsol is manifested in several ways. No matter what the source of stress, most challenges to homeostasis stimulate the HPA axis, resulting in increased secretion of coritsol. In animal experiments, the animals with weakened adrenals died in response to even mild stress. However, when animals with weakened adrenals were given coritsol or similar agents, they survived those same kinds of stress. People with adrenal fatigue can often tolerate mild stress, but succumb to severe stress. As stress increases, progressively higher levels of coritsol are required. When these higher levels of coritsol cannot be produced, as in adrenal fatigue, the person cannot fully or appropriately respond to stress.

      Even at normal levels, coritsol serves the very important function of priming the different mechanisms of your body so they can respond when called into action. During stress coritsol must simultaneously provide more blood glucose, mobilize fats and proteins for a back-up supply of glucose, and modify immune reactions, heartbeat, blood pressure, brain alertness and nervous system responsiveness. Without coritsol, these mechanisms cannot react adequately to a significant stress challenge. When coritsol levels cannot rise in response to these needs, maintaining your body under stress is nearly impossible. The more extreme the difference between the level of stress, and the lack of coritsol, the more significant the consequences.

      Cortisol can be viewed as sustaining life through two opposite but related kinds of regulatory actions: releasing and activating existing defense mechanisms of the body and shutting down and modifying the same mechanisms to prevent them from overshooting and causing damage or cell death. If this regulation is defective during stress, as it is when coritsol levels are low, an animal can be endangered or even die because its defense mechanisms cannot react or because they overreact. When your body is stressed coritsol is also needed to restrain various physiological mechanisms, to prevent them from damaging your body. For example, the elevation of blood sugar by the adrenals during stress helps control the insulin induced hypoglycemia that would occur if more blood glucose was not available. But coritsol also protects the cells against the detrimental effects of excessive amounts of glucose by helping create insulin resistance at the cell membrane to keep too much glucose from flooding into the cell.

      This damping down action of coritsol can also be seen in the way coritsol modifies the immune response to control the amount of inflammation in the involved tissues and suppress potentially toxic chemicals secreted by white blood cells, thus protecting the body from auto-immune processes and uncontrolled inflammation. Cortisol is so important that when the HPA axis cannot increase coritsol activity in response to stress, these unrestrained mechanisms overshoot and can damage your body.

      These actions of coritsol have evolved to both enhance the body’s response to stress, yet protect it from excessive responses to stress. These mechanisms were probably needed only occasionally in our distant ancestors’ lives. However in modern life, with the myriad of physical, emotional and environmental stresses we face daily, our adrenals’ capacity to rise to the occasion is challenged day after day. It is possible that we experience more stressful events in a year than our ancestors experienced in a lifetime. Yet your adrenal glands require some recovery time each time they are challenged. The constant “pedal to the metal” lifestyle leaves little room for an adequate adrenal response when the adrenal glands never get the chance to recoup and are already responding at their maximum capacity.

      The more we understand about the physiology of stress, the more obvious it is that, unless we quickly evolve to have adrenal glands the size of footballs, we must learn to give our adrenals the opportunity they need to recover on a regular basis. This means modifying the effects that stress is having on the body. Otherwise we will rapidly devolve into a society of the chronically sick and tired that even coffee, colas and other stimulants cannot rally.

      Low Cortisol, Adrenal Fatigue and Hypoglycemia
      It’s been known for almost a century that people who suffer from low blood sugar frequently suffer from adrenal fatigue. It’s also been known that people who suffer from adrenal fatigue almost always have some form of irregular blood sugar pattern, of which hypoglycemia is the most common. With hypoglycemia there are usually cravings for sugar. There are real physiological reasons why these cravings exist.

      When your adrenals are fatigued, their coritsol output is diminished and you have lower levels of circulating blood coritsol. With lowered blood coritsol, your liver has a more difficult time converting glycogen into glucose. Fats, proteins and carbohydrates, which normally can be converted into glucose, also cannot be as readily converted into glucose. These reserve energy pools controlled by coritsol are critical to achieving and maintaining normal blood sugar levels, especially during stress. Further complicating this matter is that during stress, insulin levels are increased because the demand for energy in the cells is greater. Insulin opens the cell wall membranes to take in more glucose in order to provide more energy to the cells. Without adequate coritsol levels to facilitate the conversion of glycogen, fats and proteins to new glucose supplies, this increased demand is difficult or impossible to meet. All this combines to produce low blood sugar.

      People with adrenal fatigue are in a real bind because when they are under stress, demand for blood glucose increases, but their fatigued adrenals cannot produce enough coritsol to generate higher glucose levels from reserves. In the presence of increased insulin and decreased coritsol, blood sugar drops rapidly. When this happens at the same time as an increasing demand for glucose, the stage is set for tragedy. In a physical survival situation this might lead to death because response times slow down, thinking easily becomes confused, muscular strength is weakened, and other problems occur which render the individual too helpless to effectively defend themselves or escape.

      Typically in our society in which physical survival is not usually a daily source of stress, people handle their low-adrenal related hypoglycemia symptoms with a double-edged sword; they eat something sweet with a cup of coffee or cola. This is a short acting emergency remedy that temporarily increases blood sugar with nearly immediate impact. They can almost feel it hit the back of their brain as their blood sugar moves out of the basement and shoots for the stars, relieving their hypoglycemic symptoms for about 45-90 minutes. However, this is inevitably followed by a precipitous plunge back to even lower blood sugar levels than they started with. Many individuals do this day in and day out, not realizing that hypoglycemia itself is a significant stress on the entire body, and especially on the adrenals.

      To the body, hypoglycemia is a strong stressor, an emergency call to action that further drains already fatigued adrenals. People who treat their own hypoglycemia like the common example given above are on a constant roller-coaster ride throughout the day with their blood sugar erratically rising and then falling after each “sugar fix.” This throws not only coritsol and insulin levels into turmoil, but also the nervous system and the entire homeostasis of the body. Therefore, by the end of the day, the person may feel nearly exhausted without having done anything. It might take an entire evening or weekend to recover from this daily/weekly roller coaster ride. It has sometimes been characterized as driving with both the brakes and the accelerator pushed to the floor at the same time.

      Low blood sugar times are most likely to occur at around 10:00 AM, 2:00 PM, and between 3-4:00 PM. The old Dr. Pepper commercials had this pattern of hypoglycemia pegged when they created the slogan encouraging people to have a Dr. Pepper (high in sugar and caffeine) at “10, 2 & 4” each day. It is not by accident that work breaks are scheduled at about these times or that people typically have something sweet and/or caffeine during these breaks. We have a nation of hypoglycemics. 60% of people suffering from hypoglycemia go on to become diabetics. So is it any wonder that we have a nation suffering from diabetes in epidemic proportions?

      Your brain also requires increased energy during times of stress and is especially affected by a lack of glucose. Although your brain uses several different fuels, when it is low on glucose, it often does not do well. In fact, most of the mechanisms involved in regulating blood sugar are designed to ensure that your brain always has adequate glucose with which to function. Many of the symptoms of adrenal fatigue and most of the symptoms of hypoglycemia are the result of insufficient glucose available to brain tissues.

      Hypoglycemia, without proper snack and meal placement, also encourages overeating when food is available. The overeating causes rapid weight gain because the increased insulin is circulating in your blood, ready to usher that excess energy (glucose) from the extra food into your fat cells where it can be stored as fat. Even though you may not like its effects, this is an elegant compensatory mechanism that has helped us survive.

      Much of human history is a story of feast or famine; excess calories are a luxury in evolutionary terms. Therefore, after coming out of a situation of temporary famine (hypoglycemia) into a situation of excess calories (fat and sugary junk food), our evolutionary history urges us unconsciously to overeat and our bodies are designed to store that energy while it is available. In this way hypoglycemia creates a tendency to put on weight.

      If you do not want to gain weight you should avoid those low blood sugar dips that not only make you so hungry you overeat, but, also create a tendency in your body to store energy as fat. This means regular exercise and eating the kinds of meals and foods that control hypoglycemia. It also means not eating those sugary foods and caffeine that send your blood glucose levels on a roller coaster ride and worsen your adrenal fatigue and hypoglycemia.

      Fasting

      Many persons and many doctors are great advocates of fasting. Yet many of these same people have considerable difficulty when on a prolonged fast. They will always rationalize the problems encountered on a fast as being due to the body detoxifying. However, many of these people are really showing symptoms of hypoadrenia during their fasts, and actually may be doing themselves more harm than good.

      During a fast, the body will call on the adrenals to produce glucocorticoids to maintain a level of blood glucose which is adequate for a normal level of activity. The glucocorticoids can elevate blood glucose by breaking down protein into carbohydrates through the process of gluconeogenesis. A person on a fast puts a great strain on his adrenals and if he is already hypoadrenic, or borderline hypoadrenic, he may suffer from many problems during the fast. Severely hypoadrenic persons should almost never be put on a total fast. If they must be fasted, it should be a raw fruit and vegetable juice diet, with the juice taken at frequent intervals. It is also best that they fast for only a day or two at a time.

      Regulation of Adrenal Sex Hormones
      The manufacture of adrenal sex hormones in the zona reticularis of the adrenal cortex is primarily triggered by the same signal that initiates the production of aldosterone and coritsol in the other adrenal zones—the stimulation of the cell membrane by increased ACTH. This releases cholesterol to start the complicated cascade by which cholesterol is converted to pregnenolone and pregnenolone to various sex hormones. In the zona reticularis, unlike in the other adrenal zones, the cascade can follow a number of routes to produce various end product hormones. For example, pregnenolone can be converted to progesterone, which can then be converted to androstenedione, or pregnenolone can be converted to DHEA, which can then be converted to androstenedione in turn can be converted to estrone or testosterone, either of which can then also be converted to estradiol. The sex hormone precursors such as DHEA are only somewhat diurnal, having small fluctuations throughout the day.

      Actions of Adrenal Sex Hormones and Their Precursors
      Both male and female hormones are made in the adrenals of each person, regardless of gender. Any masculinizing in the female or feminizing in the male can be due to adrenal stress-related states. In males, the adrenals provide a secondary source of testosterone and are the exclusive source of the female hormone estrogen. In females, the adrenals provide a secondary source of estrogen and progesterone, and are the nearly exclusive supplier of testosterone. Although science may not yet understand the exact role the adrenals play as a supplier of ancillary sex hormones, it is known that many women suffering from premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and difficult menopause have low adrenal function, and vice versa. It is also known that when these women are given adrenal extracts, they often report their PMS or menopausal symptoms vanish or greatly improve. In boys entering puberty, low adrenal function is often associated with a lighter beard or less drive to achieve, with sparser hair on their arms and legs. Libido in both sexes is usually diminished by low adrenal function.

      In addition to its effects on secondary sexual characteristics, estrogen has very important metabolic functions at the cellular level in both the male and the female. It is a factor in certain transhydrogenase reactions which are essential in energy metabolism. Some investigators implicate estrogen in the increased rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) in men over women, since CHD incidence in postmenopausal women approaches that of men. The only source of estrogen in the male is his adrenal glands while the premenopausal woman has a usually abundant estrogen supply from her ovaries.

      Females are more likely to show secondary sexual characteristics of men than vice versa, although both are encountered. Women with excessive body hair, particularly on the face, or men with gynecomastia, seem to be the persons who seek help for their problems most readily. These symptoms result from excessive production of the sex hormones by an overactive adrenal cortex. The common medical approach to the woman with facial hair is to prescribe prednisone or some other cortisone derivative in an effort to suppress the pituitary drive of the adrenal, thereby hopefully decreasing the output of testosterone. Although this is sometimes valuable, the person must put up with the side effects, both seen and unseen, of the cortisone derivative. If you look at the person from a holistic, long-range perspective, you can see the likely imprudence of such therapy.

      When one recognizes that they are dealing with a hyperadrenia in these persons and examine them from the perspective of the GAS, it will be evident that it is a stress-related illness. These persons usually fall into the category of the resistance stage of the GAS. What is really seen is a person whose system is reacting to stress by increasing adrenal function. To suppress the pituitary drive of the adrenal is to interfere with the body’s attempt to adapt to stress, and the person may well be sacrificing long-term health for short-term symptomatic relief. A far better approach is to aid the person in his ability to adapt to stress by identifying and eliminating (as much as possible) the sources of stress, and by treating the adrenal glands (and the entire endocrine system) with the nutritional and other natural therapies available.

      During menopause, as the estrogen levels begin to decrease, the adrenals are supposed to increase their production of estrogen to help make up for part of the estrogen deficit. In many persons, menopause hits “like a ton of bricks.” Menopause frequently takes place very rapidly, not allowing the adrenals adequate time to increase their capacity to meet the increased estrogen requirement. This is further complicated by the fact that many of these persons are already on the verge of adrenal exhaustion.

      The menopausal hypoadrenia woman will have a variety of symptoms—from just feeling poorly to severe psychosis. This is because the adrenals are not able to take the extra load that has been dumped on them without any warning by the ovaries. Any woman who has a rapid menopause with accompanying symptoms must be checked for hypoadrenia. She may complain of low back pain that started at about the time of menopause, or a knee problem, or eyes which began to become sensitive to light, and so on. These are diagnostic clues which you can obtain from her history. And she will show kinesiological muscle testing evidence of adrenal involvement.

      Pregnancy is quite a stressor for many women. A common occurrence, however, is the woman who, upon reaching her third trimester of pregnancy, says that she all of a sudden “feels better than I have felt in years.” This is often the case when the first two trimesters were particularly difficult. The fetus’s adrenal glands mature to the point of being able to produce hormones at about the beginning of the third trimester. If the mother is in the exhaustion stage of the GAS, it is not uncommon for the baby’s adrenals to try to make enough adrenal hormones for both the baby and the mother. The mother feels great. The baby’s adrenals are really supporting the mother’s adrenals. But the baby’s adrenal glands are being stressed before it is even born! The results are doubly negative. The baby is born in a state of adrenal depletion and often exhibits symptoms of hypoadrenia. These symptoms may be varied, but two of the more common symptoms are allergies and recurrent infections. During chronic stress states, the thymus and other lymphatic structures atrophy, lowering the capabilities of the body’s immune mechanisms.

      Likewise, with the support of the baby’s adrenals pulled out from under her, the mother is dropped back into a state of adrenal exhaustion. This accounts for the common occurrence of “post partum blues” or even psychosis. Quite frequently, both mother and child must be treated for hypoadrenia.

      Protective Effect of Adrenal Sex Hormones and Their Precursors

      The adrenal sex hormones and their immediate precursors such as DHEA, pregnenolone and androstenedione do more than add to or balance other sex hormones. They also help balance the effects of coritsol and act as cellular anti-oxidants. DHEA is itself a weak androgen, however it can be converted in peripheral tissues to testosterone, a much more powerful androgen. Thus, the sex hormones and DHEA both limit cortisol’s possible detrimental effects on cells and at the same time facilitate its actions by functioning as hormonal anti-oxidants. These precursors have their own actions as well as serving as raw material from which the sex hormones are made. For example, DHEA is exported to most cells and once inside the cells, it often becomes the resource material from which small amounts of local hormones can be created to carry out various specific tasks.

      Physiological Effects of Stress and Aging on Adrenal Sex Hormones

      The more the adrenals are stimulated by stress and internal demands, the less responsive the zona reticularis becomes. Consequently, the adrenal output of sex hormones and their precursors decrease with chronic stress and adrenal fatigue. When less DHEA-S is manufactured in the zona reticularis, less DHEA-S and DHEA is available for export and use by other cells. This diminishes your ability to respond adequately to the demands placed on the body for increased DHEA-S and DHEA, thus, in turn, increasing the negative effects of chronic stress.

      Loss of libido is commonly associated with adrenal fatigue, probably due in large part (in both men and women) to a drop in testosterone production by the adrenals. From your body’s point of view, when you are under a lot of stress, it is not a good time to feel amorous because your energy must be used for survival.

      Output of adrenal sex hormones and their precursors also decreases with age. A decline in DHEA and testosterone levels accounts for many of the degenerative processes of aging. In fact, the levels of these two hormones in males track the progression of biological aging more closely than do any other markers. As we lose the available DHEA and testosterone, we become less able to counter the intense effects of coritsol in the cells. With age, coritsol levels remain relatively steady, while DHEA and testosterone decline and the other hormones range somewhere in between. In general, as the levels of sex hormones and their precursors such s DHEA and testosterone decrease because of age, stress and adrenal fatigue, their many and varied beneficial effects decrease as well.

      Regulation and Actions of Aldosterone
      Adrenal Fatigue and Craving for Salt

      As mentioned in the “Anatomy” section, aldosterone is manufactured in the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex. Like coritsol, aldosterone follows a diurnal pattern of secretion with its major peak at around 8:00 AM and major low between midnight and 4:00 AM. Also like coritsol, its production and secretion increases and decreases in response to stimulation of the adrenal cortex by ACTH. This means that aldosterone levels generally rise in stressful situations. However, aldosterone is not part of the negative feedback loop controlling its release. Instead, it depends on the negative feedback loop in which coritsol levels trigger ACTH activity. This means that coritsol determines the amount of ACTH which controls production of both coritsol and aldosterone with aldosterone having no say in the matter.

      The only thing the cells that produce aldosterone can do to regulate production is to alter their sensitivity to ACTH. Therefore, after about 24 hours, the adrenal cells of the zona glomerulosa become less sensitive to the demands of ACTH and stop manufacturing more aldosterone. The amount of circulating aldosterone then begins to decrease, even though the ACTH levels are high and the need for increased amounts of aldosterone may continue. This decreased production continues until the cells of the zona glomerulosa recover their sensitivity to ACTH, but in the meantime the decreased aldosterone leads to many of the symptoms of adrenal fatigue.

      Aldosterone is the most important mineralocorticoid, but corticosterone and desoxycorticosterone are also included in this category. The effects of aldosterone depletion can be observed in a large number of hypoadrenic persons. Aldosterone depletion may create one or more different symptoms which are specifically related to the diminished mineralocorticoid levels.

      In the chronically stressed person, the levels of sodium and chlorides in the urine should be measured as well as the specific gravity in the urine. Chlorides in the urine are measured by Koenisburg’s test. This test also provides information of the sodium levels being excreted in the urine. Excessive sodium in the urine is one of the first clues that a person has a hypoadrenic problem.

      Aldosterone is responsible for the maintenance of fluid (water) and the concentration of certain minerals (sodium, potassium, magnesium and chloride) in the blood, the interstitial fluid (area between the cells) and inside the cells. Working with other hormones such as anti-diuretic hormone from the pituitary and rennin and angiotensin I and II from the kidneys, aldosterone keeps the fluid balance and salt concentration intact, in roughly the same concentration as sea water. In the blood and interstitial fluid, sodium is the most dominant of the four minerals. Inside the cells, potassium has the highest concentration. These four minerals are called electrolytes because they carry minute electrical charges. These electrolytes are very important for proper cell function and fluid properties and they must remain in a relatively constant ratio to each other and to the body fluids. Small deviations in their ratios to each other, or to their concentration in the body fluids, means alterations in the properties of the fluid, the cell membrane and the biochemical reactions within the cell. In fact, most of the physiological reactions in the body depend in some way on the flow or concentration of electrolytes.

      Aldosterone, in times of stress is the major director of these relationships by its influence on sodium and water concentrations. Although this interaction is somewhat complex, the overall process is easy to understand if you just keep an eye on the sodium in relation to aldosterone. As the concentration of aldosterone rises, the concentration of sodium rises in the blood and interstitial fluid. Wherever sodium goes, so follows water.

      In adrenal fatigue, the craving for salt is a direct result of the lack of adequate aldosterone. As mentioned above, aldosterone controls sodium, potassium and fluid volumes in your body. When aldosterone secretions are normal, potassium, sodium and fluid levels are also normal. When aldosterone is high, sodium is kept high in the fluids circulating in your body.

      However, as circulating aldosterone levels fall, sodium is removed from your bloodstream as it passes through the kidneys and is excreted in the urine. When sodium is excreted it takes water with it. Initially, there is some loss of volume of your body fluids but it does not become severe unless the condition worsens. Once your circulating sodium level drops to about 50% of its original concentration in body fluids, even a small loss of sodium or sodium restriction in your diet begins to have severe consequences. Tiny fluctuations in blood sodium concentration have a significant effect o blood volume when sodium is depleted to this level.

      When the sodium supply of the blood is not replenished by eating salt-containing foods or liquids, sodium and water is pulled from your interstitial fluids into the blood to keep your blood sodium levels and water volume from getting too low. If too much salt or fluid is pulled from the interstitial fluids, the small amount of sodium in the cells begins to migrate out of the cells into the interstitial fluid.

      The cell does not have a great reserve of sodium because it needs to maintain its 15:1 ratio of potassium to sodium. As the sodium is pulled from the cell, water follows the sodium out.

      This leaves the cell dehydrated as well as sodium deficient. In addition, in order to keep the sodium/potassium ratio inside the cell constant, potassium then begins to migrate out in small quantities. However, each cell has minimum requirements for the absolute amounts of sodium, potassium and water necessary for its proper function. When these requirements are not met, cell function suffers, even if the proper ratio is maintained.

      If you are suffering from moderately severe adrenal fatigue, you must be careful how you re-hydrate yourself. Drinking much water or liquid without adequate sodium replacement will make you feel worse because it will dilute the amount of sodium in your blood even further. Also, your cells need salt to absorb fluids because sufficient sodium must be inside the cell before water can be pulled back across the membrane into the cell.

      When you are already low on body fluids and electrolytes, as you are in this situation, you should always add salt to your water. Do not drink soft drinks or electrolyte-rich sports drinks, like Gatorade, because they are high in potassium and low in sodium, the opposite of what someone with low coritsol levels who is dehydrated needs. Commercial electrolyte replacement drinks are designed for people who produce an excess of coritsol when exercising, not people who are low on coritsol and aldosterone. Instead, yo are much better off having a glass of water with ¼ - 1 teaspoon salt in it, or eating something salty with water to help replenish both sodium and fluid volume.

      In a nation of people suffering from adrenal fatigue, the fast food restaurants come to the rescue. Such restaurants use an excessive amount of salt in their foods; a custom left-over from the old road houses where lots of salt was used in the food to stimulate appetites and whet the thirst (for alcohol, the biggest profit item). Although not a good solution, it supplies “emergency” rations daily to people living in marginal health. It averts the crisis and replenishes their supplies for another few hours.

      When your aldosterone levels are low and you are dehydrated and sodium deficient, you may also crave potassium because your body is sending you the message that your cells are low on potassium as well as sodium and water. However, after consuming only a small amount of potassium containing foods or beverages (fruit, fruit juice, sodas and commercial electrolyte replacement drinks), you will probably feel worse because the potassium/sodium ration will be further disrupted.

      What you really need in this situation is a combination of all three, water, salt and potassium in the right proportions. One of the easiest ways to accomplish this is to drink small repeated doses of water accompanied by a little food sprinkled with kelp powder. Kelp powder contains both potassium and sodium in an easily assimilated form. Depending upon taste and symptoms, extra salt can be added. Sea salt is a better choice than regular refined table salt, because it contains trace amounts of other minerals in addition to the sodium. Another choice is to drink a vegetable juice blend containing some celery and chard and diluted with purified water.

      Usually, within 24-48 hours, your hydration and electrolyte balance will have stabilized enough that you can proceed to an adrenal-supporting diet. You must continue to be careful to drink salted water or vegetable juices 2-4 times during the day, varying the amount of salt according to your taste, and you should avoid potassium-containing foods in the morning when your coritsol and aldosterone levels are low. Never eat or drink electrolyte-depleting or diuretic foods and beverages such as alcohol and coffee, especially if you have been out in the sun or are otherwise dehydrated. One of the problems people with adrenal fatigue constantly deal with is a mild dehydration and sodium depletion.

      When there is inadequate aldosterone, the kidney allows sodium, chlorides and water to spill into the urine, and maintains ionic balance by retaining, rather than excreting, potassium. Some of these low aldosterone persons present with symptoms of dehydration. The appearance of the tongue is one of the easily monitored indicators of dehydration. Normally, one should feel considerable slickness when running a finger down the protruded tongue of a person. It should slide easily across the tongue like a cube of ice across a wet piece of waxed paper. If the tongue is rough like sandpaper, or if you feel friction, with your finger catching or sticking to the tongue’s surface, it is an indication of inadequate tissue hydration. The person needs more water intake.

      The person may report excessive urination, up to 15 or 20 times daily. Likewise, due to the effect of aldosterone on the sweat glands, the person may report excessive perspiration or perspiration with little or no physical activity. The common factor in all of these persons is a weakness of sartorius, gracilis, posterior tibialis, gastrocnemius, or soleus, and a background of some type of stress.

      A person with lowered aldosterone may also demonstrate other symptoms. For a nervous system action potential to take place there must be an adequate supply of sodium on the outside of the cell membrane and an adequate supply of potassium inside the cell. They must be balanced. If this balance is undermined by a loss of sodium and retention of potassium, the nervous system will find it difficult to propagate normal action potentials and maintain itself at a good functional level. This may result in a wide variety of symptoms, including muscle twitches and even cardiac arrhythmias (heart palpitations).

      With a chronic sodium-potassium imbalance, the person will show the sign of a paradoxical pupillary reflex. Normally, shining a light into a person’s eye will cause the pupil to constrict. This papillary constriction to light should be able to maintain itself for at least 30 seconds. In the hypoadrenic person (especially in the exhaustion stage of the GAS) you will find one of three things:

      1. The pupil will fluctuate opened and closed in response to light.

      2. The pupil will fluctuate opened and closed in response to light. (This is a deliberate opening and closing, not the minor flutter or twitch of the normally encountered hippus activity.)

      3. The pupil will initially constrict to light, but it will dilate paradoxically with continued light stimulation of less than 30 seconds. This patient will frequently complain of eyes that are sensitive to light (such as when going from indoors to outside on a sunny day) or will be seen wearing sunglasses whenever outdoors or even indoors under bright light.

      Another problem related to lowered mineralocorticoid levels in hypoadrenia is a paradoxical, non-pitting edema of the extremities. When the patient with hypoadrenia spills sodium and water into the urine and perspiration, and has a tendency to be dehydrated, we would hardly expect him to show signs of holding water, such as edema. But that is exactly what we do see in some hypoadrenic patients.

      With the body spilling large amounts of extracellular sodium and likewise retaining intercellular potassium, we can see how an osmotic differential could develop in the patient’s tissues. If the osmotic difference (created by the increased potassium seeking its intercellular position and the lowered extracellular sodium levels) is severe enough, the body will most often attempt to correct this osmotic imbalance by allowing extracellular fluid to enter the cells. (It is also possible that the body could kick the potassium out of the cell and into the extracellular fluids, and although this occasionally occurs, we rarely see signs of this in the blood potassium levels.) The body is trying to dilute the potassium in the cell with water, to bring the system into osmotic equilibrium. The cells take on water, and the patient has swelling.

      Often, these patients are placed on a diuretic by an unenlightened physician whose only basis for this prescription is the patient’s symptoms. The diuretic in these patients rarely helps the condition and often aggravates the tendency toward dehydration. Further, many diuretics act as adrenal (aldosterone) inhibitors, adding even more stress to the adrenals and tending to make the patient worse in the long run.

      Even in adrenal fatigue, the body is still wonderful, beautiful and incredibly wise. It is our society, our maladaptation to the stresses of modern life, and our poor judgment that need to change. We may not be able to change society but we can learn to use better judgment when it comes to taking care of ourselves and to respond to stress in healthier ways.

  48. QUESTION:
    Having bad chest pains under ribs, shoulder, neck,stiffness plus for years have had right abdominal pain?
    i have the hla b27 gene (AS), sleep apnea, migraines, anemia, cervical disc disease, ear, nose, and throat problems, allergies, pain everywhere, bipolar mixed. i have to research all this on my own because around here nobody cares. anyway I've had this right side abdominal pain which i had to have exploratory surgery, removed a piece of tube can't remember what it's called and took out my appendix since they were there. then still had abdominal pain which it gave out my back for a month so i had a partial hysterectomy. Well still have that pain and doctors say i'm okay. well what could it possibly be? With this autoimmune disorder it could be the lymph glands (i get a like a lump where it hurts sometimes) and or liver, kidney, pancreas, or adrenal glands, tumors, cancer, cause everything i have can make any thing happen, heart attack, stroke. i'm tired already of researching, have post traumatic stress disorder. Please help, i know it's a doozy.

    • ANSWER:
      how long ago di you have your hysterectomy, it does take about 3 months to get over it, it is a major operation. even if it was partial.
      do not bend lift or carry anything heavy , you may of strained something inside of you. go back and see gp about it, you may of ruptured it . i hope not for your sake, will keep fingers xx for you.

  49. QUESTION:
    im a 15 year old male and ive been smoking cigs for 4 years now and i think i have lung cancer?
    im having a hard time breathing and it always fells like somethings caught in my throught there are small lumps in my neck and under my chin my chest hurts and it feels like my lungs are burning i asked my mom about this all and she just says it is growing pains could somebody plese help

    • ANSWER:
      Symptoms of lung cancer may include:

      A new cough or a cough that does not go away. Smokers who have a chronic cough from smoking may have a change in how severe their cough is or how much they cough.
      Chest, shoulder, or back pain that does not go away and often gets worse with deep breathing.
      New wheezing.
      Shortness of breath.
      Hoarseness.
      Coughing up blood or bloody mucus.
      Swelling in the neck and face.
      Difficulty swallowing.
      Weight loss and loss of appetite.
      Increasing fatigue and weakness.
      Recurring respiratory infections, such as pneumonia.
      Clubbing of the fingers and toes. The nails appear to bulge out more than normal.
      Lung cancer may spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The most common sites are the bones, the brain, the liver, the other lung, the lining of the heart (pericardium), and the adrenal glands. When lung cancer spreads, other symptoms may also occur.

      Symptoms of cancer that has spread to the spine or bones may include:

      Bone pain.
      Weakness or numbness of the arms or legs.
      Back pain.
      Symptoms of cancer that has spread to the brain may include:

      Seizures.
      Headaches.
      Change in alertness.
      Vision changes.
      Nausea or vomiting.
      Symptoms of cancer that has spread to the liver or lymph nodes may include:

      Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice).
      Lumps or bumps under the skin or enlarged lymph nodes.
      Decreased appetite.
      Weight loss.
      IF ANY APPLY TO YOU GO TO THE DOCTOR

  50. QUESTION:
    what is small cell canser? How can you tell if you have it?

    • ANSWER:
      Small cell lung cancer has been called oat cell cancer because the cells resemble oats when seen under a microscope. This cancer usually originates in the lung's large central airways (the bronchi). It accounts for about 20% of all lung cancers. In some cases, small cell tumors also include cells that have non small cell features. This condition is called a mixed tumor.

      Small cell lung cancer is among the fastest growing cancers. In two-thirds of people with this cancer, the cancer already has spread (metastasized) by the time of diagnosis. The cancer can spread easily because of the constant flow of fluids through the lungs. These fluids consist of blood and lymph (a protein-filled fluid from the lymphatic system). The fluids can carry cancer cells to lymph nodes, the heart, the other lung and to organs outside of the chest. Small cell lung cancers spread most commonly to the brain, liver, adrenal glands and bone.

      Symptoms

      Although some cancers do not have any symptoms at first, others are diagnosed during an evaluation for any of the following:

      A persistent cough
      Coughing up blood (hemoptysis)
      Shortness of breath or wheezing
      Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite
      Fatigue
      Difficulty swallowing
      Pain in the chest, shoulder or arm
      Bone pain
      Hoarseness
      Headaches, confusion or seizures
      Swelling of the face, neck or upper extremities

      Diagnosis

      Lung cancer often is discovered on a chest X-ray, where it appears as a gray or whitish area. Other imaging studies, such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can further determine the size, shape and location of the tumor, and locate areas where the tumor has spread. This helps to find the best place to obtain a sample of the tumor to diagnose small cell versus other types of lung cancer, such as squamous cell or adenocarcinoma of the lung. The type of cancer determines the treatment.

      Small cell lung cancer sometimes can be diagnosed with a technique called sputum cytology, in which mucus from the lungs (sputum) is examined under a microscope to check for abnormal cells. Cancer cells also can be found in the fluid between the lung and the chest wall (requiring a procedure that uses a needle to remove fluid) or in lymph nodes next to the lung (requiring a surgical procedure).

      Another diagnostic technique is needle aspiration, in which fluid or tissue is removed (aspirated) from lymph nodes or suspicious masses. Cells also can be removed during bronchoscopy. A fiber optic viewing tube is inserted into the lung through the mouth and bronchial tubes. It allows the doctor to examine the tumor directly and to remove cells for examination.

      In addition to the above tests, you may need a bone scan, bone marrow biopsy, CT scan of the head and additional biopsies to determine the degree of tumor spread. Small cell lung cancer has two stages:

      Limited cancer is confined to one lung and nearby lymph nodes.
      Extensive cancer has spread to both sides of the chest or beyond the chest.

adrenal gland cancer pain

Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer Metastasis Brain

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What is sarcoma Cancer and what are its cures and what does it mean when found in Colon?

    • ANSWER:
      Oh boy... this is a big question. Sit back. Relax. Here's a big answer.

      In general, the term "cancer" is applied to any sort of new growth of bodily tissue that has lost the normal pattern and function of the tissue from which it grew, that has a growth pattern that tends to infiltrate and insinuate into the normal tissue around it, and that has the tendency to break loose from it's point of origin microscopically and crop up in distant sites.

      The technical term for "breaking loose" and "cropping up" in distant sites is METASTASIS. The technical term for the infiltrative/insinuating growth pattern is INVASION.

      Tumors which do not invade or metastasize are referred to as "benign". Tumors which invade and metastasize are referred to as "malignant". These are cancers.

      Cancerous tumors are categorized by tissue type. The broadest categorization refers back to how the body grows starting at the embryonic stage. At the earliest stages of development, the human body has only a few layers of cells. There is an outer layer called ectoderm, an inner layer called endoderm, and in between these two is a layer called mesoderm. The ectoderm becomes skin and related structures, along with the nervous system and a variety of hormone secreting organs. The endoderm becomes the gut. Mesoderm becomes everything else, like muscle and bone and fat and blood vessels and a number of other organ structures that aren't directly connected to the gut, brain or skin.

      When any of the tissues that started off as mesoderm turn cancerous, the tumor is called a "sarcoma".

      Sarcomas are comparatively rare cancers. They're not nearly as common as colon cancer or breast cancer or lung cancer. When these cancers occur, they're called "carcinoma" instead of sarcoma, because they come from ectoderm or endoderm. Carcinomas of the skin or gut are much more common because the skin and the gut are undergoing frequent cell divisions. It is during cell division that something can go wrong called "mutation" that can lead down the path toward cancer. Rapidly turning-over tissue is much more likely to accidently turn into cancer than tissue which slowly replaces itself.

      There are several places where sarcoma is more common than elsewhere. Cancerous bone tumors are much more rare than cancerous tumors of soft tissue such as muscle or fat. All of those would be considered sarcoma. Sarcomas can also occur in the fatty tissue that surrounds the kidneys, behind the intestines. These tumors are referred to as "retroperitoneal sarcomas" and they can become quite large before they're discovered.

      When you say that the sarcoma is found in the colon, it actually introduces some confusion. Cancers of the lining of the colon are not sarcoma. These are adenocarcinoma and this is a very common type of cancer. If that's the situation, then most of the rest of this post is actually off topic. If you check and you find that this is actually a colon cancer that we're talking about, please feel free to email me through Yahoo! Answers for clarification.

      However, it is also possible to have a retroperitoneal sarcoma that is stuck to the colon from the outside. That would actually be very normal for a sarcoma in that location.

      Another possibility is something called a GIST. "GIST" stands for Gastro-Intestinal Stromal Tumor. GIST is a type of sarcoma, but it arises in the walls of the stomach or intestine. It has only recently been defined as a specific type of tumor, and it's treated slighly differently from other sarcomas.

      In any case of sarcoma, the first thing that needs to be determined is whether or not it can be removed surgically. Medicines will not strongly affect sarcoma. In general, the best chance to cure a patient of sarcoma is to do aggressive surgery. The tumor and any areas of invasion or metastasis should be surgically excised. These can be very big operations and if so, they are best done by surgeons who have some specialization in cancer surgery. Any organs or tissues that appear to be stuck to the tumor need to be removed along with it, or else disease will be left behind. If the colon is stuck to the tumor, then the section of colon which is attached needs to come out, too.

      Following surgery, the tumor can be examined microscopically. The pathologist will look at the tumor and make an assessment of how "aggressive" it is. This is called the tumor's "grade". A high grade sarcoma is likely to come back even after aggressive surgery. In some cases radiation or chemotherapy is an important additional therapy to help reduce the likelihood of recurrence and increase the length of disease free survival.

      GIST is a very special type of sarcoma because we now have a medicine that does a very good job of supressing it's growth. Once surgical removal is complete, the remainder of microscopic GIST disease can be controlled with a medication known as "Gleevec".

      The most important piece of information regarding the future behavior of a sarcoma is it's grade. Therefore it needs to be biopsied or removed for a pathologist to evaluate it before anyone can make educated guesses about it's future.

      I hope that helps. Feel free to contact me if I can be of any further assistance in interpreting information.

  2. QUESTION:
    What are the proximate causes of death in pancreatic cancer and what are their frequencies?

    • ANSWER:
      Why happydawg bothered to post this completely useless response is anybody's guess. a13's "answer" is LIFTED DIRECTLY FROM WIKIPEDIA, and DOESN'T ANSWER THE QUESTION. I wonder if a13 is even a real person, or just a piece of software.

      I am aware of no studies specifically examining the proximate causes of death in pancreatic cancer. However, there have been a number of studies on the causes of death in cancer in general.

      Ambrus et al. (1975) retrospectively analyzed 506 cancer cases and reported them to be infection (36%), hemorrhagic and thromboembolic phenomena (18%), respiratory failure (including due to aspiration) (10%), cardiovascular insufficiency (7%), and cachexia (1%). (see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=1056415&dopt=Abstract).

      Szentirmay et al. (1977) performed 260 cancer autopsies and reported causes of death to be inflammation (pneumonia, peritonitis, and sepsis), organ insufficiencies (hepatic, biliary oclusion, cardiac), massive tumorous dissemination, infarct (? cardiac), and hemorrhage (GI ulcer, invasion of head or neck vessels, thrombocytopenia). (See http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=927445&dopt=Abstract).

      Houten and Reilley (1980) review 4728 autopsies and reported the following causes of death from cancer: respiratory failure, infection, toxic drug reaction, hepatic failure, renal failure, shock or heart failure, adrenal gland failure, electrolyte imbalance, and central nervous system failure. (See http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=7359917&query_hl=12&itool=pubmed_docsum).

      Inagaki et al. (1974), Brown et al. (1993), and Warren (1932) have also studied this question.

      Adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (the most commen type) typically metastasizes first to regional lymph nodes, then to the liver, and less commonly to the lungs. Therefore, failure of these organs would be more likely than for all cancers. It can also directly invade surrounding visceral organs such as the duodenum, stomach, and colon, causing bleeding and obstruction. Other sites of distant metastases include the diaphragm, adrenal glands, and brain.

  3. QUESTION:
    What is the timeline for a person with stage IV small Intestine cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      You are question is vague in the sense that you don't know exact histological type of the tumor. As different type of tumors has different prognostic rate.
      Whatever, I tried to give you some information about the small bowel cancer and theirs prognosis, but it is not complete and definite and varies according to patient general status, site of tumor and co-morbid conditions.

      The small bowel can be affected by both malignant(Bad prognosis) and benign (relatively good prognosis) lesions.

      Malignant tumors — the most common histologic types of malignant tumors of the small intestine are:
      (* percent is the distribution of each type to total cancers of small bowel)

      Adenocarcinoma — 45 percent

      Carcinoid — 29 percent

      Lymphoma — 15 percent

      Sarcoma — 10 percent

      Although these malignancies may be found throughout the different regions of the intestine, certain subtypes have a predilection for specific regions. As an example, adenocarcinoma is the most common malignancy affecting the proximal small intestine, while carcinoid is the most common tumor in the ileum.
      Sarcoma and lymphoma develop throughout the small intestine, but are most prevalent in the distal small bowel. Largely as a result of these differences in distribution, the reported relative incidence of each histology varies considerably with the patient population.

      Benign lesions of small bowel include adenomas, leiomyomas, fibromas, and lipomas.

      If you are talking about the small bowel Adenocarcinoma with stage IV, it means that the tumor has any size, has invaded regional lymphnodes, but it must have distant metastases either in liver, lung, brain, bone or anyother part of body.

      The time line strickly about the small bowel adenocarcinoma:

      Prognosis:
      adenocarcinoma —
      Mural penetration, nodal involvement, distant metastasis, and perineural invasion are associated with a poor prognosis. Seventy to eighty percent of small bowel adenocarcinomas are resectable at the time of diagnosis; approximately 35 percent have metastasized to regional lymph nodes, and an additional 20 to 35 percent have distant metastasis .

      In general, for patients undergoing resection of duodenal adenocarcinomas, five-year survival rates are similar, stage for stage, to those for colorectal cancer. As an example, in one series of 67 patients with nonampullary adenocarcinoma of the duodenum, the overall five-year survival rate was 54 percent; stratified by stage, five-year survival was as follows [42]:

      Stage I — 100 percent

      Stage II — 52 percent

      Stage III — 45 percent

      Stage IV — 0 percent

      Prognosis: distal small bowel adenocarcinomas — Compared to duodenal cancers, regional node metastases are more frequent in jejunal or ileal adenocarcinomas [28,58,59]. Survival is generally poor, with most series reporting five-year survival rates of 20 to 30 percent. Between 60 and 70 percent of patients without lymph node involvement survive five years [28,60], compared to only 12 to 14 percent of those with positive nodes [28,61].

      Sarcoma:
      Survival rates are variable, with tumor grade being an important determinant [73,74]. In one study, for example, patients with low grade lesions (fewer than 10 mitoses per 50 high power fields) had an 80 percent disease-free survival at eight years [74]. In contrast, patients with high grade lesions had a mean disease free survival of less than 18 months.

  4. QUESTION:
    Stage 4 Adenocarcinoma Lung Cancer?
    My Step Father has stage 4, adenocarcinoma lung cancer that has also spread to his spine.. He went for a CT scan yesterday tuesday Oct. 13th and they found a very small mass on his brain. The doctors have him starting radiation Friday Oct 16th to get rid of the mass on his brain, for 10 days, then right after he will begin chemo therapy.

    Does anyone have any words of wisdom for my family and I about this type of cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      If this is a primary non-small cell adenocarcinoma of the lung with metastases to bone and brain, the outcome will not be what you would like no matter what treatment is employed. This is not considered a curable disease. The goal is to buy as many quality months - not years - as possible. This is best explained by the oncologist(s) taking care of this person. They have the full medical details which we do not have here. Chemotherapy is not curative is this disease. The various combination chemotherapy regimens employed often work poorly in this type of malignancy, but many people choose to try. Those who show a response may add some additional months of survival time. The question becomes whether the side effects of the chemotherapy make the extra months worthwhile "quality" time. The expense of the drugs has become outrageous in the past 15 years. I hope your stepfather has very good health care insurance.

  5. QUESTION:
    adenocarcinoma of lung .... only personal experience or professional please?
    65 yr old female, adenocarcinoma of lung with metastasis to brain and bone. chemotherapy every 3 weeks, has had 6 treatments, seemed to be working. doing poorly as result of chemo, lethargic, weak, reduced mental state. hospitalized 12 days ago for above concern, electrolytes terribly insufficient, sodium down. diagnosed as SIADH, performing blood and urine analysis daily, kidneys ok, lumbar puncture shows cryptoccocus. Still in hospital, 2 days ago xray showed "shadowing" around known cancer mass. Drs unsure if cacner growth or pneumonia. She is on antibiotic for cryptoccocal menengitis. Her breathing is VERY labored, and the drs called for another xray. It shows the "shadowing" has grown since 2 days ago, although no fever, dr has decided she will start antibiotic for pneumonia, although no fever spike. Legs are mottled today for the first time. repsirations are not consistant, have been 20 up to the 50's (50's did not last long). It doesn't look good...HELP

    • ANSWER:
      I agree with the previous answer...you need to have a heart to heart with your dr. You need to know if the antiobotics are a palliative measure, just to keep her comfortable. The dr or nurses there can provide you with information on the dying process and what you can expect. With the description you have provided it sounds like she may be in the dying process. Decreased mental state, decreased or no appetite, change in respirations (very irregular), mottling of the skin, decreased or no urine output...these are all signs that occur in the last stages of life. Usually a few days before the patient may have a period of clarity, where they want to talk to family members, may start eating and then it is followed by decreased alertness and coma. Research says that hearing is one of the last senses to go...so be with her, talk to her, say all that is needed to be said with no regrets. My father passed away from cancer 2 years ago and this is pretty much how it went...one of the nurses gave a good peice of advice, which was to always have someone there, touching or holding their hand so they are not alone when they leave this earth. We did not leave his side for four days, we took turns relieving each other....but it is what gives me peace now that he was not alone. I know it is a very difficult time, it will get better with time, even though it never feels like it. My heart goes out to the family and friends of this lady and I pray for peace to all those who surround her in love.

  6. QUESTION:
    Types of lung cancer it sounds like swamis?

    • ANSWER:
      There are two main types of lung cancer categorized by the size and appearance of the malignant cells seen by a histopathologist under a microscope: non-small cell (80%) and small-cell (roughly 20%) lung cancer. This classification although based on simple pathomorphological criteria has very important implications for clinical management and prognosis of the disease.

      Non-small cell lung cancer
      The non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) are grouped together because their prognosis and management is roughly identical. When it cannot be subtyped, it is frequently coded to 8046/3. The subtypes are:

      (M8070/3) Squamous cell carcinoma, accounting for 20% to 25% of NSCLC, also starts in the larger breathing tubes but grows slower meaning that the size of these tumours varies on diagnosis.
      (M8140/3) Adenocarcinoma is the most common subtype of NSCLC, accounting for 50% to 60% of NSCLC. It is a form which starts near the gas-exchanging surface of the lung. Most cases of the adenocarcinoma are associated with smoking. However, among non-smokers and in particular female non-smokers, adenocarcinoma is the most common form of lung cancer. A subtype of adenocarcinoma, the bronchioalveolar carcinoma, is more common in female non-smokers and may have different responses to treatment.
      Large cell carcinoma is a fast-growing form that grows near the surface of the lung. It is primarily a diagnosis of exclusion, and when more investigation is done, it is usually reclassified to squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma.

      Small cell lung cancer

      Lung small cell carcinoma (microscopic view from a core needle biopsy)(M8041/3) Small cell carcinoma (SCLC, also called "oat cell carcinoma") is the less common form of lung cancer. It tends to start in the larger breathing tubes and grows rapidly becoming quite large. The oncogene most commonly involved is L-myc. The "oat" cell contains dense neurosecretory granules which give this an endocrine/paraneoplastic syndrome association. It is initially more sensitive to chemotherapy, but ultimately carries a worse prognosis and is often metastatic at presentation. This type of lung cancer is strongly associated with smoking.

      Other types
      Carcinoid
      Adenoid cystic carcinoma
      Cylindroma
      Mucoepidermoid carcinoma

      Metastatic
      The lung is a common place for metastasis from tumors in other parts of the body. These cancers, however, are identified by the site of origin, i.e., a breast cancer metastasis to the lung is still known as breast cancer. The adrenal glands, liver, brain, and bone are the most common sites of metastasis from primary lung cancer itself.

  7. QUESTION:
    is there anyone there who knows about lung cancer?

    • ANSWER:
      Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for up to 3 million deaths annually. Although lung cancer was previously an illness that predominantly affected males, the incidence in women has been increasing in the last few decades, which has been attributed to the rising ratio of female to male smokers. Currently, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women, overshadowing breast cancer, ovarian cancer and uterine cancers combined.[1] However, it is of note that there are certain types of lung cancers that appear in otherwise healthy patients who have never smoked.

      Current research indicates that the factor with the greatest impact on risk of lung cancer is long-term exposure to inhaled carcinogens. The most common means of such exposure is tobacco smoke.

      Treatment and prognosis depend upon the histological type of cancer, the stage (degree of spread), and the patient's performance status. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy.

      Symptoms that suggest lung cancer include:

      dyspnea (shortness of breath)
      hemoptysis (coughing up blood)
      chronic coughing or change in regular coughing pattern
      wheezing
      chest pain or pain in the abdomen
      cachexia (weight loss), fatigue and loss of appetite
      dysphonia (hoarse voice)
      clubbing of the fingernails (uncommon)
      difficulty swallowing
      If the cancer grows into the lumen it may obstruct the airway, causing breathing difficulties. This can lead to accumulation of secretions behind the blockage, predisposing the patient to pneumonia.

      Many lung cancers have a rich blood supply. The surface of the cancer may be fragile, leading to bleeding from the cancer into the airway. This blood may subsequently be coughed up.

      Depending on the type of tumor, so-called paraneoplastic phenomena may initially attract attention to the disease. In lung cancer, this may be Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (muscle weakness due to auto-antibodies), hypercalcemia and SIADH. Tumors in the top (apex) of the lung, known as Pancoast tumors, may invade the local part of the sympathetic nervous system, leading to changed sweating patterns and eye muscle problems (a combination known as Horner's syndrome), as well as muscle weakness in the hands due to invasion of the brachial plexus.

      In many patients, the cancer has already spread beyond the original site by the time they have symptoms and seek medical attention. Common sites of metastasis include the bone, such as the spine (causing back pain and occasionally spinal cord compression), the liver and the brain.

      There are two main types of lung cancer categorized by the size and appearance of the malignant cells seen by a histopathologist under a microscope: non-small cell (80%) and small-cell (roughly 20%) lung cancer. This classification although based on simple pathomorphological criteria has very important implications for clinical management and prognosis of the disease.

      The non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) are grouped together because their prognosis and management is roughly identical. When it cannot be subtyped, it is frequently coded to 8046/3. The subtypes are:

      (M8070/3) Squamous cell carcinoma, accounting for 20% to 25% of NSCLC, also starts in the larger breathing tubes but grows slower meaning that the size of these tumours varies on diagnosis.
      (M8140/3) Adenocarcinoma is the most common subtype of NSCLC, accounting for 50% to 60% of NSCLC. It is a form which starts near the gas-exchanging surface of the lung. Most cases of the adenocarcinoma are associated with smoking. However, among non-smokers and in particular female non-smokers, adenocarcinoma is the most common form of lung cancer. A subtype of adenocarcinoma, the bronchioalveolar carcinoma, is more common in female non-smokers and may have different responses to treatment.
      Large cell carcinoma is a fast-growing form that grows near the surface of the lung. It is primarily a diagnosis of exclusion, and when more investigation is done, it is usually reclassified to squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma.

      (M8041/3) Small cell carcinoma (SCLC, also called "oat cell carcinoma") is the less common form of lung cancer. It tends to start in the larger breathing tubes and grows rapidly becoming quite large. The oncogene most commonly involved is L-myc. The "oat" cell contains dense neurosecretory granules which give this an endocrine/paraneoplastic syndrome association. It is initially more sensitive to chemotherapy, but ultimately carries a worse prognosis and is often metastatic at presentation. This type of lung cancer is strongly associated with smoking.

      Exposure to carcinogens, such as those present in tobacco smoke, immediately causes cumulative changes to the tissue lining the bronchi of the lungs (the bronchial mucous membrane) and more tissue gets damaged until a tumour develops.

      There are four major causes of lung cancer (and cancer in general):

      Carcinogens such as those in cigarette smoke
      Radiation exposure
      Genetic susceptibility
      Viral infection

      Smoking, particularly of cigarettes, is by far the main contributor to lung cancer, which at least in theory makes it one of the easiest diseases to prevent. In the United States, smoking is estimated to account for 87% of lung cancer cases (90% in men and 79% in women), and in the UK for 90%. Cigarette smoke contains 19 known carcinogens[2] including radioisotopes from the radon decay sequence, nitrosamine, and benzopyrene. Additionally, nicotine appears to depress the immune response to malignant growths in exposed tissue. The length of time a person continues to smoke as well as the amount smoked increases the person's chances of contracting lung cancer. If a person stops smoking, these chances steadily decrease as damage to the lungs is repaired and contaminant particles are gradually vacated. More recent work has shown that, across the developed world, almost 90% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking.[3]

      Passive smoking—the inhalation of smoke from another's smoking— is claimed to be a cause of lung cancer in non-smokers. Studies from the USA (1986,[4][5] 1992,[6] 1997,[7] 2001,[8] 2003[9]), Europe (1998[10]), the UK (1998,[11][12]), and Australia (1997[13]) have consistently shown a significant increase in relative risk among those exposed to passive smoke.

      The EPA in 1993 claimed that about 3,000 lung cancer-related deaths a year were caused by passive smoking. However, since this report was based on a study that was alleged to be heavily biased and was ruled by a federal judge to be "unscientific", the EPA report was declared null and void by a federal judge in 1998(,[14][15]).

      The extensive attempts made by Philip Morris to delay the release of the 1997 IARC study, to affect the wording of its conclusions, to neutralise its negative results for their business, and to counteract its impact on public and policymakers' opinion have been documented by Ong & Glantz in The Lancet journal.[16] Their work was based on 32 million pages of documents made public as part of the settlement of the 1998 legal case of State of Minnesota and Blue Cross/Blue Shield of Minnesota vs Philip Morris Inc, et al. and available at Philip Morris' own website.[17]

      Recent investigation of sidestream smoke suggests it is more dangerous than direct smoke inhalation

      Asbestos
      Asbestos can cause a variety of lung diseases. It increases the risk of developing lung cancer. There is a synergistic effect between tobacco smoking and asbestos in the formation of lung cancer.

      Asbestos can also cause cancer of the pleura, called mesothelioma (which is distinct from lung cancer).

      [edit] Radon gas
      Radon is a colorless and odourless gas generated by the breakdown of radioactive radium, which in turn is the decay product of uranium, found in the earth's crust. Radon exposure is the second major cause of lung cancer after smoking. The radiation decay products ionize genetic material, causing mutations that sometimes turn cancerous. Radon gas levels vary by locality and the composition of the underlying soil and rocks. For example, in areas such as Cornwall in the UK (which has granite as substrata), radon gas is a major problem, and buildings have to be force-ventilated with fans to lower radon gas concentrations. In the US, the EPA estimates that one in 15 homes has radon levels above the recommended guideline of 4 pCi/L (150 Bq/m3). Iowa has the highest average radon concentrations in the United States. Studies performed by R. William Field, Daniel J. Steck, Charles F. Lynch, Brian J. Smith and colleagues at the University of Iowa have demonstrated a 50% increased lung cancer risk with prolonged radon exposure at the EPA's action level of 4 pCi/L ([3]) . Recent pooled epidemiologic radon studies by Dan Krewski et al. (2005; 2006) and Sarah Darby et al. (2005) have also shown an increased lung cancer risk from radon below the U.S. EPA's action level of 4 pCi/L.

      Radon causes lung cancer because it causes arbitrary damage to the chromosomes and DNA molecules contained in the nucleus of the cell.

      [edit] Genetics and viruses
      Oncogenes are genes that are believed make people more susceptible to cancer. Proto-oncogenes are believed to turn into oncogenes when exposed to particular carcinogens. Viruses are also suspected of causing cancer in humans, as this link has already been proven in animals. Genetic susceptibility and viral infection are not of major importance in lung cancer, but they may influence pathogenesis.

      [edit] Lung cancer staging
      Lung cancer staging is an important part of the assessment of prognosis and potential treatment for lung cancer.

      See non-small cell lung cancer staging.

      [edit] Treatment
      Treatment for lung cancer depends on the cancer's specific cell type, how far it has spread, and the patient's performance status. Common treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.

      See also Manchester score.

      [edit] Surgery
      Surgery is usually only an option in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and if the disease is limited to one lung and has not spread beyond its confines. This is assessed with medical imaging (computed tomography, positron emission tomography). Furthermore, as stated, a sufficient respiratory reserve needs to be present to allow for the removal of lung tissue. Procedures performed include lobectomy (removal of one lobe), bilobectomy (two lobes) or pneumonectomy (removal of a whole lung). Smaller resections include wedge excision or segmentectomy (part of a lobe).

      The role of sub lobar resection (extended wedge resection) continues to be debated for the primary management of NSCLC. Although overall survival appears to be equivalent to that of lobectomy resection, the local recurrence rate has been documented to be over three times more common (19% compared to 5%). Accordingly, sub lobar resection has historically been used as a "compromise resection" approach for the management of small (less than 3 centimeters diameter) stage I peripheral NSCLC identified in patients with impaired cardiopulmonary reserve. Recent reports of the use of intraoperative radioactive iodine brachytherapy implants at the margins of sublobar resection suggest that local recurrence can be reduced to that of lobectomy when this is used as a surgical adjunct to sublobar resection.

      The role of anatomic segmentectomy (a larger sublobar resection) with complete lymph node staging has also been found to have potential survival benefits similar to lobectomy. Such resections should be limited to peripheral small (less than 2 cm diameter) stage I NSCLC where a margin of resection equivalent to the diameter of the tumor can be achieved.

      Five-year prognosis is often as good as 70% following complete resection of limited (lesions limited to the lung tissue without lymph node spread - stage I) disease.

      After surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy may be recommended if lymph nodes within the lung tissues resected (stage II) or the mediastinum (lymph nodes in the peri-tracheal region, stage III) are found to be positive for cancer spread. Survival may be improved by up to 15% above patients receiving only surgical resection in these circumstances. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with large stage I NSCLC (tumor diameter greater than 3 cm without lymph node involvement, stage IB) remains controversial.

      The NCI Canada study JBR.10 treated patients with stage IB to IIB NSCLC with vinorelbine and cisplatin chemotherapy and showed a significant survival benefit of 15% over 5 years. However subgroup analysis of patients in stage IB showed that chemotherapy did not result in any survival gain in them. Similarly, while the Italian ANITA study showed a survival benefit of 8% over 5 years with vinorelbine and cisplatin chemotherapy in stages 1B to 3A patients, subgroup analysis also showed no benefit in the IB stage.

      The Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) study was a randomized study which examined the use of carboplatin and paclitaxel chemotherapy in patients with stage 1B disease. Unfortunately, although initial results in 2004 were encouraging, an update at the recent American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting (June 2006) reported that the findings are now negative with no survival advantage with the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with this stage of disease. However, exploratory analysis of patients in the CALGB study suggested that perhaps those with tumors equal or greater than 4 cm in size may still benefit.

      At present, it is standard practice to offer patients with resected stage II-IIIA NSCLC adjuvant third generation platinum-based chemotherapy (e.g. cisplatin and vinorelbine). Adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage 1B remains controversial as clinical trials have not clearly demonstrated a survival benefit.

      [edit] Chemotherapy
      Small-cell lung cancer is treated primarily with chemotherapy, as surgery has no demonstrable influence on survival. Primary chemotherapy is also given in metastatic NSCLC.

      The combination regimen depends on the tumour type:

      NSCLC: cisplatin or carboplatin, in combination with gemcitabine, paclitaxel, docetaxel, etoposide or vinorelbine. In metastatic lung cancer, the addition of bevacizumab when added to carboplatin and paclitaxel was found to improve survival (though in this study, patients with squamous cell lung cancer were excluded because of problems with pulmonary hemorrhage in this group in the past).
      SCLC: cisplatin or carboplatin, in combination etoposide or ifosfamide; combinations with gemcitabine, paclitaxel, vinorelbine, topotecan and irinotecan are being studied.

      [edit] Targeted therapy
      In recent years, various molecular targeted therapies have been developed for the treatment of advanced lung cancer. Gefitinib (Iressa) is one such drug, which targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) which is expressed in many cases of NSCLC. However despite an exciting start it was not shown to increase survival, although females, Asians, non-smokers and those with the adenocarcinoma cell type appear to be deriving most benefit from gefitinib.

      A newer drug called erlotinib (Tarceva), another EGF-R inhibitor, has been shown to increase survival in lung cancer patients and has recently been approved by the FDA for second-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. [Similar to gefitinib, it appeared to work best in females, Asians, non-smokers and those with the adenocarcinoma cell type.]

      A number of targeted agents are at the early stages of clinical research, such as cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors, the pre-apoptic inhibitor exisulind, proteasome inhibitors, bexarotene (Targretin) and vaccines[19]

      Treatment of non-small cell lung cancer is evolving.

      [edit] Radiotherapy
      Radiotherapy is often given together with chemotherapy, and may be used with curative intent in patients who are not eligible for surgery. A radiation dose of 40 or more Gy in many fractions is commonly used with curative intent in non-small cell lung cancer; typically in North America, the dose prescribed is 60 or 66 Gy in 30 to 33 fractions given once daily, 5 days a week, for 6 to 6½ weeks. For small cell lung cancer cases that are potentially curable, in addition to chemotherapy, chest radiation is often recommended. For these small cell lung cancer cases, chest radiation doses of 40 Gy or more in many fractions are commonly given; typically in North America, the dose prescribed is 45 to 50 Gy and can be given in either once daily treatments for 5 weeks or twice daily treatments for 3 weeks.

      For both non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer patients, radiation of disease in the chest to smaller doses (typically 20 Gy in 5 fractions) may be used for symptom control.

      [edit] Interventional radiology
      Radiofrequency ablation is increasing in popularity for this condition as it is nontoxic and causes very little pain. It seems especially effective when combined with chemotherapy as it catches the cells inside a tumor—the ones difficult to get with chemotherapy due to reduced blood supply to the inside of the tumor. It is done by inserting a small heat probe into the tumor to cook the tumor cells. The body then disposes of the cooked cells through its normal eliminative processes.

      [edit] Epidemiology

      Lung cancer distribution in the United States.The population segment most likely to develop lung cancer is the over-fifties who also have a history of smoking. Lung cancer is the second most commonly occurring form of cancer in most western countries, and it is the leading cancer-related cause of death for men and women. In the US, 175,000 new cases are expected in 2006:[20] 90,700 in men and 80,000 in women. Although the rate of men dying from lung cancer is declining in western countries, it is actually increasing for women due to the increased takeup of smoking by this group. Among lifetime non-smokers, men who have never smoked have higher age-standardized lung cancer death rates than women. Of the 80,000 women who are diagnosed with lung cancer in 2006, approximately 70,000 are expected to die from it.[21]

      Lung cancer was extremely rare prior to the advent of cigarette smoking. In 1878, malignant lung tumors made up only 1% of all cancers seen at autopsy; this had risen to 10-15% by the early 1900s[22]. Case reports in the medical literature numbered only 374 worldwide in 1912[23]. The British Doctors Study, published in the 1950s, first offered solid epidemiological evidence on the link between lung cancer and smoking.

      Not all cases of lung cancer are due to smoking, but the role of passive smoking is increasingly being recognised as a risk factor for lung cancer, leading to policy interventions to decrease undesired exposure of non-smokers to others' tobacco smoke.

      In the Second World and Third World, smoking-related lung cancer is rising rapidly in incidence. Countries such as China are expected to see a marked increase in lung cancer cases as smoking is exceedingly common and other causes of death (such as infections) are becoming less common, revealing an "iceberg" of pulmonary neoplasms. Cheap tobacco products and heavy advertising are seen by health campaigners as a major problem in these countries.

      [edit] Prevention

      [edit] Primary prevention
      Prevention is the most cost-effective means of fighting lung cancer on the national and global scales. While in most countries industrial and domestic carcinogens have been identified and banned, tobacco smoking is still widespread. Eliminating tobacco smoking is a primary goal in the fight to prevent lung cancer, and smoking cessation is the most important preventative tool in this process.

      Policy interventions to decrease passive smoking (e.g. in restaurants and workplaces) have become more common in various Western countries, with California taking a lead in banning smoking in public establishments in 1998, Ireland playing a similar role in Europe in 2004, followed by Italy and Norway in 2005 and Scotland as well as several others in 2006. New Zealand has also recently banned smoking in public places. (See Smoking ban).

      Only the Asian state of Bhutan has a complete smoking ban (since 2005). In many countries pressure groups are campaigning for similar bans. Arguments cited against such bans is criminalisation of smoking, increased risk of smuggling and the risk that such a ban cannot be enforced.

      [edit] Screening and secondary prevention
      Regular chest radiography and sputum examination programs were not effective in reducing mortality from lung cancer.[24] Earlier studies (Mayo Lung Project and Czechoslovakia lung cancer screening study, combining over 17,000 smokers) showed earlier detection of lung cancer was possible but mortality was not improved. Simply detecting a tumor at an earlier stage may not necessarily yield improved mortality. For example, plain radiography resulted in increased time from diagnosis of cancer until death and those cancers being detected by screening tended to be earlier stages. However, these patients continued to die at the same rate as those who are not screened. At present, no professional or specialty organization advocates screening for lung cancer outside of clinical trials.

      A computed tomography (CT) scan can uncover tumors not yet visible on an X-ray. CT scanning is now being actively evaluated as a screening tool for lung cancer in high risk patients, and it is showing promising results. The USA-based National Cancer Institute is currently completing a randomized trial comparing CT scans with chest radiographs. Several single-institution trials are ongoing around the world. The International Early Lung Cancer Action Project published the results of CT screening on over 31,000 high-risk patients in late 2006 in the New England Journal of Medicine.[25] In this study 85% of the 484 detected lung cancers were stage I and thus highly treatable. Mathematically these stage I patients would have an expected 10-year survival of 88%. However, there was no randomization of patients (all received CT scans and there was no comparison group receiving only x-rays) and the patients were not actually followed out to 10 years post detection (the median followup was 40 months). Other studies are underway in this area to see if decreased long-term mortality can be directly observed from CT screening.

      It should be noted that screening studies have only been done in high risk populations, such as smokers and workers with occupational exposure to certain substances. This is important when one considers that repeated radiation exposure from screening could actually induce carcinogenesis in a small percentage of screened subjects, so this risk should be mitigated by a (relatively) high prevalence of lung cancer in the population being screened.

  8. QUESTION:
    Metastatic adenocarcinoma from Lungs-treatment ?
    My Close & dear relative has cancer...47years/Male... In Liver biopsy report it is stated that ' Metastatic adenocarcinoma ' & then Doctor took MRI scan & said primary cancer is in LEFT LUNG,which spread to Liver,Spleen,Cervical nodes & lymphatic...something ( I dont know the term).The Doctor said the survival time will be 5months if chemotherapy is taken or else it will b only 3 months...
    1) Chemotherapy will be Painful & Suffering ?
    2) Does Ayurvedic & Homeopathy helps at this stage ?
    3) Is Palliative care - the only option :(
    4) Palliative care + Ayurvedic or Homeopathy is Helpful ?
    5) Is there any medicines to lessen the Pain suffered by patient ( Doctor has prescribed two tablets but its moderate only & I can't ask him bcos doctor is 500kms away)
    6) Please check this article in below link & say SHALL HE TAKE ASPIRIN as said in the newspaper
    http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-features/tp-sundaymagazine/article3614823.ece

    Please answer all the questions, I m confused,Help Me & Doctors answers are most welcome...Thanks in advance...

    • ANSWER:
      1. Aspirin to be taken under strict medical supervision. Lest, the symptoms may get aggravated.
      2. One such case, we came across from Hyderabad. The patient who was declared to survive for a month on 01102011 is still surviving comfortably. Details follow---------------
      3. The symptoms cited---------an offshoot of blocked energy + accumulated toxins Brain, Spinal cord, liver, lungs, Thyroid & Parathyroid, lymphatic system, Spleen, hormonal imbalance with a displaced solar plexus.

      4. TARGET THERAPY* It is the God-given therapy communicated to the mankind through THE RIGVEDA, one of the Hindu scriptures.
      Target Therapy---Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies, [comprising Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Bio-chemic salts, Herbal Remedies, Yoga/Meditation, Magneto-therapy, Sidha, etc.,] U can have sizable & perceivable relief in 45-90 days. @ no/affordable costs, No side effects, and No Hospitalization.

      Latest recorded documentation on cure for ‘breast cancer’-live case.
      •1. A diabetic patient aged 62 years from Hyderabad. Mastectomy of left breast in 2005 and recurrence of tumors in the left chest in 2011. Metastases/Secondaries spread to sternum and complained of breathing problems, constipation, insomnia, severe pain edema in the left chest. Chemotherapy is fraught with severe reactions & doctors refused to treat her due to advancing age & extremely weak constitution. On 01102011 Doctors @ Image Hospitals, Hyderabad predicted, in the light of prognosis, metastases, etc., that she would live for a month. Patient shifted to Acupressure Techniques & Indian Natural Remedies on 17102011. Feed back Dated 01012012-sleeping well, edema and pain subsided substantially and no problem of breathing on passing very stinking stools on 15122011. Again the patient approached us for further treatment and the domiciliary treatment is commenced on 25042012 and she is getting on well. Her son made a phone on 12052012 and told that her appetite improved, constipation issues solved, sleeping well. Excepting that she has severe sciatica pain, for which we suggested them to contact an Acupuncturist @ Hyderabad.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •On 10062012, her son rang up and sought further medication for stomachache, bronchial asthma. Sciatica pain under check.
      •Impression of CT Scanning- Dated: 22092011 [before commencement of target therapy—Known case of carcinoma of left breast, post modified radical mastectomy, multiple lung secondaries, chest wall metastases.
      •CT Scanning Dated 21062012 [after 2 sets/bouts of target therapy] Bilateral pulmonary sternal metastases, Bilateral plural effusion. Target therapy for another 45 days continues.
      PS. If satisfied/benefited with, inform others to browse 'Yahoo Answers’ on any health issue.

      •Source: ‘HEALTH IN UR HANDS’ [Vol.I & II] available in all Indian Languages all over the globe] by Dr.Devendra Vora, DSc.,MD.,FRCP.,---an octogenarian & the pioneer in Acupressure in India.
      Dr.Vora, the world renowned Acupressurist, an octogenarian and the Bhishma Pithamaha of acupressure in India--- treated and caused to treat more than 150000 cases of Cancer, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes, irregular menses and also many other most dreaded diseases.

  9. QUESTION:
    Why are the MD's in hospital pushing the cancer sufferer so strongly to have a chemo. ?
    I went to hospital today with my grandpa and the doctors told him about his cancer in the stomach. They said that an operation is unavoidable due to the blockage of food to duodenum.
    Fine, he sign for the operation.
    And than they started this chemo pressure. He refused and the two MD called another doctor, and another, and all of them telling him how important is to have this chemotherapy for his gastric adenocarcinoma. Why the pressure? Can't the patient have his own decision any more? Help us please. It is really important for him.

    • ANSWER:
      Chemotherapy is intended to kill off the microscopic malignant cells that 'seed' into the blood stream from the orignal cancer. These malignant cells are not visible and can travel throughout the body and lodge anywhere. Wherever they lodge they start a new cancer colony and repeat the whole cycle all over again indefinitely. This process is called metastasis . .and it is what makes cancer life threatening. I am not sure why the doctors did not make this clear to your grandfather . .as long as he is aware of what choice he is making . . that the only known way to kill microscopic and residual diesease is by chemotherapy . . than that is his choice. Many people think that if they can't see the cancer or they feel fine . . than why bother. But the problem is that the cancer is deceptive . . it can remain dormant . . the original tumor can send out hundreds if not thousands of malignant cells . . these small cells can hide in the body, remain dormant, and suddenly all at once the hundreds of cells begin to grow . . at the same time . . like mushrooms sprouting after a rainstorm. It is this ability of the cells to grow everywhere all at once that shocks people when suddenly they find themselves filled with cancer and there is nothing more a doctor can do. That is the danger. As long as your grandfather understands that he is taking a risk with his life and that the cancer could reoccur with a vengence anywhere in the body (but usually in the lungs, liver, or brain as that is where the blood path flows). His doctors have seen this happen with many, many other patients . . they've experienced it and have seen patients who have refused chemotherapy later regret their decisions. They have seen patients who take chemotherapy survive the disease or at least be given a fighting chance for survival. A doctor has seen that the best chance for long term survival for cancer . . is treatment in combination . . using chemotherapy, surgery, or radiation . . to try and stay in front of that growing and spreading cancer.

      Your grandfather probably feels fine . . and is a patient that does not quite understand that cancer will not allow you to make a mistake. He gets one chance . .

      You should do some research on the disease . . do not underestimate it:

      NCI: Stomach cancer
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/stomach/

      cancer.net: Stomach Cancer
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Cancer+Types/Stomach+Cancer

      Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Gastric Cancer
      http://www.asco.org/ASCO/Education+&+Training/Education/Educational+Book?&vmview=edbk_detail_view&confID=40&abstractID=222

adenocarcinoma lung cancer metastasis brain

A To Z Cancers

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    What are some good motivational and insporational songs for someone with breast cancer?
    My aunt was just diagnosed with an aggressive form of breast cancer. I'd like to make a CD of inspirational and upbeat songs to give her hope and motivation as she goes thru chemo, surgery and radiation over the course of the next few months. Any great suggestions would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      I've search lots of blogs for the same thing for my friend to put on her ipod - here is a list of all the ones I've found so far - good luck!
      Unwritten by Natashia Bettingfield
      Bubbly by Colbie Caillat
      Breathe Again by toni braxton
      summer breeze by Seals and Croft
      "Channel Z" the B-52's (great beat and exciting vocals)
      "Shine" Cyndi Lauper
      "Move" Phil Joel
      Coming out of the dark - by Gloria Estefan
      "Birdhouse in your soul" They Might Be Giants
      "All Fired Up" Pat Benatar (such a good one)
      Jesus Take the Wheel by Carrie Underwood
      "I Believe" Jeremy Camp Can't Hold Us Down - Christina Aguilera
      Won't Back Down - Tom Petty
      Kokomo - Beach Boys (I just like the sound of this one, there isn't really anything inspirational about it but it puts me in a good mood)
      Walking On Sunshine - Katrina & the Waves
      Don't Stop - Fleetwood Mac
      Be As - Prozzak
      Fly - Hilary Duff
      Down That Road - Leahy
      Soak Up the Sun - ?? I can't remember
      Why Not - Hilary Duff
      Fighter - Christina Aguilera
      You Gotta Be - Des'ree
      Lead Me On - Amy Grant
      Return to Innocence - Enigma
      Stand - Jewel
      In Your Soul - Corey Hart
      Intuition - Jewel
      True To Your Heart - 98 Degrees
      Walking Away - Craig David
      I Don't Wanna Be - Gavin DeGraw
      Pop - 'Nsync (I like this one for the message in it about respecting people and letting them do what they like)
      Any Man of Mine - Shania Twain

  2. QUESTION:
    How did breast cancer fundraisers manage to terrify all these young girls?
    .....without giving them the slightest idea what breast cancer is and how it develops.

    The ignorance we see sometimes is frightening.

    • ANSWER:
      Well, it's partly breast cancer fundraisers; almost no 'breast cancer awareness' campaign includes that essential piece of awareness - it doesn't happen to teenagers, it's very rare in younger women, and most people diagnosed with it are over 50.

      My favourite breast cancer awareness slogan was '80% over 50', which you don't see any more.

      But it's not just the breast cancer campaigners. Many of the young girls who post on here terrified that they have breast cancer have had health education lessons about breast cancer, taught by people without a clue who , at best, don't tell them that their chances of getting it are ZERO and, at worst, encourage them to do breast self exams.

      I occasionally work at a highly regarded girls' high school. Last week I saw a notice about forthcoming events on a 'house' noticeboard - among Autumn term events was 'Breast Cancer Awareness Month'.

      I checked - they didn't have any Alzheimer's events lined up. Why not? Any teenage girl worrying about breast cancer should be worrying about that too.

      Horrifically, a teenage girl posting on here once had been to 'Breast cancer awareness camp'!

      I think that BC awareness month should have a major focus on breast cancer and age this year; next year if it's too late for this year - maybe we should all campaign for that

      EDIT: in the last 24 hours I have answered 8 questions in this section from girls too young to have it terrified they had breast cancer

      EDIT: 9

      EDIT: 10

      There'll be more, but I'm going to bed...

      EDIT* Excellent idea, Z - I'm in! Have emailed you

  3. QUESTION:
    What is a word that starts with Z or Q having to do with chemo or leukemia?
    I am working on and ABC book for school that is about childhood leukemia and I need a word for Z and a word for Q. Please help it's due on halloween!!

    • ANSWER:
      Questions for your doctor.
      Quiet in the hospital! shhh....
      Quick - chemotherapy kills the fast growing cells, which is why hair falls out, as most cancer cells grow quickly.
      or for older kids:
      Quotient - longevity q or lordosis q
      Quinton central venous catheter.
      qualitative mapping or q platelet dysfunction
      quantitative bone scan

      Zzzzzs - get lots of sleep to help you get better fast.
      Zones - Steadman's Oncology book has several zones including chemoreceptor trigger z; junctional z, mantle z, transition z.
      ZeroRad MRI scan

  4. QUESTION:
    Would the airforce take away a scholarship if they were informed the recipeient had cancer?
    A friend of mine was rewarded with a scholarship through the air force and was later diagnosed with cancer. She is now in remission but is concerned that they will take the scholarship away if she informs them of her situation. She does not have the same strength she did when interviewed and is worried that they will kick her out of the program because she is in bad shape. Would they be sympathetic to the situation or would they take away the scholarship?

    • ANSWER:
      You must understand that you said remission. This does not mean she is cancer free but there is currently no activity and it could return.

      If she continues with the scholarship and does not notify the AF and later the cancer comes on full force...she fraudulently took their money. She will end up paying it back.

      She needs to tell them and let them determine the proper course of action.

      Semper Fi,
      Z

  5. QUESTION:
    My friends and I are going to shave our heads for cancer charity, how long will it take to grow back?
    My friends and I are going to shave our heads for cancer charity, how long will it take to grow back? or to grow to not-being-bald ish?

    • ANSWER:
      That is so amazing that you would do that to help raise money. So many girls end up being bald because of cancer through no choice of their own. I am really amazed to hear there are girls willing to give up their vanity to help.

      Now hair usually grows at a half inch a month so in 4-6 months you could have a really cute spikey look like this!

      http://z.about.com/d/beauty/1/0/l/H/short7.JPG

  6. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know where to buy or who distributes a canned beef stew sold under the name Brookdale?
    Since his cancer treatment, this is one of the few foods my husband says tastes fairly normal. We received one can in a donation food bag, and I can't find it sold anywhere in my area, nor has a web search turned up anything. HELP! He needs the calories!

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry about your husband's cancer.

      I just checked it out on the Internet and nothing came up. You might call a large local grocery store, ask for their buyer and see if he or she knows of a supplier. 'nother place would be your local wholesale SYSCO store.

      I wish you and your husband the very best

      I just thought of another place to look. It appears they make lots of other stuff, but I don't see where or who produces it.

      Corned Beef (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 2 oz; Calories: 120, Total Fat: 6g, Carbs: 0g, Protein: 15g
      Beef Stew (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 1 cup (236g); Calories: 250, Total Fat: 16g, Carbs: 16g, Protein: 11g
      Chicken Breast In Water, 98% Fat Free (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 2 oz. (56 g); Calories: 50, Total Fat: 0.5g, Carbs: 1g, Protein: 10g
      Corned Beef Hash (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 1 cup; Calories: 380, Total Fat: 24g, Carbs: 22g, Protein: 20g
      Creamed Rice (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 210g; Calories: 235, Total Fat: 5.7g, Carbs: 38.9g, Protein:
      Roast Beef With Gravy (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 2/3 cup (152g); Calories: 170, Total Fat: 8g, Carbs: 4g, Protein: 24g
      Chicken Breast (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 2 oz.; Calories: 50, Total Fat: .05g, Carbs: 1g, Protein: 10g
      Chicken Breast, 98% Fat Free (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 2 0z.; Calories: 60, Total Fat: 1g, Carbs: 0g, Protein: 11g
      Heat & Serve Beef Stew (Brookdale)
      Serving Size: 1 cup; Calories: 250, Total Fat: 16g, Carbs: 16g, Protein: 10g
      Can't find what you're looking for? Add a new food to our database.
      http://www.livestrong.com/thedailyplate/nutrition-calories/food/brookdale/

      In as much as they mention it here, you might post a comment and see if anyone responds:

      POSTED: December 12, 2008
      Save | Print | Email | Read comments | Post a comment
      Email: "Tasty dishes can be expanded"
      *To:

      <--TO Email REQUIRED!
      *From:

      <--FROM Email REQUIRED!

      Brooks Memorial Hospital Today I'm going to give you a mixture of recipes and health tips. This week I decided to try an experiment. I know that soon, mothers will have to cook more while the kids are on vacation, so I worked out a meal that can grow and grow.

      I bought a 24 oz. can of Brookdale beef stew. I like Progresso's, too. There's really quite a bit of meat in it and little liquid. I added a 15 oz. can of baby peas and some beef broth by Chef's Cupboard. You can use College Inn broth or Swanson's for variations. Then to make the pot bigger, I diced up three potatoes. I left the skins on. Do I have to tell you I washed them first? I also diced up one large carrot, put it in the microwave for eight minutes, added it to my mixture and heated it. It really was tasty. There was enough to feed five or six people. If unexpected company comes in, add more vegetables and broth. You can really stretch this recipe. I'd keep an extra can of beef stew around in case you need it. It all takes about 20 minutes. It's economical, too. You can make variations by adding cut beans, corn, lima beans - use your imagination.

      http://www.observertoday.com/page/content.detail/id/515560.html?nav=5059

      you might call or write:

      Customer Relations
      ALDI Inc.
      1200 N. Kirk Rd.
      Batavia, IL 60510 as it appears in something I read that they carry your Brookdale beef stew
      http://aldi.us/us/html/company/company_customer_service_ENU_HTML.htm?WT.z_src=main

      Brand Owner (click to sort)
      BROOKDALE ALDI INC.
      http://www.findownersearch.com/category/MEAT/

      ALDI location and store hours
      http://aldi.us/us/html/service/store_locator_ENU_HTML.htm?WT.z_src=main

      I'm going to run out of websites as i think i'm limited to 10

  7. QUESTION:
    How many tyes of cancer is there?
    I know there are many types of Cancer but i am doing a research project and i would like to know how many types of cancer there is. [completely]

    • ANSWER:
      There are over two different types of cancer and within those types are many, many variations and subtypes. There is not a cell in the body that cannot become cancerous. Anyway you can find a list of many of the common types of cancer at the National Cancer Institute site:

      NCI
      http://www.cancer.gov/

      List of cancers from A-Z
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/alphalist/a-d

      There are also about 200 different rare cancers for both pediatric and adults.

      Rare Cancer Alliance
      http://www.rare-cancer.org/

  8. QUESTION:
    What should I do to make my hair grow faster?
    I'm 16 and in May I shaved all my hair off to raise money for cancer. It has been growing back but not quite at quickly as I would like. It's about 3-4 inches after 8 months. Is there anything I can do (or not do?) to make it grow faster?
    Thanks in advance (:

    • ANSWER:
      oho juz dnt worry simply massage them with a lukewarm coconut oil whenevr u get to bed for sleeping n also increase the intake of protein in ur diet n try to cut down the intke of junk food n cold drinks as well as the intake of alcohol . Get them trimmed after every 3 mnths this will increase the rate of ur hair growth n will also remove ur other problems related with ur hairs believe me this will really eradicate ur hair prob'z juz tc n all the best.........!

  9. QUESTION:
    How does the natal chart work?
    When people say things like "Leo moon Cancer sun" or words like "eros" they might as well be speaking Japanese to me. If you could tell me what these terms mean: Ascendent- Rising.

    I have a base understanding of Astrology but the natal is downright confusing.

    • ANSWER:
      well you gotta get yoru chart drawn up.

      you could use astro.com .

      wel i'm sure you know your sun sign don't you? that's the sign that people say they are. "i'm a taurus" someone says, means they have taurus sun. then pay attention to your moon sign as well. this is your inner emotional nature which is quite important as well. and also your rising sign. this is your mask that the outward world sees you as, at least to some extent. everything gets filtered through the ascendnat. then there are 8 planets that we pay attention to as well. but start with the sun, moon and rising first. you could try reading a book also like "the only astrology book you'll ever need" or "a to z horoscope maker and delineator". they will tell you about a lot of stuff you need to know.

  10. QUESTION:
    Who do you think is the best rapper that passed away?
    My money is on either Big L or Tupac.
    Tupac enjoyed huge commercial success, but Big L got the attention he deserved.
    The sad thing is that i heard he got fatally shot on the way to signing with Jay-Z

    what do you guys think?

    • ANSWER:
      10. Cowboy (Grandmaster Flash & The Furious 5)

      Death: On Saturday, September 8 1989, Cowboy died of complications from HIV AIDS. He was two weeks shy of his 39th birthday.

      When people think of Grandmaster Flash and Furious 5, they first automatically think of Melle Mel, but Cowboy was the backbone of the group along with Scorpio. There wasn’t much publicity when he passed, mostly because he already contributed what he had to the culture.

      9. MC Trouble

      Death: MC Trouble died of an epileptic seizure in 1991, on her 19th birthday.

      MC Trouble was the first female emcee ever signed to Motown Records. In 1990 she made her rounds on BET and YO! MTV Raps with “(I Wanna) Wanna Make You Mine”. The track was hot, and unfortunately she died before really making a name for herself.

      8. Buffy (Fat Boys)

      Death: on December 10, 1995, Darren "Buffy, the Human Beatbox" Robinson died of a heart attack in Rosedale, New York. He was 28 years old and reportedly 450 lbs.

      Growing up I was a huge fan of the Fat Boys. They were funny, confident and made some fresh music. I think after their movie Disorderlies they pretty much worn out their welcome. They broke up for awhile, which was fine. Prince Markie Dee was doing his thing. Then talk of reunion surfaced, which I think would have been dope over some those beats from the mid-90’s from Pete Rock, Large Professor, or Evil Dee. I mean it worked for Run-DMC and “Down with The King” right?

      7. Eazy E

      Death: In 1995, Eazy-E entered the hospital with what he believed to be bronchitis. He was diagnosed with AIDS, and almost immediately announced his illness to the public. He died soon after, on March 26, 1995.

      Eazy E didn’t write his own lyrics until the last years of his life. He was wack. But when Cube or Ren wrote them, he was one of the best emcees ever. He had the perfect voice, look and attitude. If it wasn’t for him, there’s a lot of things that wouldn’t have happened in hip-hop.

      6. Grym Reaper aka Too Poetic (Gravediggaz)

      Death: In April 1999: "Grym Reaper" was diagnosed with a deadly colon cancer, and was given only three months to live. On Sunday, July 15, 2001, Anthony “Grym Reaper” Berkeley passed away, almost two years longer than the time he was given by the doctors.

      Most people forget about Grym, but his contributions to the first two excellent Gravediggaz albums and the heart and passion he showed on the last Gravediggaz album has to be applauded. He was an excellent emcee, but honestly I don’t miss him as much as some other emcees.

      5. Ol Dirty Bastard

      Death: ODB collapsed at approximately 5:29pm on November 13, 2004 at Wu-Tang's recording studio. He was pronounced dead less than an hour later, only two days shy of his 36th birthday. He had a lethal mixture of cocaine and the prescription painkiller Tramadol in his system at the time of his death.

      I liked ODB. I liked his personality; I liked his unpredictable nature and just his craziness. It made for funny, entertaining hip-hop. His flow wasn’t to bad either, especially on the DJ Premier-produced cut “Pop Shots” with M.O.P.

      4. Tupac

      Death: Tupac was shot in a drive-by on September 7, 1996 after the boxing match between Mike Tyson and Bruce Seldon in Las Vegas. Shakur was hit several times (including once in the lung) while attempting to jump in the back seat. He died in the hospital on September 13, 1996.

      I really haven’t had an urge to want to hear new Tupac music at all. He made so many tracks that they’re still coming out almost a decade after his death. I would like to see what he would be doing nowadays and if he ever would have squashed his beef with everyone. Although lyrically, Pac has never impressed me, but his passion, charisma and honesty always caught my attention. Me Against the World is still his best album.

      3. Notorious B.I.G.

      Death: On March 9, 1997, Biggie was shot and killed in Los Angeles, where he had been attending a party by VIBE Magazine near the Peterson Automotive Museum.

      After hearing the Duets album, and the regurgitation of Biggie lyrics that we’ve heard over and over again, it would definitely be nice to hear him spit some new stuff over beats from the Neptunes, Kanye and Timbaland. He’s really one of the best that’s ever done it.

      2. Big Pun

      Death: Struggling with weight problems during his lifetime, Pun died on February 7, 2000 after a fatal heart attack.

      I’m a Big Pun fan, and it really hurt my heart when he passed. It was cool to see a Latino represent with skills plus make dope hits. I really put him up there with Biggie, Jigga, Rakim, Nas, you know, the legends in the game. He just left too early to do more than he did.

      1. Big L

      Death: On February 15 , 1999 Big L was shot seven times in the head and chest and killed on 139th Street, just blocks away from his Harlem home. He was 24 years old.

  11. QUESTION:
    Should I report my sister to CPS for giving marijuana to her son?
    He has cancer, and she CLAIMS it is helping - but how can getting your child addicted to drugs help him? She CLAIMS his doctor and hospice recommended it. Right! I don't believe that for an instant.
    By the way - she is a liberal, so we know where she is coming from! I think he would do better in foster care!

    • ANSWER:
      I notice that you "conveniently" left out the child's age in this post. But actually, it does not matter.
      If the doctor agrees and filled out a prescription, it is legal and you cannot do anything about it except making it such that you will not be seeing your sister for a very long time. You are interfering with your sister as a mother and is the legal caregiver in this case. z

  12. QUESTION:
    Can anyone help me with my easter chocolate quiz?
    Hiya. Im trying to design an easter quiz to raise money for Macmillan Cancer Support. The theme of the quiz is the 'A to Z of chocolate'. Does anyone know of chocolates that begin with the letters H, I, J, Q, U, X & Z? Can be chocs that are available now or from the past. Thanx.

    • ANSWER:
      H- Hershey's
      I- ICAM, Ithaca
      J- Jacques, Jaffa Cakes, Jack Daniel
      U- ÜLKER
      Q- Quality Street
      Z-ZettI, Zero

      Good luck!

  13. QUESTION:
    Estimate the probability that a randomly selected cell phone user will develop such a cancer.?
    In a study of 420,095 cell phone users in Denmark, it was found that 135 developed cancer of the brain or nervous system. Is the result very different from the probability of 0.000340 that was found for the general population? What does the result suggest about cell phones as a cause of such cancers, as has been claimed?

    • ANSWER:
      Hypothesis Test for proportions:

      Let X be the number of success in n independent and identically distributed Bernoulli trials, i.e., X ~ Binomial(n, p)

      To test the null hypothesis of the form
      H0: p = p0, or
      H0: p ≥ p0, or
      H0: p ≤ p0

      Assuming that n*p0 > 10 and n * (1-p0) > 10 (some will say the necessary condition here is > 5, I prefer this more conservative assumption so that the approximations in the tail of the distribution are more accurate) then

      find the test statistic z = (pHat - p0) / sqrt(p0 * (1-p0) / n)

      where pHat = X / n

      The p-value of the test is the area under the normal curve that is in agreement with the alternate hypothesis.
      H1: p ≠ p0; p-value is the area in the tails greater than |z|
      H1: p p0; p-value is the area to the right of z

      If the p-value is less than or equal to the significance level α, i.e., p-value ≤ α, then we reject the null hypothesis and conclude the alternate hypothesis is true. If the p-value is greater than the significance level, i.e., p-value > α, then we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude that the null is plausible. Note that we can conclude the alternate is true, but we cannot conclude the null is true, only that it is plausible.

      The hypothesis test in this question is:

      H0: p0 = 0.00034 vs. H1: p0 ≠ 0.00034

      The test statistic is:
      z = ( 0.0003213559 - 0.00034 ) / ( √ ( 0.00034 * (1 - 0.00034 ) / 420095 )
      z = -0.6554657

      The p-value = P( Z > |z| )
      = P( Z 0.6554657 )
      = 2 * P( Z < -0.6554657 )
      = 0.512168

      Since the p-value is greater than the significance level of 0.05 we fail to reject the null hypothesis and conclude p = 0.00034 is plausible.

  14. QUESTION:
    Can Lung Cancer be detected in a chest x-ray when you have pneumonia?
    I recently went in to the doctor because I had a persistent cough. It started at the beginning of summer, lasted for about 6 weeks and went away for about a month. Then my cough came back and I went to the doctor for it again. They took a chest x-ray as well as a CVC. They ultimately concluded that it was walking pneumonia and sent me off with Pulmicort Flexhaler. After a couple of days I wasn't getting better so I went back to the doctor and they gave me a z-pack, some cough medicine, and prednisone(sp?). Although my cough seems to be getting better I am still having small chest pains and it is igniting my fears of lung cancer. My question is, although I was diagnosed with walking pneumonia, would the doctor have been able to tell if a lung tumor was present in my x-ray or could there have been a mistake?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, lung cancer can be found in a chest x-ray.

      cough, or persistant cough is one of the symptoms of lung cancer. Other symptoms include:

      coughing up phelem or blood
      pain when coughing
      shortness of breath

  15. QUESTION:
    How do I find names and addresses for people in a city?
    I'm raising money for breast cancer research and I'm sending out letters to get people to donate.
    I tried, tried, and tried to find places such as white pages, someplace that starts with a z and similar websites and I can't seems to find names and addresses.

    Does anybody know a good place where I can get them?

    • ANSWER:
      here is a good site to find names and addresses but you can do only once to get the current street address for Free or else do it from different IP (computer and houshold should be different)

  16. QUESTION:
    What is the difference between certain cancers?
    This might sound like a stupid question. I mean I think some are classified by where the tumor or bad cells are but what about others ones that can be anywhere?

    Such as Ewing Sarcoma and Rhabdomyosarcoma?
    - What is the difference?
    - How does the doctor pick one to diagnose?

    • ANSWER:
      Doctors do not pick one to diagnose. They diagnose what is in front of them.
      Ewing Sarcoma and Rhabdomyosarcoma are two different diseases. They look different. They act different.
      Ewing sarcomas are a small cell tumor that can occur in the bone or soft tissue and they have round blue cells.
      Rhabdomyosarcomas have 4 categories embryonal , alveolar, pleomorphic and mixed. They also have Z bands.
      Sometimes cancer is named after the person who discovered it, such as Karposi or Langerhans. Other times it is the site of origin such a s colon or breast and yet with others the origin is not as obvious as it seems, For instance lymphoma can occur in the testis or breast yet they are not breast cancer or testicular cancer they are still lymphomas.
      Ugh. I just read what I wrote and I don’t think I made it any easier for you.
      What it comes down to is what the cells tell the pathologist.

  17. QUESTION:
    where in India does the tropic of cancer and the time meridian of India meet?
    name the city/ region where the tropic of cancer and the time meridian of india [ eighty two and a half degrees ] meet.

    • ANSWER:
      The Tropic of Cancer lies 23° 26′ 22″ north of the Equator.

      They meet just north of Ambikapur

      map here --- http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&geocode=&time=&date=&ttype=&q=23.45,83.30&ie=UTF8&ll=23.342256,84.759521&spn=4.376955,8.173828&z=7&iwloc=addr&om=1

  18. QUESTION:
    What are benefits of Fucoidan seaweed? I heard about Zradical or Z-radical drink does it help prevent cancer?
    I asked this question before but, none of the responses helped me.
    My family has a history of cancer, I heard about Zradical or Z-radical,
    It contains Fucoidan and wondering if Fucoidan can prevent cancers?
    Thanks

    • ANSWER:
      Yes i Drink Zradical all the time. Fucoidan is Very Beneficial for Health. Have you heard of Pubmed.gov? Its a governmental website with over 900 scientific studies on Fucoidan. Just type in “fucoidan” in the search bar and read the published articles. And if you are looking for more information on Z-radical, http://www.zradical.org/ .
      I hope i answered your questions.

  19. QUESTION:
    which rapper do you have the most respect for?
    Not who do you like the msot, but who in the rap game do you respect not necassariyl for their music. I have a lot of respect for Jay Z, because he's one of the few rappers who says I dont do drugs (even though I can guarentee a lot dont but claim to) and even though he sold out he has never claimed otherwise. He just seems like an honest dude, you know. Plus, he makes a lot of money and does most of it by himself, which is dope.

    • ANSWER:
      Doesn't Jay-Z have a few lines implying he smokes weed? Or does he not count that?

      But I got respect for Method Man, cause he's probably one of the most straight up, real rappers. And by real I don't mean, he sells cocaine and shoots people, he just calls it like it is and handles his stuff pretty maturely. (the whole senario with that Jackson lady announcing his wife had cancer)

      Edit: Yeah you're right, it was.

  20. QUESTION:
    What are some great outdoor vacations in the USA?
    My wife's sister just passed away after a 9 month battle with cancer. My wife took care of her the entire time, and would like to get out of the house for a while. We have been thinking about taking a vacation - something adventurous outdoors like hiking in the Appalachians or seeing the Grand Canyon. Does anyone have any good ideas or could you share good experience(s) you had with your outdoor/adventure vacation(s)?

    Thanks

    Harry

    • ANSWER:
      If you plan to go to the Grand Canyon, consider also checking out the canyon country of southern Utah. Do the "Grand Loop" to see Zion, Bryce Canyon and Arches National Parks. Bryce Canyon is one of the most fantastic sights in the southwestern U.S.
      http://www.nps.gov/brca/
      http://www.nps.gov/zion/index.htm
      You can cross the Colorado River at Lake Powell
      http://maps.google.com/maps?sourceid=navclient&rlz=1T4HPIA_enUS314US314&q=lake+powell+az&um=1&ie=UTF-8&split=0&gl=us&ei=SPibSvXTHZKyswOMn9yUDg&sa=X&oi=geocode_result&ct=image&resnum=1

      Ruby's Inn at the entrance to Bryce is where everyone stays.
      http://www.rubysinn.com/

      Utah Route 12 is one of the most scenic roads in the country. Red Canyon and Big Thunder Road in Dixie National Forest is the inspiration for Disneyland's Big Thunder Mountain (see the picture I took in link below)
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RedRockUtah.jpg
      http://www.utah.com/byways/highway_12.htm
      http://scenicbyway12.com/
      __________________________

      A must see is Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Park
      http://www.nps.gov/seki/index.htm

      There are many trails that connect the Sequoia groves.
      http://www.sequoia.national-park.com/hike.htm

      Besides the Sequoias, there is a rare marble cave in the park (most caverns are limestone). Crystal Cave is accessed by a picturesque half-mile trail that leads to the Merced river valley.
      http://www.sequoiahistory.org/cave/cave.htm

      Moro Rock is a great hike. You climb nearly 400 stone steps to the top of the barren rock (6,725-foot elevation)
      http://kevingong.com/Hiking/MoroRock.html
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moro_Rock

      Enter the park from the south, CA Route 198. It doesn't allow RV's or trailers so there is less traffic. It's a mountain road that climbs thousands of feet, has great hairpin turns and the views are spectacular.
      http://maps.google.com/maps?q=merced+map&ie=UTF8&split=0&gl=us&ei=CGyMSt3lMIiksgPG5oi4CQ&ll=36.486453,-118.875504&spn=0.422878,0.447693&z=11

      There is lodging at Three Rivers, CA and it is close to the entrance.
      http://maps.google.com/maps?sourceid=navclient&rlz=1T4HPIA_enUS314US314&um=1&ie=UTF-8&q=three+rivers+ca+lodging&fb=1&split=1&gl=us&view=text&ei=9m2MStz2LIWQsgP137S1CQ&sa=X&oi=local_group&ct=more-results&resnum=1

      BTW if you plan to go to more then one National Park, buy the annual pass, it's cheaper and it's good for a year.
      http://www.nps.gov/fees_passes.htm

  21. QUESTION:
    What is your favorite scenario about how the world will end?
    I think my top 3 are:

    1) World War 3 ( thermo-nuclear war that kills of pretty much every living thing through radiation, chemical warfare etc) A war between China and America could take out atleast 2rds of the worlds population

    2) The destruction of the environment, through eradication of the ozone layer; our grand kids will live in hasmat suits trying to avoid cancer because thier dumb@z ancestors destroyed the earth

    3) A super virus that there is no cure for, like a super West Nile Virus

    • ANSWER:
      When the sun goes supernova(which it will in another 6 billion years ) it will incinerate the earth. I prefer that instead of a virus.

  22. QUESTION:
    Do AGW true believers operate under an axiom that man is a cancer on the Earth, a Gaia destroyer?
    If yes, would that explain why these people may never give up the fight to get rid of fossil fuels? What other fights would they never give up on?

    • ANSWER:
      @Jim Z

      I will take that bet. As a Geology major, I can tell you haven't talked to any Geologists at all. Most students as well as their professors find extensive evidence behind AGW. And you say most Geologists are skeptical, can you name just one?? You should probably stop talking out of your a** now.....

  23. QUESTION:
    Can eating burned cheese cause cancer?
    I read that eating burned or charred meat can cause cancer but is it the same for cheese? I don't eat any meat but I love my cheese pizza burned. I only eat it 2-3 times per month though.

    • ANSWER:
      No, it's not the same for meat at all. Eat it up!

      Answer mine please!?--> http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=AvY1GEghJ_z.EkdKoahvObLsy6IX;_ylv=3?qid=20090823091733AA4GhM5

  24. QUESTION:
    I need help finding a band that starts with a Z they are similar to Children of Bodom, or Dimmu Borgir?
    They have an album that has the word cancer in it. I just forgot the name of the band =(

    • ANSWER:
      Zonaria- "The Cancer Empire"
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zonaria

      Edit; below, probably you'll beat me next time!

  25. QUESTION:
    Does Zopiclone cause cancer? Should the doc not have discussed this possibility with me?
    Just read this on wikipedia having just taken a tablet. This is the 3rd time i have had them, so over the course of the last year or so i have had 30 tablets when i couldnt sleep, i am worried now.

    • ANSWER:
      The biggest problem with sleeping pills, including, as the lovely Rhianna, so rightly calls them, the 'Z' drugs, is that ultimately they further disrupt your ability to sleep and get to sleep. Though they are not really carcinogenic.

      They are however very addictive! Sleeping pills are best avoided all together and the best of the GPs will never prescribe them outside specific criteria. These being, in the terminally ill, the psychotic as an adjunct to their anti-psychotic medication and supervised in care elderly with dementia.

  26. QUESTION:
    Which town in the United States is the closest to the Tropic of Cancer?
    Is it Key West, Florida?

    or is there some town in Hawaii that is closer?

    If Hawaii, what is the name of that town?
    It does not have to be a city. It can just be a small town.

    • ANSWER:
      Naalehu, Hawaii

      http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&source=s_q&hl=en&geocode=&q=naalehu,+hawaii&sll=19.06082,-155.579796&sspn=4.443325,7.03125&ie=UTF8&ll=19.155547,-155.566406&spn=2.220776,3.515625&z=8

  27. QUESTION:
    How do I make a website?
    I decided for a class project I was going to make a website for a local Cancer Resource Group in my community, how do you suggest I go about this? Is there a program that I should use or something? I really am out of my element on this one, so any suggestions are greatly appreciated.
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      WordPress:

      If you have paid hosting, you already have WordPress ready to install. You have to log into your account and use the Control Panel (cPanel) to install it. Then you use the Dashboard to edit. If you have a free web site, you need to check if you are allowed to use PHP and a database as these will be needed for a true blog app like WordPress.

      Getting Started with WordPress: http://codex.wordpress.org/Getting_Started_with_WordPress#Installation_Troubleshooting_and_Help
      Blogging with WordPress: http://www.htmlgoodies.com/beyond/webmaster/projects/article.php/3858226
      FAQ Installation: http://codex.wordpress.org/FAQ_Installation

      How to Make a Web Site:

      How to Create a Web Site: http://www.4creatingawebsite.com/?=gg
      Web Developer Class: Learn the Basic HTML Tags!: http://www.htmlgoodies.com/primers/html/article.php/3478151
      So You Want To Set Up Your First Site, Huh?: http://www.htmlgoodies.com/tutorials/getting_started/article.php/3479561
      How To Build a Web Site: Develop a Project Outline : http://www.htmlgoodies.com/tutorials/getting_started/article.php/3862031
      How to Start / Create Your Own Website: The Beginner's A-Z Guide: http://www.thesitewizard.com/gettingstarted/startwebsite.shtml

      Web Editors (Many Free):

      WYSIWYG Editor List: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_HTML_editors#WYSIWYG_editors
      25 Useful WYSIWYG Editors Reviewed: http://www.smashingmagazine.com/2008/05/06/25-wysiwyg-editors-reviewed/

  28. QUESTION:
    What are the health benefits of these foods?
    I'm trying to find cheap healthy food (ideas please?)
    So far I've found:
    mixed nuts
    tuna
    orange juice
    carrots
    and dried fruits

    What are some other good foods and their benefits, and what are the benefits of eating the foods listed?
    Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      Nuts benefits: excellent source of vitamin E, walnuts may help to reduce the risk of heart disease, nuts is useful source of the B vitamins, thiamin and niacin, it's also useful source of protein and minerals for vegetarians.
      Tuna: is rich in vitamin D, vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acids. Tined tuna: retains a high vitamin content, but is a poor source of omega-3 fatty acids, as most of the fish oil is removed before canning.
      oranges benefit: excellent source of vitamin C, contain pectin, which may lower blood cholesterol levels.
      Carrots: excellent source of beta carotene, the plant form of vitamin A, and contain fibrer. improve night vision.
      Dried fruits benefit: contains antioxidants which may help to protect against cancer, rich source of potassium which help to regulate blood pressure, and provides most of our daily intake of vitamin C.
      Green leafy vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower and other green veg', as well as tomatoes and yellow or orange veg' are the backbone of most diets-whether vegetarian or not, they are vital in providing not only vitamins and minerals, but fibre and carbohydrates.
      My advice to you is to buy a book named: "Foods that harm, foods that heal" (an a-z guide to safe and healthy eating), it's a great book, and very helpful with understanding what's good and healthy to eat, what sort of food to avoid, it's explain about vitamin and mineralss. it's almost like a "bible", after all we are what we eat.... I hope you find this information useful.

  29. QUESTION:
    Is Chicken Noodle soup really good to eat when you have a cold? If so why?
    Is chicken noodle soup really good to eat when you have a cold? If so, why?

    • ANSWER:
      Chicken soup is one of those almost universal comfort food & folk remedy for colds in many different cultures. People used to smile indulgingly when Grandma insisted chicken soup was good for your cold, but in more recent times a more scientific approach to testing this theory seems to give more weight to Grandma's wisdom. However, they have been unable to pin down exactly what component in chicken soup gives the benefit. It could be the synergy of the melting pot of different ingredients, it could be the steam, it could be the warm fuzzy feeling of mother's love.

      Don't expect any more studies though, since research costs big bucks and there is no patent on chicken soup, unless they invent the Mother of all Chicken Soups with top-secret Vitamin Z that not only cures colds, but also fights cancer, improves complexion & burns fat like a hot knife through butter.

      http://www.unmc.edu/publicaffairs/chickensoup/newsrelease.htm
      http://www.cbc.ca/consumers/market/files/food/chickensoup/
      http://chetday.com/coldfluremedy.htm

      Although it's more convenient, there's no point in using canned soup with all the sodium, preservatives and artificial seasonings. Chicken soup is pretty idiot-proof, whether Chinese or Western: just dump all the ingredients in a pot & simmer for 1-2 hours at low-med heat (slow cookers or crockpots are the best). Add salt to taste at the end and you have a piping hot bowl of nourishing chicken soup good to the last drop.

  30. QUESTION:
    Why is there such a strong attraction between Aries and Cancer?
    Okay yes there's more to it than Sun signs but I notice this pairing ALOT!

    • ANSWER:
      Oh, god yes! I'm a Cancer Female and have been with my Aries Man for 2 years. The attraction for him was very strong at first, me, I really didn't want to give him the time of day. Then he grew on me, because he's sweet, charming, manly, ect... Lol. The sex between Cancer and Aries is A.M.A.Z.I.N.G! You will want to do it all the time! Also, my Aries man was super attached to me, always asking how I'm doing, or if anything is wrong or not. Aries men are very caring! This relationship most likely won't last forever, and when its good, its really good! When its bad, Aries better run, because out arguing a Cancer just isn't gonna happen...

  31. QUESTION:
    What are some medical advances in the heart during the last 5 years?
    I need it for a bio project, plz. it has to be from about the years 2003 to 2009

    • ANSWER:
      The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine:-
      * Paul C. Lauterbur & Sir Peter Mansfield "for their discoveries concerning magnetic resonance imaging (2003)
      * Richard Axel & Linda B. Buck "for their discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system"(2004)
      * Barry J. Marshall & J. Robin Warren "for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease" (2005)
      * Andrew Z.Fire & Craig C.Mello "for their discovery of RNA interference - gene silencing by double-stranded RNA"(2006)
      * Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans & Oliver Smithies "for their discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells"(2007)
      Harald zur Hausen "for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer" and Françoise Barré-Sinoussi & Luc Montagnier "for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus".(2008)
      Other medical advances:-
      # It wasn't until the late 90's that the true potential for defibrillators was realized.
      # The popular morning-after pill of the brand "Plan B" was approved in 1999. It has revolutionized emergency contraceptives
      # A huge breakthrough for cancer treatment came in 2007, when researchers discovered the possibilities of angiogenesis as a method of making a tumor harmless. The basic concept of tumor angiogenesis is that the tumor has its vessels blocked, thereby reducing the amount of blood and nutrients that would contribute towards growth.
      # Although ocular surgery has been around for longer than 10 years, LASIK has recently revolutionized it by making it quick, effective, and affordable for a large portion of the population. It has a quick recovery, minimal pain, and fixes eyesight permanently in most cases.
      # Genetic research has had its own major breakthroughs. In 2003, a scientist named Craig Mello discovered a system that allows our bodies to interface with genes in order to build our bodies. Along with this, biological research has lead to the discovery of countless genes that contribute towards predisposition to diseases and unwanted traits such as obesity. If these two areas of research can be combined, we could be looking at the end of genetically inherited diseases and disorders. In fact, the first drugs based on this system are in production right now.

  32. QUESTION:
    Where can I find unbiased info about the effects of a vegan diet on your health?
    All I've found so far was either from vegan sites or from people who hate vegans. Scientific texts would be best, but a good, neutral summary would help a lot, too.

    • ANSWER:
      Here are some studies done by universities and the like (it was combined by the vegetarian resource group, but that does not mean the studies were biased, that just means that the veg. group linked to these studies in their research section).
      http://www.thevegetariansite.com/diet_stud.htm
      There are quite a few studies done by the American Journal for Clinical Nutrition, and some are from the National Cancer Institute, and other health journals.

      Probably the best study to examine, as it is detailed & comprehensive, is the China Study.
      http://www.thechinastudy.com/
      The person who conducted the studies was raised very heavily on animal products and was active in trying to make animals produce more protein or something. After his study, his views totally changed.

      Here is a look at a food pyramid for vegans: http://www.foodguidepyramid.co.uk/food-pyramid-for-vegans.html
      The site forgets to mention that nonvegans are just as susceptible to B12 deficiency; anyone can have a B12 deficiency if:
      1.) Something is competing for your B12 (like parasites);
      2.) Something is destroying your B12 (like cyanide in cigarettes); or
      3.) Something is preventing the proper absorption of B12 (like inadequate production of intrinsic factor).
      http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/vitamin-b12-deficiency-anemia-topic-overview
      http://www.pamrotella.com/health/b12.html
      As vegans, we should either take a supplement, or buy RedStar Nutritional Yeast & make cheezy things with it (or sprinkle it into your food/sandwiches). I take the latter route because I love food. =P

      The Milk Documentary site has links to research about the effects of milk on our diet.
      http://www.milkdocumentary.com/Site/Milky%20Info.html
      The documentary itself is a pretty informative piece of work.

      http://www.notmilk.com/
      (List of articles and studies from other organizations concerning dairy.)

  33. QUESTION:
    What does it mean if your cervical lymph nodes are swollen?
    My neck hurts and is swollen on the left side of my neck, and my thought is sore, and it hurst to touch my neck where it is swollen at. What is this? and Do i need to be worried?

    • ANSWER:
      If you have a sore throat,you may be affected with mononucleosis.
      visit:
      http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/infectious-mononucleosis-topic-overview
      Infections and cancers are two main causes of swollen neck lymph nodes.

  34. QUESTION:
    Does the Hybricell cancer vaccine really work at all?
    Is there any proof that the Hybricell cancer vaccine work, either as a true vaccine or as a therapeutic method to effectively treat cancer??

    • ANSWER:
      Perhaps.

      The science, as reported in several articles, seems to be well done. Unfortunately, only 110 people have been treated, and none for more than 5 years, so the positive evidence is still too slight for "proof." So far, there is no evidence that it is ineffective - which is a major point in its favor. The early evidence is favorable. The institutions and individuals involved in the vaccine are reputable, and are proceeding in accordance with the standards of medical care.

      Barbuto stated there was sufficient evidence for proceeding to clinical trials in the article:
      Neves AR, Ensina LF, Anselmo LB, Leite KR, Buzaid AC, Camara-Lopes LH, Barbuto JA. Dendritic cells derived from metastatic cancer patients vaccinated with allogeneic dendritic cell-autologous tumor cell hybrids express more CD86 and induce higher levels of interferon-gamma in mixed lymphocyte reactions. Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2005 Jan;54(1):61-6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=15693140&dopt=Abstract

      A recent review of the literature,
      Farkas A, Conrad C, Tonel G, Borbenyi Z, Kemeny L, Dobozy A, Nestle FO. Current state and perspectives of dendritic cell vaccination in cancer immunotherapy. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2006;19(3):124-31. Epub 2006 Apr 6.
      http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?CMD=search&DB=pubmed
      http://scholar.google.com/scholar?num=100&hl=en&lr=&cluster=1108233310715172184
      states "a standardized study design and small pilot trials are needed to explore open scientific questions in future clinical trials." -- in other words, this kind of cancer vaccine is still experimental, not proven technology.

  35. QUESTION:
    Why is one of my baby hedgehogs smaller than his siblings?
    I have 3 3-week old hedgies who have been trying to start walking around their mom's cage now. But today I noticed something: one of them, the only male actually, is smaller, weaker and less 'alert' that his 2 female siblings. I need to know if this is normal (will he grow to be a normal hedgehog) or do I have to take it out the cage and hand-feed him?

    • ANSWER:
      Your question is best asked on a legitimate hedgehog list-server, such as Hedgehog_help or Breedershelpingbreeders on Yahoogroups. You could also pose the question on the forums on the Hedgehog Central web site. With baby hedgehogs, all sorts of things can happen and even experienced breeders can lose babies to natural courses and causes. I operate a hedgehog rescue, and so have very limited experience with babies. However, if the little fellow is getting nourishment from Mom (can you tell if Mom is rejecting him and/or if his sisters are hogging the milk bar?), the experienced breeders that I know will state that getting nourishment from Mom is his best chance for survival. Are the babies at the point where you can weigh them on an electronic gram (kitchen) scale? At three weeks of age I think the average weight should be between 70 and 80 grams.

      In the summer of 2009 our rescue received four baby hedgehogs from a college student who purchased a pregnant hedgehog from a wholesaler (he did not know she was pregnant). So, he was very surprised when the Mom gave birth to four girls and a boy. He left the babies with the Mom but, not knowing what he was doing, prematurely weaned them at a little over three weeks of age. They did not do well, and by four weeks old they seemed to be failing,which is when he looked up our rescue on the Internet and called me. By four weeks the babies should have weighed 90 to 95 grams, but the largest girl (Pokie) weighed in at 60 grams, the other three girls around 42 grams, and the little boy (Spot) a pitiful 38 grams. Moreover, the boy had a swollen and inflamed rear end. He was located 150 miles north of us, but we had a veterinarian in his town that agreed to see Spot right away. Spot had severe constipation and was in very fragile health. He was intestinally cleaned out, and the young man brought four of the five babies to us for continued care. He elected to keep one of the female babies and the Mom.

      Our veterinarian recommended that we macerate (pulverize in a blender) Royal Canin Babycat 34 dry cat food and at the time of feeding mix it into a slurry with lukewarm water, adding some honey to sweeten it up and adding olive oil to aid in the digestive tract (especially for the little guy with constipation). It worked as well as could be expected. All of the babies loved the food, and we kept fresh water always available via a waterer (do not use water bottles for hedgehogs). One of the baby girls died at eight weeks of age and from the time of her arrival was seen to have seizures. Another girl died at nearly age two from liver cancer. Both Pokie and Spot are still with us today, and they both weigh over 400 grams, which is a fairly average weight for adult African hedgehogs.

      Best wishes, Z. G. Standing Bear at The Flash and Thelma Memorial Hedgehog Rescue, Inc., in Divide, Colorado USA

  36. QUESTION:
    What is the significance of the zodaic wheel?
    Have you ever thought about it?

    12 signs, 12 months...

    And how about the constellations? They are lined up in the sky in order. What do you think of yours?

    • ANSWER:
      The astrological chart is a map of the skies as they appeared from a particular spot on Earth at a specific day-mo-yr and hour-min. Of course, the part that you can't see because it's below the horizon (on the other side of the Earth) is also on the chart. The fact that everything is lined up is no big deal. The map is only reflecting how things actually appear. For example, if you take a map of the Eastern United States, you will see that Baltimore is north of Washington D.C., and Philadelphia is north of Baltimore ... etc. It's no big deal.

      As for 12 signs, 12 months, the circle of sky that the planets appear to move against was broken into 12 equal segments centures ago, and each segment was assigned a particular sign that was predominantly in that segment's area. Take a look at the link below ... it shows you the zodiac circle, with the actual constellations against it. You will notice that Leo takes up a LOT more space than Cancer, but both have been given their own set 30 degrees out of the 360 degrees of the circle. There's some man-made arbitrary decisions here.

      http://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/Z/zodiac.html

  37. QUESTION:
    How can one believe that eating forbidden fruit causes everything from "A"rthritis to "Z"its?

    • ANSWER:
      It's in our genes (DNA) now.

      Everything in Genesis would elude to the fact that our DNA was re-written. With death, cancer, disease, and aging as the consequence.

  38. QUESTION:
    What vitamins are good to promote height growth?
    I would like to grow a bit taller.

    • ANSWER:
      Straight answer: No specific vitamin will do it.

      HOWEVER knowing a few things from your body will help you help yourself.Growth has more to do with hormone, genes, and diet. Here's how it works:

      The thyroid uses iodine (found in fish oil and other things) to produce 2 hormones called T3 & T4.
      Before you hit around age 20-23, T3 & T4, combine with another hormone called hGH (human Growth Hormone), and use insulin in your blood stream to increase protein synthesis (making more muscle, bone, and other things), causing you to grow. Good levels of calcium, potassium, and sodium help.

      You say, how can I use that info? Simple, If you're between ages 10-20, do this:
      1. consume fish oil no more than 3 times a day. Iodine in it, will help produce T3 & T4 healthy levels.
      2. Eat healthy foods (fruits and vegetables) along with your regular diet. Split those foods into at least 4 foods a day. That will make sure that insulin is in the blood stream often (working with T3 & T4)
      3. Exercises that promote growth. (swimming is the best, but basketball is good also.)
      4. You can't really control how much hGH you have in your body, and don't be deceived into buying hGH products at stores. They don't have the same effect on everyone, and they could cause cancer. Just trust your genes.
      5. Make sure you have enough calcium in your diet for your bones growing. Any A-Z vitamin suplement will give you that. Or just drink non-fat milk, or soy milk from time to time.
      6. Make sure you sleep during the day a little. The body grows while sleeping.

      Finally, if your family tends to be short people, you'll grow taller than them with this, but just be happy with yourself. Height is not everything. Alright man, take care.

  39. QUESTION:
    What are the problems with taking multivitamins every day for a long period of time?
    Im a new-comer-vegetarian. My family keeps saying how I NEED to take a multivitamin.
    My older brother bolsters his stupid belief after I say "They do damage to your body over a large period of time," and he says "Dr. Oz said they're the best things for you."
    Any help here? Greatly appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      It's not that black and white. For instance, studies show that taking too many calcium supplements can be harmful - but that is when people take 1000+mg on Top of their current diet. Thus it is recommended to take what fills in the gaps. So, if your diet only has 500mg, either increase the content in your diet (ideal) or take 500. Don't take 1,000mg (which = 1,500mg...too much) and don't take 0 which = too little.

      Two recent studies have shown vitamin A causing an increase in lung cancer in smokers [1]. And something like vitamin B6 has been shown to decrease lung cancer. [2]

      Meanwhile, what people often overlook when blankly rallying against supplements is why we started fortifying foods in the US (why many have iron and B1 and B12 etc) - we no longer see the prior rates of deficiencies, but they still happen and they still can happen. And supplements do have a place in helping prevent this.

      So yes, there can be adverse effects from taking too much of something. But there also can be such effects from getting too little. Thus the advice I have read which I find wise is - if you can, get your nutrients from food. That is always the best source. However, if for whatever reason, you can't get enough via food, take a supplement. But when you do, don't blindly take mega-doses, pick one that seems to have reasonable levels of each vitamin. (More is not always better.)
      If in doubt, review your selection with a dietitian. Or review your diet with one - maybe, even though you think you do, you don't need one at all.

      As for your situation though...If it helps, look at it this way:
      You removed meat. Not a big deal. Nothing else changed.
      Did you take a multi before? If not, don't worry about it. Just look up what meat has (you can use nutritiondata.com), and figure out where you will get those things.
      For instance, meat has protein, you'll get most of it from legumes, grains, nuts & seeds, and since you're lacto-ovo, dairy and eggs.
      Meat has iron...you will get it from x, y, z
      Meat has zinc...etc etc. Most things that meat has will already be abundant in your diet. The few things that aren't - add them in...And then you're getting the Exact same nutrients you were when you had meat.

  40. QUESTION:
    i want to create a website of my own in yahoo and others. How do i go about it?
    i have come across a difficult disease which can be cured with a certain form of herbal treatment. To my knowledge there is no permanent cure for it. I would like to start a website to advertise the treatment, how do i go about it.

    • ANSWER:
      Unless you can provide documented scientific evidence that the treatment will benefit a cancer patient most people are warned away from such sites. You can set up your business but just don't make outrageous claims. It is considered illegal to make the claims without proof as it will be considered false advertising.

      FTC: Operation False Hope
      http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2006/12/falsehopes.shtm

      Example of illegal claims to cure cancer and FTC lawsuit:
      http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2003/05/coralCaletter.shtm

      Anyone can file a complaint that will be investigated concerning health fraud:
      https://rn.ftc.gov/pls/dod/wsolcq$.startup?Z_ORG_CODE=PU01

  41. QUESTION:
    Are there any good statistician out there? I'm in dire need for assistance?
    An oncologist treats 100 kidney cancer cases. 30 of the cases survive at least 5 years. Historically 2 in 8 cases were expected to survive this long. How do I test whether there has been a significant improvement in survival.

    • ANSWER:
      I use technology to perform a one-sample test of proportion for

      Null hypothesis H0: p = 0.25

      Here are the results I got:

      Sample proportion: 0.30
      Test Statistic, z: 1.1547
      Critical z: 1.6449
      P-Value: 0.1241

      90% Confidence interval:
      0.2246234 < p < 0.3753766

      P-Value is NOT less than 5% (= level of significance) therefor:
      Fail to Reject the null hypothesis
      Sample does not provide enough evidence to support the claim of improvement in survival level

      You can also get the same conclusion from the critical value testing method:
      Since 1.1547 < 1.6449, we do not reach the rejection region of the bell curve.

  42. QUESTION:
    Is it true that historically chemotherapy has been grossly over prescribed?
    From massive doses in the 70' and 80's there has ben a steady decline on how much is safe and productive to administer to patients, right? So if this is the case, like I think it is, unless you can proof otherwise, is there any certainty today, that 6 doses are better than 5? Is there any statistical research that will confirm this? The reason for this question is that I am not so sure someone has to endure the pain and cruelty of all 6 chemo treatments considering the history of this barbaric treatment.

    • ANSWER:
      Great answers by Nah Z and Panda - people who have been there.

      Chemotherapy should not be painful.
      Most people already have central venous ports these days

      There has not been a decline in chemotherapy dosing since the 70's and 80's.
      Actually, we use higher doses now than we did in the 1970's and 1980's.
      We have drugs to stimulate white blood cell recovery that we did not have then.
      Many chemotherapy regimens are indeed barbaric. I've said that many times here.
      Fifty years from now - or maybe 25 years from now - we will look back with horror at the non-specific poisoning of combination chemotherapy - BUT - it is scientifically proven to be the best chance for people with many types of cancers at this time.
      The double blind scientific trials in oncology have been extremely painstaking since the 1970's. Statistics show that for some types of malignancies - such as the many types of lymphomas - six cycles of combination chemotherapy are the gold standard. For testicular cancers - like the advanced, widely metastatic malignancy of Lance Armstrong which was cured with barbaric chemotherapy - the proven standard is four cycles. For Panda's son, more cycles were tried. All of these malignant diseases are different - and every person is different - and we have over 100 very different chemotherapy drugs used in hundreds of combinations, schedules, and doses ranges.

      Now - for an honest answer about the over prescribing of chemotherapy - I have seen
      top oncologists - my university attending physicians when I was in training to be an oncologist - who gave some chemotherapy treatments fully knowing it was a futile gesture. In their defense, it was usually the patient or even more often the family who would push for something to be done. For diseases such as advanced non-small cell lung cancers or pancreatic cancers or metastatic kidney cancers - supportive treatments - comfort measures - are more likely to provide benefit - rather than chemotherapy. Yet people - especially in the U.S - do not like the idea of giving up. One of the most difficult concepts to get across to patients and family members is that we should stop chemotherapy efforts. I spent much time trying to talk people out of taking chemotherapy. I myself was pushed by patients and family members to give chemotherapy treatments which I felt could not provide significant benefit.

      No oncologist I have ever known wants to be cruel to their patients.
      Malignant diseases can certainly be cruel all by themselves.
      I think almost all medical oncologists would like to have more specific, less toxic, systemic treatments for the 200 + types of cancer that we see in advanced stages.
      Even more, we would like to see fewer people with cancers caused by tobacco use.
      At least 31% of all cancer deaths in the USA are caused by people using tobacco.
      Barbaric chemotherapy fails in most cases of advanced tobacco related malignancies.

  43. QUESTION:
    Are there any effects of taking ground flaxseed on a regular long term basis?
    I want to know if there are any side effects or harmful effects. I have been taking ground flaxseed based just on my judgement.

    • ANSWER:
      If it spoils, you may get an upset stomach or diarrhea.

      And it seems to mimic estrogen in the bloodstream, so you might want to limit your intake, especially if you are a guy. Excessive hormones just might, might, cause certain types of cancer.

      --------------------
      Flax contains phytoestrogens which have been shown to induce both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic effects but their biological relevance and potency have not been well characterized. Safe and efficacious levels have yet to be established.
      - J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2002 May;15(5):561-72 -- Phytoestrogens: a review of recent findings. -- Stark A, Madar Z

      Flaxseeds and flaxseed oil can spoil if they are not kept refrigerated. Some possible side effects include diarrhea, gas, and nausea. Flaxseed oil should not be used with other laxatives or stool softeners. People who have inflammatory disease of the intestine, esophagus, or stomach should avoid flaxseed. The immature pods of flaxseed are poisonous.
      - American Cancer Society

      May cause an internal or external allergic reaction

      ===edit===

      I might want to add here that I am not either a nutritionist, nor a doctor. if you really want to know, ask your doctor next time you are in for a check-up.

  44. QUESTION:
    Does anyone in New Zealand think that climate change is a non issue?
    I work with people from all over the globe. I have heard of the UV warnings in N.Z. Everyone from that country, that I know, says it is getting worse. You can get sunburned inside of 4 minutes, I'm told. I know of the ozone hole over you guys.
    Is this true? Is it getting worse?
    Most Americans could care less about something if it has no effect on them. I am concerned.
    Are you from N.Z.?
    Do you have any sources that are not backed by a political party?

    • ANSWER:
      Yes you can get burned very quickly here in NZ. I think it is due to the ozone layer being thinner here than the rest of the world - but I dont think it is getting any worse. The international effort to ban the use of CFC and other ozone depleteing chemicals seems to have done the trick. Still skin cancer is a big problem.

      Its good to see that when the international community recognises an environmental problem that can be fixes - action can be taken to do just that. Ozone depletion was easy compared to the challenge we face with global warming.

  45. QUESTION:
    What sign (s) is most compatible with a scorpio sun female?
    I am a scorpio sun female and I wanted to know what signs I am most compatible with and least.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm a Scorpio and I've dated virtually every sun sign (Pisces, Aries, taurus, capricorn, Leo, Virgo, Cancer, etc etc) and I can tell you most definitely the best matches for me were all Cancers. Cancer men seem to have this instant attraction to me, and vice versa. We understand each other on a very emotional and spiritual level, AND the chemistry is incredible. (Yes, the sex is a-m-a-z-i-n-g). Its like a soul connection. A kindred spirit, and also a best friend. I would say definitely Cancer men, from experience. Even though they can be overly worried and emotional and moody, and that can be kinda bothersome sometimes, overall they have A LOT to offer a scorpio female.

      I would venture to say that the least compatible is either a Gemini or Sagittarius.....I've dated Aquarians and they are actually ok....Libras, eh...not the best for scorpions.

  46. QUESTION:
    What is your opinion of PETA and what they do?
    I've heard many opinions of them and they all have certain points. What is your opinion?

    • ANSWER:
      Despise them.
      PETA is known to lie to push their agenda- The mass majority of the videos they show you either show the minority, or they have been outright staged and the group pushes these out as "the truth."
      PETA kills far more animals than they save- Indeed there has been proof of them pulling animals out of shelters to find them "good homes" to simply euthanize them. It was said they rather see the animals dead than to have to live in a home as a "slave."

      Here's a list of examples of some of the stupider things PETA wants to get rid of (see my link, these are straight from their website):
      * Dog Crates- Used correctly even. Meaning I should apparently allow my dog free run of the house and chance injury rather than putting her in a secure den like location.

      * Charities- Including (but not limited to) March of Dimes, the American Cancer Society, and the Muscular Dystrophy Association. PETA's reasoning on this is because scientists find it necessary to eventually test on animals.
      While I am not a fan of animal testing personally I think that as far as health testing it is necessary. How many people want to be the ones to test a new drug that could potentially cure them... or kill them horribly? I don't know about you but I rather see a few rats die than a few people.

      * No-Kill shelters- Yup you guessed it: PETA rather see them put down than "live their life in a cage"

      * Pets- "we believe that it would have been in the animals' best interests if the institution of "pet keeping"—i.e., breeding animals to be kept and regarded as "pets"—never existed."
      Say goodbye to any animals you keep in your home if PETA got their way.

      * Pitbulls- Yes I know this one will cause a big conflict but personally I blame the deed and not the breed: I consider idiotic owners the cause not the dogs.
      Heck back in the day when dog fighting was the norm a Pit that would put their teeth on a human was straight out killed (Animal aggression =/= Human aggression).

      * Predator-Reintroduction Programs- So we move them from one area, find out we wrecked a habitat, then I'm suppose to drown in deer because you don't want someone to bring them back? Sometimes these programs are necessary.

      * Responsible breeding- I'm talking the people that show, health test, and work to bring about healthy purebred dogs not the idiots that throw 2 dogs together in an attempt to make a profit.
      I suppose purebred dogs shouldn't exist at all? That I shouldn't be allowed to show, and have a pup with specific characteristic meant for a certain job? Sorry but it's impossible for me to go to a shelter and find a pup that will be good at herding, schutzhund, or a number of other tasks without specific breeding.

      * Zoos- Even the ones that have breeding programs to try and keep endangered species around and take in animals that can no longer live in the wild for reason X, Y, and Z (A good example of one of these issues being some idiot trying to keep wild animals as a pet and when it comes time for the person to get rid of the animal it ca not live and function correctly in the wild).

      * They support radical, illegal, and sometimes violent ways to bring attention to their cause is supported by PETA. They think that facts aren't good enough for the media.

      * PETA is considered a terrorist group- Do you really want to be involved with that?

  47. QUESTION:
    Who are the experts the federal government is referring to?
    I googled marijuana and I was reading and one of the reasons the Federal government has classified marijuana as a schedule one drug was because lack of acceptance among "Experts" who are these so called experts?

    • ANSWER:
      This is meant to answer your question only.

      Here is the Marijuana Infofacts site from the federal government.
      http://www.nida.nih.gov/infofacts/marijuana.html

      The studies referenced, with their expert authors, are:

      1. Herkenham M, Lynn A, Little MD, et al. Cannabinoid receptor localization in the brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci, USA 87(5):1932–1936, 1990.

      2. Pope HG, Gruber AJ, Hudson JI, Huestis MA, Yurgelun-Todd D. Neuropsychological performance in long-term cannabis users. Arch Gen Psychiatry 58(10):909–915, 2001.

      3. Budney AJ, Vandrey RG, Hughes JR, Thostenson JD, Bursac Z. Comparison of cannabis and tobacco withdrawal: Severity and contribution to relapse. J Subst Abuse Treat, e-publication ahead of print, March 12, 2008.

      4. Moore TH, Zammit S, Lingford-Hughes A, et al. Cannabis use and risk of psychotic or affective mental health outcomes: A systematic review. Lancet 370 (9584):319–328, 2007.

      5. Mittleman MA, Lewis RA, Maclure M, Sherwood JB, Muller JE. Triggering myocardial infarction by marijuana. Circulation 103(23):2805–2809, 2001.

      6. Tashkin DP. Smoked marijuana as a cause of lung injury. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 63(2):92–100, 2005.

      7. Hashibe M, Morgenstern H, Cui Y, et al. Marijuana use and the risk of lung and upper aerodigestive tract cancers: Results of a population-based case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 15(10):1829–1834, 2006.

      18. Polen MR, Sidney S, Tekawa IS, Sadler M, Friedman GD. Health care use by frequent marijuana smokers who do not smoke tobacco. West J Med 158(6):596–601, 1993.

      9. Gruber AJ, Pope HG, Hudson JI, Yurgelun-Todd D. Attributes of long-term heavy cannabis users: A case control study. Psychological Med 33(8):1415–1422, 2003.

  48. QUESTION:
    Is anyone else annoyed that everyone thinks that anyone who has had cancer and survived is some kind of hero?
    I mean i feel for anyone who has had any type of serious illness, especially a life threatening one, but damn, i really get annoyed at the platitudes given to anyone that has happened to have had cancer and have been cured. They're not necessarily the bravest people on earth. What were they supposed to do, kill themselves?

    Will anyone else say that they dont think that anyone who has had cancer is automatically the best person on earth??

    • ANSWER:
      I've had cancer and, unlike some of the others who've answered, I'm actually with you on this one.

      I dislike all the battle and fighting metaphors where cancer is concerned - fighting cancer, beating cancer, brave, courageous, and above all survivor.

      There is an implied criticism of those who didn’t survive when people talk of ‘courage’ and cancer, or of ‘fighting’ cancer – were they not ‘brave’ enough, did they not 'fight' hard enough to 'beat' their cancer and .survive'? I know many courageous people who have died of cancer.

      Nobody talks about beating or fighting heart disease or a stroke, this terminology is reserved for cancer. Why? It's the stereotype of the 'brave' cancer 'victim', a stereotype I find patronising in the extreme. If I had chosen to have cancer in order to spare a child having that cancer, THAT would have been brave and heroic. Coping with cancer because that's what you've got isn't brave - you have no choice.

      I always respond to talk of my having 'fought' or 'battled' cancer by saying I didn't fight my cancer, my doctors did - and they did a bloody good job, as almost 8 years on from being diagnosed with an aggressive and late stage cancer I'm fit and well with no sign of cancer.

      Similarly I hate the notion that cancer patients should 'stay positive'; apart from the fact that there's no evidence that it helps, there's an implied criticism there too - presumably you weren't 'positive' enough if the cancer killed you.

      Edit: @Z. Of course, rehabilitation after a stroke requires hard work from the patient. But it's the LANGUAGE that surrounds cancer that is unique; all the battle metaphors are reserved for cancer alone, they aren't used in connection with stroke patients, heart patients or for any other diseases.

  49. QUESTION:
    What are some benefits of animal testing? and does anyone know where I can get an essay about it?
    We're having a debate in my class and since I'm the proposition, I need some benefits of animal testing. I need to write a speech too as well. I would really appreciate it if you guys could give me a head start in my essay and give me some benefits. PLEASE HURRY! THE DEBATE IS NEXT TUESDAY!!

    • ANSWER:
      The bottom line is its either them or us!
      so its the lesser of two evils really. Animal testing allows scientists to research cures, and even diagnose certain conditions which are invaluable to modern medicine. It may seem cruel to use animals in this way by injecting them with X, Y, or Z, but if at the end of it they help cure/mannage and even understand certain conditions, it better than the alternative than just testing unfounded hypothesis out on humans living with or even without the conditions.
      It advances science and cures, saves lives gets clinicasl answers to problems.

      Those who say its cruel, are frankly naieve, it may be 'cruel' but no pain no gain!

      Animal testing can help find cures to cancer, HIV, and even for military purposes like for special gas bombs like nerve gas.

      And besides the bible says that the purpose of animals on earth is to serve humans

  50. QUESTION:
    How to write a southern accent?
    I am currently writing a novel that takes place in Alabama for the majority of the time. many of my characters have strong southern accents. what are words that people with southern accents use alot? y'all? any more, i am clearly clueless, being born and raised up north.

    thanks again, a list of words that are commonly used by people who have southern accents... or a way to express a southern accent through my writing. Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      It's not really "words" you are looking for.
      It's more a "turn of a phrase".
      First of all, remember this.....the word Y'all is NOT singular.
      It's plural.
      We do use a lot of "terms of endearment".
      Honey.
      Sugar.
      Baby.
      Sweetie.
      Darlin'.
      Instead of saying men and women, we usually say boys and girls.
      "S's" on the end of words sound more like a "Z".
      We tend to use more terms of formal respect than our northern counterparts do.
      Yes Ma'am. No Sir.
      There is a saying down south that if there is a remote possibility that you are 15 minutes older than I am.....I will call you Ma'am.
      When speaking with familar older folks we tend to add a Mr or Ms in front of their first names.....Like Ms Mary, Mr Robert.
      We use "please", "thank you", and "you're welcome" more often than Northerners too, beat into us at a very early age.
      Keep in mind, all Southerners do NOT speak the same way.
      The accents vary greatly between Southern states to a degree that we are able to tell what state someone is from by the way they talk.
      Georgians and Alabamans tend to speak a sentence rather normally in speed but tend to drag out the last word in a sentence, giving the illusion of slower speech.
      Alabamans do NOT have that super slow drawl a Texan does.
      And Tennesseans tend to talk so fast sometimes it's hard to understand them.
      Alabama and Georgia accents tend to have a musical lilt to it.
      Southern states are just as urban as Northern states are......FARM country is in the Mid-West.
      We use a lot of words we call Southernisms.
      "Dear God in the mornin'"
      "High as a sweet Georgia pine"
      "Drunk as a three eyed spider on a blue tick dog."
      "Mess of..." is a term used for "A lot...".
      Grocery carts are called buggies.
      All sodas are Cokes.....Coca Cola being invented in Atlanta, you know....they have "different flavors"....like Orange, or Diet.
      Southerners don't drink Pepsi.
      And they drink Mr Pib instead of Dr Peper.
      Crazy people are called "characters".
      It's not unusual to hear someone call their grandmother and grandfather "Big Daddy" or "Big Mama".
      Atlanta is pronounced Atlanna or Florida is pronounced Flarda, and Georgia, Jawja.
      And Mississippi is missing a few letters, Miss-Sipi.
      Southerns are college football fanatics.
      And when you say you went to Georgia or Alabama....you mean University of Georgia and University of Alabama. (Georgia State, Flordia State, Alabama State is said as such.)
      There is no such thing as UNSWEETENED tea in the South.
      It COMES to you sweetened in a restaurant...you don't have to put sugar in it.
      Southerners barbecue everything....year round.
      And Southerners fry everything.
      We tend to run words together and use statements when ASKING a question.
      Like.....You're going to the store without me......?
      Southerners do NOT call their parents Ma and Pa......it's Mama and Daddy.
      It is NOT unusual to hear a 40 yr old 300lbs man call his father DADDY.
      40 degrees in Alabama is damned cold.
      But ice storms are not unusual.
      And you have no clue what humidity is like unless you've experienced humidity in Southerner Alabama.
      LA does NOT mean Los Angeles.....it means Lower Alabama.
      Georgians and Alabamans make fun of one another.
      Fried Chicken is eaten 3/4 times a week for dinner or lunch.
      Pork is second.
      Beef comes in third.
      Fish is always fried.
      Gravy is a normal side dish.
      Southerners drive everywhere....including the mailbox.
      Beards on men are rare....too hot for them.
      Southerners do NOT lay out in the sun.....too hot and skin cancer is huge.
      That is how you pick out the Yankees, they are all baking in the sun.
      Beer and wine are the alcohol beverages of choice in the South, not liquor.
      Up in Carolina means North Carolina....down in Carolina means South Carolina.
      Southerners are always "fixin' " to do something.
      The first Southern expression to creep into a transplanted
      Northerner's vocabulary is the adjective "big ol'", as in "big ol'
      Truck", or "big ol' boy".
      I you have a hundred men in one room, there will be a dozen Bubba's......black, white, and other.
      Most Southerners do not use turn signals; they ignore those who do.
      In fact, if you see a signal blinking on a car with a Southern
      License plate, you may rest assured that it was already turned on when the car was purchased.
      It's hot...your car windows are down anyway...we'll just yell out of them.
      Mama'n'em.....your mother and them, as in "How's yo mana'n'em?"
      One of my personal favorites from Jeff Foxworthy...
      Widjadidja.....with you did you; "Ya didn't brang ya truck widjadidja?"
      I highly recommend that you check out Mr Jeff Foxworthy, honor engineering graduate of Georgia Tech University. He has a an entire glossary of Southernisms.
      Remember...it's not the words, but how they are used.

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