A Rare Blood Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. QUESTION:
    Does anyone know where i can get a trained service dog in Texas without having to be on a waiting list?
    My cousin is 12 and has a rare blood cancer and he is in need of a companion and i can not find anywhere who has service dogs for sale i can not afford to put a dog through training i just need to get him one!

    • ANSWER:
      You can't buy a service dog off the rack (and they cost a lot more than ,500 -- try ,000). Each dog is individually trained for the specific needs of the recipient. Training typically takes 18 to 24 months, and waiting lists average about 3 years.

      A service dog's job isn't companionship. Or let me rephrase. If it is companionship your cousin wants, then it's not a service dog he needs.

      "Animals whose sole function is to provide emotional support, comfort, therapy, companionship, therapeutic benefits, or to promote emotional well-being are not service animals." -- U.S. Department of Justice, the government regulatory agency charged with regulating and enforcing the ADA as it pertains to service animals.

      If it's companionship he needs, just get him a pet. No special training is needed. He might qualify for a released dog, but again, there will be a waiting list, typically 12-18 months with the larger programs and longer with smaller programs.

      At any rate, you can't get a service dog for him. He and his parents will have to apply. His parents will have to provide medical documentation of his disability and show they are ready to provide the care a service dog needs to maintain his training. Most programs won't accept a child that young. They usually want applicants to be at least 16 so they are mature enough to steward the dog (care for it on their own and be completely responsible for all it's needs, even when there is no one available to help).

  2. QUESTION:
    What is this rare type of blood cancer that attacks organs and blood cells, causing uncontrollable mood swings?
    I don't know very much about cancer and how it works and affects people. Someone mentioned they had a type of cancer that affects them this way, does anyone know what its called?

    • ANSWER:
      When asked for their opinion on cancer tests, a lot of doctors say that, cancer blood tests and other lab tests are the first steps, which help a doctor to make a cancer diagnosis. As we wade through the dawn of 21st century, we are faced with newer diseases and never ending challenges. One such (a deadly one) is the cancer. It is a disease with no guaranteed cure and in most cases, it is fatal. More than 10 million people in a year, come in the cadaverous mouth of this monster.

      Blood tests alone can also sometimes show the presence or absence of cancer. If the doctor suspects that you have cancer, he may like to order certain cancer blood tests or other laboratory tests, such as an analysis of urine or a biopsy of a suspicious area, to help guide the diagnosis. Cancer blood tests give the doctor clues to the body's inside, which can very well be the missing pieces from the puzzle. Just because the doctor has ordered cancer blood tests or other tests to look for signs of cancer doesn't mean that a cancer diagnosis has been made and you have cancer.

      Reduce your anxiety by learning more about cancer blood tests, how they are done and how they prove to be lifesaving.

      The Blood Tests

      Samples collected with cancer blood tests are always analyzed in a lab for signs of cancer. The samples may show cancer cells directly, proteins or any other substance made by the cancer. Blood tests give the doctor an idea of how well your organs are functioning and if they've been affected by any cancer.

      Examples of blood tests used to diagnose cancer include:

      1. Complete blood count (CBC): This common test measures the amount of various types of blood cells in your blood sample. The abnormality is in terms of too many or too few cells of a particular type or abnormal cells.

      2. Blood protein testing (electrophoresis): This test examines various proteins in blood and can aid in detecting certain abnormal immune system proteins (immunoglobulins) that are sometimes elevated in people with multiple myeloma (cancer of plasma cells). Other tests, such as a bone marrow biopsy, are used to confirm a suspected diagnosis (like the blood cancer).

      3. Tumor marker tests: Tumor markers are chemicals made by tumor cells that can be detected in the blood. But tumor makers are also produced by some normal cells in your body and levels could also be significantly elevated in noncancerous conditions. This limits the potential for such kind of tests to help in diagnosing cancer.

      Interpreting the results

      Test results are interpreted very carefully because several factors can influence test outcomes, such as variations in your body or even your diet. In addition, noncancerous conditions can sometimes cause abnormal test results. And, in other cases, cancer may be present even though the blood test results don't show the same. Doctors usually use test results to determine whether your levels fall within a normal range or they may compare your results with those from past tests.

      Though blood tests can help give your doctor clues, other tests are usually necessary to make a confirmed diagnosis. For most forms of cancer, a biopsy - a procedure to obtain a sample of suspicious cells for testing - is usually necessary to make a definitive diagnosis. In some cases, tumor marker levels are monitored over time. The doctor may schedule follow-up testing in a few months. He may use these tests to determine whether if you have cancer or that your cancer is responding to treatment or whether your cancer is growing.

      The basic problem with this sort of a disease is that oftentimes it is found in stages too advanced for the best treatment opportunities. Half of all patients diagnosed with lung cancer die within a year of diagnosis. Getting tested at an earlier stage is the only possible way to control the devastation that, this disease can cause. So the test results must always be discussed with your doctor and after his opinion, with your family. Ask the doctor what your results say about your health and in cases of positive diagnosis, what should be the future course of action
      Take care...

  3. QUESTION:
    Is Essential Thrombocytosis a blood cancer?
    A relative has been diagnosed with Essential Thrombocytosis. The condition was detected due to a high platlette count, and confirmed by a bone marrow biopsy. She is now taking Hydrea.

    We can't work out if this is a blood cancer or not. Does anyone know?

    • ANSWER:
      It is not cancer but a blood disorder. A very serious one. It CAN become cancer but, in less than 1% of patients. The survival rate I was able to research is 65% up to 10 years. It sounds like a rare or fairly rare disorder and there were several "unclear" findings as to what causes it at the sites I researched.

  4. QUESTION:
    How to know if u have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?
    I am 14 and as I know no one in my family ever had any type of cancer
    Yes it it for me. Well I've been suffering for over a year being tired all the time no matter how many hours I sleep, I also take vitamins with 18 grams of iron which didn't work. I've been also realizing that I have a short memory and forgetting things very quickly. How to know if I have blood cancer with out going to the doctor?

    • ANSWER:
      If you're worried and think you have cancer, go see a doctor immediately. No one here can diagnose you and if you do have cancer, it's nothing to mess with and needs to be treated.

      With symptoms that last for a year it's very unlikely that you have blood cancer, more often called leukemia. It's extremely rare that someone your age would have chronic leukemia, as it is rarely seen in anyone under the age of 55. I, personally, have only heard of it happening twice in someone under 40. Untreated acute leukemia may be fatal within weeks - not a year - which leads me to believe you do not have acute leukemia.

      It seems like your only symptom can be attributed to being a teenager. Teenagers need more sleep than children or adults do because of the growth and changes going on inside and out. If you feel that you're unnaturally tired and weak for someone your age, it may be possible that you're anemic - you may just need a little more iron in your diet or an iron supplement. This can be tested by your physician in a simple blood test. The causes of anemia can vary from something as simple as growing, or something more serious such as leukemia, although leukemia is an extremely rare diagnosis for a fairly common problem. When my son was diagnosed with leukemia, he was diagnosed as anemic less than a week before and had a very sudden onset of anemia symptoms.

      There are lots of symptoms of leukemia but each individual is different. Some display some symptoms while others display other ones. There's no actual tumour as in other cancers but leukemia is a cancer of the cells that create blood cells.

      My son E had a cold in November that he just couldn't kick. We took him to the doctor and he was given an antibiotic. He got a little better but as soon as he finished the antibiotic he got sick again. He usually has a couple bruises here and there since he is a 2 year old. His walking was greatly affected from one of the drugs in his first chemo cocktail so he trips and falls pretty often. But the bruising he had was more than usual - he bruised at the slightest bump and he was absolutely covered in bruises, it looked like he lost a major fight. That's when we really knew something was wrong and took him to the doctor again. Once he was diagnosed we found out that his spleen and liver were enlarged - also symptoms of leukemia. Due to the extent of enlargement of his spleen, he had it removed after a round of chemotherapy. So far he has had 3 strong doses of induction chemo and 3 consolidation rounds, he was given another 2 strong doses of chemo due to a tumour in his liver that has just been typed as a hepatoblastoma. He has is about to start another round of chemo next week. He does stay in the hospital during his chemo. His chemo lasts 7 days and he usually stays for up to 2 weeks - protocol likely to change now. He will also have a bone marrow transplant when a donor becomes available. The chances of relapse with AML are pretty high. Since this is his second time fighting cancer he is considered at a greater risk for relapse so the bone marrow transplant is the best choice for him.

      He had some joint pain at the time of diagnosis. I have to say I didn't really think too much of the joint pain because he doesn't walk well due to one of the previous chemotherapy drugs he had - Vincristine. Because of Vincristine his leg muscles are weaker and he walks with "slapfoot" or "dropfoot" and he trips and falls fairly often. I figured his joint pain was because of falling but since his diagnosis I now see that it was probably because of the leukemia. On treatment he has had a significant amount of bone and joint pain, especially early on. When it's clear that he is in pain, he does get pain meds to help. I think the painkillers do help him but I think even then he does have some pain but duller than without painkillers.

      A leukemia diagnosis is absolutely not a death sentence. It's treatable but you have to keep in mind that it does take lives. I know many children and adults that have gone on to live completely normal lives after getting their No Evidence of Disease (NED) status. Sometimes a patient does relapse but it is absolutely possible that he or she can reach remission and eventually NED status.

      I hope this helped you out some and I hope you're able to come to a conclusion with your physician. If you have any more questions feel free to email me (crazycanuckj@yahoo.ca) or IM me (crazycanuckj).

  5. QUESTION:
    How can one cope with it all?
    With many severe medical problems that has taken much of my life away. The va hospital recently did several surgeries only to not only find I now have cancer, but due to a very rare blood disorder, my right leg will have to go soon. The independance is gone. What more is left when your alone and live alone. How can one live and not just barely exist?

    • ANSWER:
      The only thing left is God ..Dying isn't a bad thing if there are no options! I would seek piece and mercy myself ....

  6. QUESTION:
    Will they take my bone morrow for transplant if I have had Breast Cancer three years ago?
    I also take a Cancer pill for 5yrs all total.Ihad stage one Breast Cancer three yes.ago.But amok now.My daughter has a rare blood disorder.Polysemiavera.Not sure if I spelled it right.Thank you.

    • ANSWER:
      No. Having had cancer precludes you from donating.

  7. QUESTION:
    Does having a rare blood type make it harder to treat cancer?
    My sister was just diagnosed with stage 3B Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. I don't know her blood type but I know that in college she donated it because she said it was rare and in need. Is this going to affect her chances of fighting it? She's 32 almost 33, just got married and wanted to start up a family so this is devestating to us.

    • ANSWER:
      No it does not. Cancer is treated with chemotherapy and or radiation.

  8. QUESTION:
    What stage of cancer do you think this is?
    My friend was diagnosed with anaplastic T- cell lymphoma. He has a tumor under his armpit. The doctors removed another tumor from his spine and did a biopsy, which is how they found out what type of cancer he had. They left the one under his armpit and hope the chemo will get rid of it. He just had his first round of chemo, and will be doing 3 rounds total, and radition after. What stage of cancer does he have?

    • ANSWER:
      http://www.lymphomation.org/t-cell-types.htm
      Sounds like a rare type of blood cancer...I would say he could be stage 3 maybe even more. I'm not a doctor or even a nurse....just read up on the internet so I suggest you ask one of his family members.
      Remeber there is always hope with people with diseases..more ppl are living longer with cancer some are even cured and live to be old so don't give up hope.

  9. QUESTION:
    How much does it cost to get pheochromocytoma surgery in the United States, California?
    It is a rare kind of cancer. If I do not have insurance, how much would it cost?

    • ANSWER:
      Surgery probably costs around ,000 to ,000. Pre-op patient care will run into many thousands of dollars too. The 24-hour VMA tests for metanephrines and catecholamines probably cost several hundred dollars each. My surgery was performed in Southern California by a surgeon experienced with this procedure.

      You may qualify for coverage under Medi-Cal or some federal program. Contract the National Institutes for Health (nih.gov).

      I am sorry to read of another person suffering from a pheochromocytoma. These are a rare tumor, usually of the adrenal glands. About 1,000 cases are diagnosed in the US per year. They are very rare, on the order of 0.3 per 100,000 population (per year).

      Have you actually been diagnosed with a pheochromocytoma or are you just exploring possibilities? Your doctor will ask you to collect urine for 24 hours to check your catecholamine and metanephrine levels to help confirm the diagnosis. Prior to surgery, you will be placed on several types of blood pressure medication to prepare your heart for this serious surgery.

      The Wikipedia page contains accurate and helpful information:
      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pheochromocytoma

      I wish you all the best in your progress and that you can get the necessary treatment.

      Contact me via e-mail if you would like more information.

  10. QUESTION:
    How do most people diagnosed with cancer realise they have cancer?
    How do they find out that they've got cancer? And what if it's not diagnosed... do people just die of it without even knowing what was wrong?

    • ANSWER:
      I would say it is rare these days for people to die of cancer without knowing they have it if they look after themselves with regular checks and having any concerns investigated, but it would happen if the person neglects their body.
      I was suspicious my daughter (6y/o) may have had leukaemia due to spiking temps, lethargy, paleness, nose bleeds, lacking appetite, I was shocked when it was confirmed when I demanded a full blood count. My best friends brain tumor was diagnosed with one seizure, that was the only symptom. My fathers bowel cancer was diagnosed by having continual blood counts which consistantly showed anemia which lead to the colonoscopy which confirmed it.

  11. QUESTION:
    Does properly controlling blood sugar usually cause an improvement in neuropathy?
    My dad has borderline high blood sugar and intense discomfort from neuropathy. The only medication he is on is a statin. His doctor says its unsafe for him to discontinue the statin. Is it truly unsafe to discontinue a statin to see if his neuropathy improves.

    • ANSWER:
      First thing to do is get rid of your doctor. Statins have a good chance of killing you. Nicotinic Acid (B3) is as good as a statin and don't have the dangerous side effects.
      Controlling Glucose levels can stem the progression of Neuropathy but cannot reverse it. Neurontin is useless.

      Some people experience memory loss, report an inability to concentrate as well, and feel that they are developing Alzheimer’s disease when taking statin drugs.

      Muscle weakness is frequently a symptom of neuropathy and the muscle weakness may develop in a matter of days or may slowly progress over weeks or months. Individuals may simply not recognize the progressive muscle weakness and excuse the symptoms away as the result of being tired, overdoing or just getting older. For those who take statins, keep muscle weakness in mind as it “could be a sign of a rare but serious side effect.”

      Muscle Pain and Rhabdomyolysis
      Muscle symptoms are a common side effect of statins; many people experience aching in the shoulders, pain in the jaw, or muscle pain in the legs. The muscle pain is a symptom muscle breakdown that is occurring in the body due to the side effect of the statin drug. When tissues break down, the body must eliminate the excess waste products. The waste products then overload the kidneys, causing more serious problems. Rhabdomyolysis (often called rhabdo for short) is the medical term for the breakdown of muscle fibers that results in the release of muscle fiber contents into the bloodstream. Besides muscle pain, the other major symptom of rhabdomyolysis is dark, red, or cola colored urine.

      Severe rhabdomyolysis can result in death from acute kidney failure due to overload of the kidneys with deteriorated muscle tissue. If fact, the cholesterol lowering drug Baycol was removed from the market after being implicated in over 60 deaths due to rhabdomyolysis. However, rhabdomyolysis remains a dangerous side effect of statins in general.

      Borderline is a nice word for saying your Dad is Diabetic and the doctor hasn't the knowledge to start treatment or really cares.So he must act as if diabetic and do the following for life.
      There are 4 key steps to controlling glucose levels :

      1) EXERCISE- Walking is fine but Nordic Walking is Great. Exercise also lowers Glucose levels , lowers Cholesterol and lowers Blood Pressure. Google it.Exercise is Non-Negotiable !!!Thats why it is Number 1 on the list.
      2) Knowledge- http://www.phlaunt.com/diabetes/index.ph… This is a great site for info
      3) Meds. Metformin to start.Never , ever take Actos or Avandia. They may kill you. Bone fractures, heart problems and what diabetics really don't need is that they change Bone Stem Cells to Fat Cells.Also never ever take Onglyza or Januvia . They can can inhibit the bodys immune system and let cancer spread.
      4) Diet- A low carb diet is in order. I can't count carbs so I use Mendosa's Glycemic Index Diet. Great for the whole family. http://www.mendosa.com/gilists.htm

      Don't forgrt the EXERCISE>

      Take care
      Tin

  12. QUESTION:
    What are the chances of having prostate cancer for age 25?
    Is it possible to have prostate cancer if someone is 25?
    No one in family has it.
    I feel like having prostate cancer, I have WBC in urine as well as some semen, painful urination and sometimes irritating bowel.
    I sometimes feel chilling after urination.

    • ANSWER:
      It is rare but it can happen. If you have concerns, ask your doctor about it and if you still are worried, see if she will do a PSA test,(a simply blood test) along with a DRE, (digitel rectal exam) and palpate your prostate. While cancer is not likely, you could have a prostate infection, which can be treated with antibiotics.

      You are much more likely to have testicular cancer at your age. After 40 to 50, the chances of testicular cancer go way down and prostate cancer goes way up.

      Additionally, you could have BPH, which is just an enlarged prostate. This is also treatable.

      Your doctor can explain all this to you and will either do the tests herself or refer you to a urologist.

  13. QUESTION:
    How do I raise Red blood platelets and white count?
    I receive arisept iron shots every 4 weeks; I also receive B12 shots every 4 weeks. I have Sjogren's Syndrome which is a very rare Rheumatoid Arthritis and causes blood problems. At this point in my life, I am sick and tired of being sick and tired! Any suggestions?

    FYI, a grandmother cautioned all the girls in the family to say we have poor spleens. My mother and her elder sister had cancer of the spleen. Would that have anything to do with this?

    • ANSWER:
      Eat a lot of fruit and vegetables, as the phytochemicals in colored fruit and vegetables are essential to make white blood cells. Five servings is the minimum recommended intake for adults according to the US Department of Agriculture. Green tea contains an antioxidant called catechin, which stimulates the production of white blood cells. Ginger and garlic may also boost production of white blood cells. Exercise boosts both red and white blood cells. A good multivitamin containing zinc may also help.

      Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/366294-how-to-increase-your-red-white-blood-cells/#ixzz1aE6oV5Cv

  14. QUESTION:
    How common is colon cancer in young adults?
    20 years old. Most common causes for occational, rare traces of blood on toilet paper?

    • ANSWER:
      Cut Back on hard chips,coffee,beer,hard liquor,and eat right and you will get better.May be from staining on the toilet.Eat more because if you do not put some thing in nothing comes out and you will be just pooping your self.

  15. QUESTION:
    Does most women with stage 2a breast cancer always have a recurrence?
    I know that it is rare for stage 1 breast cancer to come back later and metastasize, but is it for stage 2a breast cancer? Stage 2a means no lymph nodes involved.

    • ANSWER:
      I'm sorry, but your statement is very incorrect. This is from the National Cancer Institute:

      Stages of Breast Cancer
      Key Points for This Section

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.
      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.
      The following stages are used for breast cancer:
      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)
      Stage I
      Stage IIA
      Stage IIB
      Stage IIIA
      Stage IIIB
      Stage IIIC
      Stage IV

      After breast cancer has been diagnosed, tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the breast or to other parts of the body.

      The process used to find out whether the cancer has spread within the breast or to other parts of the body is called staging. The information gathered from the staging process determines the stage of the disease. It is important to know the stage in order to plan treatment.

      There are three ways that cancer spreads in the body.

      The three ways that cancer spreads in the body are:

      Through tissue. Cancer invades the surrounding normal tissue.
      Through the lymph system. Cancer invades the lymph system and travels through the lymph vessels to other places in the body.
      Through the blood. Cancer invades the veins and capillaries and travels through the blood to other places in the body.
      When cancer cells break away from the primary (original) tumor and travel through the lymph or blood to other places in the body, another (secondary) tumor may form. This process is called metastasis. The secondary (metastatic) tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the bones, the cancer cells in the bones are actually breast cancer cells. The disease is metastatic breast cancer, not bone cancer.

      The following stages are used for breast cancer:

      Stage 0 (carcinoma in situ)

      There are 2 types of breast carcinoma in situ:

      Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a noninvasive condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lining of a breast duct. The abnormal cells have not spread outside the duct to other tissues in the breast. In some cases, DCIS may become invasive cancer and spread to other tissues, although it is not known at this time how to predict which lesions will become invasive.
      Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lobules of the breast. This condition seldom becomes invasive cancer; however, having lobular carcinoma in situ in one breast increases the risk of developing breast cancer in either breast.
      Enlarge

      Pea, peanut, walnut, and lime show tumor sizes.

      Stage I

      In stage I, cancer has formed. The tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has not spread outside the breast.

      Stage IIA

      In stage IIA:

      no tumor is found in the breast, but cancer is found in the axillary lymph nodes (the lymph nodes under the arm); or
      the tumor is 2 centimeters or smaller and has spread to the axillary lymph nodes; or
      the tumor is larger than 2 centimeters but not larger than 5 centimeters and has not spread to the axillary lymph nodes.

      So, there is also no concrete evidence that it is "RARE" for stage I breast cancer to "come back" and "metastasize." When cancer "comes back," it is called a recurrence. When it has "metastasized," that means it has spread to another organ. These are two different situations.

      There are women who had been dx'd with stage 0 or stage I breast cancer, and leapt to stage IV in the blink of an eye.

      You just can't assume that stage I means a person is in the clear.

      Cancer doesn't play favorites. It may never come back for a woman who was diagnosed originally as a stage IIIb. This is why it is crucial for women to be extreme advocates for themselves and be in tune with their bodies.

      By the way, I was diagnosed as a stage IIa/IIb, and I fully intend on NOT having it come back.

  16. QUESTION:
    How can I help Children with Cancer?
    I want to help Children with cancer, but I do not want to be a doctor. I want to interact with them. I was wondering if anybody knew of any undergrad degrees I could get or eventual jobs that fit this description. Maybe a teacher? Physical therapist? Social Worker?

    • ANSWER:
      There are different kinds of careers that involve working with children who have cancer (and blood disorders- in the pediatric world, hematology and oncology usually go together.)

      I am a child life specialist. My job is to help children understand and cope with what is going on. I teach kids about their diagnoses (or their siblings' diagnoses) and treatments, prepare them for procedures, distract them during procedures, run support groups, do medical and therapeutic play, teach coping techniques, do school re-entry programs, organize special events, provide bereavement support and legacy building, and much more.

      Currently, this career requires an undergraduate degree, internship and certification exam. However, by 2020, a Master's degree will be required for all new child life specialists. The other important thing to know is that you generally don't get much choice in the area in which you work- I work in peds hem/onc, but child life is involved in many different specialties, as well as general peds, pedi ER, etc.

      Physical therapists need more than an undergrad degree, and all peds oncology social work positions that I know of also require Master's degrees. Pediatric nurses do not require Master's degrees.

      Our center also has a nutritionist, nurse practitioners (grad degrees), and more. We do not have a teacher- that's pretty rare.

      I need to address the inane comment about PT that another answerer wrote: "Keep in mind physical therapy is watching these children scream in pain from there leg that's has far too much cancer in it, and telling them to rough it out."

      HUH? Not true. I was with a patient today while she had PT. The PT NEVER told her to tough it out or made her do more than she could. The PT made it fun, doing an art activity with her and making walking into a game. Many pediatric PTs are very, very good with kids and not like what you describe.

  17. QUESTION:
    What are my chances of experiencing blood clots?
    My aunt (moms sister) suffers from blood clots, however neither my mom or my sister tested positive..is there any chance I will get them? I get my blood test results in one week, but does anyone know? Is there an inheritance pattern?

    • ANSWER:
      The majority of blood clots are not related to inherited conditions. There are some rare genetic disorders that predispose a person to develop blood clots, such as Factor V Leiden deficiency, Protein C or S deficiency, etc. People with these genetic conditions usually have a very strong family history of blood clots and have multiple family members with blood clots. A blood clot only in your aunt is not considered to be a family history and it is extremely unlikely that you would have one of these genetic conditions. Most likely your aunt developed the blood clot for other reasons. Other things that can increase the risk of blood clots include immobility, cancer, surgery, trauma, estrogen use and smoking. Your risk of developing a blood clot is likely similar to the general population. If you smoke or use birth control pills then your risk would be slightly higher. Doctor’s usually do not test for the genetic conditions unless someone has already developed a blood clot or sometimes if there is a very strong family history of blood clots.

  18. QUESTION:
    Does anal fissure leads to rectal or blood cancer ?
    I have anal fissure and it is rare. I have this problem only when i am in improper diet . Now my doubt is whether this leads to any cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      No it does not lead to cancer or blood cancer.
      It is curable,just consult colorectal surgeon.

  19. QUESTION:
    Can cancer be detected in prenatal blood tests?
    How is cancer detected? I have a family friend who only found out 2 months ago and is already in a hospice?
    During pregnancy, can this be detected as well?

    • ANSWER:
      Blood tests, radiological screenings (like x-rays, pet scans, ct scans, and MRI), colonoscopy, endoscopy, and biopsies are all methods that doctors use to determine when a patient has cancer. These tests are often done after a patient detects symptoms (finds a lump, develops a cough that won't go away, pain, or unexplained weight loss.) Cancer is extremely rare in newborns and is not routinely screened for.

  20. QUESTION:
    What is a rare heart disease that can make a boy die at 14?
    it's a heart disease like cancer,His blood is very bad and his heart is to weak for his body.

    • ANSWER:

  21. QUESTION:
    What are the complications if a person has nephrotic syndrome and gets cancer?
    My wife has nephrotic syndrome (a kidney disease) and the doctor, due to recent blood test findings, believes she has cancer. Are there any complications that could come from having the syndrome and having to now fight cancer.

    • ANSWER:
      This is a dillematic situation - so far that I can say. Kidney cancer is a rare type of cancer. To treat cancer, doctor would suggest chemo/radiation/surgery... depends on the stage.

      Does the disease affect both kidneys or only one? All chemo drugs are very strong, I'm afraid cannot be applied to your wife, given that her kidney is the one who has problem.

      However, I believe that your doctor will know the best of her condition, hence can determine best treatment (maybe kidney transplantation?). '

      In the mean time, it's important that your wife change to a healthy lifestyle, healthy food and enough rest. Good luck.

  22. QUESTION:
    What is cancer? how many types of cancers were ever found and recorded?
    what are the causes of cancer? why, with our advanced medical technology, we are still unable to cure the same and provide a right dose of vaccine? what's the chances of one making a full recovery from the deadly deasese? what has the WHO done to tackle this issue before we even talk about AIDS?

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer develops when cells in a part of the body begin to grow out of control. Although there are many kinds of cancer, they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells.

      Normal body cells grow, divide, and die in an orderly fashion. During the early years of a person's life, normal cells divide more rapidly until the person becomes an adult. After that, cells in most parts of the body divide only to replace worn-out or dying cells and to repair injuries.

      Because cancer cells continue to grow and divide, they are different from normal cells. Instead of dying, they outlive normal cells and continue to form new abnormal cells.

      Cancer cells develop because of damage to DNA. This substance is in every cell and directs all activities. Most of the time when DNA becomes damaged the body is able to repair it. In cancer cells, the damaged DNA is not repaired. People can inherit damaged DNA, which accounts for inherited cancers. More often, though, a person's DNA becomes damaged by exposure to something in the environment, like smoking.

      Cancer usually forms as a tumor. Some cancers, like leukemia, do not form tumors. Instead, these cancer cells involve the blood and blood-forming organs and circulate through other tissues where they grow.

      Often, cancer cells travel to other parts of the body where they begin to grow and replace normal tissue. This process is called metastasis. Regardless of where a cancer may spread, however, it is always named for the place it began. For instance, breast cancer that spreads to the liver is still called breast cancer, not liver cancer.

      Not all tumors are cancerous. Benign (noncancerous) tumors do not spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body and, with very rare exceptions, are not life threatening.

      Different types of cancer can behave very differently. For example, lung cancer and breast cancer are very different diseases. They grow at different rates and respond to different treatments. That is why people with cancer need treatment that is aimed at their particular kind of cancer.

      AEROBIC exercise and circuit training should be prescribed to all cancer patients.
      The call follows the results of a pilot study which found that women who underwent controlled exercise classes during their treatment for breast cancer were better at fighting the debilitating effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

      For more info about cancer and WHO/Cancer please visit:
      http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/index.html

  23. QUESTION:
    What are the vital organs of the body that skin cancer can spread to?
    i know that skin is an organ, but what are the other vital organs in the body that can be affected by skin cancer?

    i have look this up and i cannot find anything that says a specific organ, other than the skin.
    this is for an essay i'm writing for school.
    any help is appreciated : ).
    thanks in advance : ).

    • ANSWER:
      In general most skin cancers will spread if not protected from bright sunlight. Basal cell cancer is one of these. It occurs on the skin surface & spreads to surrounding tissue. Squamous cell cancer has lesions that become open sores & will penetrate the skin & metastasize.It commonly involves the tongue & mouth.Melanoma is the bad one.This one develops from moles & unlike the others will metastasize far from the original site.It travels & spreads by the lymph & blood vessels.Paget's tumors are a rare skin cancer that involves the breast tissue, mostly the milk ducts & nipple areas.It also can be seen as a red, crusting rash in the groin, anus, and sweat glands.

  24. QUESTION:
    how do i tell if my ferret has adrenal cancer?
    I have had my two ferret's Tippy and Macy for about 1 &1/2 years, i know adrenal cancer is very common in MARSHALL ferrets, and Macy is slowly loosing hair on her tail. I dont know if loosing her hair could be a cause of the other ferret or a sign on adrenal cancer. Granted, i have been very worried about the ferrets, ever since i first heard about the cancer, I could be over reacting, but I dont want to take any chances.

    • ANSWER:
      This article was taken from the "The Pet Ferret Owner's Manual"

      Adrenal gland tumours are common in ferrets over 4 years old. The normal adrenal gland contains several types of cells that produce different hormones, such as cortisone and some male and female hormones. Excessive amounts of female hormones are often produced by adrenal gland tumours. There are no blood tests that absolutely prove that a ferret has an adrenal gland tumour, because the hormones and their effects are so variable. Palpation, radiography, and ultrasonography are used to identify an enlarged adrenal gland. The enlargement may be caused by hyperplasia (normal cells proliferating at an unusual rate), or by a benign or malignant tumour.

      Possible cause of adrenal gland tumours

      Early spaying or neutering. It has been suggested that spaying and neutering 6- to 7-week-old ferrets induces adrenal gland tumours. The theory is that the adrenal glands of animals spayed or neutered very young might try to compensate for the lack of normal sex hormones by proliferation of cells that produce sex hormones. However, many ferrets spayed or neutered when much older have developed adrenal gland tumours, and occasionally animals that have not been spayed or neutered also have adrenal gland tumours.

      Individual people and animals are more susceptible to some types of cancer than others. Some ferret families may be especially susceptible to adrenal gland cancer. It is likely that more than one factor determines any ferret's susceptibility to adrenal gland abnormalities. Early spaying or neutering is certainly not the whole answer. (The disease was uncommon in the hunting ferrets that were their ancestors, and is still rare in animals that live outside, as they tend to do in the UK and in Australia. The incidence of adrenal gland problems is increasing in the UK as pet ferrets begin to share their owners' homes instead of living in the back garden.

      Extended photoperiod. It is possible that the incidence of adrenal gland cancer has increased because we have forced our ferrets to adapt to our life style. Ferrets are strongly affected by photoperiod. Under natural conditions, there are only about 8 hours of strong light a day in the winter months, and the proportions of light and dark gradually change during the spring and fall. We have removed all these stimuli when we keep the ferret in a house where electric lights extend day length to at least 12 hours, all year round.

      Changing photoperiod causes the ferret to lose weight and hair in the spring, and come into breeding condition. In the fall, as the hours of light decrease, ferrets stop breeding, grow a heavy winter coat, and put on extra fat to prepare for the cold weather. A primitive part of the brain called the pineal gland mediates the ferret's response to light. The pineal gland produces a hormone called melatonin only during hours of darkness. Melatonin reduces the output of gonadotrophins from the pituitary gland. Gonadotrophins bind to cells in the ovary or testicle, inducing production of sex hormones. The same gonadotrophins also bind to cells in the adrenal gland. When ovaries and testicles are removed, these gonadotrophins can bind only to adrenal cortical cells.

      It is possible that constant stimulation of the adrenal glands because of the long hours of light eventually causes first benign hyperplasia (enlargement), and then benign tumours to develop in the adrenal cortex. In some animals, the tumours become malignant or are malignant from the outset. Whether the condition is hypertrophy, a benign tumour, or cancer, excessive levels of adrenal cortical hormones are produced.

      Hyperplasia may be corrected if the ferret is put in a place where the light can be limited to 8 hours a day, and the ferret's hair starts to regrow 3 to 6 weeks after the change. By definition, tumour cells are out of control, and modifying photoperiod cannot reverse hair loss when any type of tumour is producing sex hormones.

      People want their ferrets to be awake and playing in the evening when they come home from work, so the ferret is exposed to natural light all day, and artificial light in the evening. The obvious way to limit the ferret's exposure to 8 hours of light a day, without preventing him from interacting with his family, is to give him a dark place to sleep during the day. It has to be really dark, excluding all light, like a moonless night.)

      This might be arranged by putting the ferret's cage inside a well-ventilated closet, or using light-excluding drapes on the windows in the ferret's room. Reducing the ferret's exposure to light usually results in an improvement in coat condition and an increase in body weight a few weeks after the new arrangement - these responses show that the original photoperiod was too long. Providing short days only during the winter months is sufficient, as this mimics the natural seasonal variation in day length.

      In a survey of about 300 ferrets performed in the Chicago area in the early '90's, the lowest incidence of adrenal gland tumours was found in ferrets used for breeding, and these animals must have been housed under short photoperiod at least part of the year or they would not have been productive. The association between adrenal gland tumours and artificial light conditions cannot be ignored.

      About 47% of unspayed jills left in heat too long may develop bone marrow hypoplasia and die, but under natural light conditions, a high percentage of all ferrets spayed at any age develop adrenal tumours. Modifying your home to provide a more natural photoperiod in the winter is a simple thing compared to any of the alternatives once a ferret is diagnosed with an adrenal gland tumour.

      Signs that a ferret has an adrenal tumour

      Sometimes weight loss, hair loss, and itching for no apparent reason, are the only early signs of adrenal cancer in either a male or female ferret. Intact hobs with adrenal tumours might have permanently enlarged testicles but will be sterile. The first sign noticed by the owner of a spayed female with an adrenal gland tumour is often the sudden appearance of a swollen vulva, as if she were in heat.

      Causes of hyperestrogenism in jills

      There are two common reasons for jills coming in heat long after they have been spayed. A mistake made during the spay surgery is not one of them. A jill spayed incompletely as a kit comes in heat at 4 to 6 months old, depending on the hours of light each day, the same as if she were not spayed at all.

      1. Ectopic ovarian tissue. Occasionally ovarian tissue grows at the site of the spay surgery, or elsewhere in the abdomen. It is not regrowth of an ovary, it is new tissue that functions like an ovarian follicle, producing oestrogen. This may happen years after the spay, for unknown reasons. If the jill is left in heat a long time, she can suffer the same side effects as with a normal oestrus, including loss of hair and suppression of bone marrow. Surgical removal of the abnormal tissue immediately ends the oestrus and its side effects. Injectable hormones, that work well on normal jills in heat, do not always work on jills with ectopic ovarian tissue.

      2. Adrenal gland tumours. Exploratory surgery may be necessary to distinguish jills with adrenal gland tumours from those with ectopic ovarian tissue. It is possible for a jill to have both problems at once.

      Prognosis for ferrets with adrenal gland tumours

      If left untreated, ferrets with adrenal gland tumours usually lose all but the hair on their heads and a tuft on the tail tip. Their skin gets very thin, they have a pot-bellied appearance, and they sleep most of the time. Fortunately, although they have an odd appearance with almost no fur on their bodies, ferrets with benign adrenal gland tumours can live a reasonably normal life, if they do not become anaemic due to high levels of oestrogen. Jills often appear to be in heat, and because this is associated with a swollen and open vulva, they are susceptible to urinary tract infections. Neutered or intact male ferrets may develop life-threatening urinary obstruction because high hormone levels cause the prostate gland to hypertrophy (enlarge) and constrict the neck of the bladder.

      The most effective treatment is to surgically remove the abnormal adrenal gland. This is the only choice to relieve prostate hypertrophy, which it does within 48 hours. The adrenal glands produce many important substances required for life. If there are tumours on both glands, one can be removed, but part of the second one must remain, even if it means leaving part of the tumour there, too. New techniques using cryosurgery have made removal of an adrenal gland a safer procedure, and most ferrets recover uneventfully.

      Mitotane (Lysodren) is a drug that reduces the amount of hormone being produced by a benign inoperable tumour, extending the quality life time of the ferret. Other drugs used in humans are being tried in ferrets.

      Some tumours are malignant and do not respond to Lysodren or other treatments. They metastasize to other organs or recur after removal. Ferrets with malignant tumours have a short life expectancy after diagnosis.
      http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?cls=11&cat=1292&articleid=522

      --------------------------------------...
      My first ferret came along in the late 50's and none of the ferrets I had have ever developed adrenal tumours, heart disease, or insulinoma. I now have 14 ferrets that are kept outside in natural light and fed on raw red meat, poultry and offal

      The bits in ( ) is what I have been saying for years, but these so called experts here in the UK have poo pooed my ideas and made out that I have no idea what I am talking about, so why is it now happening that people in the Scandinavian countries and Western Europe are now in the situation of not altering their ferrets since adrenal tumours, heart disease and insulinoma are so common in altered USA ferrets

  25. QUESTION:
    What kind of blood test should be taken for seminoma and malignancy?
    Hi, guys. I have cryptochidism. I read that people with cryptorchidism have higher risk of having seminoma and malignancy. What kind of blood test should I take to check whether I have any of the cancers?

    • ANSWER:
      Kuzi Chand,
      Nearly all testicular cancers are one of two general types. Based on the characteristics of the cells in the tumour, testicular cancers are classified as seminomas or nonseminomas. Other types of cancer that arise in the testicles are rare and I shall not discuss them here. Seminomas may be one of three types: classic, anaplastic, or spermatocytic. Types of nonseminomas include choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumours. Testicular tumours may contain both seminoma and nonseminoma cells. There are other tests, but as you specifically request details of the blood test, that is what I shall answer. Blood tests that measure the levels of tumour markers. Tumour markers are substances often found in higher-than-normal amounts when cancer is present. Tumour markers such as alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (ßHCG), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) may suggest the presence of a testicular tumour, even if it is too small to be detected by physical exams or imaging tests. There is now a blood test that will accurately detect early cancer of all types. The test is called AMAS. AMAS stands for "anti-malignin antibody in serum." The test is extremely sensitive; It has an accuracy of greater than 95%. If the test is repeated, the accuracy is greater than 99%. That is to say, that false positive and false negative rates are less than 1%. The test is called AMAS. AMAS stands for "anti-malignin antibody in serum." The test is extremely sensitive; blood levels of this antibody rise early in the course of the vast majority of cancers of all types, regardless of location in the body. The test is especially useful when cancer is suspected but has not been confirmed by a biopsy. Were it not for the intransigence of established authorities, the AMAS test undoubtedly would be much more widely used. Another test that is also overlooked is yet again another safe alternative to all the expensive and/or injurious/invasive tests, and is as follows - All trophoblast cells produce a unique hormone called the chorionic gonadotrophic (CGH) which is easily detected in urine. Thus if a person is either pregnant or has cancer, a simple CGH pregnancy test should confirm either or both. It does, with an accuracy of better than 92% in all cases. If the urine sample shows positive it means either normal pregnancy or abnormal malignant cancer. If the patient is a woman, she either is pregnant or has cancer. If he is a man, cancer can be the only cause. So why are all of the expensive, dangerous biopsies carried out to 'detect' cancerous growths? During biopsies or other procedures, one can dislodge some cancer cells, either into the interstitial fluid where they are carried away to lymph nodes, or possibly into the veins draining the tissue where they enter the vascular tree and travel to the lungs. It is also possible to drag some cells along the needle track or along the surgical incision. So it is possible to increase the incidence of lymphatic and haematogenous spread of the cancer, as well as local implantation along the surgical route or needle tracks. One can only assume that Medicare pays doctors a larger fee for biopsies than pregnancy tests.

      ALL ANSWERS SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY RESEARCHED, IN ANY FORUM AND ESPECIALLY IN THIS ONE. - MANY ANSWERS ARE FLAWED.

      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  26. QUESTION:
    I have had pulmenary embolism and a rare condition where my blood thickens easily. I have been on coumidi?
    My question is since being on this (coumidin and warferin) medicine for over 25 years, Am I in risk of anything like cancer or leukenia?

    • ANSWER:
      Coumadin and warfarin are the same thing. They are not known to cause cancer or leukemia.

  27. QUESTION:
    What Are The Chances Of Getting Colon Cancer If No One Else In My Family Has It?
    I know this sounds a bit strange, but hear me out...
    A few days ago I used a Mystic Eye (something like an oujii board) and I asked how I would die. It said of "Cancer Colon" and in my 70's.
    I'm a bit of a hypochondriac and this got me thinking. Since then I have had stomach pains (not from being worried) most of the time during the past 3 days. Today I had a pain in the lower part of my chest/upper part of my stomach that later moved to around my right kidney.
    My body is achey which it has been for the past few months (the doctor said it was from over-using my muscles from playing bass) today it's been a bit worse but I've been walking around town all day.
    The only people in my family to have Cancer are my aunt on my mother's side who had ovarian cancer and my grandma on my father's side who had lung cancer (and smoked for many years.) I'm 15 years old.
    What are the odds of me getting Colon Cancer?
    I also have shortness of breath which I've had on and off since my muscles/joints started hurting in the beginning of the summer.
    I'm a white male who doesn't smoke, drink or do any drugs. I don't eat much meat other than Mcdonalds hamburgers, and occasionally hamburgers off the grill at home.

    • ANSWER:
      Colon cancer is asymptomatic until the very late stages. It is not a common cancer for a 15 year old at all. Certain age groups tend to have different types of cancer, not always, but enough to think that age is a factor when determining the types of cancer you can get. Colon cancer is bascially a disease of older people, you hear alot about it because there is educational material teaching the public about the disease (just like smoking and breast cancer receive a great deal of media). This is all good for older people who need this information, but it does little good for people your age.

      The types of cancer that teenagers commonly get are often related to growing (growth spurts) and hormones thus you should be looking out for any unusual lumps or bumps located anywhere on the body. Be especially suspicious of any bump that seems to be growing. The types of cancer common to adolescents are:

      1. Leukemia - cancer of the blood
      2. Osteosarcoma - a type of bone cancer
      3. Ewing's sarcoma - a type of bone cancer
      4. Hodgkin's disease - lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, adenoids, tonsils, and bone marrow)
      5. non-Hodgkin's lymphoma -lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, adenoids, tonsils, and bone marrow)
      6. Germ cell cancers - Testicular cancer
      7. Soft tissue sarcoma - cancer of connective tissue or muscles, example is Rhabdomyosarcoma
      8. Brain tumors - not generally common in teens but two forms to watch for include Astrocytomas (from cells in the brain called astrocytes) and Ependymomas (begin in the lining of brain ventricles).
      9. Melanoma - skin cancer
      10. Thyroid cancer

      http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/diseases_conditions/cancer/cancer.html

      It is possible to have other types of very rare cancer as a teen too, but the above diseases are the most common and the ones that all teens should become aware of. Each age group should become familiar with the types of cancer common for their age . . it narrows the field of over 200 different kinds of cancer down considerably.

      Still, if you have any doubts please go seek out medical advice. Get a complete physical and discuss any concerns with your doctor.

      Best.

  28. QUESTION:
    What are some signs that you might have cancer?
    Like cancer of the breast, or lungs or from the throat?

    • ANSWER:
      Some cancers have symptoms, some don't. I know somebody who had a bad fall and went to the hospital and they found she had a broken hip - and a rare bone cancer. She had no idea and no symptoms. They caught it early and she had a hip replacement.

      Lung cancer or throat cancer, you might develop a cough or feel some irritation. You might even cough up blood or have trouble or pain when breathing.

      Breast Cancer, usually you will find a lump or a swelling. The breast might change shape or colour in places and you might experience a discharge or blood from the nipple. And men can get breast cancer.

  29. QUESTION:
    How is it possible for a patient to use 50 pints of donated blood?
    Came across a Red Cross flyer (and also a news article) that said that some hospital patients, especially those with cancer(?) or severe injuries, can use up to 50 pints of donated blood or even more.

    (They were asking people to donate blood.)

    How is it possible for someone to use that much blood? What would be the cause?

    • ANSWER:
      It is highly unusual for a patient to require 50 units of blood over a short period of time, but it is not unheard of for a patient suffering from a major trauma. I had a patient once who was run over by a power boat that roared through a swimming area off limits to boats, and this poor guy was chopped to shreds by the boat's propellers. He required a LOT of surgery, and a LOT of blood. But there are many patients who can easily require 100 or 200 pints of blood over a year's time. Leukemia patients fall under this category. Bone cancer patients. Hemopheliacs. Other clotting disorders. Certain other debilitating diseases. It's rare, but it's not unheard of, either. Blood can be a real lifesaver! If you can donate, you need to do so. It can make a huge difference in someone's life... or death.

  30. QUESTION:
    Abraham Lincoln may have suffered from a rare illness. How might doctors do a study 144 years after he died?
    Hi, I'm doing a current event in english and I need to give my opinion, I have no idea. Can anyone please give me their thoughts and/or theories?

    The question is:

    Doctors believe that Abraham Lincoln may have suffered from a rare illness. How might doctors do a study 144 years after Lincoln died?

    ~ Thank you for your time. M.

    • ANSWER:
      They are talking about MEN2B syndrome, a rare disease involving mouth tumors that inevitably leads to cancer. One doctor claimed it based on observation of photos of Lincoln and descriptions of him from the time, as well as evidence from a cast of his face from 1860 that shows a lump on his lip.

      The doctor claims Lincoln's DNA could be tested based on blood samples from Lincoln's biopsy which are still in possession of the government.

  31. QUESTION:
    How can you ever know if you have cancer?
    Basically a family member i've been told has it, the one guy you wouldn't expect to ever get anything of the sort (no need to offer condolences etc) & well just got me thinking

    How can you ever be sure you're perfecty healthy & that cancer isn't developing ANYWHERE in your body?
    Like obviously it ain't practical to get a full blown body examination to make sure you don't have cancer so how do people actually catch it early?

    • ANSWER:
      Birra spanish castle magic - Chai! You must know that you can never be 100% sure you're perfectly healthy without any developing cancer. The "reasonable" wisest way to go is to have a routine annual physical exam with a couple of basic lab tests such as a CBC (Complete Blood Count), urine analysis, and Chemistry screening panel. However, anytime you notice any suspicious change in your health, visit your doctor for evaluation. Get an annual Pap smear and stool card test screen for blood. Excess radiation studies can be harmful, even cancer-causing in rare cases. Make sure your doctor knows of any of your blood relatives who have had cancer and the type of cancer in case it should run in the family. In between exams, get on with enjoying your life and stop worrying so, The number one killer in the USA is heart and cardiovascular disease, including stroke. Avoid all smoking.

  32. QUESTION:
    What cancer should I choose for my 7th grade project?
    I'm looking for some ideas. I want to do a cancer that the average 7th grader wouldn't know, but that isn't so rare like a cancer that killed 7 people.

    • ANSWER:
      I was gonna suggest heart cancer, but it occurs so rarely...there's no point in scaring 7th graders with it.

      You could do pancreatic cancer, stomach cancer, melanoma (but yeah...you don't wanna make 7th graders scared of the sun...) or colorectal cancer (but then again...we don't want a sudden influx of 7th graders thinking they have it because they had some blood on their toilet paper...).

      You should do a cancer that you can get enough information on.

      Stay away from lung and breast cancer. People always talk about lung and breast cancer in my experience (I have nothing against people who talk about them, but try picking something less obvious than those two).

  33. QUESTION:
    How can I get husband to check for cancer?
    After my friend's father died from testicular cancer, I got a little nervous and asked my husband if he did self exams. He said no, that he isn't worried about it because the Lord will take him when its time. To make me feel better he told me the Army does examinations for it, (but only once every two years) How can I talk to him about this and get him to take precautions???

    • ANSWER:
      The bottom line is you can’t. If he wants to he will. Testicular cancer is not very common and only accounts for 1% of all cancers that occur in men with about 8,000 cases diagnosed in the United States each year most often in men between the ages of 20-40. This cancer also has very high cure rates even in the late stages most have a 5-year survival rate of about 70%. I suspect your friend’s father did not have testicular cancer, as it is very rare in older men. When older men have cancer that arises in their testicles it is usually lymphoma.

      EDIT: There is no blood test that can detect testicular cancer. A PSA is a blood test for prostate cancer. John McEnroe has prostate cancer. Prostate cancer and testicular cancer are two different diseases.

      Also, John McEnroe is a tennis player, he never played baseball that I am aware of.

  34. QUESTION:
    what is the name of this documentary about cancer?
    OK, so this women, had cancer, and kemo therapy wasn't helping, so then she went to these kind of spiritual people, and she had to get up at 3 in the morning to go jogging, and while she slept, she had to imagine herself physically killing her cancer with some kind of hatchet or ax. her husband leaves her, because he thinks she is crazy for doing this. it's a real story too. anybody can help me? i think this movie came out in the early 90's or the late 80's.

    • ANSWER:
      Not sure, but you could be thinking of Kris Carr and her documentary about her journey with a rare untreatable sarcoma. The documentary is called 'Crazy Sexy Cancer' and she has a website too . . she has quite a following. What to keep in mind about Kris, who is a wonderful young woman, is that her cancer is 'dormant' and because it is dormant her type of cancer is not treated with anything by traditional medicine. Doctors prefer to take the 'wait and see' approach and treat the disease if she starts to have 'problems'. Kris did not want to sit around and wait to see if the cancer came back and gave her problems but decided to go out and be proactive. So she investigated all the alternative and holistic medicines and is trying them all out. This does not mean she is 'curing' her cancer . . no one really knows what affect if any this is having on her cancer . . because it is dormant.

      She was diagnosed with epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE), a rare vascular cancer (sarcoma) in the lining of the blood vessels in her liver and lungs. The cancer is very slow growing (indolent) and could stay dormant for a very long period of time. No one knows when or if it will return. Kris believes that what she is doing is keeping the cancer from returning.

      Crazy Sexy Cancer
      http://www.crazysexycancer.com/

      Living with cancer
      http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=living-with-cancer-kris-carr

  35. QUESTION:
    To have an accurate HIV blood test result, when should you take the test after sex?
    when a man has to get his blood tested to screen himself out from diseases such as HIV, hepatitis C or siphillis, in order to have an accurate result, does he need to wait for few weeks after the suspcisious, unprotected intercourse?

    im asking this because i heard that depending on the virus there's a 'dormant' period in which the virus won't show up in the blood test...

    please list the periods respectively for each diseases.

    • ANSWER:
      The majority of people who are HIV+, will test so by 17-20 days after being infected (75%) and over 99.5% test positive by 3 months post-exposure. In rare cases, of people with pre-existing immune problems (cancer treatment, organ transplant recipients etc) it can take up to 6 months, but a negative result at 3 months post exposure is considered definitive. The 6 month, year follow up is no longer recommended, though employers worried about on the job liability (etc) may require/recommend 6-12 month follow up tests for occupational exposures.

      For Hep C, it is very similar. Most people test positive within 3 months, but it can take up to 6 months in rare cases. Hep C is RARELY transmitted during sex and is not considered a sexually transmitted infection.

      For syphilis, more of the same. Most people will test positive within 3 weeks, but it can take up to 3 months. This also varies depending on the test used and on the person being tested, but a negative test at 3 months is considered definitive.

      The technical term for this period of time (between being infected with something and testing positive) is the Window Period, not dormant period. To describe something as dormant means that it is not active. In these cases, the infections are active, but the person's antibody response (which many of the tests look for) can take a certain amount of time before it is apparent.

      Hope this helps

  36. QUESTION:
    what is the most dangerous type of cancer and what is so deadly about it?
    why is lung cancer supposely the most dangerous one? Is there another type of cancer more dangerous than all of them that has yet to be discovered?

    • ANSWER:
      All metastatic cancer is deadly. All cancers are treatable in the early stages . . and can be cured . . even lung cancer. It is when the disease . . all 200 of them . . progress to the point of being metastatic that they become life threatening. Metastatic cancer is disease that has replicated itself and sent out microscopic versions of itself all over the body using the blood system or lymphatic system to travel. Cancer is a progressive disease that starts out small. As time goes on the mutated cell becomes larger and more abnormal looking . . eventually it begins to grow more tumors . . those tumors can start to seed into the blood system sending literally hundreds of microscopic cancer cells throughout the body. Those new mutated cancer cells can lodge in the brain, bones, lungs, liver . . anywhere and begin growing a whole new crop of cancer. If cancer can be removed BEFORE it becomes capable of metastasizing than . . a person may be 'cured'. The problem is that sometimes despite the best efforts . . no one knows exactly when the specific cancer tumors take on the ability to metastasize.

      Some cancers metatasize quicker and more aggressive than others . .thus you can have some cancers that grow slowly for many years and pose little risk . .while others can grow and metastasize in a few weeks to months.

      There are many different types of aggressive and rare cancers. The problem is that not enough research has been done to stop the progression of the disease . . thus making them far more deadly.

      That is what kills people . . . the fact that the diseases have not had enough research to find treatment that is effective for that specific disease.

      Thus . .it is not necessarily that there are 'more' deadly cancers than others . . but that there has been more research that has produced better treatment options. Medical science has yet to find a way to treat metastatic cancer successfully in all cases. It is possible to treat each patient individually but not the disease as a whole.

      NCI: Metastatic cancer
      http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/metastatic

  37. QUESTION:
    Is there anyone out there that has the rare ab blood type that lives in Memphis,tn?
    I have a friend (sheila gibson)who is on the liver transplant list . she has cancer of the liver and she needs people to give blood in her name .the doctors told her that she can recieve any "b" type liver.we would really appreciate it if everyone could please donate blood in her name.may the LORD BLESS YOU & YOURS.

    • ANSWER:
      i think my sis has a b blood type not sure but she lives in mem tenn

  38. QUESTION:
    What is the meaning of the following jargon I saw in a lab result after a blood test? ?
    The patient is 80 years old and has cancer in the liver and stomach. His legs were swollen so the doctor ordered a blood test which was written "mid cells may include less frequently occurring and rare cells correlating to monocytes,eosinophils,basophils,blasts and other precursor white cells. What does this mean about the condition of the patient. Is his blood okay or what is wrong. Please explain.

    • ANSWER:
      It is strange wording, but it seems like he is saying that blood cells usually found infrequently in the circulating blood are showing up in greater numbers. It indicates that there is a problem with the bone marrow.

      Circulating blood normally has about4-6 million red blood cells, and 3-12,000 white blood cells. There are different types of white blood cells and these are usually found in the following concentrations:
      40-80% Neutrophils (Also known as PMN's or polymorphonuclear cells), 20-40% Lymphocytes (Immune cells, B cells, T cells, Natural Killer Cells), 2-15% monocytes, 1-7% Bands (Immature PMN's), and rarely, basophils, eosinophils, and platelet-precursor cells (Megakaryocytes). White blood cells respond to different types of infections and infestations, depending on the type.

      Since his White blood cell count is all screwy and an increase of the rarer cells are present, either the body is fighting really hard, or there is some issue with the bone marrow (Tumor metastasis to the bone marrow, or leukemia or lymphoma of something of this nature)

  39. QUESTION:
    Is anyone familiar with the signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer?
    I have been experiencing pelvic pain, pressure, and cramping in addtion to lower back pain for the past few weeks. It feels similar to the uncomfort I feel during menstruation. I am only 29 years old but seem to be experiencing several of the symptoms listed for this particular cancer. I would appreciate any information you may have on the subject. Thanks.

    • ANSWER:
      Hi. I am an OB/GYN. It is rare to have Ovarian Cancer at your age, but possible. Some of the symptoms associated with Ovarian Cancer can be a lot of things. What I strongly suggest is a visit to your Gynecologist. He/She will be able to order blood tests, and if needed an Ultra-Sound. I would not worry too much, but it is always better to be safe. Ovarian Cancer is usually Post-Menopausal, and does not show symptoms until later. Get checked. Good Luck.

  40. QUESTION:
    What are the side affects of birth control pills?
    For example does it cause cancers, weight gain, weight loss, etc.. ? Also does it help cure acne and lighten your menstrual period?

    • ANSWER:
      Possible Side Effects
      The birth control pill is a safe and effective method of birth control. Most young women who take the Pill have none to very few side effects. The side effects that some women have while on the Pill include:

      irregular menstrual bleeding
      nausea, headaches, dizziness, and breast tenderness
      mood changes
      blood clots (rare in women under 35 who do not smoke)

      Some of these side effects improve over the first 3 months on the Pill. When a girl has side effects, a doctor will sometimes prescribe a different brand of the Pill.

      The Pill also has some side effects that most girls are happy about. It usually makes periods lighter, reduces cramps, and is often prescribed for women who have menstrual problems. Taking the Pill often improves acne, and some doctors prescribe it for this purpose. Birth control pills have also been found to protect against some forms of breast disease, anemia, ovarian cysts, and ovarian and endometrial cancers.

  41. QUESTION:
    is it posible that a teenager can have colon cancer?
    hi, im 18 ive had blood in my stool for the past week, it comes out bright red, and mixes with the water, looks scary. and i have slight pain in my right abdominal side, just alittle not alot. this all started when i came back from paintball and was hit on the right side of my stomach, but i dont think thats it. and im going to the doctor this week. thanks

    were talking about 2-4 teaspoons of blood.

    • ANSWER:
      "It is a rare diagnosis before the age of 40, the incidence begins to increase significantly between the ages of 40 and 50, "

  42. QUESTION:
    Why would it be a radical mastectomy instead of elephantiasis?
    While walking down the street, you and your friend see an elderly woman whose left arm appears to be swollen to several times its normal size. Your friend remarks that the woman must have been in the tropics and contracted a form of filariasis that produces elephantiasis. You disagree, saying that it is more likely that the woman had a radical mastectomy (removal of a breast because of cancer). Explain the rationale behind your answer.

    • ANSWER:
      It is not either, it can be the result of a mastectomy due to breast cancer. Here is some info on this subject.

      The condition is called Lymphedema

      Secondary lymphedema, or acquired lymphedema, can develop as a result of surgery, radiation, infection or trauma. Specific surgeries, such as surgery for melanoma or breast, gynecological, head and neck, prostate or testicular, bladder or colon cancer, all of which currently require removal of lymph nodes, put patients at risk of developing secondary lymphedema. If lymph nodes are removed, there is always a risk of developing lymphedema.

      Secondary lymphedema can develop immediately post-operatively, or weeks, months, even years later. It can also develop when chemotherapy is unwisely administered to the already affected area (the side on which the surgery was performed) or after repeated aspirations of a seroma (a pocket of fluid which occurs commonly post-operatively) in the axilla, around the breast incision, or groin area. This often causes infection and, subsequently, lymphedema.

      Aircraft flight has also been linked to the onset of lymphedema in patients post-cancer surgery (likely due to the decreased cabin pressure). For more information, see the NLN Position Paper on Air Travel (pdf format, 231kb).

      Another cause of lower extremity lymphedema is that resulting from the use of Tamoxifen. This medication can cause blood clots and subsequent DVT (deep venous thrombosis).

      Radiation therapy, used in the treatment of various cancers and some AIDS-related diseases (such as Kaposi-Sarcoma), can damage otherwise healthy lymph nodes and vessels, causing scar tissue to form which interrupts the normal flow of the lymphatic fluid. Radiation can also cause skin dermatitis or a burn similar to sunburn. It is important to closely monitor the radiated area for any skin changes, such as increased temperature, discoloration (erythema) or blistering which can lead into the development of lymphedema. Be sure to keep the area soft with lotion recommended by your radiation oncologist.

      Lymphedema can develop secondary to lymphangitis (an infection) which interrupts normal lymphatic pathway function. A severe traumatic injury in which the lymphatic system is interrupted and/or damaged in any way may also trigger the onset of lymphedema. Although extremely rare in developed countries, there is a form of lymphedema called Filariasis which affects as many as 200 million people worldwide (primarily in the endemic areas of southeast Asia, India and Africa). When the filarial larvae from a mosquito bite enters the lymphatic system, these larvae mature into adult worms in the peripheral lymphatic channels, causing severe lymphedema in the arms, legs and genitalia (also known as Elephantiasis).

      Symptoms of Lymphedema
      Lymphedema can develop in any part of the body or limb(s). Signs or symptoms of lymphedema to watch out for include: a full sensation in the limb(s), skin feeling tight, decreased flexibility in the hand, wrist or ankle, difficulty fitting into clothing in one specific area, or ring/wristwatch/bracelet tightness. If you notice persistent swelling, it is very important that you seek immediate medical advice (and get at least one second opinion) as early diagnosis and treatment improves both the prognosis and the condition.

      Lymphedema develops in a number of stages, from mild to severe,referred to as Stage 1, 2 and 3:

      Stage 1 (spontaneously reversible):
      Tissue is still at the "pitting" stage, which means that when pressed by fingertips, the area indents and holds the indentation. Usually, upon waking in the morning, the limb(s) or affected area is normal or almost normal size.

      Stage 2 (spontaneously irreversible):
      The tissue now has a spongy consistency and is "non-pitting," meaning that when pressed by fingertips, the tissue bounces back without any indentation forming). Fibrosis found in Stage 2 lymphedema marks the beginning of the hardening of the limbs and increasing size.

      Stage 3 (lymphostatic elephantiasis):
      At this stage the swelling is irreversible and usually the limb(s) is/are very large. The tissue is hard (fibrotic) and unresponsive; some patients consider undergoing reconstructive surgery called "debulking" at this stage.

      When lymphedema remains untreated, protein-rich fluid continues to accumulate, leading to an increase of swelling and a hardening or fibrosis of the tissue. In this state, the swollen limb(s) becomes a perfect culture medium for bacteria and subsequent recurrent lymphangitis (infections). Moreover, untreated lymphedema can lead into a decrease or loss of functioning of the limb(s), skin breakdown, chronic infections and, sometimes, irreversible complications. In the most severe cases, untreated lymphedema can develop into a rare form of lymphatic cancer called Lymphangiosarcoma (most often in secondary lymphedema).

  43. QUESTION:
    Can a basic routine blood test spot signs of cancer?
    By "basic routine" I mean the tests which check for blood type and white cell count.

    • ANSWER:
      E.N.D. - A basic routine CBC (Complete Blood Count) has less than a 5% chance of showing signs of cancer, especially in the earlier stages. Rare exceptions are the hematopoietic cancers such as all the different types of leukemia and some of the lymphomas. Actual cancer cells are normally too large to circulate with the relatively tiny blood cells through tiny blood capillaries in our circulation.

  44. QUESTION:
    How do you help a friend with a dying dad?
    My friend just told me that her dad had throat cancer? I am a very emotional person, she has been my friend best friend since grade school, and at the moment am more hysterical than her. I am pulling myself together and trying to be there for her, but i know she doesnt really have a relationship with her dad because of a lot of things, she said she already cried but nostly for her brother because he's only 13. i know she is sad, she just doesnt know it. and I just want to know how i can help.

    • ANSWER:
      I completely understand. A friend of mine lost her father to a very rare blood disease. She too, does not dwell on it. In fact, she came back to school the very next day. I think both our friends are suffering from the same thing- it hasn't sunk in yet. The death of someone very close to you is hard to take in. The fact that they don't think about it is actually their method of coping. Your friend wants to take her mind off of it. The best thing you can do for your friend is support them through it. Reassure them that you always have time to talk whenever they need it. Just make sure they know that you're there for them. Hope this helps you!

  45. QUESTION:
    Is it possible to have two different kinds of cancer at the same time?
    I've never heard of anyone having two different kinds of cancer at the same time and was just wondering if it was possible or not.
    I know cancer cells spread, but it's still the same cancer type.

    • ANSWER:
      Yes, but fortunately it's rare. I had a co-worker who had breast cancer and leukemia (which is a blood cancer).

      Unfortunately, having one type of cancer doesn't protect you from developing any other illness or condition.

  46. QUESTION:
    Is it true that cancer kills you in 5 or less years untreated breast cancer?
    I know that it is rare for men, but women in my family had it. And small percentage of men get it too. I have been living with these odd looking fat lumps on my chest for 10 years plus. I finally am brave enough to get it looked at. If it is cancer could I have lived with it for this long?

    • ANSWER:
      It depends if the lumps are malignant or not. If they are malignant it will depend on how many lymph nodes if any, it has spread to. That is one of the determination of care vs survival. Breast cancer is not a death sentence, but it is true that early detection and treatment will increase the your chances. It will also depend on your lab (blood) test results. I am glad you are finally getting it checked, I only wish you had acted sooner. God willing the lumps are benign, but only a doctor can tell you about your chances for recovery. Good luck and God Bless

  47. QUESTION:
    in what stage of kidney cancer can you physically feel it?
    just wondering, at what point in the kidney cancer can the person actually feel a lump or be in pain?
    which stage/how bad?

    • ANSWER:
      I had a 10.5cm tumor as part of a 15cm mass that had no overt symptoms ie. I could take off my shirt and the RN/Physician could not feel it. There is no blood test that will detect it. Also I had no pain or
      blood in my urine. I had some mild fatigue but was very active and worked two jobs. I was being treated for a vitamin D deficiency and I had a very slight increase in my calcium level. My physician was testing me for a possible thyroid problem, and the results of that testing came back normal. A CT scan was done - and that's when the whopper tumor was discovered. It was technically a stage 3,
      but within 4mos of my nephrechtomy it had metestazed to my bones, and a few months ago I had to have my right humerusremoved and replaced with a plate and cement...
      My worst systemic pain was when it had spread to my arm ie. it ate up over half my arm bone and cause microfractures to the bone, and my arm bone was on the verge of snapping. I reacted to the anesthesia then too - and lost 50lbs. in body weight. Sometimes a person will not even discover they have kidney cancer until such an advanced state.

      About 3% of all new cancers reported in the USA and the UK are Kidney cancers, so it's somewhat rare. Twice as many men contract it as women. About 1/2 of Kidney cancers involve a defect of the VHL gene. Obesity and Smoking are risk factors It tends to not respond to traditional chemotherapy, but does respond to immunotherapy drugs like interferon. In early stages it is rather easily curable via surgery, which is what is so frustrating. Finding it an early stage cures it, but it's often tough to find.

      Some people have symptoms at an early cureable stage, but quite a few of us don't have any symptoms...so if there's a history in your family and/or you're just concerned, I'd get a CT scan.
      I'm now considered terminal, but if I had not been scanned I would have likely died several months ago. I'm still a fighter, and I'm active, and I haven't given up hope. . I would like to see this cancer defeated - and the key is simply early detection and better ways to detect it.

  48. QUESTION:
    Is it a good idea to become a blood donor with blood type AB-?
    I'm turning 17 soon, and I want to donate blood, but a friend recently told me that it would be pointless because I have a rare blood type. :/

    • ANSWER:
      It's never pointless to donate blood.

      It's true that of that main eight types AB- is the rarest worldwide. In the West, it's about 0.5-1% of the population, in other places rarer.

      More importantly, AB- can't be given to many other types as a whole: only AB- and AB+, though hospitals prefer to match blood types exactly where possible anyway, and a low demand for a rare blood type is matched with a limited supply.

      Blood isn't really used like this these days though. Every donation is instead split into red blood cells (or RBCs), plasma (a protein-rich fluid) and platelets (crucial for blood clotting when you're cut).

      Whilst O- RBCs can be given to all normal types, with plasma donation the reverse is true: O- can only be given to other O- types, and AB+ becomes the 'universal donor'. AB- plasma can be given to all negative types.

      RBCs are usually needed more urgently in an emergency, but plasma is needed is large quantities for victims of severe burns.

      Regardless of all that, even if your blood isn't transfused into someone, it may still be used for important research. Scientists need blood to find out about blood cancers and other disorders, and so your donation might be part of something which saves many lives.

      HTH

  49. QUESTION:
    How long has cancer been around?
    Has cancer been around since the 1200s and before that or is it a somewhat new disease?

    • ANSWER:
      The oldest description of human cancer was found in an Egyptian papyri written between 3000-1500 BC. It referred to tumors of the breast. The oldest specimen of a human cancer was found in the remains of a female skull dating back to the Bronze Age (1900-1600 BC).The mummified skeletal remains of Peruvian Incas, dating back 2400 years ago, contained lesions suggestive of malignant melanoma. And cancer was found in fossilized bones and manuscripts of ancient Egypt. Cancer is not a disease of our modern industrialized age, as some may have believed at one time.

      One of the earliest human cancers found in the remains of mummies was a bone cancer suggestive of osteosarcoma. Louis Leakey found the oldest possible hominid malignant tumor in 1932 from the remains of either a Homo erectus or an Australopithecus. This tumor was suggestive of a Burkitt’s lymphoma (although that nomenclature was certainly not in use then). Diseases that we know to be rare cancers today have had a long history.

      Hippocrates is credited with being the first to recognize the difference between benign and malignant tumors. His writings describe cancers of many body sites. The swollen blood vessels around the malignant tumors so reminded him of crab claws, he called the disease karkinos (the Greek name for crab). In English this term translates to carcinos or carcinoma.

  50. QUESTION:
    What type of cancers Female teenagers are more at risk for?
    just curious of different types of cancers teenage females are mostly likely to get more at risk. What are the names and causes?...I'm interesed in the medical field

    • ANSWER:
      Cancer fortunately is rare in teenagers, but there are some types that young people should become familiar with . . female teenagers are at risk for germ cell cancers, Ovarian cancer, melanoma, and cervical cancer.

      American Society of Clinical Oncology: Types of Cancer Teens Get
      http://www.cancer.net/patient/Coping/Age-Specific+Information/Cancer+in+Teens/Overview

      All teens and young adults should become familiar with the types of cancer they are more likely to develop . . it is not breast, lung, or colon cancers that affect the young . . it is blood cancers, lymphoma, brain, germ cell cancers, and sarcoma of the soft tissue or bone that is more common in the young. One field that has long been neglected is the adolescent and young adults with cancer . . so if you have an interest in the medical field this is an area that has tremendous need.

      Unfortunately the mortality rate for teens and young adults is higher than any other age group . .while progress has been made with children under the age of 15 and older adults . . there has been little progress made against the cancers affecting older teens and young adult cancer patients.

a rare blood cancer